Interpretation 1: Anti-friction bearing or bearing systems and specially designed parts.
Anti-friction bearings or bearing systems shipped as spares or replacements are classified under Export Control Classification Number (ECCN) 2A001 (ball, roller, or needle-roller bearings and parts). This applies to separate shipments of anti-friction bearings or bearing systems and anti-friction bearings or bearing systems shipped with machinery or equipment for which they are intended to be used as spares or replacement parts.
An anti-friction bearing or bearing system physically incorporated in a segment of a machine or in a complete machine prior to shipment loses its identity as a bearing. In this scenario, the machine or segment of machinery containing the bearing is the item subject to export control requirements.
An anti-friction bearing or bearing system not incorporated in a segment of a machine prior to shipment, but shipped as a component of a complete unassembled (knocked-down) machine, is considered a component of a machine. In this scenario, the complete machine is the item subject to export license requirements.
Interpretation 2: Classification of “parts” of machinery, equipment, or other items—
An assembled machine or unit of equipment is being exported.
In instances where one or more assembled machines or units of equipment are being exported, the individual component parts that are physically incorporated into the machine or equipment do not require a license. The license or general exception under which the complete machine or unit of equipment is exported will also cover its component parts, provided that the parts are normal and usual components of the machine or equipment being exported, or that the physical incorporation is not used as a device to evade the requirement for a license.
Parts are exported as spares, replacements, for resale, or for stock.
In instances where parts are exported as spares, replacements, for resale, or for stock, a license is required only if the appropriate entry for the part specifies that a license is required for the intended destination.
Interpretation 4: Telecommunications equipment and systems.
Control equipment for paging systems (broadcast radio or selectively signalled receiving systems) is defined as circuit switching equipment in Category 5 of the CCL.
Interpretation 5: Numerical control systems—
Classification of “Numerical Control” Units.
“Numerical control” units for machine tools, regardless of their configurations or architectures, are controlled by their functional characteristics as described in ECCN 2B001.a. “Numerical control” units include computers with add-on “motion control boards”. A computer with add-on “motion control boards” for machine tools may be controlled under ECCN 2B001.a even when the computer alone without “motion control boards” is not subject to licensing requirements under Category 4 and the “motion control boards” are not controlled under ECCN 2B001.b.
Export documentation requirement.
When preparing a license application for a numerical control system, the machine tool and the control unit are classified separately. If either the machine tool or the control unit requires a license, then the entire unit requires a license. If either a machine tool or a control unit is exported separately from the system, the exported component is classified on the license application without regard to the other parts of a possible system.
When preparing the Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) or Automated Export System (AES) record, a system being shipped complete (i.e, machine and control unit), should be reported under the Schedule B number for each machine. When either a control unit or a machine is shipped separately, it should be reported under the Schedule B number appropriate for the individual item being exported.
Interpretation 6: Parts, accessories, and equipment exported as scrap.
Parts, accessories, or equipment that are being shipped as scrap should be described on the SED or AES record in sufficient detail to be identified under the proper ECCN. When commodities declared as parts, accessories, or equipment are shipped in bulk, or are otherwise not packaged, packed, or sorted in accordance with normal trade practices, the Customs Officer may require evidence that the shipment is not scrap. Such evidence may include, but is not limited to, bills of sale, orders and correspondence indicating whether the commodities are scrap or are being exported for use as parts, accessories, or equipment.
Interpretation 7: Scrap arms, ammunition, and implements of war.
Arms, ammunition, and implements of war, as defined in the U.S. Munitions List, and are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of State (22 CFR parts 120 through 130), except for the following, which are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce:
Cartridge and shell cases that have been rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration to their original identity by means of excessive heating, flame treatment, mangling, crushing, cutting, or by any other method are “scrap”.
Cartridge and shell cases that have been sold by the armed services as “scrap”, whether or not they have been heated, flame-treated, mangled, crushed, cut, or reduced to scrap by any other method.
Other commodities that may have been on the U.S. Munitions List are “scrap”, and therefore under the jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce, if they have been rendered useless beyond the possibility of restoration to their original identity only by means of mangling, crushing, or cutting. When in doubt as to whether a commodity covered by the Munitions List has been rendered useless, exporters should consult the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC 20520, or the Exporter Counseling Division, Office of Exporter Services, Room 1099A, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230, before reporting a shipment as metal scrap.
