14 CFR 25.397 - Control system loads.

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§ 25.397 Control system loads.
(a) General. The maximum and minimum pilot forces, specified in paragraph (c) of this section, are assumed to act at the appropriate control grips or pads (in a manner simulating flight conditions) and to be reacted at the attachment of the control system to the control surface horn.
(b) Pilot effort effects. In the control surface flight loading condition, the air loads on movable surfaces and the corresponding deflections need not exceed those that would result in flight from the application of any pilot force within the ranges specified in paragraph (c) of this section. Two-thirds of the maximum values specified for the aileron and elevator may be used if control surface hinge moments are based on reliable data. In applying this criterion, the effects of servo mechanisms, tabs, and automatic pilot systems, must be considered.
(c) Limit pilot forces and torques. The limit pilot forces and torques are as follows:
Control Maximum forces or torques Minimum forces or torques
1 The critical parts of the aileron control system must be designed for a single tangential force with a limit value equal to 1.25 times the couple force determined from these criteria.
2 D=wheel diameter (inches).
3 The unsymmetrical forces must be applied at one of the normal handgrip points on the periphery of the control wheel.
Aileron:
Stick 100 lbs 40 lbs.
Wheel 1 80 D in.-lbs 2 40 D in.-lbs.
Elevator:
Stick 250 lbs 100 lbs.
Wheel (symmetrical) 300 lbs 100 lbs.
Wheel (unsymmetrical) 3 100 lbs.
Rudder 300 lbs 130 lbs.
[Doc. 5066, 29 FR 18291, Dec. 24, 1964, as amended by Amdt. 25-38, 41 FR 55466, Dec. 20, 1976; Amdt. 25-72, 55 FR 29776, July 20, 1990]

Title 14 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 14.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-11-14; vol. 79 # 220 - Friday, November 14, 2014
    1. 79 FR 68107 - Special Conditions: Dassault Model Falcon 900EX Airplane; Electronic System-Security Protection From Unauthorized External Access
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final special conditions, request for comments.
      Effective December 15, 2014.
      14 CFR Part 25

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United States Code

Title 14 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 14 CFR 25 after this date.

  • 2014-11-14; vol. 79 # 220 - Friday, November 14, 2014
    1. 79 FR 68107 - Special Conditions: Dassault Model Falcon 900EX Airplane; Electronic System-Security Protection From Unauthorized External Access
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final special conditions, request for comments.
      Effective December 15, 2014.
      14 CFR Part 25