12 CFR 34.43 - Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser.

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§ 34.43 Appraisals required; transactions requiring a State certified or licensed appraiser.
(a) Appraisals required. An appraisal performed by a State certified or licensed appraiser is required for all real estate-related financial transactions except those in which:
(1) The transaction value is $250,000 or less;
(2) A lien on real estate has been taken as collateral in an abundance of caution;
(3) The transaction is not secured by real estate;
(4) A lien on real estate has been taken for purposes other than the real estate's value;
(5) The transaction is a business loan that:
(i) Has a transaction value of $1 million or less; and
(ii) Is not dependent on the sale of, or rental income derived from, real estate as the primary source of repayment;
(6) A lease of real estate is entered into, unless the lease is the economic equivalent of a purchase or sale of the leased real estate;
(7) The transaction involves an existing extension of credit at the lending institution, provided that:
(i) There has been no obvious and material change in market conditions or physical aspects of the property that threatens the adequacy of the institution's real estate collateral protection after the transaction, even with the advancement of new monies; or
(ii) There is no advancement of new monies, other than funds necessary to cover reasonable closing costs;
(8) The transaction involves the purchase, sale, investment in, exchange of, or extension of credit secured by, a loan or interest in a loan, pooled loans, or interests in real property, including mortgaged-backed securities, and each loan or interest in a loan, pooled loan, or real property interest met OCC regulatory requirements for appraisals at the time of origination;
(9) The transaction is wholly or partially insured or guaranteed by a United States government agency or United States government sponsored agency;
(10) The transaction either:
(i) Qualifies for sale to a United States government agency or United States government sponsored agency; or
(ii) Involves a residential real estate transaction in which the appraisal conforms to the Federal National Mortgage Association or Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation appraisal standards applicable to that category of real estate;
(11) The regulated institution is acting in a fiduciary capacity and is not required to obtain an appraisal under other law; or
(12) The OCC determines that the services of an appraiser are not necessary in order to protect Federal financial and public policy interests in real estate-related financial transactions or to protect the safety and soundness of the institution.
(b) Evaluations required. For a transaction that does not require the services of a State certified or licensed appraiser under paragraph (a)(1), (a)(5) or (a)(7) of this section, the institution shall obtain an appropriate evaluation of real property collateral that is consistent with safe and sound banking practices.
(c) Appraisals to address safety and soundness concerns. The OCC reserves the right to require an appraisal under this subpart whenever the agency believes it is necessary to address safety and soundness concerns.
(d) Transactions requiring a State certified appraiser—(1) All transactions of $1,000,000 or more. All federally related transactions having a transaction value of $1,000,000 or more shall require an appraisal prepared by a State certified appraiser.
(2) Nonresidential transactions of $250,000 or more. All federally related transactions having a transaction value of $250,000 or more, other than those involving appraisals of 1-to-4 family residential properties, shall require an appraisal performed by a State certified appraiser.
(3) Complex residential transactions of $250,000 or more. All complex 1-to-4 family residential property appraisals rendered in connection with federally related transactions shall require a State certified appraiser if the transaction value is $250,000 or more. A regulated institution may presume that appraisals of 1-to-4 family residential properties are not complex, unless the institution has readily available information that a given appraisal will be complex. The regulated institution shall be responsible for making the final determination whether the appraisal is complex. If during the course of the appraisal a licensed appraiser identifies factors that would result in the property, form of ownership, or market conditions being considered atypical, then either:
(i) The regulated institution may ask the licensed appraiser to complete the appraisal and have a certified appraiser approve and co-sign the appraisal; or
(ii) The institution may engage a certified appraiser to complete the appraisal.
(e) Transactions requiring either a State certified or licensed appraiser. All appraisals for federally related transactions not requiring the services of a State certified appraiser shall be prepared by either a State certified appraiser or a State licensed appraiser.
(f) Effective date. National banks are required to use State certified or licensed appraisers as set forth in this part no later than December 31, 1992.
[55 FR 34696, Aug. 24, 1990, as amended at 57 FR 12202, Apr. 9, 1992; 59 FR 29499, June 7, 1994]

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 12.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-05-16; vol. 79 # 95 - Friday, May 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 28393 - Integration of National Bank and Savings Association Regulations: Interagency Rules
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on June 16, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 14, 21, 26, 34, 35, 41, 133, 136, 160, 163, 164, 171, and 196

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 12 - BANKS AND BANKING

§ 1 - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

§ 2 - Comptroller of the Currency; appointment; term

§ 3 - Oath of Comptroller

§ 4 - Deputy Comptrollers

§ 4a - Delegation of authority by Comptroller

§ 4b - Deputy Comptroller for the supervision and examination of Federal savings associations

§ 5, 6 - Repealed.

