Oral argument: November 7, 2011
Appealed from: United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Aug. 4, 2010)
AGGRAVATED FELONY, DEPORTATION, FRAUD, DECEIT, LAWFUL PERMANENT RESIDENT
The Immigration and Naturalization Service determined that the Petitioners, Akio and Fusako Kawashima, are subject to deportation because they have been convicted of aggravated felonies under 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(M)(i). The Kawashimas had previously pled guilty to crimes related to the filing of a false tax statement. The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit upheld the Board of Immigration Appeals’ determination that the Kawashimas are deportable. The Kawashimas argue that their crimes are not aggravated felonies because they do not require fraud or deceit as an element, and that deportable tax crimes only include tax evasion. The Respondent, Attorney General Eric Holder, argues that the Kawashimas’ guilty pleas included fraud by implication. This case will impact the methods the Internal Revenue Service uses to enforce the tax code, and may have a profound impact on immigrants who plead guilty to tax crimes.