15 CFR Part 774, Supplement No. 1 to Part 774 - The Commerce Control List

Status message

There are 12 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 15 CFR 774. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
prev | next
View PDF at GPO Pt. 774, Supp. 1
Supplement No. 1 to Part 774—The Commerce Control List
Category 0—Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and Miscellaneous Items]
A. Systems, Equipment and Components
0A001“Nuclear reactors”, i.e., reactors capable of operation so as to maintain a controlled, self-sustaining fission chain reaction, and equipment and components specially designed or prepared for use in connection with a “nuclear reactor”, including (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0A001 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Pressure vessels, i.e. metal vessels as complete units or X parts therefor, which are specially designed or prepared to contain the core of a “nuclear reactor” and are capable of withstanding the operating pressure of the primary coolant, including the top plate for a reactor pressure vessel;
b. Fuel element handling equipment, including reactor fuel charging and discharging machines;
c. Control rods specially designed or prepared for the control of the reaction rate in a “nuclear reactor”, including the neutron absorbing part and the support or suspension structures therefore, and control rod guide tubes;
d. Electronic controls for controlling the power levels in “nuclear reactors”, including reactor control rod drive mechanisms and radiation detection and measuring instruments to determine neutron flux levels;
e. Pressure tubes specially designed or prepared to contain fuel elements and the primary coolant in a “nuclear reactor” at an operating pressure in excess of 5.1 MPa;
f. Tubes or assemblies of tubes, made from zirconium metal or alloy in which the ratio of hafnium to zirconium is less than 1:500 parts by weight, specially designed or prepared for use in a “nuclear reactor”;
g. Coolant pumps specially designed or prepared for circulating the primary coolant of “nuclear reactors”;
h. Internal components specially designed or prepared for the operation of a “nuclear reactor”, including core support structures, thermal shields, baffles, core grid plates and diffuser plates;
i. Heat exchangers.
0A002Power generating or propulsion equipment specially designed for use with space, marine or mobile “nuclear reactors”. (These items are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. See 22 CFR part 121.)
0A018Items on the Wassenaar Munitions List.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: $5,000 for 0A018.a
$3,000 for 0A018.b
$1,500 for 0A018.c and .d
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: 0A018.a, and .b in $ value; 0A018.c and .d in number.
Related Controls: See 0A979, 0A988, and 22 CFR 121.1 Categories I(a), III(b-d), and X(a).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Construction equipment built to military specifications, including equipment specially designed for airborne transport; and specially designed parts and accessories for such construction equipment, including crew protection kits used as protective cabs;
b. Specially designed components and parts for ammunition, except cartridge cases, powder bags, bullets, jackets, cores, shells, projectiles, boosters, fuses and components, primers, and other detonating devices and ammunition belting and linking machines (all of which are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls). (See 22 CFR parts 120 through 130);
c. Muzzle loading (black powder) firearms with a caliber less than 20 mm that were manufactured later than 1937 and that are not reproductions of firearms manufactured earlier than 1890;
Note:
0A018.c does not control weapons used for hunting or sporting purposes that were not specially designed for military use and are not of the fully automatic type, but see ECCN 0A984 concerning shotguns.
d. Military helmets, except:
d.1. Conventional steel helmets other than those described by 0A018.d.2 of this entry.
d.2. Helmets, made of any material, equipped with communications hardware, optional sights, slewing devices or mechanisms to protect against thermal flash or lasers.
Note:
Helmets described in 0A018.d.1 are controlled by 0A988. Helmets described in 0A018.d.2 are controlled by the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (See 22 CFR part 121, Category X).
0A521Any commodity subject to the EAR that is not listed elsewhere in the CCL, but which is controlled for export because it provides at least a significant military or intelligence advantage to the United States or for foreign policy reasons.
0A521 commodities are subject to RS1 controls with no license exception eligibility other than License Exception GOV for U.S. Government personnel and agencies under § 740.11(b)(2)(ii) of the EAR, or an item-specific license exception identified in Supplement No. 5 to part 774 particular to an item covered under ECCN 0A521. The list of commodities determined to be classified under ECCN 0A521 controls is published in Supplement No. 5 to part 774. The license requirements and licensing policy relating to ECCN 0A521 are set forth in § 742.6(a)(7) of the EAR.
0A918Miscellaneous Military Equipment Not on the Wassenaar Munitions List
License Requirements
Reason for Control: RS, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: $5,000 for 0A918.a
$1,500 for 0A918.b
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: 0A918.a in $ value; 0A918.b in number.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Power controlled searchlights and control units therefor, designed for military use, and equipment mounting such units; and specially designed parts and accessories therefor;
b. Bayonets.
0A919“Military commodities” as follows (see list of items controlled).
License Requirements
Reasons for Control: RS, AT, UN.
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 1, see § 742.6(a)(3) for license requirements.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A.
GBS: N/A.
CIV: N/A.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Military commodities are subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State if they incorporate items that are subject to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22 CFR Parts 120-130). (2) Military commodities described in this paragraph are subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State if such commodities are described on the United States Munitions List (22 CFR Part 121) and are in the United States. (3) The furnishing of assistance (including training) to foreign persons, whether in the United States or abroad in the design, development, engineering, manufacture, production, assembly, testing, repair, maintenance, modification, operation, demilitarization, destruction, processing, or use of defense articles that are subject to the ITAR; or the furnishing to foreign persons of any technical data controlled under 22 CFR 121.1 whether in the United States or abroad are under the licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State. (4) Brokering activities (as defined in 22 CFR 129.9) of military commodities that are subject to the ITAR are under the licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State.
Related Definitions: N/A.
Items: “Military commodities” with all of the following characteristics:
a. Described on either the United States Munitions List (22 CFR Part 121) or the Munitions List that is published by the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies (as set out on its Web site at http://www.wassenaar.org ), but not any item listed in any Export Control Classification Number for which the last three characters are 018;
b. Produced outside the United States;
c. Not subject to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 CFR Parts 120-130) for a reason other than presence in the United States; and
d. Incorporate one or more cameras controlled under ECCN 6A003.b.3, .b.4.b, or .b.4.c.
0A978Law enforcement striking weapons, including saps, police batons, side handle batons, tonfas, sjamboks, and whips.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0A979Police helmets and shields; and parts, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0A980Horses by sea.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0A981Equipment designed for the execution of human beings (See list of items controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC.
Control(s): CC applies to entire entry. A license is required for ALL destinations regardless of end-use. Accordingly, a column specific to this control does not appear on the Commerce Country Chart. (See § 742.7 of the EAR for additional information.)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A.
Related Definitions: N/A.
Items: a. Gallows and guillotines.
b. Electric chairs for the purpose of executing human beings.
c. Air tight vaults designed for the execution of human beings by the administration of a lethal gas or substance.
d. Automatic drug injection systems designed for the execution of human beings by administration of a lethal substance.
0A982Law enforcement restraint devices, including leg irons, shackles, and handcuffs; straight jackets; stun cuffs; shock belts; shock sleeves; multipoint restraint devices such as restraint chairs; and parts and accessories, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s)
CC applies to entire entry. A license is required for ALL destinations, except Canada, regardless of end-use. Accordingly, a column specific to this control does not appear on the Commerce Country Chart. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information.)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls:Thumbcuffs and fingercuffs are classified under ECCN 0A983, specially designed implements of torture. Restraint devices that electronically monitor or report the location of confined persons for law enforcement or penal reasons are controlled under ECCN 3A981.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
Note to ECCN 0A982.
This ECCN applies to restraint devices used in law enforcement activities. It does not apply to medical devices that are equipped to restrain patient movement during medical procedures. It does not apply to devices that confine memory impaired patients to appropriate medical facilities. It does not apply to safety equipment such as safety belts or child automobile safety seats.
0A983Specially designed implements of torture, including thumbscrews, thumbcuffs, fingercuffs, spiked batons, and parts and accessories, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s): CC applies to entire entry. A license is required for ALL destinations, regardless of end-use. Accordingly, a column specific to this control does not appear on the Commerce Country Chart. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information.)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
Note to ECCN 0A983.
In this ECCN, “torture” has the meaning set forth in Section 2340(1) of Title 18, United States Code.
0A984Shotguns with barrel length 18 inches (45.72 cm) or over; receivers; barrels of 18 inches (45.72 cm) or longer but not longer than 24 inches (60.96 cm); complete trigger mechanisms; magazines and magazine extension tubes; complete breech mechanisms; buckshot shotgun shells; except equipment used exclusively to treat or tranquilize animals, and except arms designed solely for signal, flare, or saluting use.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC, FC, UN
Control(s) Country chart
FC applies to entire entry FC Column 1.
CC applies to shotguns with a barrel length greater than or equal to 18 in. (45.72 cm), but less than 24 in. (60.96 cm), shotgun parts controlled by this entry, and buckshot shotgun shells controlled by this entry, regardless of end-user CC Column 1.
CC applies to shotguns with a barrel length greater than or equal to 24 in. (60.96 cm), regardless of end-user CC Column 2.
CC applies to shotguns with a barrel length greater than or equal to 24 in. (60.96 cm) if for sale or resale to police or law enforcement CC Column 3.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: This entry does not control shotguns with a barrel length of less than 18 inches (45.72 cm). (See 22 CFR part 121.) These items are subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0A985Discharge type arms and devices to administer electric shock, for example, stun guns, shock batons, shock shields, electric cattle prods, immobilization guns and projectiles; except equipment used exclusively to treat or tranquilize animals, and except arms designed solely for signal, flare, or saluting use; and parts, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC, UN
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry. A license is required for ALL destinations, except Canada, regardless of end-use. Accordingly, a column specific to this control does not appear on the Commerce Country Chart. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information.)
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: Law enforcement restraint devices that administer an electric shock are controlled under ECCN 0A982. Electronic devices that monitor and report a person's location to enforce restrictions on movement for law enforcement or penal reasons are controlled under ECCN 3A981.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0A986Shotgun shells, except buckshot shotgun shells, and parts.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, FC, UN
Control(s)
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
FC applies to entire entry FC Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0A987Optical sighting devices for firearms (including shotguns controlled by 0A984); and parts (See list of items controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: FC, CC, UN
Control(s) Country chart
FC applies to optical sights for firearms, including shotguns described in ECCN 0A984, and related parts FC Column 1.
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Telescopic sights.
b. Holographic sights.
c. Reflex or “red dot” sights.
d. Reticle sights.
e. Other sighting devices that contain optical elements.
f. Laser pointing devices designed for use on firearms.
g. Lenses, other optical elements and adjustment mechanisms for articles in paragraphs a, b, c, d or e.
0A988Conventional military steel helmets as described by 0A018.d.1
License Requirements
Reason for Control: UN
Control(s)
UN applies to entire entry. See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
Note:
Exports from the U.S. and transhipments to Iran must be licensed by the Department of Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control. (See § 746.7 of the EAR for additional information on this requirement.)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0A999Specific Processing Equipment, as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
Country Chart.
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Ring Magnets;
b. Reserved.
B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment
0B001Plant for the separation of isotopes of “natural uranium” and “depleted uranium”, “special fissile materials” and “other fissile materials”, and specially designed or prepared equipment and components therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0B001 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
License Exceptions,
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions:Materials resistant to corrosion by UF 6” may be copper, stainless steel, aluminum, aluminum oxide, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60 weight percent or more nickel and UF6-resistant fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers, as appropriate for the type of separation process.
Items: a. Plant specially designed for separating isotopes of “natural uranium” and “depleted uranium”, “special fissile materials” and “other fissile materials”, as follows:
a.1. Gaseous diffusion separation plant;
a.2. Gas centrifuge separation plant;
a.3. Aerodynamic separation plant;
a.4. Chemical exchange separation plant;
a.5. Ion-exchange separation plant;
a.6. Atomic vapor “laser” isotopic separation plant;
a.7. Molecular “laser” isotopic separation plant;
a.8. Plasma separation plant;
a.9. Electro magnetic separation plant;
b. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for gaseous diffusion separation process, as follows:
b.1. Bellow valves made of or protected by materials resistant to UF6 (e.g., aluminum, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60 weight percent or more nickel), with a diameter of 40 mm to 1500 mm;
b.2.a. Compressors (positive displacement, centrifugal and axial flowtypes) or gas blowers with a suction volume capacity of 1 m3/min or more of UF6, and discharge pressure up to 666.7 kPa, made of or protected by materials resistant to UF6 (e.g. aluminum, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60 weight percent or more nickel);
b.2.b. Rotary shaft seals for compressors or blowers specified in 0B001.b.2.a. and designed for a buffer gas in-leakage rate of less than 1,000 cm3/min.;
b.3. Gaseous diffusion barriers made of porous metallic, polymer or ceramic materials resistant to corrosion by UF6 with a pore size of 10 to 100 nm, a thickness of 5 mm or less, and, for tubular forms, a diameter of 25 mm or less;
b.4. Gaseous diffuser housings made of or protected by materials resistant to corrosion by UF6;
b.5. Heat exchangers made of aluminum, copper, nickel, or alloys containing more than 60 weight percent nickel, or combinations of these metals as clad tubes, designed to operate at sub-atmospheric pressure with a leak rate that limits the pressure rise to less than 10 Pa per hour under a pressure differential of 100 kPa;
c. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for gas centrifuge separation process, as follows:
c.1. Gas centrifuges;
c.2. Complete rotor assemblies consisting of one or more rotor tube cylinders;
c.3. Rotor tube cylinders with a thickness of 12 mm or less, a diameter of between 75 mm and 400 mm, made from any of the following high strength-to-density ratio materials:
c.3.a. Maraging steel capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 2,050 MPa or more;
c.3.b. Aluminum alloys capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more; or
c.3.c. “Fibrous or filamentary materials” with a “specific modulus” of more than 3.18 × 106 m and a “specific tensile strength” greater than 76.2 × 103 m;
c.4. Magnetic suspension bearings consisting of an annular magnet suspended within a housing made of UF6 resistant materials (e.g. aluminum, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60 weight percent or more nickel) containing a damping medium and having the magnet coupling with a pole piece or second magnet fitted to the top cap of the rotor;
c.5. Specially prepared bearings comprising a pivot-cup assembly mounted on a damper;
c.6. Rings or bellows with a wall thickness of 3 mm or less and a diameter of between 75 mm and 400 mm and designed to give local support to a rotor tube or to join a number together, made from any of the following high strength-to-density ratio materials;
c.6.a. Maraging steel capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 2050 MPa or more;
c.6.b. Aluminum alloys capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more; or
c.6.c. “Fibrous or filamentary materials” with a “specific modulus” of more than 3.18 × 106 m and a “specific tensile strength” greater than 76.2 × 103 m;”.
c.7. Baffles of between 75 mm and 400 mm diameter for mounting inside a rotor tube, made from any of the following high strength-to-density ratio materials:
c.7.a. Maraging steel capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 2050 MPa or more;
c.7.b. Aluminum alloys capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more; or
c.7.c. “Fibrous or filamentary materials” with a “specific modulus” of more than 3.18 × 106 m and a “specific tensile strength” greater than 76.2 × 103 m;”.
c.8. Top and bottom caps of between 75 mm and 400 mm diameter to fit the ends of a rotor tube, made from any of the following high strength-to-density ratio materials:
c.8.a. Maraging steel capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 2050 MPa or more; or
c.8.b. Aluminum alloys capable of an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more;
c.8.c. “Fibrous or filamentary materials” with a “specific modulus” of more than 3.18 × 106 m and a “specific tensile strength” greater than 76.2 × 103 m.
c.9. Molecular pumps comprised of cylinders having internally machined or extruded helical grooves and internally machined bores;
c.10. Ring-shaped motor stators for multiphase AC hysteresis (or reluctance) motors for synchronous operation within a vacuum in the frequency range of 600 to 2,000 Hz and a power range of 50 to 1,000 Volt-Amps;
c.11. Frequency changers (converters or inverters) specially designed or prepared to supply motor stators for gas centrifuge enrichment, having all of the following characteristics, and specially designed components therefor:
c.11.a. Multiphase output of 600 to 2000 Hz;
c.11.b. Frequency control better than 0.1%;
c.11.c. Harmonic distortion of less than 2%; and
c.11.d. An efficiency greater than 80%;
c.12. Centrifuge housing/recipients to contain the rotor tube assembly of a gas centrifuge, consisting of a rigid cylinder of wall thickness up to 30 mm with precision machined ends and made of or protected by UF6 resistant materials;
c.13. Scoops consisting of tubes of up to 12 mm internal diameter for the extraction of UF6 gas from within a centrifuge rotor tube by a Pitot tube action, made of or protected by UF6 resistant materials;
d. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for aerodynamic separation process, as follows:
d.1. Separation nozzles consisting of slit-shaped, curved channels having a radius of curvature less than 1 mm and having a knife-edge contained within the nozzle which separates the gas flowing through the nozzle into two streams;
d.2. Tangential inlet flow-driven cylindrical or conical tubes (vortex tubes), made of or protected by UF6 resistant materials with a diameter of between 0.5 cm and 4 cm and a length to diameter ratio of 20:1 or less and with one or more tangential inlets;
d.3. Compressors (positive displacement, centrifugal and axial flow types) or gas blowers with a suction volume capacity of 2 m3/min, made of or protected by materials resistant to UF6 (e.g., aluminum, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60 weight percent or more nickel), and rotary shaft seals therefor;
d.4. Aerodynamic separation element housings, made of or protected by materials resistant to UF6 to contain vortex tubes or separation nozzles;
d.5. Heat exchangers made of aluminum, copper, nickel, or alloy containing more than 60 weight percent nickel, or combinations of these metals as clad tubes, designed to operate at pressures of 600 kPa or less;
d.6. Bellows valves made of or protected by UF6 resistant materials with a diameter of 40 to 1500 mm;
d.7. Process systems for separating UF6 from carrier gas (hydrogen or helium) to 1 ppm UF6 content or less, including:
d.7.a. Cryogenic heat exchangers and cryoseparators capable of temperatures of −120 °C or less;
d.7.b. Cryogenic refrigeration units capable of temperatures of −120 °C or less;
d.7.c. Separation nozzle or vortex tube units for the separation of UF6 from carrier gas;
d.7.d. UF6 cold traps capable of temperatures of −20 °C or less;
e. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for chemical exchange separation process, as follows:
e.1. Fast-exchange liquid-liquid centrifugal contactors with stage residence time of 30 seconds or less and resistant to concentrated hydrochloric acid (e.g., made of or lined with suitable plastic materials such as fluorocarbon polymers or lined with glass);
e.2. Fast-exchange liquid-liquid pulse columns with stage residence time of 30 seconds or less and resistant to concentrated hydrochloric acid (e.g., made of or lined with suitable plastic materials such as fluorocarbon polymers or lined with glass);
e.3. Electrochemical reduction cells designed to reduce uranium from one valence state to another;
e.4. Electrochemical reduction cells feed equipment to take U 4 from the organic stream and, for those parts in contact with the process stream, made of or protected by suitable materials (e.g., glass, fluorocarbon polymers, polyphenyl sulphate, polyether sulfone and resin-impregnated graphite);
e.5. Feed preparation systems for producing high purity uranium chloride solution consisting of dissolution, solvent extraction and/or ion exchange equipment for purification and electrolytic cells for reducing the uranium U 6 or U 4 to U 3;
e.6. Uranium oxidation systems for oxidation of U 3 to U 4;
f. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for ion-exchange separation process, as follows:
f.1. Fast reacting ion-exchange resins, pellicular or porous macro-reticulated resins in which the active chemical exchange groups are limited to a coating on the surface of an inactive porous support structure, and other composite structures in any suitable form, including particles or fibers, with diameters of 0.2 mm or less, resistant to concentrated hydrochloric acid and designed to have an exchange rate half-time of less than 10 seconds and capable of operating at temperatures in the range of 100 °C to 200 °C;
f.2. Ion exchange columns (cylindrical) with a diameter greater than 1000 mm, made of or protected by materials resistant to concentrated hydrochloric acid (e.g., titanium or fluorocarbon plastics) and capable of operating at temperatures in the range of 100 °C to 200 °C and pressures above 0.7 MPa;
f.3. Ion exchange reflux systems (chemical or electrochemical oxidation or reduction systems) for regeneration of the chemical reducing or oxidizing agents used in ion exchange enrichment cascades;
g. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for atomic vapor “laser” isotopic separation process, as follows:
g.1. High power electron beam guns with total power of more than 50 kW and strip or scanning electron beam guns with a delivered power of more than 2.5 kW/cm for use in uranium vaporization systems;
g.2. Trough shaped crucibles and cooling equipment made of or protected by materials resistant to heat and corrosion of molten uranium or uranium alloys (e.g., tantalum, yttria-coated graphite, graphite coated with other rare earth oxides or mixtures thereof);
N.B: See also 2A225.
g.3. Product and tails collector systems made of or lined with materials resistant to the heat and corrosion of uranium vapor, such as yttria-coated graphite or tantalum;
g.4. Separator module housings (cylindrical or rectangular vessels) for containing the uranium metal vapor source, the electron beam gun and the product and tails collectors;
g.5. “Lasers” or “laser” systems for the separation of uranium isotopes with a spectrum frequency stabilizer for operation over extended periods of time;
N.B.: See also 6A005 and 6A205.
h. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for molecular “laser” isotopic separation process, as follows:
h.1. Supersonic expansion nozzles for cooling mixtures of UF6 and carrier gas to 150 K or less and made from UF6 resistant materials;
h.2. Uranium fluoride (UF5) product collectors consisting of filter, impact, or cyclone-type collectors or combinations thereof, and made of UF5/UF6 resistant materials (e.g. aluminum, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloys containing 60 weight percent of nickel and UF6 resistant fully fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers);
h.3. Equipment for fluorinating UF5 to UF6;
h.4. Compressors made of or protected by materials resistant to UF6 (e.g., aluminum, aluminum alloys, nickel or alloy containing 60 weight percent or more nickel), and rotary shaft seals therefor;
h.5. Process systems for separating UF6 from carrier gas (e.g., nitrogen or argon) including:
h.5.a. Cryogenic heat exchangers and cryoseparators capable of temperatures of −120 °C or less;
h.5.b. Cryogenic refrigeration units capable of temperatures of −120 °C or less;
h.5.c. UF6 cold traps capable of temperatures of −20 °C or less;
h.6. “Lasers” or “laser” systems for the separation of uranium isotopes with a spectrum frequency stabilizer for operation over extended periods of time;
N.B.: See also 6A005 and 6A205.
i. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for plasma separation process, as follows:
i.1. Product and tails collectors made of or protected by materials resistant to the heat and corrosion of uranium vapor such as yttria-coated graphite or tantalum;
i.2. Radio frequency ion excitation coils for frequencies of more than 100 kHz and capable of handling more than 40 kW mean power;
i.3. Microwave power sources and antennae for producing or accelerating ions, with an output frequency greater than 30 GHz and mean power output greater than 50 kW;
i.4. Uranium plasma generation systems;
i.5. Liquid uranium metal handling systems consisting of crucibles, made of or protected by suitable corrosion and heat resistant materials (e.g., tantalum, yttria-coated graphite, graphite coated with other rare earth oxides or mixtures thereof), and cooling equipment for the crucibles;
N.B.: See also 2A225.
i.6. Separator module housings (cylindrical) for containing the uranium plasma source, radio-frequency drive coil and the product and tails collectors and made of a suitable non-magnetic material (e.g. stainless steel);
j. Equipment and components, specially designed or prepared for electromagnetic separation process, as follows:
j.1. Ion sources, single or multiple, consisting of a vapor source, ionizer, and beam accelerator made of suitable materials (e.g., graphite, stainless steel, or copper) and capable of providing a total ion beam current of 50 mA or greater;
j.2. Ion collector plates for collection of enriched or depleted uranium ion beams, consisting of two or more slits and pockets and made of suitable non-magnetic materials (e.g., graphite or stainless steel);
j.3. Vacuum housings for uranium electromagnetic separators made of non-magnetic materials (e.g. graphite or stainless steel) and designed to operate at pressures of 0.1 Pa or lower;
j.4. Magnet pole pieces with a diameter greater than 2 m;
j.5. High voltage power supplies for ion sources, having all of the following characteristics:
j.5.a. Capable of continuous operation;
j.5.b. Output voltage of 20,000 V or greater;
j.5.c. Output current of 1 A or greater;
j.5.d. Voltage regulation of better than 0.01% over a period of 8 hours;
N.B.: See also 3A227.
j.6. Magnet power supplies (high power, direct current) having all of the following characteristics:
j.6.a. Capable of continuous operation with a current output of 500 A or greater at a voltage of 100 V or greater;
j.6.b. Current or voltage regulation better than 0.01% over a period of 8 hours.
N.B.: See also 3A226.
0B002Specially designed or prepared auxiliary systems, equipment and components, as follows, (see List of Items Controlled) for isotope separation plant specified in 0B001, made of or protected by UF 6 resistant materials.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0B002 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Feed autoclaves, ovens or systems used for passing UF6 to the enrichment process;
b. Desublimers or cold traps, used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process for subsequent transfer upon heating;
c. Product and tails stations for transferring UF6 into containers;
d. Liquefaction or solidification stations used to remove UF6 from the enrichment process by compressing and converting UF6 to a liquid or solid form;
e. Piping systems and header systems specially designed for handling UF6 within gaseous diffusion, centrifuge or aerodynamic cascades made of or protected by UF6 resistant materials;
e.1. Vacuum manifolds or vacuum headers having a suction capacity of 5 m3/minute or more; or
e.2. Vacuum pumps specially designed for use in UF6 bearing atmospheres;
f. UF6 mass spectrometers/ion sources specially designed or prepared for taking on-line samples of feed, product or tails from UF6 gas streams and having all of the following characteristics:
f.1. Unit resolution for mass of more than 320 amu;
f.2. Ion sources constructed of or lined with nichrome or monel, or nickel plated;
f.3. Electron bombardment ionization sources; and
f.4. Collector system suitable for isotopic analysis.
0B003Plant for the conversion of uranium and equipment specially designed or prepared therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control
Control(s): Items described in 0B003 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Systems for the conversion of uranium ore concentrates to UO3;
b. Systems for the conversion of UO3 to UF6;
c. Systems for the conversion of UO3 to UO2;
d. Systems for the conversion of UO2 to UF4;
e. Systems for the conversion of UF4 to UF6;
f. Systems for the conversion of UF4 to uranium metal;
g. Systems for the conversion of UF6 to UO2;
h. Systems for the conversion of UF6 to UF4;
i. Systems for the conversion of UO2 to UCl4.
0B004Plant for the production of heavy water, deuterium or deuterium compounds, and specially designed or prepared equipment and components therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0B004 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Plant for the production of heavy water, deuterium or deuterium compounds, as follows:
a.1. Hydrogen sulphide-water exchange plants;
a.2. Ammonia-hydrogen exchange plants;
a.3. Hydrogen distillation plants;
b. Equipment and components, as follows, designed for:
b.1. Hydrogen sulphide-water exchange process:
b.1.a. Tray exchange towers;
b.1.b. Hydrogen sulphide gas compressors;
b.2. Ammonia-hydrogen exchange process:
b.2.a. High-pressure ammonia-hydrogen exchange towers;
b.2.b. High-efficiency stage contactors;
b.2.c. Submersible stage recirculation pumps;
b.2.d. Ammonia crackers designed for pressures of more than 3 MPa;
b.3. Hydrogen distillation process:
b.3.a. Hydrogen cryogenic distillation towers and cold boxes designed for operation below 35 K (−238 °C);
b.3.b. Turboexpanders or turboexpander-compressor sets designed for operation below 35 K (−238 °C);
b.4. Heavy water concentration process to reactor grade level (99.75 weight percent deuterium oxide):
b.4.a. Water distillation towers containing specially designed packings;
b.4.b. Ammonia distillation towers containing specially designed packings;
b.4.c. Catalytic burners for conversion of fully enriched deuterium to heavy water;
b.4.d. Infrared absorption analyzers capable of on-line hydrogen-deuterium ratio analysis where deuterium concentrations are equal to or more than 90 weight percent.
0B005Plant specially designed for the fabrication of “nuclear reactor” fuel elements and specially designed equipment therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0B005 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: A plant for the fabrication of “nuclear reactor” fuel elements includes equipment which: (a) Normally comes into direct contact with or directly processes or controls the production flow of nuclear materials; (b) Seals the nuclear materials within the cladding; (c) Checks the integrity of the cladding or the seal; and (d) Checks the finish treatment of the solid fuel
Items: The List of Items Controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0B006Plant for the reprocessing of irradiated “nuclear reactor” fuel elements, and specially designed or prepared equipment and components therefor, including (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0B006 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Fuel element chopping or shredding machines, i.e. remotely operated equipment to cut, chop, shred or shear irradiated “nuclear reactor” fuel assemblies, bundles or rods;
b. Dissolvers, critically safe tanks (e.g. small diameter, annular or slab tanks) specially designed or prepared for the dissolution of irradiated “nuclear reactor” fuel, which are capable of withstanding hot, highly corrosive liquids, and which can be remotely loaded and maintained;
c. Counter-current solvent extractors and ion-exchange processing equipment specially designed or prepared for use in a plant for the reprocessing of irradiated “natural uranium”, “depleted uranium” or “special fissile materials” and “other fissile materials”;
d. Process control instrumentation specially designed or prepared for monitoring or controlling the reprocessing of irradiated “natural uranium”, “depleted uranium” or “special fissile materials” and “other fissile materials”;
e. Holding or storage vessels specially designed to be critically safe and resistant to the corrosive effects of nitric acid;
Note:
Critically safe tanks may have the following features:
1. Walls or internal structures with a boron equivalent of at least two percent;
2. A maximum diameter or 175 mm for cylindrical vessels; or
3. A maximum width of 75 mm for either a slab or annular vessel.
f. Complete systems specially designed or prepared for the conversion of plutonium nitrate to plutonium oxide;
g. Complete systems specially designed or prepared for the production of plutonium metal.
