Latin terms


Latin, "scattered" or "spread throughout."  The term is used synonymously with "here and there" to indicate that the materials cited or referenced can be found throughout the indicated source.  Passim has been replaced with the signal see generally in modern legal writing.


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Ad valorem

A Latin term meaning "according to [the] value [of something]".  The term is used in taxation to designate taxes levied against property, real or personal, at a certain rate based upon the property's value. 

An ad valorem tax is levied according to the value of the property as determined by an assessment or appraisal.  Assessment on a regular basis is a common characteristic of an ad valorem tax.



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