Interpretation 8: Ground vehicles.
The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security has export licensing jurisdiction over ground transport vehicles (including trailers), parts, and components therefor specially designed or modified for non-combat military use. Vehicles in this category are primarily transport vehicles designed or modified for transporting cargo, personnel and/or equipment, or to move other vehicles and equipment over land and roads in close support of fighting vehicles and troops. The U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security also has export licensing jurisdiction over unarmed all-wheel drive vehicles capable of off-road use which have been manufactured or fitted with materials to provide ballistic protection, including protection to level III (National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, September 1985) or better if they do not have armor described in 22 CFR part 121, Category XIII. In this section, and in ECCN 9A018, the word “unarmed” means not having weapons installed, not having mountings for weapons installed, and not having special reinforcements for mountings for weapons.
Modification of a ground vehicle for military use entails a structural, electrical or mechanical change involving one or more specially designed military components. Such components include, but are not limited to:
Pneumatic tire casings of a kind designed to be bullet-proof or to run when deflated;
Tire inflation pressure control systems, operated from inside a moving vehicle;
Armored protection of vital parts, (e.g., fuel tanks or vehicle cabs); and
Special reinforcements for mountings for weapons.
Scope of ECCN 9A018.b.
Ground transport vehicles (including trailers) and parts and components therefor specially designed or modified for non-combat military use are controlled by ECCN 9A018.b. Unarmed all-wheel drive vehicles capable of off-road use that are not described in paragraph (h)(4) of this section and which have been manufactured or fitted with materials to provide ballistic protection to level III (National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, September 1985) or better are controlled by ECCN 9A018.b. ECCN 9A018.b. does not cover civil automobiles, or trucks designed or modified for transporting money or valuables, having armored or ballistic protection, even if the automobiles or trucks incorporate items described in paragraphs (h)(2) (i), (ii), or (iii) of this section. In this section, the term “civil automobile” means a passenger car, limousine, van or sport utility vehicle designed for the transportation of passengers and marketed through civilian channels in the United States, but does not include any all-wheel drive vehicle capable of off-road use which has been manufactured or fitted with materials to provide ballistic protection at level III (National Institute of Justice Standard 0108.01, September 1985) or better, nor does it include any vehicle described in paragraph (h)(4) of this section. Ground vehicles that are not described in paragraph (h)(4) of this section and that are not covered by either ECCN 9A018.b or 9A990 are EAR99, meaning that they are subject to the EAR, but not listed in any specific ECCN.
The Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls has export licensing jurisdiction for all military ground armed or armored vehicles and parts and components specific thereto as described in 22 CFR part 121, Category VII. The Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls also has export licensing jurisdiction for all-wheel drive vehicles capable of off-road use that have been armed or armored with articles described in 22 CFR part 121 or that have been manufactured or fitted with special reinforcements for mounting arms or other specialized military equipment described in 22 CFR part 121.
Interpretation 9: Civil aircraft and Civil aircraft equipment (including parts, accessories, attachments, components, and related training equipment).
Aircraft and related training equipment, parts, accessories, and components defined in Categories VIII and IX of the Munitions List are under the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State (22 CFR parts 120 through 130). All other aircraft, parts, accessories and components are subject to the EAR and under the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of Commerce, as follows:
Aircraft and related training equipment.
Aircraft not specifically designed, modified or equipped for military purposes, and
The following aircraft, so long as they have not been specifically equipped, re-equipped, or modified for military operations:
Cargo aircraft bearing “C” designations and numbered C-45 through C-118 inclusive, C-121 through C-125 inclusive, and C-131, using reciprocating engines only.
Trainer aircraft bearing “T” designations and using reciprocating engines or turboprop engines with less than 600 horsepower (s.h.p.).
Utility aircraft bearing “U” designations and using reciprocating engines only.
All liaison aircraft bearing an “L” designation.
All observation aircraft bearing “O” designations and using reciprocating engines.
All reciprocating engines, and
All other aircraft engines not specifically designed or modified for military aircraft, except those defined in category VIII(f) of 22 CFR part 121.