Note:
Plant for the reprocessing of irradiated “nuclear reactor” fuel elements includes equipment and components which normally come into direct contact with and directly control the irradiated fuel and the major nuclear material and fission product processing streams.
0B521Any commodity subject to the EAR that is not listed elsewhere in the CCL, but which is controlled for export because it provides at least a significant military or intelligence advantage to the United States or for foreign policy reasons.
0B521 commodities are subject to RS1 controls with no license exception eligibility other than License Exception GOV for U.S. Government personnel and agencies under § 740.11(b)(2)(ii) of the EAR, or an item- specific license exception identified in Supplement No. 5 to part 774 particular to an item covered under ECCN 0B521. The list of commodities determined to be classified under ECCN 0B521 controls is published in Supplement No. 5 to part 774. The license requirements and licensing policy relating to ECCN 0B521 are set forth in § 742.6(a)(7) of the EAR.
0B986Equipment specially designed for manufacturing shotgun shells; and ammunition hand-loading equipment for both cartridges and shotgun shells.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, UN.
Control(s): AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See§ 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
UN applies to entire entry. See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0B999Specific Processing Equipment, as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT license requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq or transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Hot cells;
b. Glove boxes suitable for use with radioactive materials.
C. Materials
0C001“Natural uranium” or “depleted uranium” or thorium in the form of metal, alloy, chemical compound or concentrate and any other material containing one or more of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0C001 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: (1) See also 1A290. (2) This entry does not control: (a) Four grams or less of “natural uranium” or “depleted uranium” when contained in a sensing component in instruments (see 10 CFR part 110); or (b) “Depleted uranium” specially fabricated for the following civil non-nuclear applications: Shielding; Packaging; Ballasts; or Counter-weights
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0C002“Special fissile materials” and “other fissile materials”; except, four “effective grams” or less when contained in a sensing component in instruments.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0C002 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The List of Items Controlled is Contained in the ECCN heading
0C004Deuterium, heavy water, deuterated paraffins and other compounds of deuterium, and mixtures and solutions containing deuterium, in which the isotopic ratio of deuterium to hydrogen exceeds 1:5000.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0C004 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0C005Graphite, having a purity level of less than 5 parts per million “boron equivalent” as measured according to ASTM standard C-1233-98 and intended for use in a nuclear reactor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0C005 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: Graphite intended for a use other than in a nuclear reactor, and that meets certain density parameters, is classified under ECCN 1C107.High-purity graphite with a boron content of less than 5 parts per million and a density greater than 1.5 grams per cubic centimeter, is classified under ECCN 1C298.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0C006Nickel powder or porous nickel metal, specially prepared for the manufacture of gaseous diffusion barriers, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0C006 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See also 1C240
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Powder with a nickel purity content of 99.9 weight percent or more and a mean particle size of less than 10 micrometers measured by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) B330 standard and a high degree of particle size uniformity; or
b. Porous nickel metal produced from materials specified in 0C006.a.
0C201Specially prepared compounds or powders, other than nickel, resistant to corrosion by UF 6 (e.g. aluminum oxide and fully fluorinated hydrocarbon polymers), for the manufacture of gaseous diffusion barriers, having a purity of 99.9 weight percent or more and a mean particle size of less than 10 micrometers measured by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) B330 standard and a high degree of particle size uniformity.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 0C201 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110)
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0C521Any material subject to the EAR that is not listed elsewhere in the CCL, but which is controlled for export because it provides at least a significant military or intelligence advantage to the United States or for foreign policy reasons.
0C521 materials are subject to RS1 controls with no license exception eligibility other than License Exception GOV for U.S. Government personnel and agencies under § 740.11(b)(2)(ii) of the EAR, or an item-specific license exception identified in Supplement No. 5 to part 774 particular to an item covered under ECCN 0C521. The list of materials determined to be classified under ECCN 0C521 controls is published in Supplement No. 5 to part 774. The license requirements and licensing policy relating to ECCN 0C521 are set forth in § 742.6(a)(7) of the EAR.
D. Software
0D001“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of items described in 0A001, 0A002, 0B (except 0B986 and 0B999), or 0C.
License Requirements
Reason for Control
Control(s): “Software” for items described in 0A001, 0B001, 0B002, 0B003, 0B004, 0B005, 0B006, 0C001, 0C002, 0C004, 0C005, 0C006, or 0C201 is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
“Software” for items described in 0A002 is subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see22 CFR part 121).
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The List of Items Controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0D521Any software subject to the EAR that is not listed elsewhere in the CCL, but which is controlled for export because it provides at least a significant military or intelligence advantage to the United States or for foreign policy reasons.
0D521 software is subject to RS1 controls with no license exception eligibility other than License Exception GOV for U.S. Government personnel and agencies under § 740.11(b)(2)(ii) of the EAR, or an item-specific license exception identified in Supplement No. 5 to part 774 particular to an item covered under ECCN 0D521. The list of software determined to be classified under ECCN 0D521 controls is published in Supplement No. 5 to part 774. The license requirements and licensing policy relating to ECCN 0D521 are set forth in § 742.6(a)(7) of the EAR.
0D999Specific Software, as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT license requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq or transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Software for neutronic calculations/modeling;
b. Software for radiation transport calculations/modeling;
c. Software for hydrodynamic calculations/modeling.
E. Technology
0E001“Technology,” according to the Nuclear Technology Note, for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of items described in 0A001, 0A002, 0B (except 0B986 and 0B999), 0C, or 0D001.
License Requirements
Reason for Control
Control(s): “Technology” for items described in 0A001, 0B001, 0B002, 0B003, 0B004, 0B005, 0B006, 0C001, 0C002, 0C004, 0C005, 0C006, 0C201, or 0D001 (applies to “software” in 0D001 for all items except those described in 0A002) is subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of Energy (see 10 CFR part 810).
“Technology” for items described in 0A002 and 0D001 (applies to “software” in 0D001 for items described in 0A002 only) is subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121).
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The List of Items Controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0E018“Technology” for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of items controlled by 0A018.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, UN, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
0E521Any technology subject to the EAR that is not listed elsewhere in the CCL, but which is controlled for export because it provides at least a significant military or intelligence advantage to the United States or for foreign policy reasons.
0E521 technology is subject to RS1 controls with no license exception eligibility other than License Exception GOV for U.S. Government personnel and agencies under § 740.11(b)(2)(ii) of the EAR, or an item-specific license exception identified in Supplement No. 5 to part 774 particular to an item covered under ECCN 0E521. The list of technologies determined to be classified under ECCN 0E521 controls is published in Supplement No. 5 to part 774. The license requirements and licensing policy relating to ECCN 0E521 are set forth in § 742.6(a)(7) of the EAR.
0E918“Technology” for the “Development”, “Production”, or “Use” of Bayonets.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: RS, UN, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0E982“Technology” exclusively for the “development” or “production” of equipment controlled by 0A982 or 0A985.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s)
CC applies to “technology” for items controlled by 0A982 or 0A985. A license is required for ALL destinations, except Canada, regardless of end-use. Accordingly, a column specific to this control does not appear on the Commerce Country Chart. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information.)
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
0E984“Technology” for the “development” or “production” of shotguns controlled by 0A984 and buckshot shotgun shells.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC, UN
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to “technology” for shotguns with a barrel length over 18 in. (45.72 cm), and for shotgun shells controlled by ECCN 0A984. CC Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
EAR99Items subject to the EAR that are not elsewhere specified in this CCL Category or in any other category in the CCL are designated by the number EAR99.
Category 1—Special Materials and Related Equipment, Chemicals, “Microorganisms,” and “Toxins”
Note:
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) may control exports of items subject to the EAR and on the Commerce Control List. BIS provides cross references to these other agency controls for convenience only. Therefore, please consult relevant FDA and DEA regulations for guidance related to the item you wish to export and do not rely solely on the EAR for information about other agency export control requirements. See Supplement No. 3 to part 730 (Other U.S. Government Departments and Agencies with Export Control Responsibilities) for more information.
A. Systems, Equipment and Components
1A001Components made from fluorinated compounds, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: (1) Items specially designed or modified for missiles or for items on the U.S. Munitions List are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR 121.1 Category XXI). (2) See also 1C009.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Seals, gaskets, sealants or fuel bladders, specially designed for “aircraft” or aerospace use, made from more than 50% by weight of any of the materials controlled by 1C009.b or 1C009.c;
b. Piezoelectric polymers and copolymers, made from vinylidene fluoride (CAS 75-38-7) materials, controlled by 1C009.a, having all of the following:
b.1. In sheet or film form; and
b.2. With a thickness exceeding 200 µm;
c. Seals, gaskets, valve seats, bladders or diaphragms, having all of the following:
c.1. Made from fluoroelastomers containing at least one vinylether group as a constitutional unit; and
c.2. Specially designed for “aircraft”, aerospace or missile use.
1A002“Composite” structures or laminates, having any of the following (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
NP applies to 1A002.b.1 in the form of tubes with an inside diameter between 75 mm and 400 mm NP Column 1.
1 AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
LVS: $1,500; N/A for NP; N/A for “composite” structures or laminates controlled by 1A002.a, having an organic “matrix” and made from materials controlled by 1C010.c or 1C010.d.
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship any item in this entry to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 1A202, 1C010, 1C210, 9A010, and 9A110. (3) “Composite” structures specially designed for missile applications (including specially designed subsystems and components) are controlled by ECCN 9A110. (4) “Composite” structures or laminates specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Consisting of an organic “matrix” and materials controlled by 1C010.c 1C010.d, or 1C010.e or
b. Consisting of a metal or carbon “matrix”, and any of the following:
b.1. Carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials” having all of the following:
b.1.a. A “specific modulus” exceeding 10.15 × 106 m; and
b.1.b. A “specific tensile strength” exceeding 17.7 × 104 m; or
b.2. Materials controlled by 1C010.c.
Note 1:
1A002 does not control composite structures or laminates made from epoxy resin impregnated carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials,” for the repair of “civil aircraft” structures or laminates, having all of the following:
a. An area not exceeding 1 m2;
b. A length not exceeding 2.5 m; and
c. A width exceeding 15 mm.
Note 2:
1A002 does not control semi-finished items, specially designed for purely civilian applications as follows:
a. Sporting goods;
b. Automotive industry;
c. Machine tool industry;
d. Medical applications.
Note 3:
1A002.b.1 does not apply to semi-finished items containing a maximum of two dimensions of interwoven filaments and specially designed for applications as follows:
a. Metal heat-treatment furnaces for tempering metals;
b. Silicon boule production equipment.
Note 4:
1A002 does not apply to finished items specially designed for a specific application.
1A003Manufactures of non-“fusible” aromatic polyimides in film, sheet, tape or ribbon form having any of the following (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $200
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: This entry does not control manufactures when coated or laminated with copper and designed for the production of electronic printed circuit boards. For “fusible” aromatic polyimides in any form, see 1C008.a.3.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A thickness exceeding 0.254 mm; or
b. Coated or laminated with carbon, graphite, metals or magnetic substances.
1A004Protective and detection equipment and components, not specially designed for military use, as follows (see List of Items Controlled)..
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, CB, RS, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
CB applies to chemical detection systems anddedicated detectors therefor, in 1A004.c, that also have the technical characteristics described in 2B351.a CB Column 2.
RS apply to 1A004.d RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1A995, 2B351, and 2B352. (2) See ECCN 1D003 for “software” specially designed or modified to enable equipment to perform the functions of equipment controlled under section 1A004.c (Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) detection systems). (3) See ECCN 1E002.g for control libraries (parametric technical databases) specially designed or modified to enable equipment to perform the functions of equipment controlled under 1A004.c (Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) detection systems).(4) Chemical and biological protective and detection equipment specifically designed, developed, modified, configured, or adapted for military applications is subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121, category XIV(f)), as is commercial equipment that incorporates components or parts controlled under that category unless those components or parts are: (1) Integral to the device; (2) inseparable from the device; and (3) incapable of replacement without compromising the effectiveness of the device, in which case the equipment is subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of Commerce under ECCN 1A004.
Related Definitions: (1) ‘Adapted for use in war’ means: Any modification or selection (such as altering purity, shelf life, virulence, dissemination characteristics, or resistance to UV radiation) designed to increase the effectiveness in producing casualties in humans or animals, degrading equipment or damaging crops or the environment. (2) ‘Riot control agents’ are substances which, under the expected conditions of use for riot control purposes, produce rapidly in humans sensory irritation or disabling physical effects which disappear within a short time following termination of exposure. (Tear gases are a subset of ‘riot control agents’.)
Items:
a. Gas masks, filter canisters and decontamination equipment therefor, designed or modified for defense against any of the following, and specially designed components therefor:
Note:
1A004.a includes Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) that are designed or modified for defense against agents or materials, listed in 1A004.a.
a.1. Biological agents ‘adapted for use in war’;
a.2. Radioactive materials ‘adapted for use in war’;
a.3. Chemical warfare (CW) agents; or
a.4. ‘Riot control agents’, as follows:
a.4.a. α-Bromobenzeneacetonitrile, (Bromobenzyl cyanide) (CA) (CAS 5798-79-8);
a.4.b. [(2-chlorophenyl) methylene] propanedinitrile, (o-Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile) (CS) (CAS 2698-41-1);
a.4.c. 2-Chloro-1-phenylethanone, Phenylacyl chloride (ω-chloroacetophenone) (CN) (CAS 532-27-4);
a.4.d. Dibenz-(b,f)-1,4-oxazephine, (CR) (CAS 257-07-8);
a.4.e. 10-Chloro-5,10-dihydrophenarsazine, (Phenarsazine chloride), (Adamsite), (DM) (CAS 578-94-9);
a.4.f. N-Nonanoylmorpholine, (MPA) (CAS 5299-64-9);
b. Protective suits, gloves and shoes, specially designed or modified for defense against any of the following:
b.1. Biological agents ‘adapted for use in war’;
b.2. Radioactive materials ‘adapted for use in war’; or
b.3. Chemical warfare (CW) agents;
c. Detection systems, specially designed or modified for detection or identification of any of the following, and specially designed components therefor:
c.1. Biological agents ‘adapted for use in war ’;
c.2. Radioactive materials ‘adapted for use in war ’; or
c.3. Chemical warfare (CW) agents;
d. Electronic equipment designed for automatically detecting or identifying the presence of “explosives” (as listed in the annex at the end of Category 1) residues and utilizing ‘trace detection’ techniques (e.g., surface acoustic wave, ion mobility spectrometry, differential mobility spectrometry, mass spectrometry).
Technical Note:
‘Trace detection’ is defined as the capability to detect less than 1 ppm vapor, or 1 mg solid or liquid.
Note 1:
1A004.d. does not apply to equipment specially designed for laboratory use.
Note 2:
1A004.d. does not apply to non-contact walk-through security portals.
Note:
1A004 does not control:
a. Personal radiation monitoring dosimeters;
b. Equipment limited by design or function to protect against hazards specific to residential safety or civil industries, including:
1. Mining;
2. Quarrying;
3. Agriculture;
4. Pharmaceutical;
5. Medical;
6. Veterinary;
7. Environmental;
8. Waste management;
9. Food industry.
Technical Notes:
1. 1A004 includes equipment and components that have been identified, successfully tested to national standards or otherwise proven effective, for the detection of or defense against radioactive materials “adapted for use in war”, biological agents “adapted for use in war”, chemical warfare agents, ‘simulants’ or “riot control agents”, even if such equipment or components are used in civil industries such as mining, quarrying, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, medical, veterinary, environmental, waste management, or the food industry.
2. ‘Simulant’: A substance or material that is used in place of toxic agent (chemical or biological) in training, research, testing or evaluation.
1A005Body armor and components therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, UN, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: Yes, except UN
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Bulletproof and bullet resistant vests (body armor) NIJ levels III and IV, are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR 121.1 Categories X(a) and XIV(f, h)). (2) For “fibrous or filamentary materials” used in the manufacture of body armor, see ECCN 1C010.
Related Definitions: NA
Items:
a. Soft body armor not manufactured to military standards or specifications, or to their equivalents, and specially designed components therefor;
b. Hard body armor plates providing ballistic protection equal to or less than level IIIA (NIJ 0101.06, July 2008) or national equivalents.
Notes to ECCN 1A005:
1. This entry does not control body armor when accompanying its user for the user's own personal protection.
2. This entry does not control body armor designed to provide frontal protection only from both fragment and blast from non-military explosive devices.
3. This entry does not apply to body armor designed to provide protection only from knife, spike, needle or blunt trauma.
1A006Equipment, specially designed or modified for the disposal of improvised explosive devices, as follows (see List of Items Controlled), and specially designed components and accessories therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Note: 1A006 does not apply to equipment when accompanying its operator.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: Equipment specially designed for military use for the disposal of improvised explosive devices is subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121, Category IV).
Related Definitions: ‘Disruptors’—Devices specially designed for the purpose of preventing the operation of an explosive device by projecting a liquid, solid or frangible projectile.
Items:
a. Remotely operated vehicles;
b. ‘Disruptors’
1A007Equipment and devices, specially designed to initiate charges and devices containing energetic materials, by electrical means, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
NP applies to 1A007.b, as well as 1A007.a when the detonator firing set meets or exceeds the parameters of 3A229 NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: High explosives and related equipment specially designed for military use is subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121). This entry does not control detonators using only primary explosives, such as lead azide. See also 3A229. See 1E001 for “development” and “production” technology controls, and 1E201 for “use” technology controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Explosive detonator firing sets designed to drive explosive detonators specified by 1A007.b;
b. Electrically driven explosive detonators as follows:
b.1. Exploding bridge (EB);
b.2. Exploding bridge wire (EBW);
b.3. Slapper;
b.4. Exploding foil initiators (EFI).
Technical Notes
1. The word initiator or igniter is sometimes used in place of the word detonator.
2. For the purpose of 1A007.b the detonators of concern all utilize a small electrical conductor (bridge, bridge wire, or foil) that explosively vaporizes when a fast, high-current electrical pulse is passed through it. In nonslapper types, the exploding conductor starts a chemical detonation in a contacting high explosive material such as PETN (pentaerythritoltetranitrate). In slapper detonators, the explosive vaporization of the electrical conductor drives a flyer or slapper across a gap, and the impact of the slapper on an explosive starts a chemical detonation. The slapper in some designs is driven by magnetic force. The term exploding foil detonator may refer to either an EB or a slapper-type detonator.
1A008Charges, devices and components, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT, UN.
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000 for .a through .c; $6000 for .d.
GBS: N/A.
CIV: N/A.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) All of the following are subject to the export licensing jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121):
a. High explosives and related equipment specially designed for military use;
b. Explosive devices or charges in this entry that utilize USML controlled energetic materials (See 22 CFR 121.1 Category V), if they have been specifically designed, developed, configured, adapted, or modified for a military application;
c. Shaped charges that have all of the following a uniform shaped conical liner with an included angle of 90 degrees or less, more than 2.0 kg of controlled materials, and a diameter exceeding 4.5 inches;
d. Detonating cord containing greater than 0.1 kg per meter (470 grains per foot) of controlled materials;
e. Cutters and severing tools containing greater than 10 kg of controlled materials;
f. With the exception of cutters and severing tools, devices or charges controlled by this entry where the USML controlled materials can be easily extracted without destroying the device or charge; and
g. Individual USML controlled energetic materials in this entry, even when compounded with other materials, when not incorporated into explosive devices or charges controlled by this entry or 1C992.
(2) See also ECCNs 1C011, 1C018, 1C111, and 1C239 for additional controlled energetic materials. See ECCN1E001 for the “development” or “production” “technology” for the commodities controlled by ECCN 1A008, but not for explosives or commodities that are under the jurisdiction of U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: N/A.
Items:
a. ‘Shaped charges’ having all of the following:
a.1. Net Explosive Quantity (NEQ) greater than 90 g; and
a.2. Outer casing diameter equal to or greater than 75 mm;
b. Linear shaped cutting charges having all of the following, and specially designed components therefor:
b.1. An explosive load greater than 40 g/m; and
b.2. A width of 10 mm or more;
c. Detonating cord with explosive core load greater than 64 g/m;
d. Cutters, other than those specified by 1A008.b, and severing tools, having a NEQ greater than 3.5 kg.
Technical Note:
‘Shaped charges’ are explosive charges shaped to focus the effects of the explosive blast.
Note:
The only charges and devices specified in 1A008 are those containing “explosives” (see list of explosives in the Annex at the end of Category 1) and mixtures thereof.
1A101Devices for reduced observables such as radar reflectivity, ultraviolet/infrared signatures and acoustic signatures, for applications usable in “missiles” and their subsystems.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See also 1C101. For commodities that meet the definition of defense articles under 22 CFR 120.3 of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), see also 22 CFR 121.16, Item 17-Category II of the (ITAR), which describes similar commodities under the jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1A102Resaturated pyrolized carbon-carbon components designed for rockets, missiles, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of achieving a “range” equal to or greater than 300km. (These items are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. See 22 CFR part 121).
1A202Composite structures, other than those controlled by 1A002, in the form of tubes and having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E201 (“use”) and 1E202 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 1A002, 1C010, 1C210, 9A010, and 9A110. (3) “Composite” structures specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. An inside diameter of between 75 mm and 400 mm; and
b. Made with any of the “fibrous or filamentary materials” specified in 1C010.a or .b or 1C210.a or with carbon prepreg materials specified in 1C210.c.
1A225Platinized catalysts specially designed or prepared for promoting the hydrogen isotope exchange reaction between hydrogen and water for the recovery of tritium from heavy water or for the production of heavy water.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E201 (“use”) and 1E202 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1A226Specialized packings, which may be used in separating heavy water from ordinary water, having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E201 (“use”) and 1E202 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Made of phosphor bronze mesh chemically treated to improve wettability; and
b. Designed to be used in vacuum distillation towers.
1A227High-density (lead glass or other) radiation shielding windows, having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled), and specially designed frames therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E201 (“use”) and 1E202 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Equipment specially designed or prepared for nuclear reactors and reprocessing facilities is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: In 1A227.a, the term “cold area” means the viewing area of the window exposed to the lowest level of radiation in the design application.
Items: a. A “cold area” greater than 0.09 m2;
b. A density greater than 3 g/cm3; and
c. A thickness of 100 mm or greater.
1A290Depleted uranium (any uranium containing less than 0.711% of the isotope U-235) in shipments of more than 1,000 kilograms in the form of shielding contained in X-ray units, radiographic exposure or teletherapy devices, radioactive thermoelectric generators, or packaging for the transportation of radioactive materials.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) This entry does not control depleted uranium in fabricated forms for use in munitions. See 22 CFR part 121 for depleted uranium subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (2) Depleted uranium that is not fabricated for use in munitions or fabricated into commodities solely to take advantage of its high density (e.g., aircraft, ship, or other counterweights) or in the forms listed in this entry are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. (See 10 CFR part 110.) (3) See also 0C001
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1A984Chemical agents, including tear gas formulation containing 1 percent or less of orthochlorobenzalmalononitrile (CS), or 1 percent or less of chloroacetophenone (CN) except in individual containers with a net weight of 20 grams or less; liquid pepper except when packaged in individual containers with a net weight of 3 ounces (85.05 grams) or less; smoke bombs; non-irritant smoke flares, canisters, grenades and charges; and other pyrotechnic articles having dual military and commercial use.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1A985Fingerprinting powders, dyes, and inks.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1A995Protective and detection equipment and components not specially designed for military use and not controlled by ECCN 1A004 or ECCN 2B351, as follows ( see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related controls: See ECCNs 1A004, 2B351, and 2B352.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Personal radiation monitoring dosimeters;
b. Equipment limited by design or function to protect against hazards specific to civil industries, such as mining, quarrying, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, medical, veterinary, environmental, waste management, or to the food industry.
Note:
This entry (1A995) does not control items for protection against chemical or biological agents that are consumer goods, packaged for retail sale or personal use, or medical products, such as latex exam gloves, latex surgical gloves, liquid disinfectant soap, disposable surgical drapes, surgical gowns, surgical foot covers, and surgical masks. Such items are classified as EAR99.
1A999Specific Processing Equipment, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
Country Chart.
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Radiation detection, monitoring and measurement equipment, n.e.s.;
b. Radiographic detection equipment such as x-ray converters, and storage phosphor image plates.
B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment
1B001Equipment for the production or inspection of “composite” structures or laminates controlled by 1A002 or “fibrous or filamentary materials” controlled by 1C010, as follows (see List of Items Controlled), and specially designed components and accessories therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
MT applies to entire entry, except 1B001.d.4, e and f MT Column 1.
Note: MT applies to equipment in 1B001.d that meet or exceed the parameters of 1B101.
NP applies to filament winding machines described in 1B001.a that are capable of winding cylindrical rotors having a diameter between 75 mm (3 in) and 400 mm (16 in) and lengths of 600 mm (24 in) or greater; AND coordinating and programming controls and precision mandrels for these filament winding machines NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A for MT and for 1B001.a; $5,000 for all other items
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 1D001 for software for items controlled by this entry and see ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 1B101 and 1B201.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Filament winding machines, of which the motions for positioning, wrapping and winding fibers are coordinated and programmed in three or more ‘primary servo positioning’ axes, specially designed for the manufacture of “composite” structures or laminates, from “fibrous or filamentary materials”;
b. Tape-laying machines, of which the motions for positioning and laying tape or sheets are coordinated and programmed in five or more ‘primary servo positioning’ axes, specially designed for the manufacture of “composite” airframe or “missile” structures;
c. Multidirectional, multidimensional weaving machines or interlacing machines, including adapters and modification kits, specially designed or modified for weaving, interlacing or braiding fibers for “composite” structures;
Technical Note:
For the purposes of 1B001.c the technique of interlacing includes knitting.
d. Equipment specially designed or adapted for the production of reinforcement fibers, as follows:
d.1. Equipment for converting polymeric fibers (such as polyacrylonitrile, rayon, pitch or polycarbosilane) into carbon fibers or silicon carbide fibers, including special equipment to strain the fiber during heating;
d.2. Equipment for the chemical vapor deposition of elements or compounds, on heated filamentary substrates, to manufacture silicon carbide fibers;
d.3. Equipment for the wet-spinning of refractory ceramics (such as aluminum oxide);
d.4. Equipment for converting aluminum containing precursor fibers into alumina fibers by heat treatment;
e. Equipment for producing prepregs controlled by 1C010.e by the hot melt method;
f. Non-destructive inspection equipment specially designed for “composite” materials, as follows:
f.1. X-ray tomography systems for three dimensional defect inspection;
f.2. Numerically controlled ultrasonic testing machines of which the motions for positioning transmitters or receivers are simultaneously coordinated and programmed in four or more axes to follow the three dimensional contours of the component under inspection.
g. Tow-placement machines, of which the motions for positioning and laying tows or sheets are coordinated and programmed in two or more ‘primary servo positioning’ axes, specially designed for the manufacture of “composite” airframe or missile structures.
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1B001, ‘primary servo positioning’ axes control, under computer program direction, the position of the end effector (i.e., head) in space relative to the work piece at the correct orientation and direction to achieve the desired process.
1B002Equipment for Producing Metal Alloys, Metal Alloy Powder or Alloyed Materials, Specially Designed to Avoid Contamination and Specially Designed for Use in One of the Processes Specified in 1C002.c.2
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1B003Tools, dies, molds or fixtures, for “superplastic forming” or “diffusion bonding” titanium, aluminum or their alloys, specially designed for the manufacture of any of the following ( see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Tools in number; dies, molds, or fixtures in $ value
Related Controls: For specially designed production equipment of systems, sub-systems and components controlled by 9A005 to 9A009, 9A011, 9A101, 9A105 to 9A109, 9A111, and 9A116 to 9A120 usable in “missiles”, see 9B115.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Airframe or aerospace structures;
b. “Aircraft” or aerospace engines; or
c. Specially designed components for structures specified by 1B003.a or for engines specified by 1B003.b.
1B018Equipment on the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions List.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, RS, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
MT applies to equipment for the “production” of rocket propellants MT Column 1.
RS applies to 1B018.a RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000 for 1B018.a for countries WITHOUT an “X” in RS Column 2 on the Country Chart contained in Supplement No. 1 to part 738 of the EAR;
$5000 for 1B018.b.
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Equipment for the “production” of military explosives and solid propellants.
a.1. Complete installations;
a.2. Specialized components (for example, dehydration presses; extrusion presses for the extrusion of small arms, cannon and rocket propellants; cutting machines for the sizing of extruded propellants; sweetie barrels (tumblers) 6 feet and over in diameter and having over 500 pounds product capacity; and continuous mixers for solid propellants); or
a.3. Nitrators, continuous types; and
a.4. Specially designed parts and accessories therefor.
b. Environmental chambers capable of pressures below (10−4) Torr, and specially designed components therefor.
1B101Equipment, other than that controlled by 1B001, for the “production” of structural composites, fibers, prepregs or preforms, usable for rockets, missiles, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of achieving a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km and their subsystems, as follows (see List of Items Controlled); and specially designed components, and accessories therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country Chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to filament winding machines described in 1B101.a that are capable of winding cylindrical rotors having a diameter between 75 mm (3 in.) and 400 mm (16 in.) and lengths of 600 mm (24 in.) or greater AND to coordinating and programming controls and precision mandrels for these filament winding machines NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCN 1D101 for software for items controlled by this entry and see ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. Also see 1B201.