§ 7 - Chief of examining division

§ 8 - Clerks

§ 9 - Additional examiners, clerks, and other employees

§ 9a - Repealed.

§ 10 - Salaries of Deputy Comptrollers, examiners, and other employees as part of bank examination expenses

§ 11 - Interest in national banks

§ 12 - Seal of Comptroller

§ 13 - Rooms for Currency Bureau

§ 14 - Report of Comptroller

§ 15 - Repealed. Aug. 7, 1946, ch. 770,

§ 16 - Funding of Office

§ 25b - State law preemption standards for national banks and subsidiaries clarified

§ 29 - Power to hold real property

§ 93a - Authority to prescribe rules and regulations

§ 371 - Real estate loans

§ 1463 - Supervision of savings associations

§ 1464 - Federal savings associations

§ 1465 - State law preemption standards for Federal savings associations clarified

12 U.S. Code § 1701i, 1701i–1 - Omitted

§ 1828 - Regulations governing insured depository institutions

§ 3331 - Purpose

§ 3332 - Functions of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3333 - Chairperson of Appraisal Subcommittee; term of Chairperson; meetings

§ 3334 - Officers and staff

§ 3335 - Powers of Appraisal Subcommittee

§ 3336 - Procedures for establishing appraisal standards and requiring use of certified and licensed appraisers

§ 3337 - Startup funding

§ 3338 - Roster of State certified or licensed appraisers; authority to collect and transmit fees

§ 3339 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraisal standards

§ 3340 - Time for proposal and adoption of standards

§ 3341 - Functions of Federal financial institutions regulatory agencies relating to appraiser qualifications

§ 3342 - Transactions requiring services of State certified appraiser

§ 3343 - Transactions requiring services of State licensed appraiser

§ 3344 - Time for proposal and adoption of rules

§ 3345 - Certification and licensing requirements

§ 3346 - Establishment of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3347 - Monitoring of State appraiser certifying and licensing agencies

§ 3348 - Recognition of State certified and licensed appraisers for purposes of this chapter

§ 3349 - Violations in obtaining and performing appraisals in federally related transactions

§ 3350 - Definitions

§ 3351 - Miscellaneous provisions

§ 3352 - Emergency exceptions for disaster areas

§ 3353 - Appraisal management company minimum requirements

§ 3354 - Automated valuation models used to estimate collateral value for mortgage lending purposes

§ 3355 - Broker price opinions

§ 5101 - Purposes and methods for establishing a mortgage licensing system and registry

§ 5102 - Definitions

§ 5103 - License or registration required

§ 5104 - State license and registration application and issuance

§ 5105 - Standards for State license renewal

§ 5106 - System of registration administration by Federal agencies

§ 5107 - Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection backup authority to establish loan originator licensing system

§ 5108 - Backup authority to establish a nationwide mortgage licensing and registry system

§ 5109 - Fees

§ 5110 - Background checks of loan originators

§ 5111 - Confidentiality of information

§ 5112 - Liability provisions

§ 5113 - Enforcement by the Bureau

§ 5114 - State examination authority

§ 5115 - Reports and recommendations to Congress

§ 5116 - Study and reports on defaults and foreclosures

§ 5412 - Powers and duties transferred

U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

Title 12 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 12 CFR 34 after this date.

  • 2014-06-10; vol. 79 # 111 - Tuesday, June 10, 2014
    1. 79 FR 33260 - Integration of National Bank and Federal Savings Association Regulations: Licensing Rules
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
      Notice of proposed rulemaking.
      Comments must be received on or before August 11, 2014.
      12 CFR Parts 4, 5, 7, 14, 32, 34, 100, 116, 143, 144, 145, 146, 150, 152, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 174, 192, 193