Violations of the IEEPA subject to judicial enforcement proceedings.
(1) Import restrictions involving Schedule 1 chemicals.
Except as otherwise provided in § 712.2 of the CWCR, no person may import any Schedule 1 chemical (See Supplement No. 1 to part 712 of the CWCR) unless:
The import is from a State Party;
The import is for research, medical, pharmaceutical, or protective purposes;
The import is in types and quantities strictly limited to those that can be justified for such purposes; and
The importing person has notified BIS not less than 45 calendar days before the import pursuant to § 712.6 of the CWCR.
(2) Import restrictions involving Schedule 2 chemicals.
Except as otherwise provided in § 713.1 of the CWCR, no person may, on or after April 29, 2000, import any Schedule 2 chemical (see Supplement No. 1 to part 713 of the CWCR) from any destination other than a State Party.
(b) Civil penalty.
A civil penalty not to exceed $50,000 may be imposed in accordance with this part on any person for each violation of this section. 1
1 The maximum civil penalty allowed under the International Emergency Economic Powers Act is $50,000 for any violation committed on or after October 23, 1996 (15 CFR 6.4(a)(5)
(c) Criminal penalty.
Whoever willfully violates paragraph (a)(1) or (2) of this section shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $50,000, or, if a natural person, imprisoned for not more than ten years, or both; and any officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participates in such violation may be punished by like fine, imprisonment, or both. 2
2 Alternatively, sanctions may be imposed under
18 U.S.C. 3571
, a criminal code provision that establishes a maximum criminal fine for a felony that is the greatest of: (1) The amount provided by the statute that was violated; (2) an amount not more than $250,000 for an individual, or not more than $500,000 for an organization; or (3) an amount based on gain or loss from the offense.
[71 FR 24929, Apr. 27, 2006, as amended at 72 FR 14410, Mar. 28, 2007]