Related Definitions: Examples of components and accessories for the machines controlled by this entry are molds, mandrels, dies, fixtures and tooling for the preform pressing, curing, casting, sintering or bonding of composite structures, laminates and manufactures thereof.
Items: a. Filament winding machines or fiber placement machines, of which the motions for positioning, wrapping and winding fibers can be coordinated and programmed in three or more axes, designed to fabricate composite structures or laminates from fibrous or filamentary materials, and coordinating and programming controls;
b. Tape-laying machines of which the motions for positioning and laying tape and sheets can be coordinated and programmed in two or more axes, designed for the manufacture of composite airframe and “missile” structures;
c. Equipment designed or modified for the “production” of “fibrous or filamentary materials” as follows:
c.1. Equipment for converting polymeric fibers (such as polyacrylonitrile, rayon or polycarbosilane) including special provision to strain the fiber during heating;
c.2. Equipment for the vapor deposition of elements or compounds on heated filament substrates; and
c.3. Equipment for the wet-spinning of refractory ceramics (such as aluminum oxide);
d. Equipment designed or modified for special fiber surface treatment or for producing prepregs and preforms controlled by 9A110.
Note:
Equipment covered in 1B101.d includes but is not limited to, rollers, tension stretchers, coating equipment, cutting equipment and clicker dies.
1B102Metal powder “production equipment,” other than that specified in 1B002, and components as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country Chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: 1.) See also 1B115.b.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Metal power “production equipment usable for the “production,” in a controlled environment, of spherical or atomized materials specified in 1C011.a, 1C011.b, 1C111.a.1, 1C111.a.2, or on the U.S. Munitions List.
b. Specially designed components for “production equipment” specified in 1B002 or 1B102.a.
Note:
1B102 includes:
a. Plasma generators (high frequency arc-jet) usable for obtaining sputtered or spherical metallic powders with organization of the process in an argon-water environment;
b. Electroburst equipment usable for obtaining sputtered or spherical metallic powders with organization of the process in an argon-water environment;
c. Equipment usable for the “production” of spherical aluminum powders by powdering a melt in an inert medium (e.g., nitrogen).
1B115“Equipment, other than that controlled in 1B002 or 1B102, for the “production” of propellant or propellant constituents, and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: For the control of batch mixers, continuous mixers and fluid energy mills, see 1B117, 1B118 and 1B119.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. “Production equipment” for the “production”, handling or acceptance testing of liquid propellants or propellant constituents controlled by 1C011.a, 1C011.b, 1C111 or on the U.S. Munitions List;
b. “Production equipment,” for the production, handling, mixing, curing, casting, pressing, machining, extruding or acceptance testing of solid propellants or propellant constituents described in 1C011.a, 1C011.b or 1C111, or on the U.S. Munitions List.
Note:
1B115.b does not control batch mixers, continuous mixers or fluid energy mills. For the control of batch mixers, continuous mixers and fluid energy mills see 1B117, 1B118, and 1B119.
Note 1:
[Reserved]
Note 2:
1B115 does not control equipment for the “production,” handling and acceptance testing of boron carbide.
1B116Specially designed nozzles for producing pyrolitically derived materials formed on a mold, mandrel or other substrate from precursor gases which decompose in the 1,573 K (1,300 °C) to 3,173 K (2,900 °C) temperature range at pressures of 130 Pa to 20 kPa.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1B117“Batch mixers with provision for mixing under vacuum in the range from zero to 13.326 kPa and with temperature control capability of the mixing chamber and having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled), and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A total volumetric capacity of 110 liters (30 gallons) or more; and
b. At least one mixing/kneading shaft mounted off center.
1B118Continuous mixers with provision for mixing under vacuum in the range from zero to 13.326 kPa and with temperature control capability of the mixing chamber and having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled), and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Two or more mixing/kneading shafts; or
b. A single rotating shaft which oscillates and has kneading teeth/pins on the shaft as well as inside the casing of the mixing chamber.
1B119Fluid energy mills usable for grinding or milling propellant or propellant constituents specified in 1C011.a, 1C011.b or 1C111, or on the U.S. Munitions List, and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1B201Filament winding machines, other than those controlled by ECCN 1B001 or 1B101, and related equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCN 1D201 for software for items controlled by this entry and see ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. Also see ECCN 1E203 for technology for the “development” of software controlled by ECCN 1D201.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Filament winding machines having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Having motions for positioning, wrapping, and winding fibers coordinated and programmed in two or more axes;
a.2. Specially designed to fabricate composite structures or laminates from “fibrous or filamentary materials”; and
a.3. Capable of winding cylindrical rotors of diameter between 75 mm (3 in.) and 400 mm (16 in.) and lengths of 600 mm (24 in.) or greater;
b. Coordinating and programming controls for filament winding machines controlled by 1B201.a;
c. Precision mandrels for filament winding machines controlled by 1B201.a.
1B225Electrolytic cells for fluorine production with a production capacity greater than 250 g of fluorine per hour.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1B226Electromagnetic isotope separators designed for, or equipped with, single or multiple ion sources capable of providing a total ion beam current of 50 mA or greater.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Electromagnetic isotope separators specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry includes separators capable of enriching stable isotopes and separators with the ion sources and collectors both in the magnetic field and those configurations in which they are external to the field.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1B227Ammonia synthesis converters or ammonia synthesis units in which the synthesis gas (nitrogen and hydrogen) is withdrawn from an ammonia/hydrogen high-pressure exchange column and the synthesized ammonia is returned to that column.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1B228Hydrogen-cryogenic distillation columns having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: “Fine-grain stainless steels” in this entry are defined to be fine-grain austenitic stainless steels with an ASTM (or equivalent standard) grain size number of 5 or greater
Items: a. Designed to operate with internal temperatures of 35 K (−238 °C) or less;
b. Designed to operate at an internal pressure of 0.5 to 5 MPa (5 to 50 atmospheres);
c. Constructed of “fine-grain stainless steels” of the 300 series with low sulphur content or equivalent cryogenic and H2-compatible materials; and
d. With internal diameters of 1 m or greater and effective lengths of 5 m or greater.
1B229Water-hydrogen sulphide exchange tray columns and “internal contactors”, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: The “internal contactors” controlled by 1B229.b are segmented trays that have an effective assembled diameter of 1.8 m (6 ft.) or greater, are designed to facilitate countercurrent contacting, and are constructed of stainless steels with a carbon content of 0.03% or less. These may be sieve trays, valve trays, bubble cap trays, or turbogrid trays.
Items: a. Water-hydrogen sulphide exchange tray columns, having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Can operate at pressures of 2 MPa or greater;
a.2. Constructed of carbon steel having an austenitic ASTM (or equivalent standard) grain size number of 5 or greater; and
a.3. With a diameter of 1.8 m (6 ft.) or greater;
b. “Internal contactors” for the water-hydrogen sulphide exchange tray columns controlled by 1B229.a.
1B230Pumps capable of circulating solutions of concentrated or dilute potassium amide catalyst in liquid ammonia (KNH 2 /NH 3 ), having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Airtight (i.e., hermetically sealed);
b. A capacity greater than 8.5 m3/h; and
c. Either of the following characteristics:
c.1. For concentrated potassium amide solutions (1% or greater), an operating pressure of 1.5 to 60 MPa (15-600 atmospheres); or
c.2. For dilute potassium amide solutions (less than 1%), an operating pressure of 20 to 60 MPa (200-600 atmospheres).
1B231Tritium facilities or plants, and equipment therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Tritium, tritium compounds, and mixtures containing tritium are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Facilities or plant for the production, recovery, extraction, concentration, or handling of tritium;
b. Equipment for tritium facilities or plant, as follows:
b.1. Hydrogen or helium refrigeration units capable of cooling to 23 K (−250 C) or less, with heat removal capacity greater than 150 watts; or
b.2. Hydrogen isotope storage and purification systems using metal hydrides as the storage, or purification medium.
1B232Turboexpanders or turboexpander-compressor sets having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Equipment specially designed or prepared for the production of heavy water is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (2) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Designed for operation with an outlet temperature of 35 K (−238 °C) or less; and
b. Designed for a throughput of hydrogen gas of 1,000 kg/h or greater.
1B233Lithium isotope separation facilities or plants, and equipment therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country Chart
NP applies to 1B233.b NP Column 1
AT applies to 1B233.b AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and ECCN 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items described in this entry. (2) Facilities and plants described in 1B233.a are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Facilities or plants for the separation of lithium isotopes;
b. Equipment for the separation of lithium isotopes, as follows:
b.1. Packed liquid-liquid exchange columns specially designed for lithium amalgams;
b.2. Mercury and/or lithium amalgam pumps;
b.3. Lithium amalgam electrolysis cells;
b.4. Evaporators for concentrated lithium hydroxide solution.
1B999Specific Processing Equipment, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT license requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq or transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 1B001, 1B101, 1B201, 1B225 and 1D999.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Electrolytic cells for fluorine production, n.e.s.;
b. Particle accelerators;
c. Industrial process control hardware/systems designed for power industries, n.e.s.;
d. Freon and chilled water cooling systems capable of continuous cooling duties of 100,000 BTU/hr (29.3 kW) or greater;
e. Equipment for the production of structural composites, fibers, prepregs and preforms, n.e.s.
C. Materials
Technical Note:
Metals and alloys: Unless provision to the contrary is made, the words “metals” and “alloys” in 1C001 to 1C012 cover crude and semi-fabricated forms, as follows:
Crude forms: Anodes, balls, bars (including notched bars and wire bars), billets, blocks, blooms, brickets, cakes, cathodes, crystals, cubes, dice, grains, granules, ingots, lumps, pellets, pigs, powder, rondelles, shot, slabs, slugs, sponge, sticks;
Semi-fabricated forms (whether or not coated, plated, drilled or punched):
a. Wrought or worked materials fabricated by rolling, drawing, extruding, forging, impact extruding, pressing, graining, atomizing, and grinding, i.e.: angles, channels, circles, discs, dust, flakes, foils and leaf, forging, plate, powder, pressings and stampings, ribbons, rings, rods (including bare welding rods, wire rods, and rolled wire), sections, shapes, sheets, strip, pipe and tubes (including tube rounds, squares, and hollows), drawn or extruded wire;
b. Cast material produced by casting in sand, die, metal, plaster or other types of molds, including high pressure castings, sintered forms, and forms made by powder metallurgy.
The object of the control should not be defeated by the export of non-listed forms alleged to be finished products but representing in reality crude forms or semi-fabricated forms.
1C001Materials specially designed for use as absorbers of electromagnetic waves, or intrinsically conductive polymers, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship any item in this entry to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: See also 1C101.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Materials for absorbing frequencies exceeding 2×108 Hz but less than 3×1012 Hz.
Note 1:
1C001.a does not control:
a. Hair type absorbers, constructed of natural or synthetic fibers, with non-magnetic loading to provide absorption;
b. Absorbers having no magnetic loss and whose incident surface is non-planar in shape, including pyramids, cones, wedges and convoluted surfaces;
c. Planar absorbers, having all of the following:
1. Made from any of the following:
a. Plastic foam materials (flexible or non-flexible) with carbon-loading, or organic materials, including binders, providing more than 5% echo compared with metal over a bandwidth exceeding ±15% of the center frequency of the incident energy, and not capable of withstanding temperatures exceeding 450 K (177 °C); or
b. Ceramic materials providing more than 20% echo compared with metal over a bandwidth exceeding ±15% of the center frequency of the incident energy, and not capable of withstanding temperatures exceeding 800 K (527 °C);
Technical Note: Absorption test samples for 1C001.a. Note 1.c.1 should be a square at least 5 wavelengths of the center frequency on a side and positioned in the far field of the radiating element.
2. Tensile strength less than 7×106 N/m2; and
3. Compressive strength less than 14×106 N/m2;
d. Planar absorbers made of sintered ferrite, having all of the following:
1. A specific gravity exceeding 4.4; and
2. A maximum operating temperature of 548 K (275 °C).
Note 2:
Nothing in Note 1 releases magnetic materials to provide absorption when contained in paint.
b. Materials for absorbing frequencies exceeding 1.5×1014 Hz but less than 3.7×1014 Hz and not transparent to visible light;
c. Intrinsically conductive polymeric materials with a ‘bulk electrical conductivity’ exceeding 10,000 S/m (Siemens per meter) or a ‘sheet (surface) resistivity’ of less than 100 ohms/square, based on any of the following polymers:
c.1. Polyaniline;
c.2. Polypyrrole;
c.3. Polythiophene;
c.4. Poly phenylene-vinylene; or
c.5. Poly thienylene-vinylene.
Technical Note:
‘Bulk electrical conductivity’ and ‘sheet (surface) resistivity’ should be determined using ASTM D-257 or national equivalents.
1C002Metal alloys, metal alloy powder and alloyed materials, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
NP applies to 1C002.b.3 or b.4 if they exceed the parameters stated in 1C202 NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3,000; N/A for NP
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 1C202. (3) Aluminum alloys and titanium alloys in physical forms and finished products specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definition: N/A
Items:
Note:
1C002 does not control metal alloys, metal alloy powder and alloyed materials, for coating substrates.
Technical Note 1:
The metal alloys in 1C002 are those containing a higher percentage by weight of the stated metal than of any other element.
Technical Note 2:
‘Stress-rupture life’ should be measured in accordance with ASTM standard E-139 or national equivalents.
Technical Note 3:
‘Low cycle fatigue life’ should be measured in accordance with ASTM Standard E-606 ‘Recommended Practice for Constant-Amplitude Low-Cycle Fatigue Testing’ or national equivalents. Testing should be axial with an average stress ratio equal to 1 and a stress-concentration factor (Kt) equal to 1. The average stress is defined as maximum stress minus minimum stress divided by maximum stress.
a. Aluminides, as follows:
a.1. Nickel aluminides containing a minimum of 15% by weight aluminum, a maximum of 38% by weight aluminum and at least one additional alloying element;
a.2. Titanium aluminides containing 10% by weight or more aluminum and at least one additional alloying element;
b. Metal alloys, as follows, made from the powder or particulate material controlled by 1C002.c:
b.1. Nickel alloys having any of the following:
b.1.a. A ‘stress-rupture life’ of 10,000 hours or longer at 923 K (650 °C) at a stress of 676 MPa; or
b.1.b. A ‘low cycle fatigue life’ of 10,000 cycles or more at 823 K (550 °C) at a maximum stress of 1,095 MPa;
b.2. Niobium alloys having any of the following:
b.2.a. A ‘stress-rupture life’ of 10,000 hours or longer at 1,073 K (800 °C) at a stress of 400 MPa; or
b.2.b. A ‘low cycle fatigue life’ of 10,000 cycles or more at 973 K (700 °C) at a maximum stress of 700 MPa;
b.3. Titanium alloys having any of the following:
b.3.a. A ‘stress-rupture life’ of 10,000 hours or longer at 723 K (450 °C) at a stress of 200 MPa; or
b.3.b. A ‘low cycle fatigue life’ of 10,000 cycles or more at 723 K (450 °C) at a maximum stress of 400 MPa;
b.4 Aluminum alloys having any of the following:
b.4.a. A tensile strength of 240 MPa or more at 473 K (200 °C); or
b.4.b. A tensile strength of 415 MPa or more at 298 K (25 °C);
b.5. Magnesium alloys having all the following:
b.5.a. A tensile strength of 345 MPa or more; and
b.5.b. A corrosion rate of less than 1 mm/year in 3% sodium chloride aqueous solution measured in accordance with ASTM standard G-31 or national equivalents;
c. Metal alloy powder or particulate material, having all of the following:
c.1. Made from any of the following composition systems:
Technical Note:
X in the following equals one or more alloying elements.
c.1.a. Nickel alloys (Ni-Al-X, Ni-X-Al) qualified for turbine engine parts or components, i.e. with less than 3 non-metallic particles (introduced during the manufacturing process) larger than 100 µm in 109 alloy particles;
c.1.b. Niobium alloys (Nb-Al-X or Nb-X-Al, Nb-Si-X or Nb-X-Si, Nb-Ti-X or Nb-X-Ti);
c.1.c. Titanium alloys (Ti-Al-X or Ti-X-Al);
c.1.d. Aluminum alloys (Al-Mg-X or Al-X-Mg, Al-Zn-X or Al-X-Zn, Al-Fe-X or Al-X-Fe); or
c.1.e. Magnesium alloys (Mg-Al-X or Mg-X-Al);
c.2. Made in a controlled environment by any of the following processes:
c.2.a. “Vacuum atomization”;
c.2.b. “Gas atomization”;
c.2.c. “Rotary atomization”;
c.2.d. “Splat quenching”;
c.2.e. “Melt spinning” and “comminution”;
c.2.f. “Melt extraction” and “comminution”; or
c.2.g. “Mechanical alloying”; and
c.3. Capable of forming materials controlled by 1C002.a or 1C002.b;
d. Alloyed materials, having all the following:
d.1. Made from any of the composition systems specified by 1C002.c.1;
d.2. In the form of uncomminuted flakes, ribbons or thin rods; and
d.3. Produced in a controlled environment by any of the following:
d.3.a. “Splat quenching”;
d.3.b. “Melt spinning”; or
d.3.c. “Melt extraction”.
1C003Magnetic metals, of all types and of whatever form, having any of the following ( see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Initial relative permeability of 120,000 or more and a thickness of 0.05 mm or less;
Technical Note:
Measurement of initial relative permeability must be performed on fully annealed materials.
b. Magnetostrictive alloys having any of the following:
b.1. A saturation magnetostriction of more than 5×10−4; or
b.2. A magnetomechanical coupling factor (k) of more than 0.8; or
c. Amorphous or ‘nanocrystalline’ alloy strips, having all of the following:
c.1. A composition having a minimum of 75% by weight of iron, cobalt or nickel;
c.2. A saturation magnetic induction (Bs) of 1.6 T or more; and
c.3. Any of the following:
c.3.a. A strip thickness of 0.02 mm or less; or
c.3.b. An electrical resistivity of 2×10−4; ohm cm or more.
Technical Note:
‘Nanocrystalline’ materials in 1C003.c are those materials having a crystal grain size of 50 nm or less, as determined by X-ray diffraction.
1C004Uranium titanium alloys or tungsten alloys with a “matrix” based on iron, nickel or copper, having all of the following ( see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See also 1C117 and 1C226.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A density exceeding 17.5 g/cm3;
b. An elastic limit exceeding 880 MPa;
c. An ultimate tensile strength exceeding 1,270 MPa; and
d. An elongation exceeding 8%.
1C005“Superconductive” “composite” conductors in lengths exceeding 100 m or with a mass exceeding 100 g, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $1500
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. “Superconductive” “composite” conductors containing one or more niobium-titanium ‘filaments’, having all of the following:
a.1. Embedded in a “matrix” other than a copper or copper-based mixed “matrix”; and
a.2. Having a cross-section area less than 0.28 × 10−4 mm 2 (6 µm in diameter for circular ‘filaments’);
b. “Superconductive” “composite” conductors consisting of one or more “superconductive” ‘filaments’ other than niobium-titanium, having all of the following:
b.1. A “critical temperature” at zero magnetic induction exceeding 9.85 K (−263.31 °C); and
b.2. Remaining in the “superconductive” state at a temperature of 4.2 K (−268.96 °C) when exposed to a magnetic field oriented in any direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of conductor and corresponding to a magnetic induction of 12 T with critical current density exceeding 1750 A/mm 2 on overall cross-section of the conductor.
c. “Superconductive” “composite” conductors consisting of one or more “superconductive” ‘filaments’ which remain “superconductive” above 115 K (−158.16 °C).
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1C005, ‘filaments’ may be in wire, cylinder, film, tape or ribbon form.
1C006Fluids and lubricating materials, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000
GBS: Yes for 1C006.d
CIV: Yes for 1C006.d
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Barrels (55 U.S. gallons/209 liters).
Related Controls: See also 1C996.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Hydraulic fluids containing, as their principal ingredients, any of the following:
a.1. Synthetic ‘silahydrocarbon oils’, having all of the following:
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1C006.a.1, ‘silahydrocarbon oils’ contain exclusively silicon, hydrogen and carbon.
a.1.a. A ‘flash point’ exceeding 477 K (204 °C);
a.1.b. A ‘pour point’ at 239 K (−34 °C) or less;
a.1.c. A ‘viscosity index’ of 75 or more; and
a.1.d. A ‘thermal stability’ at 616 K (343 °C); or
a.2. ‘Chlorofluorocarbons’, having all of the following:
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1C006.a.2, ‘chlorofluorocarbons’ contain exclusively carbon, fluorine and chlorine.
a.2.a. No ‘flash point’;
a.2.b. An ‘autogenous ignition temperature’ exceeding 977 K (704 °C);
a.2.c. A ‘pour point’ at 219 K (−54 °C) or less;
a.2.d. A ‘viscosity index’ of 80 or more; and
a.2.e. A boiling point at 473 K (200 °C) or higher;
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1C006.a the following determinations apply:
1. ‘Flash point’ is determined using the Cleveland Open Cup Method described in ASTM D-92 or national equivalents;
2. ‘Pour point’ is determined using the method described in ASTM D-97 or national equivalents;
3. ‘Viscosity index’ is determined using the method described in ASTM D-2270 or national equivalents;
4. ‘Thermal stability’ is determined by the following test procedure or national equivalents:
Twenty ml of the fluid under test is placed in a 46 ml type 317 stainless steel chamber containing one each of 12.5 mm (nominal) diameter balls of M-10 tool steel, 52100 steel and naval bronze (60% Cu, 39% Zn, 0.75% Sn);
The chamber is purged with nitrogen, sealed at atmospheric pressure and the temperature raised to and maintained at 644 ±6 K (371 ±6 °C) for six hours;
The specimen will be considered thermally stable if, on completion of the above procedure, all of the following conditions are met:
a. The loss in weight of each ball is less than 10 mg/mm2 of ball surface;
b. The change in original viscosity as determined at 311 K (38 °C) is less than 25%; and
c. The total acid or base number is less than 0.40;
5. ‘Autogenous ignition temperature’ is determined using the method described in ASTM E-659 or national equivalents.
b. Lubricating materials containing, as their principal ingredients, any of the following:
b.1. Phenylene or alkylphenylene ethers or thio-ethers, or their mixtures, containing more than two ether or thio-ether functions or mixtures thereof; or
b.2. Fluorinated silicone fluids with a kinematic viscosity of less than 5,000 mm 2/s (5,000 centistokes) measured at 298 K (25 °C);
c. Damping or flotation fluids having all of the following:
c.1. Purity exceeding 99.8%;
c.2. Containing less than 25 particles of 200 µm or larger in size per 100 ml; and
c.3. Made from at least 85% of any of the following:
c.3.a. Dibromotetrafluoroethane (CAS 25497 30-7, 124-73-2, 27336-23- 8);
c.3.b. Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (oily and waxy modifications only); or
c.3.c. Polybromotrifluoroethylene;
d. Fluorocarbon electronic cooling fluids having all of the following:
Note:
1C006.d does not apply to materials specified and packaged as medical products.
d.1. Containing 85% by weight or more of any of the following, or mixtures thereof:
d.1.a. Monomeric forms of perfluoropolyalkylether- triazines or perfluoroaliphatic-ethers;
d.1.b. Perfluoroalkylamines;
d.1.c. Perfluorocycloalkanes; or
d.1.d. Perfluoroalkanes;
d.2. Density at 298 K (25 °C) of 1.5 g/ml or more;
d.3. In a liquid state at 273 K (0 °C); and
d.4. Containing 60% or more by weight of fluorine;
1C007Ceramic base materials, non-“composite” ceramic materials, ceramic-“matrix” “composite” materials and precursor materials, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
MT applies to items in 1C007.d and .f when the dielectric constant is less than 6 at any frequency from 100 MHz to 100 GHz for use in “missile” radomes MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000, except N/A for MT and for 1C007.e
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship any item in 1C007.c or d to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: See also 1C107.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Base materials of single or complex borides of titanium, having total metallic impurities, excluding intentional additions, of less than 5,000 ppm, an average particle size equal to or less than 5 µm and no more than 10% of the particles larger than 10 µm;
b. Non-“composite” ceramic materials in crude or semi-fabricated form, composed of borides of titanium with a density of 98% or more of the theoretical density;
Note:
1C007.b does not control abrasives.
c. Ceramic-ceramic “composite” materials with a glass or oxide-“matrix” and reinforced with fibers having all the following:
c.1 Made from any of the following materials:
c.1.a. Si-N;
c.1.b. Si-C;
c.1.c. Si-Al-O-N; or
c.1.d. Si-O-N; and
c.2. Having a “specific tensile strength” exceeding 12.7 × 103 m;
d. Ceramic-ceramic “composite” materials, with or without a continuous metallic phase, incorporating particles, whiskers or fibers, where carbides or nitrides of silicon, zirconium or boron form the “matrix”;
e. Precursor materials (i.e., special purpose polymeric or metallo-organic materials) for producing any phase or phases of the materials controlled by 1C007.c, as follows:
e.1. Polydiorganosilanes (for producing silicon carbide);
e.2. Polysilazanes (for producing silicon nitride);
e.3. Polycarbosilazanes (for producing ceramics with silicon, carbon and nitrogen components);
f. Ceramic-ceramic “composite” materials with an oxide or glass “matrix” reinforced with continuous fibers from any of the following systems:
f.1. Al2O3 (CAS 1344-28-1); or
f.2. Si-C-N.
Note:
1C007.f does not control “composites” containing fibers from these systems with a fiber tensile strength of less than 700 MPa at 1,273 K (1,000 °C) or fiber tensile creep resistance of more than 1% creep strain at 100 MPa load and 1,273 K (1,000 °C) for 100 hours.
1C008Non-fluorinated polymeric substances as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $200
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See also 1A003.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Non-fluorinated polymeric substances, as follows:
a. Imides as follows:
a.1. Bismaleimides;
a.2. Aromatic polyamide-imides (PAI) having a ‘glass transition temperature (Tg)’ exceeding 563 K (290 °C);
a.3. Aromatic polyimides;
a.4. Aromatic polyetherimides having a 'glass transition temperature (Tg)' exceeding 563 K (290 °C);
Note:
1C008.a controls the substances in liquid or solid “fusible” form, including resin, powder, pellet, film, sheet, tape, or ribbon.
N.B.: For non-“fusible” aromatic polyimides in film, sheet, tape, or ribbon form, see ECCN 1A003.
b. Thermoplastic liquid crystal copolymers having a heat distortion temperature exceeding 523 K (250 °C) measured according to ISO 75-2 (2004), method A, or national equivalents, with a load of 1.80 N/mm2 and composed of:
b.1. Any of the following compounds:
b.1.a. Phenylene, biphenylene or naphthalene; or
b.1.b. Methyl, tertiary-butyl or phenyl substituted phenylene, biphenylene or naphthalene; and
b.2. Any of the following acids:
b.2.a. Terephthalic acid (CAS 100-21-0);
b.2.b. 6-hydroxy-2 naphthoic acid (CAS 16712-64-4); or
b.2.c. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (CAS 99-96-7);
c. [Reserved]
d. Polyarylene ketones;
e. Polyarylene sulphides, where the arylene group is biphenylene, triphenylene or combinations thereof;
f. Polybiphenylenethersulphone having a 'glass transition temperature (Tg)' exceeding 563 K (290 °C).
Technical Note:
The ‘glass transition temperature (Tg)’ for 1C008 materials is determined using the method described in ISO 11357-2 (1999) or national equivalents. In addition, for 1C008.a.2 materials,'glass transition temperature (Tg)’ is determined on a PAI test specimen having initially been cured at a minimum temperature of 310 °C for a minimum of 15 minutes.
1C009Unprocessed fluorinated compounds as follows ( see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See also 1A001.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Copolymers of vinylidene fluoride having 75% or more beta crystalline structure without stretching;
b. Fluorinated polyimides containing 10% by weight or more of combined fluorine;
c. Fluorinated phosphazene elastomers containing 30% by weight or more of combined fluorine.
1C010“Fibrous or filamentary materials” as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
NP applies to 1C010.a (aramid “fibrous or filamentary materials”, .b (carbon “fibrous and filamentary materials”), and e.1 for “fibrous and filamentary materials” that meet or exceed the control criteria of ECCN 1C210 NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
LVS: $1500, N/A for NP
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship any item in 1C010.c or d to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 1C210 and 1C990. (3) See also 9C110 for material not controlled by 1C010.e, as defined by notes 1 or 2.
Related Definitions: (1) Specific modulus: Young's modulus in pascals, equivalent to N/m2 divided by specific weight in N/m3, measured at a temperature of (296±2) K ((23 2) C) and a relative humidity of (50±5)%. (2) Specific tensile strength: ultimate tensile strength in pascals, equivalent to N/m2 divided by specific weight in N/m3, measured at a temperature of (296±2) K ((23±2) C) and a relative humidity of (50±5)%
Items:
a. Organic “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
a.1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 12.7×106 m; and
a.2. “Specific tensile strength” exceeding 23.5×104 m;
Note:
1C010.a does not control polyethylene.
b. Carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
b.1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 14.65×106 m; and
b.2. “Specific tensile strength” exceeding 26.82×104 m;
Note:
1C010.b does not control:
a. “Fibrous or filamentary materials”, for the repair of “civil aircraft” structures or laminates, having all of the following:
1. An area not exceeding 1 m2;
2. A length not exceeding 2.5 m; and
3. A width exceeding 15 mm.
b. Mechanically chopped, milled or cut carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials” 25.0 mm or less in length.