Components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment.
Any aircraft tires as well as any components, parts, accessories, attachments and associated equipment that are not specifically designed or modified for aircraft on the Munitions List and all components and parts not on the Munitions List by virtue of the criteria set forth in the note to Category VIII(h) of 22 CFR part 121.
Interpretation 10: Civil aircraft inertial navigation equipment.
The Department of Commerce has licensing jurisdiction over exports and reexports to all destinations of inertial navigation systems, inertial navigation equipment, and specially designed components therefor for “civil aircraft”.
The Department of State, retains jurisdiction over all software and technology for inertial navigation systems and navigation equipment, and specially designed components therefor, for shipborne use, underwater use, ground vehicle use, spaceborne use or use other than “civil aircraft”.
Interpretation 11: Precursor chemicals.
The following chemicals are controlled by ECCN 1C350. The appropriate Chemical Abstract Service Registry (C.A.S.) number and synonyms (i.e., alternative names) are included to help you determine whether or not your chemicals are controlled by this entry.
(C.A.S. #1341-49-7) Ammonium hydrogen bifluoride
Acid ammonium fluoride
Ammonium hydrogen bifluoride
Ammonium hydrogen difluoride
Ammonium monohydrogen difluoride
(C.A.S. #7784-34-1) Arsenic trichloride
Arsenic (III) chloride
Fuming liquid arsenic
(C.A.S. #76-93-7) Benzilic acid
(C.A.S. #107-07-3) 2-Chloroethanol
(C.A.S. #78-38-6) Diethyl ethylphosphonate Ethylphosphonic acid diethyl ester
(C.A.S. #15715-41-0) Diethyl methylphosphonite
Methylphosphonous acid diethyl ester
(C.A.S. #2404-03-7) Diethyl-N, N-dimethylphosphoro-amidate
Dimethylphosphoramidic acid diethyl ester
(C.A.S. #762-04-9) Diethyl phosphite
Diethyl acid phosphite
Diethyl hydrogen phosphite
Hydrogen diethyl phosphite
(C.A.S. #100-37-8) N, N-Diethylethanolamine
Diethyl (2-hydroxyethyl) amine
(C.A.S. #5842-07-9) N,N-Diisopropyl-.beta.-aminoethane thiol
(C.A.S. #4261-68-1) N, N-Diisopropyl-.2-aminoethyl chloride hydrochloride
(C.A.S. #96-80-0) N,N-Diisopropyl-.beta.-aminoethanol
2-(Diisopropylamino) ethyl alcohol
(C.A.S. #96-79-7) N,N-Diisopropyl-.beta.-aminoethyl chloride
(C.A.S. #108-18-9) Diisopropylamine
(C.A.S. #6163-75-3) Dimethyl ethylphosphonate
Ethylphosphonic acid dimethyl ester
(C.A.S. #756-79-6) Dimethyl methylphosphonate
Dimethoxymethyl phosphine oxide
Methanephosphonic acid dimethyl ester
Methylphosphonic acid dimethyl ester
(C.A.S. #868-85-9) Dimethyl phosphite
Dimethyl acid phosphite
Dimethyl hydrogen phosphite
Hydrogen dimethyl phosphite
(C.A.S. #124-40-3) Dimethylamine
(C.A.S. #506-59-2) Dimethylamine hydrochloride
N-Methyl methanamine hydrochloride
(C.A.S. #1498-40-4) Ethylphosphonous dichloride
Ethyl phosphonous dichloride
(C.A.S. #430-78-4) Ethylphosphonus difluoride
(C.A.S. #1066-50-8) Ethylphosphonyl dichloride
Ethylphosphonic acid dichloride
(C.A.S. #7664-39-3) Hydrogen fluoride
Anhydrous hydrofluoric acid
Hydrofluoric acid gas
(C.A.S. #3554-74-3) 3-Hydroxyl-1-methylpiperidine
(C.A.S. #76-89-1) Methyl benzilate
Benzilic acid methyl ester
.alpha.-Hydroxy-.alpha.-phenylbenzeneacetic acid methyl ester
(C.A.S. #10025-87-3) Phosphorus oxychloride
Phosphorus chloride oxide
Phosphorus monoxide trichloride
Phosphorus oxide trichloride
Phosphorus trichloride oxide
(C.A.S. #10026-13-8) Phosphorus pentachloride
(C.A.S. #1314-80-3) Phosphorus pentasulfide
(C.A.S. #7719-12-2) Phosphorus trichloride
C.A.S. #75-97-8) Pinacolone
