14 CFR Part 91, Appendix E to Part 91 - Airplane Flight Recorder Specifications

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View PDF at GPO Pt. 91, App. E
Appendix E to Part 91—Airplane Flight Recorder Specifications
Parameters Range Installed system 1 minimum accuracy (to recovered data) Sampling interval (per second) Resolution 4 read out
1 When data sources are aircraft instruments (except altimeters) of acceptable quality to fly the aircraft the recording system excluding these sensors (but including all other characteristics of the recording system) shall contribute no more than half of the values in this column.
2 If data from the altitude encoding altimeter (100 ft. resolution) is used, then either one of these parameters should also be recorded. If however, altitude is recorded at a minimum resolution of 25 feet, then these two parameters can be omitted.
3 Per cent of full range.
4 This column applies to aircraft manufactured after October 11, 1991.
5 For Pitch Control Position only, for all aircraft manufactured on or after April 6, 2012, the sampling interval (per second) is 8. Each input must be recorded at this rate. Alternately sampling inputs (interleaving) to meet this sampling interval is prohibited.
Relative Time (From Recorded on Prior to Takeoff) 8 hr minimum ±0.125% per hour 1 1 sec.
Indicated Airspeed Vso to VD (KIAS) ±5% or ±10 kts., whichever is greater. Resolution 2 kts. below 175 KIAS 1 1% 3
Altitude −1,000 ft. to max cert. alt. of A/C ±100 to ±700 ft. (see Table 1, TSO C51-a) 11 25 to 150 ft.
Magnetic Heading 360° ±5° 1
Vertical Acceleration −3g to 6g ±0.2g in addition to ±0.3g maximum datum 4 (or 1 per second where peaks, ref. to 1g are recorded) 0.03g.
Longitudinal Acceleration ±1.0g ±1.5% max. range excluding datum error of ±5% 2 0.01g.
Pitch Attitude 100% of usable ±2° 1 0.8°
Roll Attitude ±60° or 100% of usable range, whichever is greater ±2° 1 0.8°
Stabilizer Trim Position, or Full Range ±3% unless higher uniquely required 1 1% 3
Pitch Control Position 5
Engine Power, Each Engine: Full Range ±3% unless higher uniquely required 1 1% 3
Fan or N 1 Speed or EPR or Cockpit indications Used for Aircraft Certification OR Maximum Range ±5% 1 1% 3
Prop. speed and Torque (Sample Once/Sec as Close together as Practicable) 1 (prop Speed)1 (torque) 1%3 1% 3
Altitude Rate 2 (need depends on altitude resolution) ±8,000 fpm ±10%. Resolution 250 fpm below 12,000 ft. indicated 1 250 fpm. below 12,000
Angle of Attack 2 (need depends on altitude resolution) −20° to 40° or 100% of usable range ±2° 1 0.8%3
Radio Transmitter Keying (Discrete) On/Off 1
TE Flaps (Discrete or Analog) Each discrete position (U, D, T/O, AAP) OR 1
LE Flaps (Discrete or Analog) Analog 0-100% range ±3% 1 1%3
Each discrete position (U, D, T/O, AAP) OR 1
Thrust Reverser, Each Engine (Discrete) Analog 0-100% range ±3° 1 1%3
Stowed or full reverse
Spoiler/Speedbrake (Discrete) Stowed or out 1
Autopilot Engaged (Discrete) Engaged or Disengaged 1
[Doc. No. 18334, 54 FR 34327, Aug. 18, 1989, as amended by Amdt. 91-300, 73 FR 12565, Mar. 7, 2008; 73 FR 15280, Mar. 21, 2008; Amdt. 91-313, 75 FR 17046, Apr. 5, 2010]

Title 14 published on 2014-01-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 14.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-09-25; vol. 79 # 186 - Thursday, September 25, 2014
    1. 79 FR 57431 - Airports/Locations: Special Operating Restrictions
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final rule; technical amendment.
      Effective Date: November 13, 2014.
      14 CFR Part 91

Title 14 published on 2014-01-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 14 CFR 91 after this date.

  • 2014-09-25; vol. 79 # 186 - Thursday, September 25, 2014
    1. 79 FR 57431 - Airports/Locations: Special Operating Restrictions
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final rule; technical amendment.
      Effective Date: November 13, 2014.
      14 CFR Part 91