Technical Note:
Properties for materials described in 1C010.b should be determined using SACMA recommended methods SRM 12 to 17, ISO 10618 (2004) 10.2.1 Method A or national equivalent tow tests, and based on lot average.
c. Inorganic “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
c.1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 2.54×106 m; and
c.2. Melting, softening, decomposition or sublimation point exceeding 1,922 K (1,649 °C) in an inert environment;
Note:
1C010.c does not control:
a. Discontinuous, multiphase, polycrystalline alumina fibers in chopped fiber or random mat form, containing 3% by weight or more silica, with a “specific modulus” of less than 10×106 m;
b. Molybdenum and molybdenum alloy fibers;
c. Boron fibers;
d. Discontinuous ceramic fibers with a melting, softening, decomposition or sublimation point lower than 2,043 K (1,770 °C) in an inert environment.
d. “Fibrous or filamentary materials”, having any of the following:
d.1. Composed of any of the following:
d.1.a. Polyetherimides controlled by 1C008.a; or
d.1.b. Materials controlled by 1C008.b to 1C008.f; or
d.2. Composed of materials controlled by 1C010.d.1.a or 1C010.d.1.b and “commingled” with other fibers controlled by 1C010.a, 1C010.b or 1C010.c;
e. Fully or partially resin-impregnated or pitch-impregnated “fibrous or filamentary materials” (prepregs), metal or carbon-coated “fibrous or filamentary materials” (preforms) or “carbon fiber preforms”, having all of the following:
e.1. Having any of the following:
e.1.a. Inorganic “fibrous or filamentary materials” controlled by 1C010.c; or
e.1.b. Organic or carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials”, having all of the following:
e.1.b.1. “Specific modulus” exceeding 10.15×106 m; and
e.1.b.2 “Specific tensile strength” exceeding 17.7×104 m; and
e.2. Having any of the following:
e.2.a. Resin or pitch controlled by 1C008 or 1C009.b;
e.2.b. ‘Dynamic Mechanical Analysis glass transition temperature (DMA Tg)’ equal to or exceeding 453 K (180 °C) and having a phenolic resin; or
e.2.c. ‘Dynamic Mechanical Analysis glass transition temperature (DMA Tg)’ equal to or exceeding 505 K (232 °C) and having a resin or pitch, not specified by 1C008 or 1C009.b, and not being a phenolic resin;
Note 1:
Metal or carbon-coated “fibrous or filamentary materials” (preforms) or “carbon fiber preforms”, not impregnated with resin or pitch, are specified by “fibrous or filamentary materials” in 1C010.a, 1C010.b or 1C010.c.
Note 2:
1C010.e does not apply to:
a. Epoxy resin “matrix” impregnated carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials” (prepregs) for the repair of “civil aircraft” structures or laminates, having all of the following:
1. An area not exceeding 1 m2;
2. A length not exceeding 2.5 m; and
3. A width exceeding 15 mm;
b. Fully or partially resin-impregnated or pitch-impregnated mechanically chopped, milled or cut carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials” 25.0 mm or less in length when using a resin or pitch other than those specified by 1C008 or 1C009.b.
Technical Note:
The ‘Dynamic Mechanical Analysis glass transition temperature (DMA Tg)’ for materials controlled by 1C010.e is determined using the method described in ASTM D 7028-07, or equivalent national standard, on a dry test specimen. In the case of thermoset materials, degree of cure of a dry test specimen shall be a minimum of 90% as defined by ASTM E 2160 04 or equivalent national standard.
1C011Metals and compounds, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1
MT applies to 1C011.a MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: (1) See also 1C018 and 1C111. (2.) The following are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR 121.1 Category V): a) Materials controlled by 1C011.a, and metal fuels in particle form, whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked or ground, manufactured from material consisting of 99 percent or more of items controlled by 1C011.b; and b) Metal powders mixed with other substances to form a mixture formulated for military purposes.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Metals in particle sizes of less than 60 µm whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked or ground, manufactured from material consisting of 99% or more of zirconium, magnesium and alloys thereof;
Technical Note:
The natural content of hafnium in the zirconium (typically 2% to 7%) is counted with the zirconium.
Note:
The metals or alloys specified by 1C011.a also refer to metals or alloys encapsulated in aluminum, magnesium, zirconium or beryllium.
b. Boron or boron alloys, with a particle size of 60 µm or less, as follows:
b.1. Boron with a purity of 85% by weight or more;
b.2. Boron alloys with a boron content of 85% by weight or more;
Note:
The metals or alloys specified by 1C011.b also refer to metals or alloys encapsulated in aluminum, magnesium, zirconium or beryllium.
c. Guanidine nitrate (CAS 506-93-4);
d. Nitroguanidine (NQ) (CAS 556-88-7).
1C012Materials, as Follows (See List of Items Controlled)
License Requirements
Reason for Control:
Control(s): Items described in 1C012 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110, item 9A)).
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship any item in this entry to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See also 0C002.
Related Definitions: These materials are typically used for nuclear heat sources.
Items:
a. Plutonium in any form with a plutonium isotopic assay of plutonium-238 of more than 50% by weight;
Note:
1C012.a does not control:
a. Shipments with a plutonium content of 1 g or less;
b. Shipments of 3 “effective grams” or less when contained in a sensing component in instruments.
b. “Previously separated” neptunium-237 in any form.
Note:
1C012.b does not control shipments with a neptunium-237 content of 1 g or less.
1C018Commercial Charges and Devices Containing Energetic Materials on the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions List and Certain Chemicals as Follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry, except as noted in 1C018.m NS Column 1.
MT applies to 1C018.m, except as noted therein MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number.
Related Controls: (1) Explosive devices or charges in paragraphs .c through .k of this entry that utilize USML controlled energetic materials (See 22 CFR 121.1 Category V) are subject to the licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls if they have been specifically designed, developed, configured, adapted, or modified for a military application. (2) With the exception of slurries if the USML controlled materials utilized in devices and charges controlled by paragraphs .c through .k of this entry can be easily extracted without destroying the device or charge, then they are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (3) Commercial prefabricated slurries and emulsions containing greater than 35% of USML controlled energetic materials are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (4) The individual USML controlled energetic materials in paragraphs .c through .k of this entry, even when compounded with other materials, remain subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State when not incorporated into explosive devices or charges controlled by this entry or 1C992. (5) The chemicals in paragraphs .l and .m of this entry, when incorporated into items listed on the United States Munitions List, become subject to the licensing jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (6) See also ECCNs 1C011, 1C111, and 1C239 for additional controlled energetic materials. (7) See ECCN 1C238 for additional controls on chlorine trifluoride (ClF3). (8) See ECCN 1A008 for shaped charges, detonating cord, and cutters and severing tools. (9) See ECCN1E001 for the “development” or “production” “technology” for the commodities controlled by ECCN 1C018, but not explosives or energetic materials that are under the jurisdiction of U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: (1) For purposes of this entry, the term “controlled materials” means controlled energetic materials (see ECCNs 1C011, 1C111, 1C239 and 22 CFR 121.1 Category V). (2) For purposes of this entry, the mass of aluminum powder, potassium perchlorate, and any of the substances listed in the note to the USML (see22 CFR 121.1 Category V) (such as ammonium pictrate, black powder, etc.) contained in commercial explosive devices and in the charges are omitted when determining the total mass of controlled material.
Items: a. [Reserved]
b. Shock tubes containing greater than 0.064 kg per meter (300 grains per foot), but not more than 0.1 kg per meter (470 grains per foot) of controlled materials;
c. Cartridge power devices containing greater than 0.70 kg, but not more than 1.0 kg of controlled materials;
d. Detonators (electric or nonelectric) and assemblies thereof containing greater than 0.01 kg, but not more than 0.1 kg of controlled materials;
e. Igniters containing greater than 0.01 kg, but not more than 0.1 kg of controlled materials;
f. Oil well cartridges containing greater than 0.015 kg, but not more than 0.1 kg of controlled materials;
g. Commercial cast or pressed boosters containing greater than 1.0 kg, but not more than 5.0 kg of controlled materials;
h. Commercial prefabricated slurries and emulsions containing greater than 10 kg and less than or equal to thirty-five percent by weight of USML controlled materials;
i. [Reserved]
j. Pyrotechnic devices when designed exclusively for commercial purposes (e.g., theatrical stages, motion picture special effects, and fireworks displays), and containing greater than 3.0 kg, but not more than 5.0 kg of controlled materials; or
k. Other commercial explosive devices and charges, not controlled by 1C018.c through .g above, when used for commercial applications and containing greater than 1.0 kg, but not more than 5.0 kg of controlled materials.
l. Propyleneimine (2-methylaziridine) (CAS 75-55-8); or
m. Any oxidizer or mixture thereof that is a compound composed of fluorine and one or more of the following—other halogens, oxygen, or nitrogen.
Note:
Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) in a gaseous state is controlled by ECCN 1C992 and not by 1C018.
Note:
National security is not a reason for control for chlorine trifluoride.
Note:
If a chemical in paragraphs .1 or .m of 1C018 is incorporated into a commercial charge or device described in paragraphs .c through .k of ECCN 1C018 or in 1C992, the classification of the commercial charge or device applies to the item.
1C101Materials for Reduced Observables such as Radar Reflectivity, Ultraviolet/Infrared Signatures and Acoustic Signatures (i.e., Stealth Technology), Other than Those Controlled by 1C001, for applications usable in rockets, missiles, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of achieving a “range” equal to or greater than 300km, and their subsystems.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Materials controlled by this entry include structural materials and coatings (including paints), specially designed for reduced or tailored reflectivity or emissivity in the microwave, infrared or ultraviolet spectra. (2) This entry does not control coatings (including paints) when specially used for the thermal control of satellites. (3) For commodities that meet the definition of defense articles under 22 CFR 120.3 of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), see 22 CFR 121.16, Item 17-Category II of the (ITAR), which describes similar commodities under the jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C102Resaturated pyrolized carbon-carbon materials designed for space launch vehicles specified in 9A004 or sounding rockets specified in 9A104. (These items are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. See 22 CFR part 121.)
1C107Graphite and Ceramic Materials, Other Than Those Controlled by 1C007, Which Can be Machined to Any of the Following Products as Follows (See List of Items Controlled)
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: (1) See also 0C005, 1C004, and 1C298. (2) For commodities that meet the definition of defense articles under 22 CFR 120.3 of the ITAR, see 22 CFR 121.16, Item 8-Category II of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), which describes similar commodities under the jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Fine grain graphites with a bulk density of 1.72 g/cm3 or greater, measured at 15 °C, and having a grain size of 100 micrometers or less, usable for rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nose tips as follows:
a.1. Cylinders having a diameter of 120 mm or greater and a length of 50 mm or greater;
a.2. Tubes having an inner diameter of 65 mm or greater and a wall thickness of 25 mm or greater and a length of 50 mm or greater;
a.3. Blocks having a size of 120 mm × 120 mm × 50 mm or greater.
b. Pyrolytic or fibrous reinforced graphites, usable for rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nose tips;
c. Ceramic composite materials (dielectric constant is less than 6 at any frequency from 100 MHz to 100 GHz) for use in radomes useable in rockets, missiles, and unmanned aerial vehicles capable of achieving a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km; or
d. Silicon-Carbide materials, useable in rockets, missiles, and unmanned aerial vehicles capable of achieving a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km, as follows:
d.1. Bulk machinable silicon-carbide reinforced unfired ceramic, usable for nose tips.
d.2. Reinforced silicon-carbide ceramic composites usable for nose tips, re-entry vehicles, nozzle flaps.
1C111Propellants and constituent chemicals for propellants, other than those specified in 1C011, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: (1) Butacene as defined by 1C111.c.1 is subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (See 22 CFR 121.12(b)(6), other ferrocene derivatives). (2) See 1C018 for controls on oxidizers that are composed of fluorine and one or more of the following—other halogens, oxygen, or nitrogen. Solid oxidizer substances are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (See 22 CFR 121.1 Category V). (3) See 1C011.b for controls on boron and boron alloys.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Propulsive substances:
a.1. Spherical aluminum powder, other than that specified on the U.S. Munitions List, with particles of uniform diameter of less than 200 micrometer and an aluminum content of 97% by weight or more, if at least 10 percent of the total weight is made up of particles of less than 63 micrometer, according to ISO 2591:1988 or national equivalents such as JIS Z8820.
Technical Note:
A particle size of 63 micrometer (ISO R-565) corresponds to 250 mesh (Tyler) or 230 mesh (ASTM standard E-11).
a.2. Metal fuels, other than that controlled by the U.S. Munitions List, in particle sizes of less than 60 × 10−6 m (60 micrometers), whether spherical, atomized, spheroidal, flaked or ground, as follows:
a.2.a. Consisting of 97% by weight or more of any of the following:
a.2.a.1. Zirconium;
a.2.a.2. Beryllium;
a.2.a.3. Magnesium; or
a.2.a.4. Alloys of the metals specified by a.2.a.1 to a.2.a.3 above.
Technical Note:
The natural content of hafnium in the zirconium (typically 2% to 7%) is counted with the zirconium.
a.3. Oxidizer substances usable in liquid propellant rocket engines, as follows:
a.3.a. Dinitrogen trioxide;
a.3.b. Nitrogendioxide/dinitrogen tetroxide;
a.3.c. Dinitrogen pentoxide;
a.3.d Mixed oxides of nitrogen (MON); a.3.e Inhibited red fuming nitric acid (IRFNA);
Technical Note:
Mixed oxides of nitrogen (MON) are solutions of nitric oxide (NO) in dinitrogen tetroxide/nitrogen dioxide(N2O4NO2-) that can be used in missile systems. There are a range of compositions that can be denoted as MONi or MONij, where i and j are integers representing the percentage of nitric oxide in the mixture (e.g., MON3 contains 3% nitric oxide, MON25 25% nitric oxide. An upper limit is MON40, 40% by weight).
b. Polymeric substances:
b.1. Carboxy—terminated polybutadiene (including carboxyl—terminated polybutadiene) (CTPB);
b.2. Hydroxy—terminated polybutadiene (including hydroxyl—terminated polybutadiene) (HTPB);
b.3. Polybutadiene-acrylic acid (PBAA);
b.4. Polybutadiene-acrylic acid -acrylonitrile (PBAN);
b.5 Polytetrahydrofuran polyethylene glycol (TPEG).
Technical Note:
Polytetrahydrofuran polyethylene glycol (TPEG) is a block co-polymer of poly 1,4-Butanediol and polyethylene glycol (PEG).
c. Other propellant additives and agents:
c.1. Butacene;
c.2. Triethylene glycol dinitrate (TEGDN);
c.3. 2-Nitrodiphenylamine;
c.4. Trimethylolethane trinitrate (TMETN);
c.5. Diethylene glycol dinitrate (DEGDN).
1C116Maraging steels (iron alloys generally characterized by high nickel, very low carbon content and the use of substitutional elements or precipitates to produce strengthening and age-hardening of the alloy) having an ultimate tensile strength equal to or greater than 1.5 GPa, measured at 293 K (20 °C), in the form of sheet, plate or tubing with a wall or plate thickness equal to or less than 5 mm.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
NP applies to items that meet or exceed the parameters of 1C216 NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 1C216. (3) Maraging steel, in physical forms and finished products and specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes, is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C117Materials for the Fabrication of Missile Components for Rockets or Missiles Capable of Achieving a “Range” Equal to or Greater Than 300 km, as Follows (See List of Items Controlled)
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Tungsten and alloys in particulate form with a tungsten content of 97% by weight or more and a particle size of 50 × 10−6 m (50 µm) or less;
b. Molybdenum and alloys in particulate form with a molybdenum content of 97% by weight or more and a particle size of 50 × 10−6 m (50 µm) or less;
c. Tungsten materials in the solid form having all of the following:
c.1. Any of the following material compositions:
c.1.a. Tungsten and alloys containing 97% by weight or more of tungsten;
c.1.b. Copper infiltrated tungsten containing 80% by weight or more of tungsten; or
c.1.c. Silver infiltrated tungsten containing 80% by weight or more of tungsten; and
c.2. Able to be machined to any of the following products:
c.2.a. Cylinders having a diameter of 120 mm or greater and a length of 50 mm or greater;
c.2.b. Tubes having an inner diameter of 65 mm or greater and a wall thickness of 25 mm or greater and a length of 50 mm or greater; or
c.2.c. Blocks having a size of 120 mm × 120 mm × 50 mm or greater.
1C118Titanium-stabilized duplex stainless steel (Ti-DSS), having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry. MT Column 1.
1AT applies to entire entry. AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Containing 17.0-23.0 weight percent chromium and 4.5-7.0 weight percent nickel;
a.2. Having a titanium content of greater than 0.10 weight percent; and
a.3. A ferritic-austenitic microstructure (also referred to as a two-phase microstructure) of which at least 10 percent is austenite by volume (according to ASTM E-1181-87 or national equivalents), and
b. Having any of the following forms:
b.1. Ingots or bars having a size of 100 mm or more in each dimension;
b.2. Sheets having a width of 600 mm or more and a thickness of 3 mm or less; or
b.3. Tubes having an outer diameter of 600 mm or more and a wall thickness of 3 mm or less.
1C202Alloys other than those controlled by 1C002.b.3 or 1C002.b.4 as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 1C002. (3) Aluminum alloys and titanium alloys, in physical forms and finished products and specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes, are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: The phrase “capable of” refers to aluminum alloys and titanium alloys either before or after heat treatment.
Items: a. Aluminum alloys having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. “Capable of” an ultimate tensile strength of 460 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C); and
a.2. In the form of tubes or cylindrical solid forms (including forgings) with an outside diameter of more than 75 mm;
b. Titanium alloys having both of the following characteristics:
b.1. “Capable of” an ultimate tensile strength of 900 MPa or more at 293 K (20 °C); and
b.2. In the form of tubes or cylindrical solid forms (including forgings) with an outside diameter of more than 75 mm.
1C210“Fibrous or filamentary materials” or prepregs, other than those controlled by 1C010.a, .b or .e, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 1C010 and 1C990.
Related Definitions: For the purpose of this entry, the term “fibrous or filamentary materials” is restricted to continuous “monofilaments”, “yarns”, “rovings”, “tows”, or “tapes”. Definitions for other terms used in this entry:
Filament or Monofilament is the smallest increment of fiber, usually several µm in diameter.
Strand is a bundle of filaments (typically over 200) arranged approximately parallel.
Roving is a bundle (typically 12-120) of approximately parallel strands.
Yarn is a bundle of twisted strands.
Tow is a bundle of filaments, usually approximately parallel.
Tape is a material constructed of interlaced or unidirectional filaments, strands, rovings, tows, or yarns, etc., usually preimpregnated with resin.
Specific modulus is the Young's modulus in N/m2 divided by the specific weight in N/m3, measured at a temperature of (296 ±2) K ((23 ±2) °C) and a relative humidity of 50 ±5 percent.
Specific tensile strength is the ultimate tensile strength in N/m2 divided by specific weight in N/m3, measured at a temperature of (296 ±2) K ((23 ±2) °C) and a relative humidity of 50 ±5 percent.
Items: a. Carbon or aramid “fibrous or filamentary materials” having a “specific modulus” of 12.7 × 106 m or greater or a “specific tensile strength” of 235 × 103 m or greater except Aramid “fibrous or filamentary materials” having 0.25 percent or more by weight of an ester based fiber surface modifier;
b. Glass “fibrous or filamentary materials” having a “specific modulus” of 3.18 × 106 m or greater and a “specific tensile strength” of 76.2 × 103 m or greater; or
c. Thermoset resin impregnated continuous “yarns”, “rovings”, “tows” or “tapes” with a width no greater than 15 mm (prepregs), made from carbon or glass “fibrous or filamentary materials” controlled by 1C210.a or .b.
Technical Note:
The resin forms the matrix of the composite.
1C216Maraging steel, other than that controlled by 1C116, “capable of” an ultimate tensile strength of 2,050 MPa or more, at 293 K (20 °C).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 1C116. (3) Maraging steel, in physical form and finished products specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes, is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: The phrase “capable of” in the ECCN heading refers to maraging steel either before or after heat treatment.
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control forms in which all linear dimensions are 75 mm or less.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C225Boron enriched in the boron-10 ( 10 B) isotope to greater than its natural isotopic abundance, as follows: elemental boron, compounds, mixtures containing boron, manufactures thereof, waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: In this entry, mixtures containing boron include boron-loaded materials.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
Technical Note:
The natural isotopic abundance of boron-10 is approximately 18.5 weight percent (20 atom percent).
1C226Tungsten, tungsten carbide, and alloys containing more than 90% tungsten by weight, having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control manufactures specially designed as weights or gamma-ray collimators.
Items: a. In forms with a hollow cylindrical symmetry (including cylinder segments) with an inside diameter between 100 and 300 mm; and
b. A mass greater than 20 kg.
1C227Calcium having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Containing less than 1,000 parts per million by weight of metallic impurities other than magnesium; and
b. Containing less than 10 parts per million by weight of boron.
1C228Magnesium having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilogram
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Containing less than 200 parts per million by weight of metallic impurities other than calcium; and
b. Containing less than 10 parts per million by weight of boron.
1C229Bismuth having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled)
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A purity of 99.99% or greater by weight; and
b. Containing less than 10 parts per million by weight of silver.
1C230Beryllium metal, alloys containing more than 50% beryllium by weight, beryllium compounds, manufactures thereof, and waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control the following:
a. Metal windows for X-ray machines, or for bore-hole logging devices;
b. Oxide shapes in fabricated or semi-fabricated forms specially designed for electronic component parts or as substrates for electronic circuits;
c. Beryl (silicate of beryllium and aluminum) in the form of emeralds or aquamarines.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C231Hafnium metal, hafnium alloys and compounds containing more than 60% hafnium by weight, manufactures thereof, and waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C232Helium-3 ( 3 He), mixtures containing helium-3, and products or devices containing any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Liters
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control a product or device containing less than 1 g of helium-3.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C233Lithium enriched in the lithium-6 ( 6 Li) isotope to greater than its natural isotopic abundance, and products or devices containing enriched lithium, as follows: elemental lithium, alloys, compounds, mixtures containing lithium, manufactures thereof, and waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Facilities or plants specially designed or prepared for the separation of lithium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: The natural isotopic abundance of lithium-6 is approximately 6.5 weight percent (7.5 atom percent).
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control thermoluminescent dosimeters.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C234Zirconium with a hafnium content of less than 1 part hafnium to 500 parts zirconium by weight, as follows: metal, alloys containing more than 50% zirconium by weight, compounds, manufactures thereof, and waste or scrap of any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Zirconium metal and alloys in the form of tubes or assemblies of tubes, specially designed or prepared for use in a reactor, are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control zirconium in the form of foil having a thickness of 0.10 mm (0.004 in.) or less.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C235Tritium, tritium compounds, mixtures containing tritium in which the ratio of tritium to hydrogen atoms exceeds 1 part in 1,000, and products or devices containing any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 1B231. (3) Tritium that is byproduct material (e.g., produced in a nuclear reactor) is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: (1) This entry does not control tritium, tritium compounds, and mixtures that are byproduct material (e.g., produced in a nuclear reactor)—such materials are subject to the licensing jurisdiction of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see Related Controls paragraph for this entry). (2) This entry does not control a product or device containing less than 1.48 × 103 GBq (40 Ci) of tritium.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C236Alpha-emitting radionuclides having an alpha half-life of 10 days or greater, but less than 200 years, in the following forms (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Gigabecquerels
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Certain alpha-emitting radionuclides are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control a product or device containing less than 3.7 GBq (100 millicuries) of alpha activity.
Items:
a. Elemental;
b. Compounds having a total alpha activity of 37 GBq/kg (1 Ci/kg) or greater;
c. Mixtures having a total alpha activity of 37 GBq/kg (1 Ci/kg) or greater;
d. Products or devices containing any of the items in 1C236.a, .b., or .c.
1C237Radium-226 ( 226 Ra), radium-226 alloys, radium-226 compounds, mixtures containing radium-226, manufactures thereof, and products or devices containing any of the foregoing.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Gigabecquerels
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control the following:
a. Medical applicators;
b. A product or device containing less than 0.37 GBq (10 millicuries) of radium-226.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C238Chlorine trifluoride (ClF 3 ).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. See 1C018 for additional controls on Chlorine trifluoride (ClF3).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C239High explosives, other than those controlled by the U.S. Munitions List, or substances or mixtures containing more than 2% by weight thereof, with a crystal density greater than 1.8 g/cm 3 and having a detonation velocity greater than 8,000 m/s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) See ECCNs 1C018 (commercial charges and devices containing energetic materials on the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions List and certain chemicals as follows) and 1C992 (commercial charges and devices containing energetic materials, n.e.s and nitrogen trifluoride in a gaseous state). (3) High explosives for military use are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see22 CFR part 121.12).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C240Nickel powder or porous nickel metal, other than those described in 0C006, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E001 (“development” and “production”) and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Nickel powder and porous nickel metal, specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes, are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control the following:
a. Filamentary nickel powders;
b. Single porous nickel sheets with an area of 1,000 cm2 per sheet or less.
Items: a. Nickel powder having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. A nickel purity content of 99.0% or greater by weight; and
a.2. A mean particle size of less than 10 micrometers measured by American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) B330 standard;
b. Porous nickel metal produced from materials controlled by 1C240.a.
Technical Note:
1C240.b refers to porous metal formed by compacting and sintering the materials in 1C240.a to form a metal material with fine pores interconnected throughout the structure.
1C298Graphite with a boron content of less than 5 parts per million and a density greater than 1.5 grams per cubic centimeter that is intended for use other than in a nuclear reactor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP.
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
License Requirement Note: This entry does not control graphite intended for use in a nuclear reactor. Such graphite is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see ECCN 0C005 and 10 CFR part 110).
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See also 1C107 and 0C005.
Related Definitions: For the purpose of this entry, graphite with a purity level better than 5 parts per million boron equivalent is determined according to ASTM standard C1233-98. In applying ASTM standard C1233-98, the boron equivalence of the element carbon is not included in the boron equivalence calculation, since carbon is not considered an impurity.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C350Chemicals that may be used as precursors for toxic chemical agents.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, CW, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2.
CW applies to 1C350 .b, and .c. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for CW reasons. A license is required, for CW reasons, to export or reexport Schedule 2 chemicals and mixtures identified in 1C350.b to States not Party to the CWC (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR). A license is required, for CW reasons, to export Schedule 3 chemicals and mixtures identified in 1C350.c to States not Party to the CWC, unless an End-Use Certificate issued by the government of the importing country has been obtained by the exporter prior to export. A license is required, for CW reasons, to reexport Schedule 3 chemicals and mixtures identified in 1C350.c from a State not Party to the CWC to any other State not Party to the CWC. (See § 742.18 of the EAR for license requirements and policies for toxic and precursor chemicals controlled for CW reasons. See § 745.2 of the EAR for End-Use Certificate requirements that apply to exports of Schedule 3 chemicals to countries not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR.)
AT applies to entire entry. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for AT reasons in 1C350. A license is required, for AT reasons, to export or reexport items controlled by 1C350 to a country in Country Group E:1 of Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information on the AT controls that apply to Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. See part 746 of the EAR for additional information on sanctions that apply to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Syria.)
License Requirement Notes 1. Sample Shipments: Subject to the following requirements and restrictions, a license is not required for sample shipments when the cumulative total of these shipments does not exceed a 55-gallon container or 200 kg of a single chemical to any one consignee during a calendar year. A consignee that receives a sample shipment under this exclusion may not resell, transfer, or reexport the sample shipment, but may use the sample shipment for any other legal purpose unrelated to chemical weapons.
a. Chemicals Not Eligible:
A. [Reserved]
B. CWC Schedule 2 chemicals (States not Party to the CWC). No CWC Schedule 2 chemical or mixture identified in 1C350.b is eligible for sample shipment to States not Party to the CWC (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR) without a license.
b. Countries Not Eligible: Countries in Country Group E:1 of Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR are not eligible to receive sample shipments of any chemicals controlled by this ECCN without a license.
c. Sample shipments that require an End-Use Certificate for CW reasons: No CWC Schedule 3 chemical or mixture identified in 1C350.c is eligible for sample shipment to States not Party to the CWC (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR) without a license, unless an End-Use Certificate issued by the government of the importing country is obtained by the exporter prior to export (see § 745.2 of the EAR for End-Use Certificate requirements).
d. Sample shipments that require a license for reasons set forth elsewhere in the EAR: Sample shipments, as described in this Note 1, may require a license for reasons set forth elsewhere in the EAR. See, in particular, the end-use/end-user restrictions in part 744 of the EAR, and the restrictions that apply to embargoed countries in part 746 of the EAR.
e. Quarterly report requirement. The exporter is required to submit a quarterly written report for shipments of samples made under this Note 1. The report must be on company letterhead stationery (titled “Report of Sample Shipments of Chemical Precursors” at the top of the first page) and identify the chemical(s), Chemical Abstract Service Registry (C.A.S.) number(s), quantity(ies), the ultimate consignee's name and address, and the date exported. The report must be sent, via courier, to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security, 14th and Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Room 2099B, Washington, DC 20230, Attn: “Report of Sample Shipments of Chemical Precursors”.
2. Mixtures:
a. Mixtures that contain precursor chemicals identified in ECCN 1C350, in concentrations that are below the levels indicated in 1C350.b through .d, are controlled by ECCN 1C395 or 1C995 and are subject to the licensing requirements specified in those ECCNs.
b. A license is not required under this ECCN for a mixture, when the controlled chemical in the mixture is a normal ingredient in consumer goods packaged for retail sale for personal use. Such consumer goods are designated EAR99. However, a license may be required for reasons set forth elsewhere in the EAR.
