12 CFR 225.173 - How are investments in private equity funds treated under this subpart?

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§ 225.173 How are investments in private equity funds treated under this subpart?
(a) What is a private equity fund? For purposes of this subpart, a “private equity fund” is any company that:
(1) Is formed for the purpose of and is engaged exclusively in the business of investing in shares, assets, and ownership interests of financial and nonfinancial companies for resale or other disposition;
(2) Is not an operating company;
(3) No more than 25 percent of the total equity of which is held, owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the financial holding company and its directors, officers, employees and principal shareholders;
(4) Has a maximum term of not more than 15 years; and
(5) Is not formed or operated for the purpose of making investments inconsistent with the authority granted under section 4(k)(4)(H) of the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U.S.C. 1843(k)(4)(H)) or evading the limitations governing merchant banking investments contained in this subpart.
(b) What form may a private equity fund take? A private equity fund may be a corporation, partnership, limited liability company or other type of company that issues ownership interests in any form.
(c) What is the holding period permitted for interests in private equity funds?—
(1) In general. A financial holding company may own, control or hold any interest in a private equity fund under this subpart and any interest in a portfolio company that is owned or controlled by a private equity fund in which the financial holding company owns or controls any interest under this subpart for the duration of the fund, up to a maximum of 15 years.
(2) Request to hold interest for longer period. A financial holding company may seek Board approval to own, control or hold an interest in or held through a private equity fund for a period longer than the duration of the fund in accordance with § 225.172(b) of this subpart.
(3) Application of rules. The rules described in § 225.172(b)(2) and (3) governing holding periods of interests acquired, transferred or previously held by a financial holding company apply to interests in, held through, or acquired from a private equity fund.
(d) How do the restrictions on routine management and operation apply to private equity funds and investments held through a private equity fund?—
(1) Portfolio companies held through a private equity fund. A financial holding company may not routinely manage or operate a portfolio company that is owned or controlled by a private equity fund in which the financial holding company owns or controls any interest under this subpart, except as permitted under § 225.171(e).
(2) Private equity funds controlled by a financial holding company. A private equity fund that is controlled by a financial holding company may not routinely manage or operate a portfolio company, except as permitted under § 225.171(e).
(3) Private equity funds that are not controlled by a financial holding company. A private equity fund may routinely manage or operate a portfolio company so long as no financial holding company controls the private equity fund or as permitted under § 225.171(e).
(4) When does a financial holding company control a private equity fund? A financial holding company controls a private equity fund for purposes of this subpart if the financial holding company, including any director, officer, employee or principal shareholder of the financial holding company:
(i) Serves as a general partner, managing member, or trustee of the private equity fund (or serves in a similar role with respect to the private equity fund);
(ii) Owns or controls 25 percent or more of any class of voting shares or similar interests in the private equity fund;
(iii) In any manner selects, controls or constitutes a majority of the directors, trustees or management of the private equity fund; or
(iv) Owns or controls more than 5 percent of any class of voting shares or similar interests in the private equity fund and is the investment adviser to the fund.

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 12.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-03-11; vol. 79 # 47 - Tuesday, March 11, 2014
    1. 79 FR 13498 - Application of the Revised Capital Framework to the Capital Plan and Stress Test Rules
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
      Final rule.
      The final rule is effective April 15, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 225 and 252

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 12 - BANKS AND BANKING

§ 1817 - Assessments

§ 1818 - Termination of status as insured depository institution

§ 1828 - Regulations governing insured depository institutions

§ 1831i - Agency disapproval of directors and senior executive officers of insured depository institutions or depository institution holding companies

12 U.S. Code § 1831p–1 - Standards for safety and soundness

§ 1843 - Interests in nonbanking organizations

§ 1844 - Administration

§ 1851 - Prohibitions on proprietary trading and certain relationships with hedge funds and private equity funds

§ 1972 - Certain tying arrangements prohibited; correspondent accounts

§ 3106 - Nonbanking activities of foreign banks

§ 3108 - Regulation and enforcement

§ 3310 - Establishment of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3331 - Purpose

§ 3332 - Functions of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3333 - Chairperson of Appraisal Subcommittee; term of Chairperson; meetings

§ 3334 - Officers and staff

§ 3335 - Powers of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3336 - Procedures for establishing appraisal standards and requiring use of certified and licensed appraisers

§ 3337 - Startup funding

§ 3338 - Roster of State certified or licensed appraisers; authority to collect and transmit fees

§ 3339 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraisal standards

§ 3340 - Time for proposal and adoption of standards

§ 3341 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraiser qualifications

§ 3342 - Transactions requiring services of State certified appraiser

§ 3343 - Transactions requiring services of State licensed appraiser

§ 3344 - Time for proposal and adoption of rules

§ 3345 - Certification and licensing requirements

§ 3346 - Establishment of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3347 - Monitoring of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3348 - Recognition of State certified and licensed appraisers for purposes of this chapter

§ 3349 - Violations in obtaining and performing appraisals in federally related transactions

§ 3350 - Definitions

§ 3351 - Miscellaneous provisions

§ 3907 - Capital adequacy

§ 3909 - General authorities

U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 12 CFR 225 after this date.

  • 2014-03-11; vol. 79 # 47 - Tuesday, March 11, 2014
    1. 79 FR 13498 - Application of the Revised Capital Framework to the Capital Plan and Stress Test Rules
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
      Final rule.
      The final rule is effective April 15, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 225 and 252