14 CFR 91.531 - Second in command requirements.

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There are 11 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 14 CFR 91. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 91.531 Second in command requirements.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) and (d) of this section, no person may operate the following airplanes without a pilot who is designated as second in command of that airplane:
(1) A large airplane, except that a person may operate an airplane certificated under SFAR 41 without a pilot who is designated as second in command if that airplane is certificated for operation with one pilot.
(2) A turbojet-powered multiengine airplane for which two pilots are required under the type certification requirements for that airplane.
(3) A commuter category airplane, except that a person may operate a commuter category airplane notwithstanding paragraph (a)(1) of this section, that has a passenger seating configuration, excluding pilot seats, of nine or less without a pilot who is designated as second in command if that airplane is type certificated for operations with one pilot.
(b) The Administrator may issue a letter of authorization for the operation of an airplane without compliance with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section if that airplane is designed for and type certificated with only one pilot station. The authorization contains any conditions that the Administrator finds necessary for safe operation.
(c) No person may designate a pilot to serve as second in command, nor may any pilot serve as second in command, of an airplane required under this section to have two pilots unless that pilot meets the qualifications for second in command prescribed in § 61.55 of this chapter.
(d) No person may operate an aircraft under subpart K of this part without a pilot who is designated as second in command of that aircraft in accordance with § 91.1049(d). The second in command must meet the experience requirements of § 91.1053.
[Doc. No. 18334, 54 FR 34314, Aug. 18, 1989, as amended by Amdt. 91-280, 68 FR 54561, Sept. 17, 2003]

Title 14 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 14.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-09-25; vol. 79 # 186 - Thursday, September 25, 2014
    1. 79 FR 57431 - Airports/Locations: Special Operating Restrictions
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final rule; technical amendment.
      Effective Date: November 13, 2014.
      14 CFR Part 91

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 49 - TRANSPORTATION

§ 106 - Federal Aviation Administration

§ 1155 - Aviation penalties

§ 40103 - Sovereignty and use of airspace

§ 40113 - Administrative

§ 40120 - Relationship to other laws

§ 44101 - Operation of aircraft

§ 44111 - Modifications in registration and recordation system for aircraft not providing air transportation

§ 44701 - General requirements

§ 44704 - Type certificates, production certificates, airworthiness certificates,,

§ 44709 - Amendments, modifications, suspensions, and revocations of certificates

§ 44711 - Prohibitions and exemption

§ 44712 - Emergency locator transmitters

§ 44715 - Controlling aircraft noise and sonic boom

§ 44716 - Collision avoidance systems

§ 44717 - Aging aircraft

§ 44722 - Aircraft operations in winter conditions

§ 46306 - Registration violations involving aircraft not providing air transportation

§ 46315 - Lighting violations involving transporting controlled substances by aircraft not providing air transportation

§ 46316 - General criminal penalty when specific penalty not provided

§ 46504 - Interference with flight crew members and attendants

§ 46506 - Application of certain criminal laws to acts on aircraft

§ 46507 - False information and threats

§ 47122 - Administrative

§ 47508 - Noise standards for air carriers and foreign air carriers providing foreign air transportation

§ 47528 - Prohibition on operating certain aircraft not complying with stage 3 noise levels

§ 47529 - Nonaddition rule

§ 47530 - Nonapplication of

§ 47531 - Penalties

§ 47534 - Prohibition on operating certain aircraft weighing 75,000 pounds or less not complying with stage 3 noise levels

Statutes at Large

Title 14 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 14 CFR 91 after this date.

  • 2014-09-25; vol. 79 # 186 - Thursday, September 25, 2014
    1. 79 FR 57431 - Airports/Locations: Special Operating Restrictions
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final rule; technical amendment.
      Effective Date: November 13, 2014.
      14 CFR Part 91