Note to mixtures: Calculation of concentrations of AG-controlled chemicals:
a. Exclusion. No chemical may be added to the mixture (solution) for the sole purpose of circumventing the Export Administration Regulations;
b. Percent Weight Calculation.When calculating the percentage, by weight, of components in a chemical mixture, include all components of the mixture, including those that act as solvents.
3. Compounds. Compounds created with any chemicals identified in this ECCN 1C350 may be shipped NLR (No License Required), without obtaining an End-Use Certificate, unless those compounds are also identified in this entry or require a license for reasons set forth elsewhere in the EAR.
4. Testing Kits: Certain medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits containing small quantities of chemicals identified in this ECCN 1C350, are excluded from the scope of this ECCN and are controlled under ECCN 1C395 or 1C995. (Note that replacement reagents for such kits are controlled by this ECCN 1C350 if the reagents contain one or more of the precursor chemicals identified in 1C350 in concentrations equal to or greater than the control levels for mixtures indicated in 1C350.)
Technical Notes: 1. For purposes of this entry, a “mixture” is defined as a solid, liquid or gaseous product made up of two or more components that do not react together under normal storage conditions.
2. The scope of this control applicable to Hydrogen Fluoride (see 1C350.d.7 in the List of Items Controlled) includes its liquid, gaseous, and aqueous phases, and hydrates.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Liters or kilograms, as appropriate.
Related Controls: The chemicals 0-Ethyl-2-diisopropylaminoethyl methyl phosphonite (QL) (C.A.S. #57856-11-8); Ethyl phosphonyl difluoride (C.A.S. #753-98-0); and Methyl phosphonyl difluoride. (C.A.S. #676-99-3); methylphosphinyl dichloride (C.A.S. 676-83-5); methylphosphinyl difluoride (C.A.S. #753-59-3); and methylphosphonyl dichloride (C.A.S. #676-97-1) are subject to the licensing jurisdiction of the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, U.S. Department of State.
Related Definitions: See § 770.2(k) of the EAR for synonyms for the chemicals listed in this entry.
Items: a. [Reserved]
b. Australia Group-controlled precursor chemicals also identified as Schedule 2 chemicals under the CWC, as follows, and mixtures in which at least one of the following chemicals constitutes 30 percent or more of the weight of the mixture:
b.1. (C.A.S. #7784-34-1) Arsenic trichloride;
b.2. (C.A.S. #76-93-7) Benzilic acid;
b.3. (C.A.S. #78-38-6) Diethyl ethylphosphonate;
b.4. (C.A.S. #15715-41-0) Diethyl methylphosphonite;
b.5. (C.A.S. #2404-03-7) Diethyl-N,N-dimethylphosphoroamidate;
b.6. (C.A.S. #5842-07-9) N,N-Diisopropyl-beta-aminoethane thiol;
b.7. (C.A.S. #4261-68-1) N,N-Diisopropyl-beta-aminoethyl chloride hydrochloride;
b.8. (C.A.S. #96-80-0) N,N-Diisopropyl-beta-aminoethanol;
b.9. (C.A.S. #96-79-7), N,N-Diisopropyl-beta-aminoethyl chloride;
b.10. (C.A.S. #6163-75-3) Dimethyl ethylphosphonate;
b.11. (C.A.S. #756-79-6) Dimethyl methylphosphonate;
b.12. (C.A.S. #1498-40-4) Ethyl phosphonous dichloride [Ethyl phosphinyl dichloride];
b.13. (C.A.S. #430-78-4) Ethyl phosphonus difluoride [Ethyl phosphinyl difluoride];
b.14. (C.A.S. #1066-50-8) Ethyl phosphonyl dichloride;
b.15. [Reserved]
b.16. [Reserved]
b.17. [Reserved]
b.18. (C.A.S. #464-07-3) Pinacolyl alcohol;
b.19. (C.A.S. #1619-34-7) 3-Quinuclidinol;
b.20. (C.A.S. #111-48-8) Thiodiglycol;
b.21. (C.A.S. #993-13-5) Methylphosphonic acid;
b.22. (C.A.S. #683-08-9) Diethyl methylphosphonate;
b.23. (C.A.S. #677-43-0) N,N-dimethylamino-phosphoryl dichloride;
b.24. (C.A.S. #676-98-2) Methylphos-phonothioic dichloride.
c. Australia Group-controlled precursor chemicals also identified as Schedule 3 chemicals under the CWC, as follows, and mixtures in which at least one of the following chemicals constitutes 30 percent or more of the weight of the mixture:
c.1. (C.A.S. #762-04-9) Diethyl phosphite;
c.2. (C.A.S. #868-85-9) Dimethyl phosphite (dimethyl hydrogen phosphite);
c.3. (C.A.S. #10025-87-3) Phosphorus oxychloride;
c.4. (C.A.S. #10026-13-8) Phosphorus pentachloride;
c.5. (C.A.S. #7719-12-2) Phosphorus trichloride;
c.6. (C.A.S. #10025-67-9) Sulfur monochloride;
c.7. (C.A.S. #10545-99-0) Sulfur dichloride;
c.8. (C.A.S. #7719-09-7) Thionyl chloride;
c.9. (C.A.S. #102-71-6) Triethanolamine;
c.10. (C.A.S. #122-52-1) Triethyl phosphite;
c.11. (C.A.S. #121-45-9) Trimethyl phosphite;
c.12. (C.A.S. #139-87-7) Ethyldiethan-olamine.
d. Other Australia Group-controlled precursor chemicals not also identified as Schedule 1, 2, or 3 chemicals under the CWC, as follows, and mixtures in which at least one of the following chemicals constitutes 30 percent or more of the weight of the mixture:
d.1. (C.A.S. #1341-49-7) Ammonium hydrogen fluoride;
d.2. (C.A.S. #107-07-3) 2-Chloroethanol;
d.3. (C.A.S. #100-37-8) N,N-Diethylaminoethanol;
d.4. (C.A.S. #108-18-9) Di-isopropylamine;
d.5. (C.A.S. #124-40-3) Dimethylamine;
d.6. (C.A.S. #506-59-2) Dimethylamine hydrochloride;
d.7. (C.A.S. #7664-39-3) Hydrogen fluoride;
d.8. (C.A.S. #3554-74-3) 3-Hydroxyl-1-methylpiperidine;
d.9. (C.A.S. #76-89-1) Methyl benzilate;
d.10. (C.A.S. #1314-80-3) Phosphorus pentasulfide;
d.11. (C.A.S. #75-97-8) Pinacolone;
d.12. (C.A.S. #151-50-8) Potassium cyanide;
d.13. (C.A.S. #7789-23-3) Potassium fluoride;
d.14. (C.A.S. #7789-29-9) Potassium bifluoride;
d.15. (C.A.S. #3731-38-2) 3-Quinuclidone;
d.16. (C.A.S. #1333-83-1) Sodium bifluoride;
d.17. (C.A.S. #143-33-9) Sodium cyanide;
d.18. (C.A.S. #7681-49-4) Sodium fluoride;
d.19. (C.A.S. #1313-82-2) Sodium sulfide;
d.20. (C.A.S. #637-39-8) Triethanolamine hydrochloride;
d.21. (C.A.S. #116-17-6) Tri-isopropyl phosphite;
d.22. (C.A.S. #2465-65-8) O,O-diethyl phosphorothioate;
d.23. (C.A.S. #298-06-6) O,O-diethyl phosphorodithioate;
d.24. (C.A.S. #16893-85-9) Sodium hexafluorosilicate.
1C351Human and zoonotic pathogens and “toxins”, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, CW, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 1.
CW applies to 1C351.d.11 and d.12 and a license is required for CW reasons for all destinations, including Canada, as follows: CW applies to 1C351.d.11 for ricin in the form of (1) Ricinus Communis AgglutininII (RCAII), also known as ricin D or Ricinus Communis LectinIII (RCLIII) and (2) Ricinus Communis LectinIV (RCLIV), also known as ricin E. CW applies to 1C351.d.12 for saxitoxin identified by C.A.S. #35523-89-8. See § 742.18 of the EAR for licensing information pertaining to chemicals subject to restriction pursuant to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC). The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for CW reasons.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Notes
1. All vaccines and “immunotoxins” are excluded from the scope of this entry. Certain medical products and diagnostic and food testing kits that contain biological toxins controlled under paragraph (d) of this entry, with the exception of toxins controlled for CW reasons under d.11 and d.12, are excluded from the scope of this entry. Vaccines, “immunotoxins”, certain medical products, and diagnostic and food testing kits excluded from the scope of this entry are controlled under ECCN 1C991.
2. For the purposes of this entry, only saxitoxin is controlled under paragraph d.12; other members of the paralytic shellfish poison family (e.g. neosaxitoxin) are designated EAR99.
3. Clostridium perfringens strains, other than the epsilon toxin-producing strains of Clostridium perfringens described in c.9, are excluded from the scope of this entry, since they may be used as positive control cultures for food testing and quality control.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Certain forms of ricin and saxitoxin in 1C351.d.11. and d.12 are CWC Schedule 1 chemicals (see § 742.18 of the EAR). The U.S. Government must provide advance notification and annual reports to the OPCW of all exports of Schedule 1 chemicals. See § 745.1 of the EAR for notification procedures. See 22 CFR part 121, Category XIV and § 121.7 for additional CWC Schedule 1 chemicals controlled by the Department of State. (2) The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, maintain controls on the possession, use, and transfer within the United States of certain items controlled by this ECCN (for APHIS, see 7 CFR 331.3(b), CFR 121.3(b), and 9 CFR 121.4(b); for CDC, see 42 CFR 73.3(b) and 42 CFR 73.4(b)).
Related Definitions: (1) For the purposes of this entry “immunotoxin” is defined as an antibody-toxin conjugate intended to destroy specific target cells (e.g., tumor cells) that bear antigens homologous to the antibody. (2) For the purposes of this entry “subunit” is defined as a portion of the “toxin”.
Items:
a. Viruses, as follows:
a.1. Andes virus;
a.2. Chapare virus;
a.3. Chikungunya virus;
a.4. Choclo virus;
a.5. Congo-Crimean haemorrhagic fever virus (a.k.a. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus);
a.6. Dengue fever virus;
a.7. Dobrava-Belgrade virus;
a.8. Eastern equine encephalitis virus;
a.9. Ebola virus;
a.10. Guanarito virus;
a.11. Hantaan virus;
a.12. Hendra virus (Equine morbillivirus);
a.13. Japanese encephalitis virus;
a.14. Junin virus;
a.15. Kyasanur Forest virus;
a.16. Laguna Negra virus;
a.17. Lassa fever virus;
a.18. Louping ill virus;
a.19. Lujo virus;
a.20. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus;
a.21. Machupo virus;
a.22. Marburg virus;
a.23. Monkey pox virus;
a.24. Murray Valley encephalitis virus;
a.25. Nipah virus;
a.26. Omsk haemorrhagic fever virus;
a.27. Oropouche virus;
a.28. Powassan virus;
a.29. Rift Valley fever virus;
a.30. Rocio virus;
a.31. Sabia virus;
a.32. Seoul virus;
a.33. Sin nombre virus;
a.34. St. Louis encephalitis virus;
a.35. Tick-borne encephalitis virus (Russian Spring-Summer encephalitis virus);
a.36. Variola virus;
a.37. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus;
a.38. Western equine encephalitis virus; or
a.39. Yellow fever virus.
b. [Reserved]
c. Bacteria, as follows:
c.1. Bacillus anthracis;
c.2. Brucella abortus;
c.3. Brucella melitensis;
c.4. Brucella suis;
c.5. Burkholderia mallei (Pseudomonas mallei);
c.6. Burkholderia pseudomallei (Pseudomonas pseudomallei);
c.7. Chlamydophila psittaci (formerly known as Chlamydia psittaci);
c.8. Clostridium botulinum;
c.9. Clostridium perfringens, epsilon toxin producing types;
c.10. Coxiella burnetii;
c.11. Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli, serotype O157 and other verotoxin producing serotypes;
c.12. Francisella tularensis;
c.13. Rickettsia prowasecki (a.k.a. Rickettsia prowazekii);
c.14. Salmonella typhi;
c.15. Shigella dysenteriae;
c.16. Vibrio cholerae; or
c.17. Yersinia pestis.
d. “Toxins”, as follows, and “subunits” thereof:
d.1. Abrin;
d.2. Aflatoxins;
d.3. Botulinum toxins;
d.4. Cholera toxin;
d.5. Clostridium perfringens toxins;
d.6. Conotoxin;
d.7. Diacetoxyscirpenol toxin;
d.8. HT-2 toxin;
d.9. Microcystin (Cyanginosin);
d.10. Modeccin toxin;
d.11. Ricin;
d.12. Saxitoxin;
d.13. Shiga toxin;
d.14. Staphylococcus aureus toxins;
d.15. T-2 toxin;
d.16. Tetrodotoxin;
d.17. Verotoxin and other Shiga-like ribosome inactivating proteins;
d.18. Viscum Album Lectin 1 (Viscumin); or
d.19. Volkensin toxin.
e. “Fungi”, as follows:
e.1. Coccidioides immitis; or
e.2. Coccidioides posadasii.
1C352Animal pathogens, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Note
All vaccines are excluded from the scope of this ECCN. See ECCN 1C991 for vaccines.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, maintain controls on the possession, use, and transfer within the United States of certain items controlled by this ECCN (for APHIS, see 7 CFR 331.3(b), CFR 121.3(b), and 9 CFR 121.4(b); for CDC, see 42 CFR 73.3(b) and 42 CFR 73.4(b)).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Viruses, as follows:
a.1. African swine fever virus;
a.2. Avian influenza (AI) viruses identified as having high pathogenicity (HP), as follows:
a.2.a. AI viruses that have an intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) in 6-week-old chickens greater than 1.2; or
a.2.b. AI viruses that cause at least 75% mortality in 4- to 8-week-old chickens infected intravenously.
Note:
Avian influenza (AI) viruses of the H5 or H7 subtype that do not have either of the characteristics described in 1C352.a.2 (specifically, 1C352.a.2.a or a.2.b) should be sequenced to determine whether multiple basic amino acids are present at the cleavage site of the haemagglutinin molecule (HA0). If the amino acid motif is similar to that observed for other HPAI isolates, then the isolate being tested should be considered as HPAI and the virus is controlled under 1C352.a.2.
a.3. Bluetongue virus;
a.4. Foot and mouth disease virus;
a.5. Goat pox virus;
a.6. Porcine herpes virus (Aujeszky's disease);
a.7. Swine fever virus (Hog cholera virus);
a.8. Lyssa virus (a.k.a. Rabies);
a.9. Newcastle disease virus;
a.10. Peste des petits ruminants virus;
a.11. Porcine enterovirus type 9 (swine vesicular disease virus);
a.12. Rinderpest virus;
a.13. Sheep pox virus;
a.14. Teschen disease virus;
a.15. Vesicular stomatitis virus;
a.16. Lumpy skin disease virus;
a.17. African horse sickness virus.
b. Bacteria, as follows:
b.1. Mycoplasma mycoides, as follows:
b.1.a. Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides SC (small colony) (a.k.a. contagious bovine pleuropneumonia);
b.1.b. Mycoplasma capricolum subspecies capripneumoniae (“strain F38”).
b.2. [Reserved]
1C353Genetic elements and genetically modified organisms, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Note
Vaccines that contain genetic elements or genetically modified organisms identified in this ECCN are controlled by ECCN 1C991.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, maintain controls on the possession, use, and transfer within the United States of certain items controlled by this ECCN, including (but not limited to) genetic elements, recombinant nucleic acids, and recombinant organisms associated with the agents or toxins in ECCN 1C360 (for APHIS, see 7 CFR 331.3(c), CFR 121.3(c), and 9 CFR 121.4(c); for CDC, see 42 CFR 73.3(c) and 42 CFR 73.4(c)).
Related Definition: N/A
Items: a. Genetic elements, as follows:
a.1. Genetic elements that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of microorganisms controlled by 1C351.a to .c, 1C352, 1C354, or 1C360;
a.2. Genetic elements that contain nucleic acid sequences coding for any of the “toxins” controlled by 1C351.d or “sub-units of toxins” thereof.
b. Genetically modified organisms, as follows:
b.1. Genetically modified organisms that contain nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of microorganisms controlled by 1C351.a to .c, 1C352, 1C354, or 1C360;
b.2. Genetically modified organisms that contain nucleic acid sequences coding for any of the “toxins” controlled by 1C351.d or “sub-units of toxins” thereof.
Technical Note:
1. “Genetic elements” include, inter alia, chromosomes, genomes, plasmids, transposons, and vectors, whether genetically modified or unmodified.
2. This ECCN does not control nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli, serotype O157 and other verotoxin producing strains, except those nucleic acid sequences that contain coding for the verotoxin or its sub-units.
3. “Nucleic acid sequences associated with the pathogenicity of any of the microorganisms controlled by 1C351.a to .c, 1C352, 1C354, or 1C360” means any sequence specific to the relevant controlled microorganism that:
a. In itself or through its transcribed or translated products represents a significant hazard to human, animal or plant health; or
b. Is known to enhance the ability of a microorganism controlled by 1C351.a to .c, 1C352, 1C354, or 1C360, or any other organism into which it may be inserted or otherwise integrated, to cause serious harm to human, animal or plant health.
4. “Genetically modified organisms” include organisms in which the genetic material (nucleic acid sequences) has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination, and encompasses those produced artificially in whole or in part.
1C354Plant pathogens, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Note
All vaccines are excluded from the scope of this ECCN. See ECCN 1C991 for vaccines.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, maintains controls on the possession, use, and transfer within the United States of certain items controlled by this ECCN (see 7 CFR 331.3(c), CFR 121.3(c), and 9 CFR 121.4(c)).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items a. Bacteria, as follows:
a.1. Xanthomonas albilineans;
a.2. Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri including strains referred to as Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri types A,B,C,D,E or otherwise classified as Xanthomonas citri, Xanthomonas campestris pv. aurantifolia or Xanthomonas campestris pv. citrumelo;
a.3. Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (syn. Pseudomonas campestris pv. oryzae);
a.4. Clavibacter michiganensis subspecies sepedonicus (syn. Corynebacterium michiganensis subspecies sepedonicum or Corynebacterium sepedonicum);
a.5. Ralstonia solanacearum Races 2 and 3 (syn. Pseudomonas solanacearum Races 2 and 3 or Burkholderia solanacearum Races 2 and 3);
b. Fungi, as follows:
b.1. Colletotrichum coffeanum var. virulans (Colletotrichum kahawae);
b.2. Cochliobolus miyabeanus (Helminthosporium oryzae);
b.3. Microcyclus ulei (syn. Dothidella ulei);
b.4. Puccinia graminis (syn. Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici);
b.5. Puccinia striiformis (syn. Puccinia glumarum);
b.6. Magnaporthe grisea (pyricularia grisea/pyricularia oryzae);
c. Viruses, as follows:
c.1. Potato Andean latent tymovirus;
c.2. Potato spindle tuber viroid.
1C355Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Schedule 2 and 3 chemicals and families of chemicals not controlled by ECCN 1C350 or by the Department of State under the ITAR.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CW, AT
Control(s): CW applies to entire entry. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for CW reasons. A license is required to export or reexport CWC Schedule 2 chemicals and mixtures identified in 1C355.a to States not Party to the CWC (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR). A license is required to export CWC Schedule 3 chemicals and mixtures identified in 1C355.b to States not Party to the CWC, unless an End-Use Certificate issued by the government of the importing country is obtained by the exporter, prior to export. A license is required to reexport CWC Schedule 3 chemicals and mixtures identified in 1C355.b from a State not Party to the CWC to any other State not Party to the CWC. (See § 742.18 of the EAR for license requirements and policies for toxic and precursor chemicals controlled for CW reasons.)
AT applies to entire entry. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for AT reasons in 1C355. A license is required, for AT reasons, to export or reexport items controlled by 1C355 to a country in Country Group E:1 of Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information on the AT controls that apply to Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. See part 746 of the EAR for additional information on sanctions that apply to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Syria.)
License Requirements Notes
1. Mixtures:
a. Mixtures containing toxic and precursor chemicals identified in ECCN 1C355, in concentrations that are below the control levels indicated in 1C355.a and .b, are controlled by ECCN 1C995 and are subject to the license requirements specified in that ECCN.
b. Mixtures containing chemicals identified in this entry are not controlled by ECCN 1C355 when the controlled chemical is a normal ingredient in consumer goods packaged for retail sale for personal use or packaged for individual use. Such consumer goods are classified as EAR99.
Note to mixtures: Calculation of concentrations of CW-controlled chemicals:
a. Exclusion. No chemical may be added to the mixture (solution) for the sole purpose of circumventing the Export Administration Regulations;
b. Percent Weight Calculation. When calculating the percentage, by weight, of components in a chemical mixture, include all components of the mixture, including those that act as solvents.
2. Compounds: Compounds created with any chemicals identified in this ECCN 1C355 may be shipped NLR (No License Required), without obtaining an End-Use Certificate, unless those compounds are also identified in this entry or require a license for reasons set forth elsewhere in the EAR.
Technical Notes: For purposes of this entry, a “mixture” is defined as a solid, liquid or gaseous product made up of two or more components that do not react together under normal storage conditions.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Liters or kilograms, as appropriate.
Related Controls: See also ECCNs 1C350 1C351, 1C395, and 1C995. See §§ 742.18 and 745.2 of the EAR for End-Use Certification requirements.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. CWC Schedule 2 chemicals and mixtures containing Schedule 2 chemicals:
a.1. Toxic chemicals, as follows, and mixtures containing toxic chemicals:
a.1.a. PFIB: 1,1,3,3,3-Pentafluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1-propene (C.A.S. 382-21-8) and mixtures in which PFIB constitutes more than 1 percent of the weight of the mixture;
a.1.b. [Reserved]
a.2. Precursor chemicals, as follows, and mixtures in which at least one of the following precursor chemicals constitutes more than 10 percent of the weight of the mixture:
a.2.a. Chemicals, except for those listed in Schedule 1, containing a phosphorus atom to which is bonded one methyl, ethyl, or propyl (normal or iso) group but not further carbon atoms.
Note:
1C355.a.2.a does not control Fonofos: O-Ethyl S-phenyl ethylphosphonothiolothionate (C.A.S. 944-22-9).
a.2.b. FAMILY: N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) phosphoramidic dihalides;
a.2.c. FAMILY: Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr, or i-Pr)-phosphoramidates;
a.2.d. FAMILY: N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) aminoethyl-2-chlorides and corresponding protonated salts;
a.2.e. FAMILY: N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) aminoethane-2-ols and corresponding protonated salts;
Note:
1C355.a.2.e. does not control N,N-Dimethylaminoethanol and corresponding protonated salts (C.A.S. 108-01-0) or N,N-Diethylaminoethanol and corresponding protonated salts (C.A.S. 100-37-8).
a.2.f. FAMILY: N,N-Dialkyl (Me, Et, n-Pr or i-Pr) aminoethane-2-thiols and corresponding protonated salts.
b. CWC Schedule 3 chemicals and mixtures containing Schedule 3 chemicals:
b.1. Toxic chemicals, as follows, and mixtures in which at least one of the following toxic chemicals constitutes 30 percent or more of the weight of the mixture:
b.1.a. Phosgene: Carbonyl dichloride (C.A.S. 75-44-5);
b.1.b. Cyanogen chloride (C.A.S. 506-77-4);
b.1.c. Hydrogen cyanide (C.A.S. 74-90-8);
b.1.d. Chloropicrin: Trichloronitromethane (C.A.S. 76-06-2).
b.2. Precursor chemicals, as follows, and mixtures in which at least one of the following precursor chemicals constitutes 30 percent or more of the weight of the mixture:
b.2.a. [Reserved];
b.2.b. Methyldiethanolamine (C.A.S. 105-59-9).
1C360Select agents not controlled under ECCN 1C351, 1C352, or 1C354.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Controls Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Note
All vaccines are excluded from the scope of this ECCN. See ECCN 1C991 for vaccines.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Also see ECCNs 1C351 (AG-controlled human and zoonotic pathogens and “toxins”), 1C352 (AG-controlled animal pathogens), and 1C354 (AG-controlled plant pathogens). (2) The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, maintain controls on the possession, use, and transfer within the United States of items controlled by this ECCN (for APHIS, see 7 CFR 331.3(b), CFR 121.3(b), and 9 CFR 121.4(b); for CDC, see 42 CFR 73.3(b) and 42 CFR 73.4(b)).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
Note:
The control status of items listed in this ECCN is not affected by the exemptions or exclusions contained in the domestic possession, use, and transfer regulations maintained by APHIS (at 7 CFR part 331 and 9 CFR part 121) and/or CDC (at 42 CFR part 73).
a. Human and zoonotic pathogens, as follows:
a.1. Viruses, as follows:
a.1.a. Central European tick-borne encephalitis viruses, as follows:
a.1.a.1. Absettarov;
a.1.a.2. Hanzalova;
a.1.a.3. Hypr;
a.1.a.4. Kumlinge;
a.1.b. Cercopithecine herpesvirus 1 (Herpes B virus);
a.1.c. Flexal virus;
a.1.d. Reconstructed replication competent forms of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus containing any portion of the coding regions of all eight gene segments;
a.2. [Reserved];
b. Animal pathogens, as follows:
b.1. Viruses, as follows:
b.1.a. Akabane virus;
b.1.b. Bovine spongiform encephalopathy agent;
b.1.c. Camel pox virus;
b.1.d. Malignant catarrhal fever virus;
b.1.e. Menangle virus;
b.2. Mycoplasma, as follows:
b.2.a. Mycoplasma capricolum, except subspecies capripneumoniae (see ECCN 1C352.b.1.b);
b.2.b. Mycoplasma mycoides capri;
b.3. Rickettsia, as follows:
b.3.a. Erhlichia ruminantium (a.k.a. Cowdria ruminantium);
b.3.b. [Reserved]
c. Plant pathogens, as follows:
c.1. Bacteria, as follows:
c.1.a. Rathayibacter toxicus;
c.1.b. Xylella fastidiosa pv. citrus variegated chlorosis (CVC);
c.2. Fungi, as follows:
c.2.a. Peronosclerospora philippinensis (a.k.a. Peronosclerospora sacchari);
c.2.b. Sclerophthora rayssiae var. zeae;
c.2.c. Synchytrium endobioticum;
c.2.d. Phoma glycinicola (formerly Pyrenochaeta glycines).
1C395Mixtures and Medical, Analytical, Diagnostic, and Food Testing Kits Not Controlled by ECCN 1C350, as follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, CW, AT
Control(s): CB applies to entire entry. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for CB reasons in 1C395. A license is required, for CB reasons, to export or reexport mixtures controlled by 1C395.a and test kits controlled by 1C395.b to States not Party to the CWC (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR).
CW applies to entire entry. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for CW reasons. A license is required for CW reasons, as follows, to States not Party to the CWC (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745 of the EAR): (1) Exports and reexports of mixtures controlled by 1C395.a, (2) exports and reexports of test kits controlled by 1C395.b that contain CWC Schedule 2 chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350, (3) exports of test kits controlled by 1C395.b that contain CWC Schedule 3 chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350, except that a license is not required, for CW reasons, to export test kits containing CWC Schedule 3 chemicals if an End-Use Certificate issued by the government of the importing country is obtained by the exporter prior to export, and (4) reexports from States not Party to the CWC of test kits controlled by 1C395.b that contain CWC Schedule 3 chemicals. (See§ 742.18 of the EAR for license requirements and policies for toxic and precursor chemicals controlled for CW reasons.)
AT applies to entire entry. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for AT reasons in 1C395. A license is required, for AT reasons, to export or reexport items controlled by 1C395 to a country in Country Group E:1 of Supplement No. 1 to part 740 of the EAR. (See part 742 of the EAR for additional information on the AT controls that apply to Iran, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria. See part 746 of the EAR for additional information on sanctions that apply to Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Syria.)
License Requirements Notes 1. 1C395.b does not control mixtures that contain precursor chemicals identified in ECCN 1C350.b or .c in concentrations below the control levels for mixtures indicated in 1C350.b or .c. 1C395.a and 1C995.a.1 and a.2.a control such mixtures, unless they are consumer goods, as described in License Requirements Note 2 of this ECCN.
2. This ECCN does not control mixtures when the controlled chemicals are normal ingredients in consumer goods packaged for retail sale for personal use. Such consumer goods are classified as EAR99.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: 1. ECCN 1C350 controls mixtures containing 30 percent or higher concentrations, by weight, of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical identified in ECCN 1C350.b; ECCN 1C995 controls such mixtures containing concentrations of 10 percent or less. 2. ECCN 1C995 controls “medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits” (as defined in the Related Definitions paragraph of this ECCN) that contain precursor chemicals listed in ECCN 1C350.d. ECCN 1C350 controls any such kits in which the amount of any single chemical listed in 1C350.b, .c, or .d exceeds 300 grams by weight.
Related Definitions: For the purpose of this entry, “medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits” are pre-packaged materials of defined composition that are specifically developed, packaged and marketed for medical, analytical, diagnostic, or public health purposes. Replacement reagents for medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits described in 1C395.b are controlled by ECCN 1C350 if the reagents contain at least one of the precursor chemicals identified in that ECCN in concentrations equal to or greater than the control levels for mixtures indicated in 1C350.b. or .c.
