12 CFR 34.4 - Applicability of state law.

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There is 1 rule appearing in the Federal Register for 12 CFR 34. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 34.4 Applicability of state law.
(a) A national bank may make real estate loans under 12 U.S.C. 371 and § 34.3, without regard to state law limitations concerning:
(1) Licensing, registration (except for purposes of service of process), filings, or reports by creditors;
(2) The ability of a creditor to require or obtain private mortgage insurance, insurance for other collateral, or other credit enhancements or risk mitigants, in furtherance of safe and sound banking practices;
(3) Loan-to-value ratios;
(4) The terms of credit, including schedule for repayment of principal and interest, amortization of loans, balance, payments due, minimum payments, or term to maturity of the loan, including the circumstances under which a loan may be called due and payable upon the passage of time or a specified event external to the loan;
(5) The aggregate amount of funds that may be loaned upon the security of real estate;
(6) Escrow accounts, impound accounts, and similar accounts;
(7) Security property, including leaseholds;
(8) Access to, and use of, credit reports;
(9) Disclosure and advertising, including laws requiring specific statements, information, or other content to be included in credit application forms, credit solicitations, billing statements, credit contracts, or other credit-related documents;
(10) Processing, origination, servicing, sale or purchase of, or investment or participation in, mortgages;
(11) Disbursements and repayments;
(12) Rates of interest on loans;1

Footnote(s):
1 The limitations on charges that comprise rates of interest on loans by national banks are determined under Federal law. See 12 U.S.C. 85 and 1735f-7a; 12 CFR 7.4001. State laws purporting to regulate national bank fees and charges that do not constitute interest are addressed in 12 CFR 7.4002.

(13) Due-on-sale clauses except to the extent provided in 12 U.S.C. 1701j-3 and 12 CFR part 591; and
(14) Covenants and restrictions that must be contained in a lease to qualify the leasehold as acceptable security for a real estate loan.
(b) State laws on the following subjects are not inconsistent with the real estate lending powers of national banks and apply to national banks to the extent consistent with the decision of the Supreme Court in Barnett Bank of Marion County, N.A. v. Nelson, Florida Insurance Commissioner, et al., 517 U.S. 25 (1996):
(1) Contracts;
(2) Torts;
(3) Criminal law; 2

Footnote(s):
2 But see the distinction drawn by the Supreme Court in Easton v. Iowa, 188 U.S. 220, 238 (1903), where the Court stated that “[u]ndoubtedly a state has the legitimate power to define and punish crimes by general laws applicable to all persons within its jurisdiction * * *. But it is without lawful power to make such special laws applicable to banks organized and operating under the laws of the United States.” Id. at 239 (holding that Federal law governing the operations of national banks preempted a state criminal law prohibiting insolvent banks from accepting deposits).

(4) Homestead laws specified in 12 U.S.C. 1462a(f);
(5) Rights to collect debts;
(6) Acquisition and transfer of real property;
(7) Taxation;
(8) Zoning; and
(9) Any other law that the OCC determines to be applicable to national banks in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court in Barnett Bank of Marion County, N.A. v. Nelson, Florida Insurance Commissioner, et al., 517 U.S. 25 (1996), or that is made applicable by Federal law.
[69 FR 1917, Jan. 13, 2004, as amended at 76 FR 43569, July 21, 2011]

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 12.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-02-28; vol. 79 # 40 - Friday, February 28, 2014
    1. 79 FR 11300 - Basel III Conforming Amendments Related to Cross-References, Subordinated Debt and Limits Based on Regulatory Capital
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Comptroller of the Currency
      Interim final rule and request for comments.
      This interim final rule is effective March 31, 2014. Comments must be received by March 31, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 1, 4, 5, 16, 23, 24, 28, 32, 34, 46, 116, 143, 145, 159, 160, 161, 163 and 192

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 12 - BANKS AND BANKING

§ 1 - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

§ 2 - Comptroller of the Currency; appointment; term

§ 3 - Oath of Comptroller

§ 4 - Deputy Comptrollers

§ 4a - Delegation of authority by Comptroller

§ 4b - Deputy Comptroller for the supervision and examination of Federal savings associations

§ 5, 6 - Repealed.

§ 7 - Chief of examining division

§ 8 - Clerks

§ 9 - Additional examiners, clerks, and other employees

§ 9a - Repealed.

§ 10 - Salaries of Deputy Comptrollers, examiners, and other employees as part of bank examination expenses

§ 11 - Interest in national banks

§ 12 - Seal of Comptroller

§ 13 - Rooms for Currency Bureau

§ 14 - Report of Comptroller

§ 15 - Repealed. Aug. 7, 1946, ch. 770,

§ 16 - Funding of Office

§ 25b - State law preemption standards for national banks and subsidiaries clarified

§ 29 - Power to hold real property

§ 93a - Authority to prescribe rules and regulations

§ 371 - Real estate loans

§ 1465 - State law preemption standards for Federal savings associations clarified

12 U.S. Code § 1701j–3 - Preemption of due-on-sale prohibitions

§ 1828 - Regulations governing insured depository institutions

§ 3331 - Purpose

§ 3332 - Functions of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3333 - Chairperson of Appraisal Subcommittee; term of Chairperson; meetings

§ 3334 - Officers and staff

§ 3335 - Powers of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3336 - Procedures for establishing appraisal standards and requiring use of certified and licensed appraisers

§ 3337 - Startup funding

§ 3338 - Roster of State certified or licensed appraisers; authority to collect and transmit fees

§ 3339 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraisal standards

§ 3340 - Time for proposal and adoption of standards

§ 3341 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraiser qualifications

§ 3342 - Transactions requiring services of State certified appraiser

§ 3343 - Transactions requiring services of State licensed appraiser

§ 3344 - Time for proposal and adoption of rules

§ 3345 - Certification and licensing requirements

§ 3346 - Establishment of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3347 - Monitoring of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3348 - Recognition of State certified and licensed appraisers for purposes of this chapter

§ 3349 - Violations in obtaining and performing appraisals in federally related transactions

§ 3350 - Definitions

§ 3351 - Miscellaneous provisions

§ 3352 - Emergency exceptions for disaster areas

§ 3353 - Appraisal management company minimum requirements

§ 3354 - Automated valuation models used to estimate collateral value for mortgage lending purposes

§ 3355 - Broker price opinions

§ 5101 - Purposes and methods for establishing a mortgage licensing system and registry

§ 5102 - Definitions

§ 5103 - License or registration required

§ 5104 - State license and registration application and issuance

§ 5105 - Standards for State license renewal

§ 5106 - System of registration administration by Federal agencies

§ 5107 - Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection backup authority to establish loan originator licensing system

§ 5108 - Backup authority to establish a nationwide mortgage licensing and registry system

§ 5109 - Fees

§ 5110 - Background checks of loan originators

§ 5111 - Confidentiality of information

§ 5112 - Liability provisions

§ 5113 - Enforcement by the Bureau

§ 5114 - State examination authority

§ 5115 - Reports and recommendations to Congress

§ 5116 - Study and reports on defaults and foreclosures

§ 5412 - Powers and duties transferred

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 12 CFR 34 after this date.

  • 2014-02-28; vol. 79 # 40 - Friday, February 28, 2014
    1. 79 FR 11300 - Basel III Conforming Amendments Related to Cross-References, Subordinated Debt and Limits Based on Regulatory Capital
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Comptroller of the Currency
      Interim final rule and request for comments.
      This interim final rule is effective March 31, 2014. Comments must be received by March 31, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 1, 4, 5, 16, 23, 24, 28, 32, 34, 46, 116, 143, 145, 159, 160, 161, 163 and 192