12 CFR 225.134 - Escrow arrangements involving bank stock resulting in a violation of the Bank Holding Company Act.

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§ 225.134 Escrow arrangements involving bank stock resulting in a violation of the Bank Holding Company Act.
(a) In connection with a recent application to become a bank holding company, the Board considered a situation in which shares of a bank were acquired and then placed in escrow by the applicant prior to the Board's approval of the application. The facts indicated that the applicant company had incurred debt for the purpose of acquiring bank shares and immediately after the purchase the shares were transferred to an unaffiliated escrow agent with instructions to retain possession of the shares pending Board action on the company's application to become a bank holding company. The escrow agreement provided that, if the application were approved by the Board, the escrow agent was to return the shares to the applicant company; and, if the application were denied, the escrow agent was to deliver the shares to the applicant company's shareholders upon their assumption of debt originally incurred by the applicant in the acquisition of the bank shares. In addition, the escrow agreement provided that, while the shares were held in escrow, the applicant could not exercise voting or any other ownership rights with respect to those shares.
(b) On the basis of the above facts, the Board concluded that the company had violated the prior approval provisions of section 3 of the Bank Holding Company Act (“Act”) at the time that it made the initial acquisition of bank shares and that, for purposes of the Act, the company continued to control those shares in violation of the Act. In view of these findings, individuals and bank holding companies should not enter into escrow arrangements of the type described herein, or any similar arrangement, without securing the prior approval of the Board, since such action could constitute a violation of the Act.
(c) While the above represents the Board's conclusion with respect to the particular escrow arrangement involved in the proposal presented, the Board does not believe that the use of an escrow arrangement would always result in a violation of the Act. For example, it appears that a transaction whereby bank shares are placed in escrow pending Board action on an application would not involve a violation of the Act so long as title to such shares remains with the seller during the pendency of the application; there are no other indicia that the applicant controls the shares held in escrow; and, in the event of a Board denial of the application, the escrow agreement provides that the shares would be returned to the seller.
[41 FR 9859, Mar. 8, 1976. Correctly designated at 41 FR 12009, Mar. 23, 1976]

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 12.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-07-01; vol. 79 # 126 - Tuesday, July 1, 2014
    1. 79 FR 37166 - Interagency Guidelines Establishing Information Security Standards
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
      Final rule; technical amendment.
      Effective Date: This rule is effective July 31, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 208 and 225

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 12 - BANKS AND BANKING

§ 1817 - Assessments

§ 1818 - Termination of status as insured depository institution

§ 1828 - Regulations governing insured depository institutions

§ 1831i - Agency disapproval of directors and senior executive officers of insured depository institutions or depository institution holding companies

12 U.S. Code § 1801 to 1805 - Omitted

§ 1843 - Interests in nonbanking organizations

§ 1844 - Administration

§ 1972 - Certain tying arrangements prohibited; correspondent accounts

§ 3106 - Nonbanking activities of foreign banks

§ 3108 - Regulation and enforcement

§ 3310 - Establishment of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3331 - Purpose

§ 3332 - Functions of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3333 - Chairperson of Appraisal Subcommittee; term of Chairperson; meetings

§ 3334 - Officers and staff

§ 3335 - Powers of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3336 - Procedures for establishing appraisal standards and requiring use of certified and licensed appraisers

§ 3337 - Startup funding

§ 3338 - Roster of State certified or licensed appraisers; authority to collect and transmit fees

§ 3339 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraisal standards

§ 3340 - Time for proposal and adoption of standards

§ 3341 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraiser qualifications

§ 3342 - Transactions requiring services of State certified appraiser

§ 3343 - Transactions requiring services of State licensed appraiser

§ 3344 - Time for proposal and adoption of rules

§ 3345 - Certification and licensing requirements

§ 3346 - Establishment of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3347 - Monitoring of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3348 - Recognition of State certified and licensed appraisers for purposes of this chapter

§ 3349 - Violations in obtaining and performing appraisals in federally related transactions

§ 3350 - Definitions

§ 3351 - Miscellaneous provisions

§ 3907 - Capital adequacy

§ 3909 - General authorities

U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 12 CFR 225 after this date.

  • 2014-07-01; vol. 79 # 126 - Tuesday, July 1, 2014
    1. 79 FR 37166 - Interagency Guidelines Establishing Information Security Standards
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
      Final rule; technical amendment.
      Effective Date: This rule is effective July 31, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 208 and 225