Items: a. Mixtures containing more than 10 percent, but less than 30 percent, by weight of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical identified in ECCN 1C350.b (For controls on other mixtures containing these chemicals, see Note 1 in the Related Controls paragraph of this ECCN.).
b. “Medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits” (as defined in the Related Definitions for this ECCN) that contain CWC Schedule 2 or 3 chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350.b or .c in an amount not exceeding 300 grams per chemical. (For controls on other such test kits containing these and other controlled chemicals, see Note 2 in the Related Controls paragraph of this ECCN.)
1C980Inorganic chemicals listed in Supplement No. 1 to part 754 of the EAR that were produced or derived from the Naval Petroleum Reserves (NPR) or became available for export as a result of an exchange of any NPR produced or derived commodities.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Barrels/Liters
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C981Crude petroleum including reconstituted crude petroleum, tar sands & crude shale oil listed in Supplement No. 1 to part 754 of the EAR.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Barrels/Liters
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1C982Other petroleum products listed in Supplement No. 1 to part 754 of the EAR that were produced or derived from the Naval Petroleum Reserves (NPR) or became available for export as a result of an exchange of any NPR produced or derived commodities.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1C983Natural gas liquids and other natural gas derivatives listed in Supplement No. 1 to part 754 of the EAR that were produced or derived from the Naval Petroleum Reserves (NPR) or became available for export as a result of an exchange of any NPR produced or derived commodities.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Barrels/Liters
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1C984Manufactured gas and synthetic natural gas (except when commingled with natural gas and thus subject to export authorization from the Department of Energy) listed in Supplement No. 1 to part 754 of the EAR that were produced or derived from the Naval Petroleum Reserves (NPR) or became available for export as a result of an exchange of any NPR produced or derived commodities.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Millions of cubic feet
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1C988Western red cedar (thuja plicata), logs and timber, and rough, dressed and worked lumber containing wane listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 754 of the EAR.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: SS
Control(s): SS applies to entire entry. For licensing requirements (and possible License Exceptions) proceed directly to part 754 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for SS reasons
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Million board feet scribner
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1C990Fibrous and filamentary materials, not controlled by 1C010 or 1C210, for use in “composite” structures and with a specific modulus of 3.18×10 6 m or greater and a specific tensile strength of 7.62×10 4 m or greater.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1C991Vaccines, immunotoxins, medical products, diagnostic and food testing kits, as follows (see List of Items controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT.
Control(s) Country Chart
CB applies to 1C991.d CB Column 3
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Medical products containing ricin or saxitoxin, as follows, are controlled for CW reasons under ECCN 1C351:
(a) Ricinus Communis AgglutininII (RCAII), also known as ricin D, or Ricinus Communis LectinIII (RCLIII);
(b) Ricinus Communis LectinIV (RCLIV), also known as ricin E; or
(c) Saxitoxin identified by C.A.S. #35523-89-8.
(2) The export of a “medical product” that is an “Investigational New Drug” (IND), as defined in 21 CFR 312.3, is subject to certain U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) requirements that are independent of the export requirements specified in this ECCN or elsewhere in the EAR. These FDA requirements are described in 21 CFR 312.110 and must be satisfied in addition to any requirements specified in the EAR.
(3) Also see 21 CFR 314.410 for FDA requirements concerning exports of new drugs and new drug substances.
Related Definitions: For the purpose of this entry, “immunotoxin” is defined as an antibody-toxin conjugate intended to destroy specific target cells (e.g., tumor cells) that bear antigens homologous to the antibody. For the purpose of this entry, “medical products” are: (1) Pharmaceutical formulations designed for testing and human administration in the treatment of medical conditions, (2) prepackaged for distribution as clinical or medical products, and (3) approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration either to be marketed as clinical or medical products or for use as an “Investigational New Drug” (IND) (see 21 CFR part 312). For the purpose of this entry, “diagnostic and food testing kits” are specifically developed, packaged and marketed for diagnostic or public health purposes. Biological toxins in any other configuration, including bulk shipments, or for any other end-uses are controlled by ECCN 1C351 or ECCN 1C360. For the purpose of this entry, “vaccine” is defined as a medicinal (or veterinary) product in a pharmaceutical formulation, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or the U.S. Department of Agriculture to be marketed as a medical (or veterinary) product or for use in clinical trials, that is intended to stimulate a protective immunological response in humans or animals in order to prevent disease in those to whom or to which it is administered.
Items:
a. Vaccines against items controlled by ECCN 1C351, 1C352, 1C353, 1C354, or 1C360;
b. Immunotoxins containing items controlled by 1C351.d;
c. Medical products containing botulinum toxins controlled by ECCN 1C351.d.3 or conotoxins controlled by ECCN 1C351.d.6;
d. Medical products containing items controlled by ECCN 1C351.d (except botulinum toxins controlled by ECCN 1C351.d.3, conotoxins controlled by ECCN 1C351.d.6, and items controlled for CW reasons under 1C351.d.11 or .d.12);
e. Diagnostic and food testing kits containing items controlled by ECCN 1C351.d (except items controlled for CW reasons under ECCN 1C351.d.11 or .d.12).
1C992Commercial charges and devices containing energetic materials, n.e.s and nitrogen trifluoride in a gaseous state
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq and transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) Commercial charges and devices containing USML controlled energetic materials that exceed the quantities noted or that are not covered by this entry are controlled under 1C018. (2) Nitrogen trifluoride when not in a gaseous state is controlled under 1C018.
Related Definitions: (1) Items controlled by this entry 1C992 are those materials not subject to the licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121) or controlled by ECCN 1C018. (2) For purposes of this entry, the term “controlled materials” means controlled energetic materials (see ECCNs 1C011, 1C111, 1C239 and 22 CFR 121.1, Category V). (3) The individual USML controlled energetic materials, even when compounded with other materials, remain subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State when not incorporated into explosive devices or charges controlled by this entry. (4) Commercial prefabricated slurries and emulsions containing greater than 35% of USML controlled energetic materials are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (5) For purposes of this entry, the mass of aluminum powder, potassium perchlorate, and any of the substances listed in the note to the USML (see 22 CFR 121.12) (such as ammonium pictrate, black powder, etc.) contained in commercial explosive devices and in the charges are omitted when determining the total mass of controlled material.
Items: a. Shaped charges specially designed for oil well operations, utilizing one charge functioning along a single axis, that upon detonation produce a hole, and
a.1. Contain any formulation of controlled materials;
a.2. Have only a uniform shaped conical liner with an included angle of 90 degrees or less;
a.3. Contain more than 0.010 kg but less than or equal to 0.090 kg of controlled materials; and
a.4. Have a diameter not exceeding 4.5 inches;
b. Shaped charges specially designed for oil well operations containing less than or equal to 0.010 kg of controlled materials;
c. Detonation cord or shock tubes containing less than or equal to 0.064 kg per meter (300 grains per foot) of controlled materials;
d. Cartridge power devices, that contain less than or equal to 0.70 kg of controlled materials in the deflagration material;
e. Detonators (electric or nonelectric) and assemblies thereof, that contain less than or equal to 0.01 kg of controlled materials;
f. Igniters, that contain less than or equal to 0.01 kg of controlled materials;
g. Oil well cartridges, that contain less than or equal to 0.015 kg of controlled energetic materials;
h. Commercial cast or pressed boosters containing less than or equal to 1.0 kg of controlled materials;
i. Commercial prefabricated slurries and emulsions containing less than or equal to 10.0 kg and less than or equal to thirty-five percent by weight of USML controlled materials;
j. Cutters and severing tools containing less than or equal to 3.5 kg of controlled materials;
k. Pyrotechnic devices when designed exclusively for commercial purposes (e.g., theatrical stages, motion picture special effects, and fireworks displays) and containing less than or equal to 3.0 kg of controlled materials; or
l. Other commercial explosive devices and charges not controlled by 1C992.a through .k containing less than or equal to 1.0 kg of controlled materials.
Note:
1C992.l includes automotive safety devices; extinguishing systems; cartridges for riveting guns; explosive charges for agricultural, oil and gas operations, sporting goods, commercial mining, or public works purposes; and delay tubes used in the assembly of commercial explosive devices.
m. Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) in a gaseous state.
1C995Mixtures not controlled by ECCN 1C350, ECCN 1C355 or ECCN 1C395 that contain chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350 or ECCN 1C355 and medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits not controlled by ECCN 1C350 or ECCN 1C395 that contain chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350.d, as follows (see List of Items controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq or transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Requirement Notes 1. This ECCN does not control mixtures containing less than 0.5% of any single toxic or precursor chemical controlled by ECCN 1C350.b, .c, or .d or ECCN 1C355 as unavoidable by-products or impurities. Such mixtures are classified as EAR99.
2. 1C995.c does not control mixtures that contain precursor chemicals identified in 1C350.d in concentrations below the levels for mixtures indicated in 1C350.d. 1C995.a.2.b controls such mixtures, unless they are consumer goods as described in License Requirements Note 3 of this ECCN.
3. This ECCN does not control mixtures when the controlled chemicals are normal ingredients in consumer goods packaged for retail sale for personal use. Such consumer goods are classified as EAR99.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: 1. ECCN 1C350 controls mixtures containing 30 percent or higher concentrations of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical identified in ECCN 1C350.b. ECCN 1C395 controls mixtures containing concentrations of more than 10 percent, but less than 30 percent, of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical identified in ECCN 1C350.b. 2. ECCN 1C350 controls mixtures containing chemicals identified in ECCN 1C350.c or .d that exceed the concentration levels indicated in 1C995.a.2. 3. ECCN 1C355 controls mixtures containing chemicals identified in ECCN 1C355 that exceed the concentration levels indicated in 1C995.b. 4. ECCN 1C395 controls “medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits” (as defined in the Related Controls paragraph of this ECCN) that contain CWC Schedule 2 or 3 chemicals listed in 1C350.b or .c. ECCN 1C350 controls any such testing kits in which the amount of any single chemical listed in 1C350.b, .c., or .d exceeds 300 grams by weight.
Related Definitions: For the purpose of this entry, “medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits” are pre-packaged materials of defined composition that are specifically developed, packaged and marketed for medical, analytical, diagnostic, or public health purposes. Replacement reagents for medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits described in 1C995.c are controlled by ECCN 1C350 if the reagents contain at least one of the precursor chemicals identified in that ECCN in concentrations equal to or greater than the control levels for mixtures indicated in 1C350.d.
Items: a. Mixtures containing the following concentrations of precursor chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350 (For controls on other mixtures containing these chemicals, see Notes 1 and 2 in the Related Controls paragraph of this ECCN.):
a.1. Mixtures containing 10 percent or less, by weight, of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical controlled by ECCN 1C350.b;
a.2. Mixtures containing less than 30 percent, by weight, of:
a.2.a. Any single CWC Schedule 3 chemical controlled by ECCN 1C350.c; or
a.2.b. Any single precursor chemical controlled by ECCN 1C350.d.
b. Mixtures containing the following concentrations of toxic or precursor chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C355 (For controls on other mixtures containing these chemicals, see Note 3 in the Related Controls paragraph of this ECCN.):
b.1. Mixtures containing the following concentrations of CWC Schedule 2 chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C355.a:
b.1.a. Mixtures containing 1 percent or less, by weight, of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical controlled by ECCN 1C355.a.1 (i.e., mixtures containing PFIB); or
b.1.b. Mixtures containing 10 percent or less, by weight, of any single CWC Schedule 2 chemical controlled by 1C355.a.2;
b.2. Mixtures containing less than 30 percent, by weight, of any single CWC Schedule 3 chemical controlled by ECCN 1C355.b.
c. “Medical, analytical, diagnostic, and food testing kits” (as defined in the Related Definitions for this ECCN) that contain precursor chemicals controlled by ECCN 1C350.d in an amount not exceeding 300 grams per chemical. (For controls on other such test kits containing these and other controlled chemicals, see Note 4 in the Related Controls paragraph of this ECCN.)
1C996Hydraulic fluids containing synthetic hydrocarbon oils, having all the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Barrels (55 U.S. gallons/209 liters)
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A flash point exceeding 477 K (204 °C);
b. A pour point at 239 K (−-34 °C) or less;
c. A viscosity index of 75 or more; and
d. A thermal stability at 616 K (343 °C).
1C997Ammonium Nitrate, Including Fertilizers and Fertilizer Blends Containing More Than 15% by Weight Ammonium Nitrate, Except Liquid Fertilizers (Containing Any Amount of Ammonium Nitrate) or Dry Fertilizers Containing Less Than 15% by Weight Ammonium Nitrate
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq or transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1C998Non-fluorinated polymeric substances, not controlled by 1C008, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Kilograms
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Polyarylene ether ketones, as follows:
a.1 Polyether ether ketone (PEEK);
a.2. Polyether ketone ketone (PEKK);
a.3. Polyether ketone (PEK);
a.4. Polyether ketone ether ketone ketone (PEKEKK);
b. [Reserved]
1C999Specific Materials, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT, RS.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT license requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
RS applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry for export or reexport to Iraq or transfer within Iraq for regional stability reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine RS license requirements for this entry. See §§ 742.6 and 746.3 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 1C236.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Hardened steel and tungsten carbide precision ball bearings (3mm or greater diameter);
b. 304 and 316 stainless steel plate, n.e.s.;
c. Monel plate;
d. Tributyl phosphate;
e. Nitric acid in concentrations of 20 weight percent or greater;
f. Fluorine;
g. Alpha-emitting radionuclides, n.e.s.
1D001“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 1B001 to 1B003.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1
MT applies to “software” for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of items controlled by 1B001 for MT reasons MT Column 1
NP applies to “software” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of items controlled by 1B001 for NP reasons NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: Yes, except N/A for MT
TSR: Yes, except N/A for MT
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 1E101 (“use”) and 1E102 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry. (2) Also see 1D002, 1D101, 1D201, and 1D999.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1D002“Software” for the “development” of organic “matrix”, metal “matrix” or carbon “matrix” laminates or “composites”.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under Exceptions.
License Exceptions
CIV: Yes
TSR: Yes
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship or transmit “software” for the “development” of organic “matrix”, metal “matrix” or carbon “matrix” laminates or “composites” specified in ECCN 1A002 to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: “Software” for items controlled by 1A102 are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1D003“Software” specially designed or modified to enable equipment to perform the functions of equipment controlled under 1A004.c or 1A004.d.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
RS applies to software for equipment controlled by 1A004.d RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1D018“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of items controlled by 1B018.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
MT applies to “software” for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of items controlled by 1B018 for MT reasons MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1D101“Software” specially designed or modified for the “use” of commodities controlled by 1B101, 1B102, 1B115, 1B117, 1B118, or 1B119.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to “software” for the “use” of items controlled by 1B101.a NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E101 (“use”) and 1E102 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1D103“Software” specially designed for reduced observables such as radar reflectivity, ultraviolet/infrared signatures and acoustic signatures, for applications usable in “missiles” or their subsystems.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) This entry includes “software” specially designed for analysis of signature reduction. (2) For software that meets the definition of defense articles under 22 CFR 120.3 of the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), see 22 CFR 121.16, Item 17-Category II of the (ITAR), which describes similar software that are under the jurisdiction of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1D201“Software” specially designed or modified for the “use” of items controlled by 1B201.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1E201 (“use”) and 1E203 (“development” and “production”) for technology for items controlled by this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1D390“Software” for process control that is specifically configured to control or initiate “production” of chemicals controlled by 1C350.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: See Section 772.1 of the EAR for the definitions of “software,” “program,” and “microprogram.”
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1D993“Software” specially designed for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of equipment or materials controlled by 1C210.b or 1C990.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country Chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
1D999Specific Software, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
Country Chart.
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 1B999.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Software specially designed for industrial process control hardware/systems controlled by 1B999, n.e.s.;
b. Software specially designed for equipment for the production of structural composites, fibers, prepregs and preforms controlled by 1B999, n.e.s.
E. Technology
1E001“Technology” According to the General Technology Note for the “Development” or “Production” of Items Controlled by 1A001.b, 1A001.c, 1A002, 1A003, 1A004, 1A005, 1A006.b, 1A007, 1A008, 1A101, 1B (except 1B999), or 1C (except 1C355, 1C980 to 1C984, 1C988, 1C990, 1C991, 1C995 to 1C999).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, CB, RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1A001.b and .c, 1A002, 1A003, 1A005, 1A006.b, 1A007, 1A008, 1B001 to 1B003, 1B018, 1C001 to 1C011, or 1C018 NS Column 1.
NS applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1A004 NS Column 2
MT applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1A101, 1B001, 1B101, 1B102, 1B115 to 1B119, 1C001, 1C007, 1C011, 1C101, 1C102, 1C107, 1C111, 1C116, 1C117, or 1C118 for MT reasons MT Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1A002, 1A007, 1B001, 1B101, 1B201, 1B225 to 1B233, 1C002, 1C010, 1C116, 1C202, 1C210, 1C216, 1C225 to 1C240 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
CB applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1C351, 1C352, 1C353, 1C354, or 1C360 CB Column 1.
CB applies to “technology” for materials controlled by 1C350 and for chemical detection systems and dedicated detectors therefor, in 1A004.c, that also have the technical characteristics described in 2B351.a CB Column 2.
RS applies to technology for equipment controlled in 1A004.d RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirements Note:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes, except for the following:
(1) Items controlled for MT reasons; or
(2) Exports and reexports to destinations outside of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, or the United Kingdom of “technology” for the “development” or production” of the following:
(a) Items controlled by 1C001; or
(b) Items controlled by 1A002.a which are composite structures or laminates having an organic “matrix” and being made from materials listed under 1C010.c or 1C010.d.
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship or transmit “technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” or “production” of equipment and materials specified by ECCNs 1A002, 1C001, 1C007.c or d, 1C010.c or d or 1C012 to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: (1) Also see ECCNs 1E101, 1E201, and 1E202. (2) See ECCN 1E002.g for control libraries (parametric technical databases) specially designed or modified to enable equipment to perform the functions of equipment controlled under 1A004.c (Nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) detection systems). (3) “Technology” for lithium isotope separation (see related ECCN 1B233) and “technology” for items described in ECCN 1C012 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see 10 CFR part 110). (4) “Technology” for items described in ECCN 1A102 is subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E002Other “technology” as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country Chart
NS applies to entire entry, except 1E002.g NS Column 1.
NS applies to 1E002.g NS Column 2.
MT applies to 1E002.e MT Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1A002 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Note
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes, except for 1E002.e
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship or transmit any item in 1E002.e or .f to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See also 1E001, 1E101,1E102, 1E202, and 1E994 for “technology” related to 1E002.e or .f.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. “Technology” for the “development” or “production” of polybenzothiazoles or polybenzoxazoles;
b. “Technology” for the “development” or “production” of fluoroelastomer compounds containing at least one vinylether monomer;
c. “Technology” for the design or “production” of the following base materials or non-“composite” ceramic materials:
c.1. Base materials having all of the following:
c.1.a. Any of the following compositions:
c.1.a.1. Single or complex oxides of zirconium and complex oxides of silicon or aluminum;
c.1.a.2. Single nitrides of boron (cubic crystalline forms);
c.1.a.3. Single or complex carbides of silicon or boron; or
c.1.a.4. Single or complex nitrides of silicon;
c.1.b. Any of the following total metallic impurities (excluding intentional additions):
c.1.b.1. Less than 1,000 ppm for single oxides or carbides; or
c.1.b.2. Less than 5,000 ppm for complex compounds or single nitrides; and
c.1.c. Being any of the following:
c.1.c.1. Zirconia (CAS 1314-23-4) with an average particle size equal to or less than 1 µm and no more than 10% of the particles larger than 5 µm;
c.1.c.2. Other base materials with an average particle size equal to or less than 5 µm and no more than 10% of the particles larger than 10 µm; or
c.1.c.3. Having all of the following:
c.1.c.3.a. Platelets with a length to thickness ratio exceeding 5;
c.1.c.3.b. Whiskers with a length to diameter ratio exceeding 10 for diameters less than 2 µm; and
c.1.c.3.c. Continuous or chopped fibers less than 10 µm in diameter;
c.2. Non-“composite” ceramic materials composed of the materials described in 1E002.c.1;
Note:
1E002.c.2 does not control technology for the design or production of abrasives.
d. “Technology” for the “production” of aromatic polyamide fibers;
e. “Technology” for the installation, maintenance or repair of materials controlled by 1C001;
f. “Technology” for the repair of “composite” structures, laminates or materials controlled by 1A002, 1C007.c or 1C007.d;
Note:
1E002.f does not control “technology” for the repair of “civil aircraft” structures using carbon “fibrous or filamentary materials” and epoxy resins, contained in aircraft manufacturers' manuals.
g. ’Libraries' (parametric technical databases) specially designed or modified to enable equipment to perform the functions of equipment controlled under 1A004.c or 1A004.d.
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 1E002.g, ‘library’ (parametric technical database) means a collection of technical information, reference to which may enhance the performance of relevant equipment or systems.
1E101“Technology”, in accordance with the General Technology Note, for the “use” of commodities and software controlled by 1A101, 1A102, 1B001, 1B101, 1B102, 1B115 to 1B119, 1C001, 1C007, 1C011, 1C101, 1C107, 1C111, 1C116, 1C117, 1C118, 1D001, 1D101, or 1D103.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1B001, 1B101, 1C116, 1D001, and 1D101 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: “Technology” for items controlled by 1A102 are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E102“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” of software controlled by 1D001, 1D101 or 1D103.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 1D001 and 1D101 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: This entry includes databases specially designed for analysis of signature reduction.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E103“Technical data” (including processing conditions) and procedures for the regulation of temperature, pressure or atmosphere in autoclaves or hydroclaves, when used for the “production” of “composites” or partially processed “composites”, usable for equipment or materials specified in 1C007, 1C102, 1C107, 1C116, 1C117, 1C118, 9A110, and 9C110.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See also 1E203
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E104“Technology” for the “production” of pyrolytically derived materials formed on a mold, mandrel or other substrate from precursor gases which decompose in the 1,573 K (1,300 °C) to 3,173 K (2,900 °C) temperature range at pressures of 130 Pa (1 mm Hg) to 20 kPa (150 mm Hg), including “technology” for the composition of precursor gases, flow-rates and process control schedules and parameters.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E201“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “use” of items controlled by 1A002, 1A007, 1A202, 1A225 to 1A227, 1B201, 1B225 to 1B232, 1B233.b, 1C002.b.3 and b.4, 1C010.a, 1C010.b, 1C010.e.1, 1C202, 1C210, 1C216, 1C225 to 1C240 or 1D201.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry, for items controlled for NP reasons NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E202“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” or “production” of goods controlled by 1A202 or 1A225 to 1A227.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E203“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” or “production” of “software” controlled by 1D201.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E350“Technology” according to the “General Technology Note” for facilities designed or intended to produce chemicals controlled by 1C350.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E351“Technology” according to the “General Technology Note” for the disposal of chemicals or microbiological materials controlled by 1C350, 1C351, 1C352, 1C353, 1C354 or 1C360.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to “technology” for the disposal of items controlled by 1C351, 1C352, 1C353, 1C354, or 1C360 CB Column 1.
CB applies to “technology” for the disposal of items controlled by 1C350 CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E355Technology for the production of Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Schedule 2 and 3 chemicals, as follows (see List of Items Controlled):
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CW, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
CW applies to entire entry. A license is required for CW reasons to CWC non-States Parties (destinations not listed in Supplement No. 2 to part 745), except for Israel and Taiwan. See § 742.18 of the EAR. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for items controlled for CW reasons
AT applies to the entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
TSR: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Technology for the production of the following CWC Schedule 2 toxic chemicals:
a.1. PFIB: 1,1,3,3,3-Pentafluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1-propene (382-21-8);
a.2. [Reserved]
b. Technology for the production of the following CWC Schedule 3 toxic chemicals:
b.1. Phosgene: Carbonyl dichloride (75-44-5);
b.2. Cyanogen chloride (506-77-4);
b.3. Hydrogen cyanide (74-90-8).
1E994“Technology” for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of fibrous and filamentary materials controlled by 1C990.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country Chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
1E998“Technology” for the “development” or “production” of processing equipment controlled by 1B999, and materials controlled by 1C996, 1C997, 1C998, or 1C999.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
EAR99Items Subject to the EAR That Are Not Elsewhere Specified in This CCL Category or in Any Other Category in the CCL Are Designated by the Number EAR99.
Annex to Category 1
List of Explosives (See ECCNs 1A004 and 1A008)
1. ADNBF (aminodinitrobenzofuroxan or 7-amino-4,6-dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 97096-78-1);
2. BNCP (cis-bis (5-nitrotetrazolato) tetra amine-cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 117412-28-9);
3. CL-14 (diamino dinitrobenzofuroxan or 5,7-diamino-4,6-dinitrobenzofurazane-1-oxide) (CAS 117907-74-1);
4. CL-20 (HNIW or Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane) (CAS 135285-90-4); chlathrates of CL-20;
5. CP (2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) penta amine-cobalt (III) perchlorate) (CAS 70247-32-4);
6. DADE (1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethylene, FOX7) (CAS 145250-81-3);
7. DATB (diaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 1630-08-6);
8. DDFP (1,4-dinitrodifurazanopiperazine);
9. DDPO (2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-1-oxide, PZO) (CAS 194486-77-6);
10. DIPAM (3,3′-diamino-2,2′,4,4′,6,6′-hexanitrobiphenyl or dipicramide) (CAS 17215-44-0);
11. DNGU (DINGU or dinitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-04-8);
12. Furazans as follows:
a. DAAOF (diaminoazoxyfurazan);
b. DAAzF (diaminoazofurazan) (CAS 78644-90-3);
13. HMX and derivatives, as follows:
a. HMX (Cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine, octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazine, 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraza-cyclooctane, octogen or octogene) (CAS 2691-41-0);
b. difluoroaminated analogs of HMX;
c. K-55 (2,4,6,8-tetranitro-2,4,6,8-tetraazabicyclo [3,3,0]-octanone-3, tetranitrosemiglycouril or keto-bicyclic HMX) (CAS 130256-72-3);
14. HNAD (hexanitroadamantane) (CAS 143850-71-9);
15. HNS (hexanitrostilbene) (CAS 20062-22-0);
16. Imidazoles as follows:
a. BNNII (Octahydro-2,5-bis(nitroimino)imidazo [4,5-d]imidazole);
b. DNI (2,4-dinitroimidazole) (CAS 5213-49-0);
c. FDIA (1-fluoro-2,4-dinitroimidazole);
d. NTDNIA (N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2,4-dinitroimidazole);
e. PTIA (1-picryl-2,4,5-trinitroimidazole);
17. NTNMH (1-(2-nitrotriazolo)-2-dinitromethylene hydrazine);
18. NTO (ONTA or 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one) (CAS 932-64-9);
19. Polynitrocubanes with more than four nitro groups;
20. PYX (2,6-Bis(picrylamino)-3,5-dinitropyridine) (CAS 38082-89-2);
21. RDX and derivatives, as follows:
a. RDX (cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine, cyclonite, T4, hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triaza-cyclohexane, hexogen or hexogene) (CAS 121-82-4);
b. Keto-RDX (K-6 or 2,4,6-trinitro-2,4,6-triazacyclohexanone) (CAS 115029-35-1);
22. TAGN (triaminoguanidinenitrate) (CAS 4000-16-2);
23. TATB (triaminotrinitrobenzene) (CAS 3058-38-6);
24. TEDDZ (3,3,7,7-tetrabis(difluoroamine) octahydro-1,5-dinitro-1,5-diazocine);
25. Tetrazoles as follows:
a. NTAT (nitrotriazol aminotetrazole);
b. NTNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo)-4-nitrotetrazole);
26. Tetryl (trinitrophenylmethylnitramine) (CAS 479-45-8);
27. TNAD (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-1,4,5,8-tetraazadecalin) (CAS 135877-16-6);
28. TNAZ (1,3,3-trinitroazetidine) (CAS 97645-24-4);
29. TNGU (SORGUYL or tetranitroglycoluril) (CAS 55510-03-7);
30. TNP (1,4,5,8-tetranitro-pyridazino[4,5-d]pyridazine) (CAS 229176-04-9);
31. Triazines as follows:
a. DNAM (2-oxy-4,6-dinitroamino-s-triazine) (CAS 19899-80-0);
b. NNHT (2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine) (CAS 130400-13-4);
32. Triazoles as follows:
a. 5-azido-2-nitrotriazole;
b. ADHTDN (4-amino-3,5-dihydrazino-1,2,4-triazole dinitramide) (CAS 1614-08-0);
c. ADNT (1-amino-3,5-dinitro-1,2,4-triazole);
d. BDNTA ([bis-dinitrotriazole]amine);
e. DBT (3,3′-dinitro-5,5-bi-1,2,4-triazole) (CAS 30003-46-4);
f. DNBT (dinitrobistriazole) (CAS 70890-46-9);
g. [Reserved]
h. NTDNT (1-N-(2-nitrotriazolo) 3,5-dinitrotriazole);
i. PDNT (1-picryl-3,5-dinitrotriazole);
j. TACOT (tetranitrobenzotriazolobenzotriazole) (CAS 25243-36-1);
33. “Explosives” not listed elsewhere in this list having a detonation velocity exceeding 8,700 m/s, at maximum density, or a detonation pressure exceeding 34 GPa (340 kbar);
34. Organic “explosives” not listed elsewhere in this list yielding detonation pressures of 25 GPa (250 kbar) or more that will remain stable at temperatures of 523 K (250 °C) or higher, for periods of 5 minutes or longer;
35. Nitrocellulose (containing more than 12.5% nitrogen) (CAS 9004-70-0);
36. Nitroglycol (CAS 628-96-6);
37. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) (CAS 78-11-5);
38. Picryl chloride (CAS 88-88-0);
39. 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) (CAS 118-96-7);
40. Nitroglycerine (NG) (CAS 55-63-0);
41. Triacetone Triperoxide (TATP) (CAS 17088-37-8);
42. Guanidine nitrate (CAS 506-93-4);
43. Nitroguanidine (NQ) (CAS 556-88-7).
Category 2—Materials Processing
Note:
For quiet running bearings, see the U.S. Munitions List.