tert-Butyl methyl ketone
1,1-Dimethylethyl methyl ketone
Methyl tert-butyl ketone
(C.A.S. #464-07-3) Pinacolyl alcohol
tert-Butyl methyl carbinol
(C.A.S. #151-50-8) Potassium cyanide
(C.A.S. #7789-23-3) Potassium fluoride
(40) (C.A.S. #7789-29-9) Potassium hydrogen fluoride
Hydrogen potassium difluoride
Hydrogen potassium fluoride
Potassium acid fluoride
Potassium hydrogen difluoride
Potassium monohydrogen difluoride
(C.A.S. #1619-34-7) 3-Quinuclidinol
(C.A.S. #3731-38-2) 3-Quinuclidinone
(C.A.S.) #1333-83-1) Sodium bifluoride
Sodium hydrogen difluoride
Sodium hydrogen fluoride
(C.A.S. #143-33-9) Sodium cyanide
(C.A.S. #7681-49-4) Sodium fluoride
(C.A.S. #1313-82-2) Sodium sulfide
(C.A.S. #10025-67-9) Sulfur Monochloride
(C.A.S. #10545-99-0) Sulfur dicholoride
(C.A.S. #111-48-8) Thiodiglycol
C.A.S. #7719-09-7) Thionyl chloride
Sulfur chloride oxide
(C.A.S. #102-71-6) Triethanolamine
TEA (amino alcohol)
Tri (2-hydroxyethyl) amine
Tris (.beta.-hydroxyethyl) amine
Tris (2-hydroxyethyl) amine
(C.A.S. #637-39-8) Triethanolamine hydrochloride
(C.A.S. #122-52-1) Triethyl phosphite
Phosphorous acid triethyl ester
(C.A.S. #121-45-9) Trimethyl phosphite
Phosphorus acid trimethyl ester
Interpretation 12: Computers.
Interpretation 12: Computers.
Digital computers or computer systems classified under ECCN 4A003.b or .c, that qualify for “No License Required” (NLR) must be evaluated on the basis of Adjusted Peak Performance (APP) alone, to the exclusion of all other technical parameters. Digital computers or computer systems classified under ECCN 4A003.b or .c that qualify for License Exception APP must be evaluated on the basis of APP, to the exclusion of all other technical parameters, except for ECCN 4A003.e (equipment performing analog-to-digital conversions exceeding the limits in ECCN 3A001.a.5.a). Assemblies performing analog-to-digital conversions are evaluated under Category 3—Electronics, ECCN 3A001.a.5.a.
Related equipment classified under ECCN 4A003.e or .g may be exported or reexported under License Exceptions GBS or CIV. When related equipment is exported or reexported as part of a computer system, NLR or License Exception APP is available for the computer system and the related equipment, as appropriate.
Interpretation 13: Encryption commodities and software controlled for EI reasons.
Encryption commodities and software controlled for EI reasons under ECCNs 5A002 and 5D002 may be pre-loaded on a laptop, handheld device or other computer or equipment and exported under the tools of trade provision of License Exception TMP or the personal use exemption under License Exception BAG, subject to the terms and conditions of such License Exceptions. This provision replaces the personal use exemption of the International Traffic and Arms Regulations (ITAR) that existed for such software prior to December 30, 1996. Neither License Exception TMP nor License Exception BAG contains a reporting requirement. Like other “information security” “software”, components, “electronic assemblies” or modules, the control status of encryption commodities and software is determined in Category 5, part 2 even if they are bundled, commingled or incorporated in a computer or other equipment. However, commodities and software specially designed for medical end-use that incorporate an item in Category 5, part 2 are not controlled in Category 5, part 2. See Note 1 to Category 5, part 2 (“Information Security”) of Supplement No. 1 to Part 774 (the Commerce Control List) of the EAR.
For Federal Register
citations affecting § 770.2
, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov