lawful permanent resident (LPR)

lawful permanent resident (LPR)

A lawful permanent resident is a non-citizen who has been granted authorization to live and work in the United States on a permanent basis. As proof of that status, a person is granted a permanent resident card, commonly called a "green card."

Lawful permanent residents may leave the U.S. multiple times and reenter, as long as they do not intend to stay outside the U.S. for 1 year or more. Staying outside of the country for more than one year (without a re-entry permit) may result in loss of permanent resident status.

United States Citizenship and Immigation Services,

Customs & Border Patrol,

adjustment of status

Adjustment of status refers to the procedure for becoming a lawful permanent resident without having to leave the United States. Adjustment of status is processed by the USCIS and should be distinguished from consular processing, which is processed by the Department of State and involves applying for an immigrant visa at a consular post abroad. Certain aliens, for example foreign national crewmen and aliens who are in immediate and continuous transit through the U.S., although legally present in the US, are ineligible for adjustment of status.


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