A. Systems, Equipment and Components
2A001Anti-friction bearings and bearing systems, as follows, (see List of Items Controlled) and components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
MT applies to radial ball bearings having all tolerances specified in accordance with ISO 492 Tolerance Class 2 (or ANSI/ABMA Std 20 Tolerance Class ABEC-9, or other national equivalents) or better and having all the following characteristics: An inner ring bore diameter between 12 and 50 mm; an outer ring outside diameter between 25 and 100 mm; and a width between 10 and 20 mm. MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000, N/A for MT
GBS: Yes, for 2A001.a, N/A for MT
CIV: Yes, for 2A001.a, N/A for MT
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) See also 2A991. (2) Quiet running bearings are subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (See 22 CFR part 121.)
Related Definitions: Annular Bearing Engineers Committee (ABEC).
Items:
Note:
2A001 does not control balls with tolerances specified by the manufacturer in accordance with ISO 3290 as grade 5 or worse.
a. Ball bearings and solid roller bearings, having all tolerances specified by the manufacturer in accordance with ISO 492 Tolerance Class 4 (or national equivalents), or better, and having both rings and rolling elements (ISO 5593), made from monel or beryllium;
Note:
2A001.a does not control tapered roller bearings.
b. [Reserved]
c. Active magnetic bearing systems using any of the following:
c.1. Materials with flux densities of 2.0 T or greater and yield strengths greater than 414 MPa;
c.2. All-electromagnetic 3D homopolar bias designs for actuators; or
c.3. High temperature (450 K (177 °C) and above) position sensors.
2A101Radial Ball Bearings Having all Tolerances Specified in Accordance With ISO 492 Tolerance Class 2 (or ANSI/ABMA Std 20 Tolerance Class ABEC-9 or Other National Equivalents), or Better and Having all the Following Characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCN 2A001.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. An inner ring bore diameter between 12 and 50 mm;
b. An outer ring outside diameter between 25 and 100 mm; and
c. A width between 10 and 20 mm.
2A225Crucibles made of materials resistant to liquid actinide metals, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Crucibles having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. A volume of between 150 cm3 and 8,000 cm3; and
a.2. Made of or coated with any of the following materials, having a purity of 98% or greater by weight:
a.2.a. Calcium fluoride (CaF2);
a.2.b. Calcium zirconate (metazirconate) (CaZrO3);
a.2.c. Cerium sulphide (Ce2S3);
a.2.d. Erbium oxide (erbia) (Er2O3);
a.2.e. Hafnium oxide (hafnia) (HfO2);
a.2.f. Magnesium oxide (MgO);
a.2.g. Nitrided niobium-titanium-tungsten alloy (approximately 50% Nb, 30% Ti, 20% W);
a.2.h. Yttrium oxide (yttria) (Y2O3); or
a.2.i. Zirconium oxide (zirconia) (ZrO2);
b. Crucibles having both of the following characteristics:
b.1. A volume of between 50 cm3 and 2,000 cm3; and
b.2. Made of or lined with tantalum, having a purity of 99.9% or greater by weight;
c. Crucibles having all of the following characteristics:
c.1. A volume of between 50 cm3 and 2,000 cm3;
c.2. Made of or lined with tantalum, having a purity of 98% or greater by weight; and
c.3. Coated with tantalum carbide, nitride, boride, or any combination thereof.
2A226Valves having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control:NP, CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1.
CB applies to valves that also meet or exceed the technical parameters in 2B350.g CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 2A292 and 2B350.g. (3) Valves specially designed or prepared for certain nuclear uses are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: For valves with different inlet and outlet diameters, the “nominal size” in 2A226 refers to the smallest diameter.
Items: a. A “nominal size” of 5 mm or greater;
b. Having a bellows seal; and
c. Wholly made of or lined with aluminum, aluminum alloy, nickel, or nickel alloy containing more than 60% nickel by weight.
2A290Generators and other equipment specially designed, prepared, or intended for use with nuclear plants.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D290 for software for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E290 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCN 2A291. (4) Certain nuclear equipment specially designed or prepared for use in nuclear plants is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Generators, turbine-generator sets, steam turbines, heat exchangers, and heat exchanger type condensers designed or intended for use in a nuclear reactor;
b. Process control systems intended for use with the equipment controlled by 2A290.a.
2A291Equipment, except items controlled by 2A290, related to nuclear material handling and processing and to nuclear reactors.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D290 for software for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E290 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCN 2A290. (4) Certain equipment specially designed or prepared for use in a nuclear reactor or in nuclear material handling is subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110). (5) Nuclear radiation detection and measurement devices specially designed or modified for military purposes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State (see22 CFR parts 120 through 130).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Process control systems intended for use with nuclear reactors.
b. Simulators specially designed for “nuclear reactors”.
c. Casks that are specially designed for transportation of high-level radioactive material and that weigh more than 1,000 kg.
d. Commodities, parts and accessories specially designed or prepared for use with nuclear plants (e.g., snubbers, airlocks, pumps, reactor fuel charging and discharging equipment, containment equipment such as hydrogen recombiner and penetration seals, and reactor and fuel inspection equipment, including ultrasonic or eddy current test equipment).
e. Radiation detectors and monitors specially designed for detecting or measuring “special nuclear material” (as defined in 10 CFR part 110) or for nuclear reactors.
Technical Notes: 1. 2A291.e does not control neutron flux detectors and monitors. These are subject to the export licens ing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, pursuant to 10 CFR part 110.
2. 2A291.e does not control general purpose radiation detection equipment, such as geiger counters and dosimeters. These items are controlled by ECCN 1A999.
2A292Piping, fittings and valves made of, or lined with, stainless steel, copper-nickel alloy or other alloy steel containing 10% or more nickel and/or chromium.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:NP, CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2.
CB applies to valves that meet or exceed the technical parameters described in 2B350.g CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Pressure tubes, pipes, and fittings in kilograms; valves in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D290 for software for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E290 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCN 2A226. (4) Piping, fittings, and valves specially designed or prepared for certain nuclear uses are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Pressure tube, pipe, and fittings of 200 mm (8 in.) or more inside diameter, and suitable for operation at pressures of 3.4 MPa (500 psi) or greater;
b. Pipe valves having all of the following characteristics:
b.1. A pipe size connection of 200 mm (8 in.) or more inside diameter; and
b.2. Rated at 10.3 MPa (1,500 psi) or more.
2A293Pumps designed to move molten metals by electromagnetic forces.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D290 for software for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E290 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Pumps for use in liquid-metal-cooled reactors are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2A983Explosives or detonator detection equipment, both bulk and trace based, consisting of an automated device, or combination of devices for automated decision making to detect the presence of different types of explosives, explosive residue, or detonators; and parts and components, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: Also see 1A004 and 1A995.
Related Definitions: (1) For the purpose of this entry, automated decision making is the ability of the equipment to detect explosives or detonators at the design or operator-selected level of sensitivity and provide an automated alarm when explosives or detonators at or above the sensitivity level are detected. This entry does not control equipment that depends on operator interpretation of indicators such as inorganic/organic color mapping of the items(s) being scanned.
(2) Explosives and detonators include commercial charges and devices controlled by 1C018 and 1C992 and energetic materials controlled by ECCNs 1C011, 1C111, 1C239 and 22 CFR 121.1 Category V.
Items:
Note:
Explosives or detonation detection equipment in 2A983 includes equipment for screening people, documents, baggage, other personal effects, cargo and/or mail.
a. Explosives detection equipment for automated decision making to detect and identify bulk explosives utilizing, but not limited to, x-ray (e.g., computed tomography, dual energy, or coherent scattering), nuclear (e.g., thermal neutron analysis, pulse fast neutron analysis, pulse fast neutron transmission spectroscopy, and gamma resonance absorption), or electromagnetic techniques (e.g., quadropole resonance and dielectrometry).
b. [Reserved]
c. Detonator detection equipment for automated decision making to detect and identify initiation devices (e.g. detonators, blasting caps) utilizing, but not limited to, x-ray (e.g. dual energy or computed tomography) or electromagnetic techniques.
2A984Concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution of 0.5 milliradian up to and including 1 milliradian at a standoff distance of 100 meters; and parts and components, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS:N/A
GBS:N/A
CIV:N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution less than 0.5 milliradian (a lower milliradian number means a more accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters is under the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State (22 CFR parts 120 through 130). (2) Concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution greater than 1 milliradian (a higher milliradian number means a less accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters is designated as EAR99. (3) See ECCNs 2D984 and 2E984 for related software and technology controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
Note:
Concealed object detection equipment includes but is not limited to equipment for screening people, documents, baggage, other personal effects, cargo and/or mail.
Technical Note:
The range of frequencies span what is generally considered as the millimeter-wave, submillimeter-wave and terahertz frequency regions.
2A991Bearings and bearing systems not controlled by 2A001.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) This entry does not control balls with tolerance specified by the manufacturer in accordance with ISO 3290 as grade 5 or worse. (2) Quiet running bearings are subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (See 22 CFR part 121)
Related Definitions: (1) (a) DN is the product of the bearing bore diameter in mm and the bearing rotational velocity in rpm. (b) Operating temperatures include those temperatures obtained when a gas turbine engine has stopped after operation. (2) Annular Bearing Engineers Committee (ABEC); American National Standards Institute (ANSI); Anti-Friction Bearing Manufacturers Association (AFBMA)
Items: a. Ball bearings or Solid ball bearings (except tapered roller bearings), having tolerances specified by the manufacturer in accordance with ABEC 7, ABEC 7P, or ABEC 7T or ISO Standard Class 4 or better (or equivalents) and having any of the following characteristics.
a.1. Manufactured for use at operating temperatures above 573 K (300 °C) either by using special materials or by special heat treatment; or
a.2. With lubricating elements or component modifications that, according to the manufacturer's specifications, are specially designed to enable the bearings to operate at speeds exceeding 2.3 million DN.
b. Solid tapered roller bearings, having tolerances specified by the manufacturer in accordance with ANSI/AFBMA Class 00 (inch) or Class A (metric) or better (or equivalents) and having either of the following characteristics.
b.1. With lubricating elements or component modifications that, according to the manufacturer's specifications, are specially designed to enable the bearings to operate at speeds exceeding 2.3 million DN; or
b.2. Manufactured for use at operating temperatures below 219 K (−54 °C) or above 423 K (150 °C).
c. Gas-lubricated foil bearing manufactured for use at operating temperatures of 561 K (288 °C) or higher and a unit load capacity exceeding 1 MPa.
d. Active magnetic bearing systems.
e. Fabric-lined self-aligning or fabric-lined journal sliding bearings manufactured for use at operating temperatures below 219 K (−54 °C) or above 423 K (150 °C).
2A994Portable electric generators and specially designed parts.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to Cuba, Iran and North Korea. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for this entry. See part 746 of the EAR for additional information on Cuba and Iran. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information on North Korea.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See also 2D994 and 2E994.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading
2A999Specific Processing Equipment, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
Country Chart.
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 2A226, 2B350.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Bellows sealed valves;
b. Reserved.
B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment
Technical Notes for 2B001 to 2B009, 2B201, 2B290 and 2B991 to 2B999:
1. Secondary parallel contouring axes, (e.g., the w-axis on horizontal boring mills or a secondary rotary axis the center line of which is parallel to the primary rotary axis) are not counted in the total number of contouring axes. Rotary axes need not rotate over 360°. A rotary axis can be driven by a linear device (e.g., a screw or a rack-and-pinion).
2. The number of axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control” is the number of axes along or around which, during processing of the workpiece, simultaneous and interrelated motions are performed between the workpiece and a tool. This does not include any additional axes along or around which other relative motions within the machine are performed, such as:
2.a. Wheel-dressing systems in grinding machines;
2.b. Parallel rotary axes designed for mounting of separate workpieces;
2.c. Co-linear rotary axes designed for manipulating the same workpiece by holding it in a chuck from different ends.
3. Axis nomenclature shall be in accordance with International Standard ISO 841, “Numerical Control Machines—Axis and Motion Nomenclature”.
4. A “tilting spindle” is counted as a rotary axis.
5. 'Stated positioning accuracy' derived from measurements made according to ISO 230/2 (2006) may be used for each specific machine model as an alternative to individual machine tests. 'Stated positioning accuracy' means the accuracy value provided to BIS as representative of the accuracy of a specific machine model.
Note to paragraph 5: Determination of 'Stated Positioning Accuracy':
a. Select five machines of a model to be evaluated;
b. Measure the linear axis accuracies according to ISO 230/2 (2006);
c. Determine the A-values for each axis of each machine. The method of calculating the A-value is described in the ISO standard;
d. Determine the mean value of the A-value of each axis. This mean value A becomes the stated value of each axis for the model (x y * * *);
e. Since the Category 2 list refers to each linear axis there will be as many stated values as there are linear axes;
f. If any axis of a machine model not controlled by 2B001.a. to 2B001.c. has a stated accuracy of 5 µm for grinding machines and 6.5 µm for milling and turning machines or better, the builder should be required to reaffirm the accuracy level once every eighteen months.
6. Measurement uncertainty for the positioning accuracy of machine tools, as defined in the International Standard ISO 230/2 (2006), shall not be considered.
2B001Machine tools and any combination thereof, for removing (or cutting) metals, ceramics or “composites”, which, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with electronic devices for “numerical control”; and specially designed components as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT
Control(s) Country Chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
NP applies to 2B001.a, .b, .c, and .d, EXCEPT: (1) turning machines under 2B001.a with a capacity no greater than 35 mm diameter; (2) bar machines (Swissturn), limited to machining only bar feed through, if maximum bar diameter is equal to or less than 42 mm and there is no capability of mounting chucks. (Machines may have drilling and/or milling capabilities for machining parts with diameters less than 42 mm); or (3) milling machines under 2B001.b with x-axis travel greater than two meters and overall positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) on the x-axis more (worse) than 22.5 µm NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Machine tools in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2B002 for optical finishing machines. (2) See ECCNs 2D001 and 2D002 for software for items controlled under this entry. (3) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (4) Also see ECCNs 2B201, 2B290, and 2B991.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
Note 1: 2B001 does not control special purpose machine tools limited to the manufacture of gears. For such machines, see 2B003.
Note 2: 2B001 does not control special purpose machine tools limited to the manufacture of any of the following:
a. Crank shafts or cam shafts;
b. Tools or cutters;
c. Extruder worms; or
d. Engraved or faceted jewellery parts.
Note 3: A machine tool having at least two of the three turning, milling or grinding capabilities (e.g., a turning machine with milling capability), must be evaluated against each applicable entry 2B001.a., b. or c.
a. Machine tools for turning having all of the following:
a.1. Positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with “all compensations available” equal to or less (better) than 4.5 µm along one or more linear axis; and
a.2. Two or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”;
Note: 2B001.a does not control turning machines specially designed for producing contact lenses, having all of the following:
a. Machine controller limited to using ophthalmic based software for part programming data input; and
b. No vacuum chucking.
b. Machine tools for milling having any of the following:
b.1. Having all of the following:
b.1.a. Positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with “all compensations available” of less (better) than 4.5 µm along one or more linear axis; and
b.1.b. Three linear axes plus one rotary axis which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”;
b.2. Five or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”;
b.3. A positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) for jig boring machines, with “all compensations available”, of less (better) than 3.0 µm along any linear axis; or
b.4. Fly cutting machines having all of the following:
b.4.a. Spindle “run-out” and “camming” less (better) than 0.0004 mm TIR; and
b.4.b. Angular deviation of slide movement (yaw, pitch and roll) less (better) than 2 seconds of arc, TIR, over 300 mm of travel.
c. Machine tools for grinding having any of the following:
c.1. Having all of the following:
c.1.a. Positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with “all compensations available” of less (better) than 3.0 µm along one or more linear axis; and
c.1.b. Three or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; or
c.2. Five or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”;
Notes:
2B001.c does not control grinding machines as follows:
a. Cylindrical external, internal, and external-internal grinding machines, having all of the following:
a.1. Limited to cylindrical grinding; and
a.2. Limited to a maximum workpiece capacity of 150 mm outside diameter or length.
b. Machines designed specifically as jig grinders that do not have a z-axis or a w-axis, with a positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with “all compensations available” less (better) than 3 µm.
c. Surface grinders.
d. Electrical discharge machines (EDM) of the non-wire type which have two or more rotary axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”;
e. Machine tools for removing metals, ceramics or “composites”, having all of the following:
e.1. Removing material by means of any of the following:
e.1.a. Water or other liquid jets, including those employing abrasive additives;
e.1.b. Electron beam; or
e.1.c. “Laser” beam; and
e.2. At least two rotary axes having all of the following:
e.2.a. Can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; and
e.2.b. A positioning accuracy of less (better) than 0.003°;
f. Deep-hole-drilling machines and turning machines modified for deep-hole-drilling, having a maximum depth-of-bore capability exceeding 5 m and specially designed components therefor.
2B002Numerically controlled optical finishing machine tools equipped for selective material removal to produce non-spherical optical surfaces having all of the following characteristics (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number.
Related Controls: See also 2B001.
Related Definitions: For the purposes of 2B002, ‘MRF’ is a material removal process using an abrasive magnetic fluid whose viscosity is controlled by a magnetic field. ‘ERF’ is a removal process using an abrasive fluid whose viscosity is controlled by an electric field. ‘Energetic particle beam finishing’ uses Reactive Atom Plasmas (RAP) or ion-beams to selectively remove material. ‘Inflatable membrane tool finishing’ is a process that uses a pressurized membrane that deforms to contact the workpiece over a small area.'Fluid jet finishing’ makes use of a fluid stream for material removal.
Items:
a. Finishing the form to less (better) than 1.0 µm;
b. Finishing to a roughness less (better) than 100 nm rms;
c. Four or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; and
d. Using any of the following processes:
d.1. ‘Magnetorheological finishing (MRF)’;
d.2. ‘Electrorheological finishing (ERF)’;
d.3. ‘Energetic particle beam finishing’;
d.4. ‘Inflatable membrane tool finishing’; or
d.5. ‘Fluid jet finishing’.
2B003“Numerically controlled” or manual machine tools, and specially designed components, controls and accessories therefor, specially designed for the shaving, finishing, grinding or honing of hardened (R c = 40 or more) spur, helical and double-helical gears with a pitch diameter exceeding 1,250 mm and a face width of 15% of pitch diameter or larger finished to a quality of AGMA 14 or better (equivalent to ISO 1328 class 3).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Machine Tools in number; components, controls and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: See also 2B993
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2B004Hot “isostatic presses” having all of the characteristics described in the List of Items Controlled, and specially designed components and accessories therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:NS, MT NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to entire entry, except 2B004.b.3 and presses with maximum working pressures below 69 MPa NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Presses in number; components and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D001 for software for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) For specially designed dies, molds and tooling, see ECCNs 1B003, 2B018, 9B004, and 9B009. (4) For additional controls on dies, molds and tooling, see ECCNs 1B101.d, 2B104 and 2B204. (5) Also see ECCNs 2B117 and 2B999.a.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A controlled thermal environment within the closed cavity and possessing a chamber cavity with an inside diameter of 406 mm or more; and
b. Having any of the following:
b.1. A maximum working pressure exceeding 207 MPa;
b.2. A controlled thermal environment exceeding 1,773 K (1,500 °C); or
b.3. A facility for hydrocarbon impregnation and removal of resultant gaseous degradation products.
Technical Note:
The inside chamber dimension is that of the chamber in which both the working temperature and the working pressure are achieved and does not include fixtures. That dimension will be the smaller of either the inside diameter of the pressure chamber or the inside diameter of the insulated furnace chamber, depending on which of the two chambers is located inside the other.
2B005Equipment specially designed for the deposition, processing and in-process control of inorganic overlays, coatings and surface modifications, as follows, for non-electronic substrates, by processes shown in the Table and associated Notes following 2E003.f, and specially designed automated handling, positioning, manipulation and control components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: $1000
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) This entry does not control chemical vapor deposition, cathodic arc, sputter deposition, ion plating or ion implantation equipment, specially designed for cutting or machining tools. (2) Vapor deposition equipment for the production of filamentary materials are controlled by 1B001 or 1B101. (3) Chemical Vapor Deposition furnaces designed or modified for densification of carbon-carbon composites are controlled by 2B105. (4) See also 2B999.i.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) production equipment having all of the following:
a.1. A process modified for one of the following:
a.1.a. Pulsating CVD;
a.1.b. Controlled nucleation thermal deposition (CNTD); or
a.1.c. Plasma enhanced or plasma assisted CVD; and
a.2. Having any of the following:
a.2.a. Incorporating high vacuum (equal to or less than 0.01 Pa) rotating seals; or
a.2.b. Incorporating in situ coating thickness control;
b. Ion implantation production equipment having beam currents of 5 mA or more;
c. Electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) production equipment incorporating power systems rated for over 80 kW and having any of the following:
c.1. A liquid pool level “laser” control system which regulates precisely the ingots feed rate; or
c.2. A computer controlled rate monitor operating on the principle of photo-luminescence of the ionized atoms in the evaporant stream to control the deposition rate of a coating containing two or more elements;
d. Plasma spraying production equipment having any of the following:
d.1. Operating at reduced pressure controlled atmosphere (equal or less than 10 kPa measured above and within 300 mm of the gun nozzle exit) in a vacuum chamber capable of evacuation down to 0.01 Pa prior to the spraying process; or
d.2. Incorporating in situ coating thickness control;
e. Sputter deposition production equipment capable of current densities of 0.1 mA/mm2 or higher at a deposition rate 15 µm/h or more;
f. Cathodic arc deposition production equipment incorporating a grid of electromagnets for steering control of the arc spot on the cathode;
g. Ion plating production equipment capable of in situ measurement of any of the following:
g.1. Coating thickness on the substrate and rate control; or
g.2. Optical characteristics.
2B006Dimensional inspection or measuring systems, equipment, and “electronic assemblies”, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
NP applies to 2B006.a and .b, except 2B006.b.1.d NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
Note:
NP applies to measuring systems in 2B006.b.1.c that maintain, for at least 12 hours, over a temperature range of ±1 K around a standard temperature and at a standard pressure, all of the following: a “resolution” over their full scale of 0.1 µm or less (better); and a “measurement uncertainty” equal to or less (better) than (0.2 L/2,000) µm (L is the measured length in mm).
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number, electronic assemblies in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2D001 and 2D002 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B206 and 2B996.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Computer controlled or “numerically controlled” Coordinate Measuring Machines (CMM), having a three dimensional length (volumetric) maximum permissible error of length measurement (E0,MPE) at any point within the operating range of the machine (i.e., within the length of axes) equal to or less (better) than (1.7 L/1,000) µm (L is the measured length in mm) according to ISO 10360-2 (2009);
Technical Note:
The E0,MPE of the most accurate configuration of the CMM specified by the manufacturer (e.g., best of the following: Probe, stylus length, motion parameters, environment) and with “all compensations available” shall be compared to the 1.7 L/1,000 µm threshold.
b. Linear and angular displacement measuring instruments, as follows:
b.1. ‘Linear displacement’ measuring instruments having any of the following:
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 2B006.b.1 ‘linear displacement’ means the change of distance between the measuring probe and the measured object.
b.1.a. Non-contact type measuring systems with a “resolution” equal to or less (better) than 0.2 µm within a measuring range up to 0.2 mm;
b.1.b. Linear voltage differential transformer systems having all of the following:
b.1.b.1. “Linearity” equal to or less (better) than 0.1% within a measuring range up to 5 mm; and
b.1.b.2. Drift equal to or less (better) than 0.1% per day at a standard ambient test room temperature ±1 K;
b.1.c. Measuring systems having all of the following:
b.1.c.1. Containing a “laser”; and
b.1.c.2. Maintaining, for at least 12 hours, at a temperature of 20 ±1 °C, all of the following:
b.1.c.2.a. A “resolution” over their full scale of 0.1 µm or less (better); and
b.1.c.2.b. Capable of achieving a “measurement uncertainty”, when compensated for the refractive index of air, equal to or less (better) than (0.2 L/2,000) µm (L is the measured length in mm); or
b.1.d “Electronic assemblies” specially designed to provide feedback capability in systems controlled by 2B006.b.1.c;
Note:
2B006.b.1 does not control measuring interferometer systems, with an automatic control system that is designed to use no feedback techniques, containing a “laser” to measure slide movement errors of machine-tools, dimensional inspection machines or similar equipment.
b.2. Angular displacement measuring instruments having an “angular position deviation” equal to or less (better) than 0.00025°;
Note:
2B006.b.2 does not control optical instruments, such as autocollimators, using collimated light (e.g., laser light) to detect angular displacement of a mirror.
c. Equipment for measuring surface irregularities, by measuring optical scatter as a function of angle, with a sensitivity of 0.5 nm or less (better).
Note:
2B006 includes machine tools, other than those specified by 2B001, that can be used as measuring machines, if they meet or exceed the criteria specified for the measuring machine function.
2B007“Robots” having any of the following characteristics described in the List of Items Controlled and specially designed controllers and “end-effectors” therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
NP applies to equipment that meets or exceeds the criteria in ECCNs 2B207 NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: $5000, except 2B007.b and .c
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D001 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B207, 2B225 and 2B997.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Capable in real time of full three-dimensional image processing or full three-dimensional ‘scene analysis’ to generate or modify “programs” or to generate or modify numerical program data;
Technical Note:
The ‘scene analysis’ limitation does not include approximation of the third dimension by viewing at a given angle, or limited grey scale interpretation for the perception of depth or texture for the approved tasks (21/2 D).
b. Specially designed to comply with national safety standards applicable to potentially explosive munitions environments;
Note:
2B007.b does not apply to “robots” specially designed for paint-spraying booths.
c. Specially designed or rated as radiation-hardened to withstand a total radiation dose greater than 5 × 103 Gy (silicon) without operational degradation; or
Technical Note:
The term Gy (silicon) refers to the energy in Joules per kilogram absorbed by an unshielded silicon sample when exposed to ionizing radiation.
d. Specially designed to operate at altitudes exceeding 30,000m.
2B008Assemblies or Units, Specially Designed for Machine Tools, or Dimensional Inspection or Measuring Systems and Equipment, as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 2B998.
Related Definition: N/A
Items:
a. Three or more axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; and
N.B.:
For “laser” systems see also 2B006.b.1.c and d.
b. Rotary position feedback units having an “accuracy” less (better) than 0.00025°;
N.B.:
For “laser” systems see also 2B006.b.2.
Note:
2B008.a and 2B008.b apply to units, which are designed to determine the positioning information for feedback control, such as inductive type devices, graduated scales, infrared systems or “laser” systems.
c. “Compound rotary tables” and “tilting spindles”, capable of upgrading, according to the manufacturer's specifications, machine tools to or above the levels controlled by 2B001 to 2B009.
2B009Spin-forming machines and flow-forming machines, which, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with “numerical control” units or a computer control and having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
MT applies to: spin-forming machines combining the functions of spin-forming and flow-forming; and flow-forming machines that meet or exceed the parameters of 2B009.a and 2B109 MT Column 1
NP applies to flow-forming machines, and spin-forming machines capable of flow-forming functions, that meet or exceed the parameters of 2B209 NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D001 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B109 and 2B209 for additional flow-forming machines for MT and NP reasons.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Two or more controlled axes of which at least two can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; and
b. A roller force more than 60 kN.
Technical Note:
For the purpose of 2B009, machines combining the function of spin-forming and flow-forming are regarded as flow-forming machines.
2B018Equipment on the Wassenaar Arrangement Munitions List.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, RS, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
MT applies to specialized machinery, equipment, and gear for producing rocket systems (including ballistic missile systems, space launch vehicles, and sounding rockets) and unmanned air vehicle systems (including cruise missile systems, target drones, and reconnaissance drones) usable in systems that are controlled for MT reasons including their propulsion systems and components, and pyrolytic deposition and densification equipment MT Column 1.
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000.
GBS: Yes, as follows, except N/A for MT-controlled items or destinations for which a license is required for RS reasons: Equipment used to determine the safety data of explosives as required by the International Convention on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (C.I.M.) Articles 3 and 4 in Annex 1 RID, provided that such equipment will be used only by the railway authorities of current C.I.M. members, or by the Government-accredited testing facilities in those countries, for the testing of explosives to transport safety standards, of the following description:
a. Equipment for determining the ignition and deflagration temperatures;
b. Equipment for steel-shell tests;
c. Drophammers not exceeding 20 kg in weight for determining the sensitivity of explosives to shock;
d. Equipment for determining the friction sensitivity of explosives when exposed to charges not exceeding 36 kg in weight.
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: Specialized machinery, equipment, gear, and specially designed parts and accessories therefor, including but not limited to the following, that are specially designed for the examination, manufacture, testing, and checking of arms, appliances, machines, and implements of war:
a. Armor plate drilling machines, other than radial drilling machines;
b. Armor plate planing machines;
c. Armor plate quenching presses;
d. Centrifugal casting machines capable of casting tubes 6 feet (183 cm) or more in length, with a wall thickness of 2 inches (5 cm) and over;
e. Gun barrel rifling and broaching machines, and tools therefor;
f. Gun barrel rifling machines;
g. Gun barrel trepanning machines;
h. Gun boring and turning machines;
i. Gun honing machines of 6 feet (183 cm) stroke or more;
j. Gun jump screw lathes;
k. Gun rifling machines;
l. Gun straightening presses;
m. Induction hardening machines for tank turret rings and sprockets;
n. Jigs and fixtures and other metal-working implements or accessories of the kinds exclusively designed for use in the manufacture of firearms, ordnance, and other stores and appliances for land, sea, or aerial warfare;
o. Small arms chambering machines;
p. Small arms deep hole drilling machines and drills therefor;
q. Small arms rifling machines;
r. Small arms spill boring machines;
s. Tank turret bearing grinding machines.
2B104“Isostatic presses”, other than those controlled by 2B004, having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D101 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B004, 2B204, and 2B117.
Related Definitions: The inside chamber dimension is that of the chamber in which both the working temperature and the working pressure are achieved and does not include fixtures. That dimension will be the smaller of either the inside diameter of the pressure chamber or the inside diameter of the insulated chamber, depending on which of the two chambers is located inside the other.
Items: a. Maximum working pressure equal to or greater than 69 MPa;
b. Designed to achieve and maintain a controlled thermal environment of 873 K (600 °C) or greater; and
c. Possessing a chamber cavity with an inside diameter of 254 mm or greater.
2B105Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) furnaces, other than those controlled by 2B005.a, designed or modified for the densification of carbon-carbon composites.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D101 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B005 and 2B117.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled in contained in the ECCN heading.
2B109Flow-forming machines, other than those controlled by 2B009, and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to items controlled by this entry that meet or exceed the technical parameters in 2B209 NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; components in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D101 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B009 and 2B209.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Flow-forming machines having all of the following:
a.1. According to the manufacturer's technical specification, can be equipped with “numerical control” units or a computer control, even when not equipped with such units at delivery; and
a.2. Have more than two axes which can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control.”
b. Specially designed components for flow-forming machines controlled in 2B009 or 2B109.a.
Technical Notes:
1. Machines combining the function of spin-forming and flow-forming are for the purpose of 2B109 regarded as flow-forming machines.
2. 2B109 does not control machines that are not usable in the “production” of propulsion components and equipment (e.g. motor cases) for systems in 9A005, 9A007.a, or 9A105.a.
2B116Vibration test systems and equipment, usable for rockets, missiles, or unmanned aerial vehicles capable of achieving a “range” equal to or greater than 300 km and their subsystems, and components therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to electrodynamic vibration test systems in 2B116.a and to all items in 2B116.b, .c, and .d NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D101 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCN 9B990.
Related Definitions: Vibration test systems incorporating a digital controller are those systems, the functions of which are, partly or entirely, automatically controlled by stored and digitally coded electrical signals.
Items:
a. Vibration test systems employing feedback or closed loop techniques and incorporating a digital controller, capable of vibrating a system at an acceleration equal to or greater than 10 g rms between 20 Hz to 2,000 Hz while imparting forces equal to or greater than 50 kN (11,250 lbs.), measured ‘bare table’;
b. Digital controllers, combined with specially designed vibration test “software”, with a ‘real-time control bandwidth’ greater than 5 kHz and designed for use with vibration test systems described in 2B116.a;
c. Vibration thrusters (shaker units), with or without associated amplifiers, capable of imparting a force equal to or greater than 50 kN (11,250 lbs.), measured ‘bare table’, and usable in vibration test systems described in 2B116.a;
d. Test piece support structures and electronic units designed to combine multiple shaker units into a complete shaker system capable of providing an effective combined force equal to or greater than 50 kN, measured ‘bare table’, and usable in vibration test systems described in 2B116.a.
Technical Notes:
(1) ‘Bare table’ means a flat table, or surface, with no fixture or fitting.
(2) ‘Real-time control bandwidth’ is defined as the maximum rate at which a controller can execute complete cycles of sampling, processing data and transmitting control signals.
2B117Equipment and process controls, other than those controlled by 2B004, 2B005.a, 2B104 or 2B105, designed or modified for the densification and pyrolysis of structural composite rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nose tips.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D101 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCN s 2B004, 2B005, 2B104, 2B105, and 2B204.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled in contained in the ECCN heading.
2B119Balancing machines and related equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See also 7B101.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Balancing machines having all the following characteristics:
a.1. Not capable of balancing rotors/assemblies having a mass greater than 3 kg;
a.2. Capable of balancing rotors/assemblies at speeds greater than 12,500 rpm;
a.3. Capable of correcting unbalance in two planes or more; and
a.4. Capable of balancing to a residual specific unbalance of 0.2 g mm per kg of rotor mass.
Note:
2B119.a. does not control balancing machines designed or modified for dental or other medical equipment.
b. Indicator heads designed or modified for use with machines specified in 2B119.a.
Note:
Indicator heads are sometimes known as balancing instrumentation.
2B120Motion simulators or rate tables (equipment capable of simulating motion), having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) Rate tables not controlled by 2B120 and providing the characteristics of a positioning table are to be evaluated according to 2B121. (2) Equipment that has the characteristics specified in 2B121, which also meets the characteristics of 2B120 will be treated as equipment specified in 2B120. (3) See also 2B008, 2B121, 7B101 and 7B994.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Two axes or more;
b. Designed or modified to incorporate sliprings or integrated non-contact devices capable of transferring electrical power, signal information, or both; and
c. Having any of the following characteristics:
c.1. For any single axis having all of the following:
c.1.a. Capable of rates of rotation of 400 degrees/s or more, or 30 degrees/s or less, and
c.1.b. A rate resolution equal to or less than 6 degrees/s and an accuracy equal to or less than 0.6 degrees/s; or
c.2. Having a worst-case rate stability equal to or better (less) than plus or minus 0.05% averaged over 10 degrees or more; or
c.3. A positioning “accuracy” equal to or better than 5 arc-second.
Note:
2B120 does not control rotary tables designed or modified for machine tools or for medical equipment. For controls on machine tool rotary tables see 2B008.
2B121Positioning tables (equipment capable of precise rotary position in any axis), other than those controlled in 2B120, having all the following characteristics (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls:
(1) Equipment that has the characteristics specified in 2B121, which also meets the characteristics of 2B120 will be treated as equipment specified in 2B120.
(2) See also 2B008, 2B120, 7B101 and 7B994.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Two axes or more; and
b. A positioning “accuracy” equal to or better than 5 arc-second.
Note:
2B121 does not control rotary tables designed or modified for machine tools or for medical equipment. For controls on machine tool rotary tables see 2B008.
2B122Centrifuges capable of imparting accelerations above 100 g and designed or modified to incorporate sliprings or integrated non-contact devices capable of transferring electrical power, signal information, or both.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See also 7B101.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2B201Machine tools, other than those controlled by 2B001, for removing or cutting metals, ceramics or “composites”, which, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with electronic devices for simultaneous “contouring control” in two or more axes.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2D002 and 2D202 for “software” for items controlled by this entry. “Numerical control” units are controlled by their associated “software”. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B001, 2B290, and 2B991.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
Note:
The identified positioning accuracy values in this entry are based on ISO 230/2 (2006), which equates to the values based on ISO 230/2 (1988) that are used by the Nuclear Supplier's Group (NSG). For 2B201.a and b.1, this results in a change from 6 µ m to 4.5 µm, in Note to 2B201.b paragraph .b the change is 30 µm to 22.5 µm, and for 2B201.c the change is from 4 µm to 3 µm.
a. Machine tools for turning, that have positioning accuracies according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with all compensations available better (less) than 4.5 µm along any linear axis (overall positioning) for machines capable of machining diameters greater than 35 mm;
Note:
Item 2B201.a does not control bar machines (Swissturn), limited to machining only bar feed thru, if maximum bar diameter is equal to or less than 42 mm and there is no capability of mounting chucks. Machines may have drilling and/or milling capabilities for machining parts with diameters less than 42 mm.
b. Machine tools for milling, having any of the following characteristics:
b.1. Positioning accuracies according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with “all compensations available” equal to or less (better) than 4.5 µm along any linear axis (overall positioning); or
b.2. Two or more contouring rotary axes.
Note:
2B201.b does not control milling machines having the following characteristics:
a. X-axis travel greater than 2 m; and
b. Overall positioning accuracy according to ISO 230/2 (2006) on the x-axis more (worse) than 22.5 µm.
c. Machine tools for grinding, having any of the following characteristics:
c.1. Positioning accuracies according to ISO 230/2 (2006) with “all compensations available” equal to or less (better) than 3 µm along any linear axis (overall positioning); or
c.2. Two or more contouring rotary axes.
Note:
2B201.c does not control the following grinding machines:
a. Cylindrical external, internal, and external-internal grinding machines having all of the following characteristics:
1. Limited to cylindrical grinding;
2. A maximum workpiece outside diameter or length of 150 mm;
3. Not more than two axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; and
4. No contouring c-axis.
b. Jig grinders with axes limited to x, y, c and a where c axis is used to maintain the grinding wheel normal to the work surface, and the a axis is configured to grind barrel cams;
c. Tool or cutter grinding machines with “software” specially designed for the production of tools or cutters; or
d. Crankshaft or camshaft grinding machines.
2B204“Isostatic presses”, other than those controlled by 2B004 or 2B104, and related equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D201 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B004 and 2B104.
Related Definitions: The inside chamber dimension is that of the chamber in which both the working temperature and working pressure are achieved and does not include fixtures. That dimension will be the smaller of either the inside diameter of the pressure chamber or the inside diameter of the insulated chamber, depending on which of the two chambers is located inside the other.
Items: a. “Isostatic presses” having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. Capable of achieving a maximum working pressure of 69 MPa or greater; and
a.2. A chamber cavity with an inside diameter in excess of 152 mm;
b. Dies, molds and controls, specially designed for “isostatic presses” controlled by 2B204.a.
2B206Dimensional inspection machines, instruments or systems, other than those described in 2B006, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2D002 and 2D201 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B006 and 2B996.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: (1) Machine tools that can be used as measuring machines are controlled by this entry if they meet or exceed the criteria specified for the machine tool function or the measuring machine function. (2) A machine described in this entry is controlled if it exceeds the control threshold anywhere within its operating range.
Items: a. Computer controlled or numerically controlled dimensional inspection machines having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. Two or more axes; and
a.2. A one-dimensional length “measurement uncertainty” equal to or less (better) than (1.25 L/1000) µm tested with a probe of an “accuracy” of less (better) than 0.2 µm (L is the measured length in millimeters) (Ref.: VDI/VDE 2617 Parts 1 and 2);
b. Systems for simultaneously linear-angular inspection of hemishells, having both of the following characteristics:
b.1. “Measurement uncertainty” along any linear axis equal to or less (better) than 3.5 µm per 5 mm; and
b.2. “Angular position deviation” equal to or less than 0.02°.
Technical Notes:
(1) The probe used in determining the measurement uncertainty of a dimensional inspection system shall be described in VDI/VDE 2617 parts 2, 3 and 4.
(2) All parameters of measurement values in this entry represent plus/minus, i.e., not total band.
c. Angular displacement measuring instruments having an “angular position deviation” equal to or less (better) than 0.00025°;
Note:
2B206.c does not control optical instruments, such as autocollimators, using collimated light to detect angular displacement of a mirror.
2B207“Robots”, “end-effectors” and control units, other than those controlled by 2B007, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D201 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B007, 2B225, and 2B997.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control “robots” specially designed for non-nuclear industrial applications, such as automobile paint-spraying booths.
Items: a. “Robots” or “end-effectors” specially designed to comply with national safety standards applicable to handling high explosives (for example, meeting electrical code ratings for high explosives);
b. Control units specially designed for any of the “robots” or “end-effectors” controlled by 2B207.a.
2B209Flow forming machines, spin forming machines capable of flow forming functions, other than those controlled by 2B009 or 2B109, and mandrels, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D201 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B009 and 2B109.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Machines having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. Three or more rollers (active or guiding); and
a.2. According to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with “numerical control” units or a computer control;
Note:
2B209.a includes machines that have only a single roller designed to deform metal, plus two auxiliary rollers that support the mandrel, but do not participate directly in the deformation process.
b. Rotor-forming mandrels designed to form cylindrical rotors of inside diameter between 75 mm and 400 mm.
2B225Remote manipulators that can be used to provide remote actions in radiochemical separation operations or hot cells, having either of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 2B007 and 2B207. (3) Remote manipulators specially designed or prepared for use in fuel reprocessing or for use in a reactor are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A capability of penetrating 0.6 m or more of hot cell wall (through-the-wall operation); or
b. A capability of bridging over the top of a hot cell wall with a thickness of 0.6 m or more (over-the-wall operation).
Technical Note:
Remote manipulators provide translation of human operator actions to a remote operating arm and terminal fixture. They may be of “master/slave” type or operated by joystick or keypad.
2B226Controlled atmosphere (vacuum or inert gas) induction furnaces, and power supplies therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 2B227 and Category 3B.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: 2B226.a does not control furnaces designed for the processing of semiconductor wafers.
Items: a. Furnaces having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Capable of operation above 1,123 K (850 °C);
a.2. Induction coils 600 mm or less in diameter; and
a.3. Designed for power inputs of 5 kW or more;
b. Power supplies, with a specified power output of 5 kW or more, specially designed for furnaces controlled by 2B226.a.
2B227Vacuum or other controlled atmosphere metallurgical melting and casting furnaces and related equipment, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D201 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 2B226.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Arc remelt and casting furnaces having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. Consumable electrode capabilities between 1,000 cm3 and 20,000 cm3; and
a.2. Capable of operating with melting temperatures above 1,973 K (1,700 °C);
b. Electron beam melting furnaces and plasma atomization and melting furnaces, having both of the following characteristics:
b.1. A power of 50 kW or greater; and
b.2. Capable of operating with melting temperatures above 1,473 K (1,200 °C);
c. Computer control and monitoring systems specially configured for any of the furnaces controlled by 2B227.a or .b.
2B228Rotor fabrication and assembly equipment, rotor straightening equipment, bellows-forming mandrels and dies, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Rotor assembly equipment for assembly of gas centrifuge rotor tube sections, baffles, and end-caps;
Note:
2B228.a includes precision mandrels, clamps, and shrink fit machines.
b. Rotor straightening equipment for alignment of gas centrifuge rotor tube sections to a common axis;
Technical Note:
The rotor straightening equipment in 2B228.b normally consists of precision measuring probes linked to a computer that subsequently controls the action of, for example, pneumatic rams used for aligning the rotor tube sections.
c. Bellows-forming mandrels and dies for producing single-convolution bellows.
Technical Note:
In 2B228.c, the bellows have all of the following characteristics:
1. Inside diameter between 75 mm and 400 mm;
2. Length equal to or greater than 12.7 mm;
3. Single convolution depth greater than 2 mm; and
4. Made of high-strength aluminum alloys, maraging steel or high strength “fibrous or filamentary materials”.
2B229Centrifugal multiplane balancing machines, fixed or portable, horizontal or vertical, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 2D201 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Centrifugal balancing machines designed for balancing flexible rotors having a length of 600 mm or more and having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Swing or journal diameter greater than 75 mm;
a.2. Mass capability of from 0.9 to 23 kg; and
a.3. Capable of balancing speed of revolution greater than 5,000 r.p.m.;
b. Centrifugal balancing machines designed for balancing hollow cylindrical rotor components and having all of the following characteristics:
b.1. Journal diameter greater than 75 mm;
b.2. Mass capability of from 0.9 to 23 kg;
b.3. Capable of balancing to a residual imbalance equal to or less than 0.01 kg × mm/kg per plane; and
b.4. Belt drive type.
2B230“Pressure transducers” capable of measuring absolute pressures at any point in the range 0 to 13 kPa and having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: (1) Pressure transducers are devices that convert pressure measurements into an electrical signal. (2) For purposes of this entry, “accuracy” includes non-linearity, hysteresis and repeatability at ambient temperature.
Items: a. Pressure sensing elements made of or protected by aluminum, aluminum alloy, nickel or nickel alloy with more than 60% nickel by weight; and
b. Having either of the following characteristics:
b.1. A full scale of less than 13 kPa and an “accuracy” of better than ±1% of full-scale; or
b.2. A full scale of 13 kPa or greater and an “accuracy” of better than ±130 Pa.
2B231Vacuum pumps having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Vacuum pumps specially designed or prepared for the separation of uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: (1) The pumping speed is determined at the measurement point with nitrogen gas or air. (2) The ultimate vacuum is determined at the input of the pump with the input of the pump blocked off.
Items: a. Input throat size equal to or greater than 380 mm;
b. Pumping speed equal to or greater than 15 m3/s; and
c. Capable of producing an ultimate vacuum better than 13.3 mPa.
2B232Multistage light gas guns or other high-velocity gun systems (coil, electromagnetic, and electrothermal types, and other advanced systems) capable of accelerating projectiles to 2 km/s or greater.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2B290“Numerically controlled” machine tools not controlled by 2B001 or 2B201.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2D002 and 2D290 for “software” for items controlled under this entry. (2) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”), 2E002 (“production”), and 2E290 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) Also see ECCNs 2B001, 2B201, and 2B991.
Related Definition: N/A
Items: a. Turning machines or combination turning/milling machines that are capable of machining diameters greater than 2.5 meters.
b. Reserved.
2B350Chemical manufacturing facilities and equipment, except valves controlled by 2A226 or 2A292, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Note:
This ECCN does not control equipment that is both: (1) Specially designed for use in civil applications (e.g., food processing, pulp and paper processing, or water purification) and (2) inappropriate, by the nature of its design, for use in storing, processing, producing or conducting and controlling the flow of the chemical weapons precursors controlled by 1C350.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: For purposes of this entry the term “chemical warfare agents” are those agents subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls. (See 22 CFR part 121.)
Items: a. Reaction vessels or reactors, with or without agitators, with total internal (geometric) volume greater than 0.1 m3 (100 liters) and less than 20 m3 (20,000 liters), where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed or contained are made from any of the following materials:
a.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
a.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
a.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
a.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coating or glass lining);
a.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
a.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
a.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys; or
a.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys.
b. Agitators for use in reaction vessels or reactors described in 2B350.a, and impellers, blades or shafts designed for such agitators, where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed or contained are made from any of the following materials:
b.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
b.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
b.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
b.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coatings or glass lining);
b.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
b.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
b.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys; or
b.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys.
c. Storage tanks, containers or receivers with a total internal (geometric) volume greater than 0.1 m3 (100 liters) where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed or contained are made from any of the following materials:
c.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
c.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
c.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
c.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coatings or glass lining);
c.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
c.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
c.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys; or
c.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys.
d. Heat exchangers or condensers with a heat transfer surface area of less than 20 m2, but greater than 0.15 m2, and tubes, plates, coils or blocks (cores) designed for such heat exchangers or condensers, where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are made from any of the following materials:
d.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
d.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
d.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
d.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coatings or glass lining);
d.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
d.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
d.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys;
d.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys;
d.9. Graphite or carbon-graphite;
d.10. Silicon carbide; or
d.11. Titanium carbide.
e. Distillation or absorption columns of internal diameter greater than 0.1 m, and liquid distributors, vapor distributors or liquid collectors designed for such distillation or absorption columns, where all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are made from any of the following materials:
e.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
e.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
e.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
e.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coatings or glass lining);
e.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
e.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
e.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys;
e.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys; or
e.9. Graphite or carbon-graphite.
f. Remotely operated filling equipment in which all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are made from any of the following materials:
f.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight; or
f.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight.
g. Valves with nominal sizes greater than 1.0 cm (3/8 in.), and casings (valve bodies) or preformed casing liners designed for such valves, in which all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being produced, processed, or contained are made from any of the following materials:
g.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
g.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
g.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
g.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coating or glass lining); and
g.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
g.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
g.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys;
g.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys; or
g.9. Ceramic materials, as follows:
g.9.a. Silicon carbide with a purity of 80% or more by weight;
g.9.b. Aluminum oxide (alumina) with a purity of 99.9% or more by weight; or
g.9.c. Zirconium oxide (zirconia).
Technical Note to 2B350.g:
The ‘nominal size’ is defined as the smaller of the inlet and outlet port diameters
h. Multi-walled piping incorporating a leak detection port, in which all surfaces that come in direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed or contained are made from any of the following materials:
h.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
h.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
h.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
h.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coatings or glass lining);
h.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
h.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
h.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys;
h.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys; or
h.9. Graphite or carbon-graphite.
i. Multiple-seal and seal-less pumps with manufacturer's specified maximum flow-rate greater than 0.6 m3/hour (600 liters/hour), or vacuum pumps with manufacturer's specified maximum flow-rate greater than 5 m3/hour (5,000 liters/hour) (under standard temperature (273 K (0 °C)) and pressure (101.3 kPa) conditions), and casings (pump bodies), preformed casing liners, impellers, rotors or jet pump nozzles designed for such pumps, in which all surfaces that come into direct contact with the chemical(s) being processed are made from any of the following materials:
i.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
i.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight;
i.3. Fluoropolymers (polymeric or elastomeric materials with more than 35% fluorine by weight);
i.4. Glass (including vitrified or enameled coatings or glass lining);
i.5. Tantalum or tantalum alloys;
i.6. Titanium or titanium alloys;
i.7. Zirconium or zirconium alloys;
i.8. Niobium (columbium) or niobium alloys.
i.9. Graphite or carbon-graphite;
i.10. Ceramics; or
i.11. Ferrosilicon (high silicon iron alloys).
j. Incinerators designed to destroy chemical warfare agents, chemical weapons precursors controlled by 1C350, or chemical munitions having specially designed waste supply systems, special handling facilities and an average combustion chamber temperature greater than 1000 °C in which all surfaces in the waste supply system that come into direct contact with the waste products are made from or lined with any of the following materials:
j.1. Alloys with more than 25% nickel and 20% chromium by weight;
j.2. Nickel or alloys with more than 40% nickel by weight; or
j.3. Ceramics.
Technical Note 1: Carbon-graphite is a composition consisting primarily of graphite and amorphous carbon, in which the graphite is 8 percent or more by weight of the composition.
Technical Note 2: For the items listed in 2B350, the term ‘alloy,’ when not accompanied by a specific elemental concentration, is understood as identifying those alloys where the identified metal is present in a higher percentage by weight than any other element.
Technical Note 3: The materials used for gaskets, packing, seals, screws or washers, or other materials performing a sealing function, do not determine the control status of the items in this ECCN, provided that such components are designed to be interchangeable.
2B351Toxic gas monitoring systems and their dedicated detecting components (i.e., detectors, sensor devices, and replaceable sensor cartridges), as follows, except those systems and detectors controlled by ECCN 1A004.c (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT.
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number.
Related Controls: See ECCN 2D351 for “software” for toxic gas monitoring systems and their dedicated detecting components controlled by this ECCN. Also see ECCN 1A004, which controls chemical detection systems and specially designed components therefor that are specially designed or modified for detection or identification of chemical warfare agents, but not specially designed for military use, and ECCN 1A995, which controls certain detection equipment and components not controlled by ECCN 1A004 or by this ECCN.
Related Definitions: (1) For the purposes of this entry, the term “dedicated” means committed entirely to a single purpose or device. (2) For the purposes of this entry, the term “continuous operation” describes the capability of the equipment to operate on line without human intervention. The intent of this entry is to control toxic gas monitoring systems capable of collection and detection of samples in environments such as chemical plants, rather than those used for batch-mode operation in laboratories.
Items a. Designed for continuous operation and usable for the detection of chemical warfare agents or chemicals controlled by 1C350 at concentrations of less than 0.3 mg/m3; or
b. Designed for the detection of cholinesterase-inhibiting activity.
2B352Equipment capable of use in handling biological materials, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: See ECCNs 1A004 and 1A995 for protective equipment that is not covered by this entry. Also see ECCN 9A120 for controls on certain “UAV” systems designed or modified to dispense an aerosol and capable of carrying elements of a payload in the form of a particulate or liquid, other than fuel components of such vehicles, of a volume greater than 20 liters.
Related Definitions: (1) “Lighter than air vehicles”—balloons and airships that rely on hot air or on lighter-than-air gases, such as helium or hydrogen, for their lift. (2) “UAVs”—Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. (3) “VMD”—Volume Median Diameter.
Items: a. Complete containment facilities at P3 or P4 containment level.
Technical Note:
P3 or P4 (BL3, BL4, L3, L4) containment levels are as specified in the WHO Laboratory Biosafety Manual (3rd edition, Geneva, 2004).
b. Fermenters capable of cultivation of pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, or for toxin production, without the propagation of aerosols, having a capacity equal to or greater than 20 liters.
Technical Note:
Fermenters include bioreactors, chemostats, and continuous-flow systems.
c. Centrifugal separators capable of the continuous separation of pathogenic microorganisms, without the propagation of aerosols, and having all of the following characteristics:
c.1. One or more sealing joints within the steam containment area;
c.2. A flow rate greater than 100 liters per hour;
c.3. Components of polished stainless steel or titanium; and
c.4. Capable of in-situ steam sterilization in a closed state.
Technical Note:
Centrifugal separators include decanters.
d. Cross (tangential) flow filtration equipment and accessories, as follows:
d.1. Cross (tangential) flow filtration equipment capable of separation of pathogenic microorganisms, viruses, toxins or cell cultures having all of the following characteristics:
d.1.a. A total filtration area equal to or greater than 1 square meter (1 m2); and
d.1.b. Having any of the following characteristics:
d.1.b.1. Capable of being sterilized or disinfected in-situ; or
d.1.b.2. Using disposable or single-use filtration components.
N.B.: 2B352.d.1 does not control reverse osmosis equipment, as specified by the manufacturer.
d.2. Cross (tangential) flow filtration components (e.g., modules, elements, cassettes, cartridges, units or plates) with filtration area equal to or greater than 0.2 square meters (0.2 m2) for each component and designed for use in cross (tangential) flow filtration equipment controlled by 2B352.d.1.
Technical Note:
In this ECCN, “sterilized” denotes the elimination of all viable microbes from the equipment through the use of either physical (e.g., steam) or chemical agents. “Disinfected” denotes the destruction of potential microbial infectivity in the equipment through the use of chemical agents with a germicidal effect. “Disinfection” and “sterilization” are distinct from “sanitization”, the latter referring to cleaning procedures designed to lower the microbial content of equipment without necessarily achieving elimination of all microbial infectivity or viability.
e. Steam sterilizable freeze-drying (lyophilization) equipment with a condenser capacity of 10 kgs of ice or greater in 24 hours (10 liters of water or greater in 24 hours), but less than 1,000 kgs of ice in 24 hours (less than 1,000 liters of water in 24 hours).
f. Protective and containment equipment, as follows:
f.1. Protective full or half suits, or hoods dependant upon a tethered external air supply and operating under positive pressure;
Technical Note:
This entry does not control suits designed to be worn with self-contained breathing apparatus.
f.2. Class III biological safety cabinets or isolators with similar performance standards, e.g., flexible isolators, dry boxes, anaerobic chambers, glove boxes or laminar flow hoods (closed with vertical flow).
g. Chambers designed for aerosol challenge testing with microorganisms, viruses, or toxins and having a capacity of 1 m3 or greater.
h. Spraying or fogging systems and components therefor, as follows:
h.1. Complete spraying or fogging systems, specially designed or modified for fitting to aircraft, “lighter than air vehicles,” or “UAVs,” capable of delivering, from a liquid suspension, an initial droplet “VMD” of less than 50 microns at a flow rate of greater than 2 liters per minute;
h.2. Spray booms or arrays of aerosol generating units, specially designed or modified for fitting to aircraft, “lighter than air vehicles,” or “UAVs,” capable of delivering, from a liquid suspension, an initial droplet “VMD” of less than 50 microns at a flow rate of greater than 2 liters per minute;
h.3. Aerosol generating units specially designed for fitting to the systems specified in paragraphs h.1 and h.2 of this ECCN.
Technical Notes:
1. Aerosol generating units are devices specially designed or modified for fitting to aircraft and include nozzles, rotary drum atomizers and similar devices.
2. This ECCN does not control spraying or fogging systems and components, as specified in 2B352.h., that are demonstrated not to be capable of delivering biological agents in the form of infectious aerosols.
3. Droplet size for spray equipment or nozzles specially designed for use on aircraft or “UAVs” should be measured using either of the following methods (pending the adoption of internationally accepted standards):
a. Doppler laser method,
b. Forward laser diffraction method.
2B991Numerical control units for machine tools and “numerically controlled” machine tools, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: Also see ECCNs 2B001, 2B201, and 2B290.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. “Numerical control” units for machine tools:
a.1. Having four interpolating axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”; or
a.2. Having two or more axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control” and a minimum programmable increment better (less) than 0.001 mm;
a.3. “Numerical control” units for machine tools having two, three or four interpolating axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”, and capable of receiving directly (on-line) and processing computer-aided-design (CAD) data for internal preparation of machine instructions; or
b. “Motion control boards” specially designed for machine tools and having any of the following characteristics:
b.1. Interpolation in more than four axes;
b.2. Capable of “real time processing” of data to modify tool path, feed rate and spindle data, during the machining operation, by any of the following:
b.2.a. Automatic calculation and modification of part program data for machining in two or more axes by means of measuring cycles and access to source data; or
b.2.b. “Adaptive control” with more than one physical variable measured and processed by means of a computing model (strategy) to change one or more machining instructions to optimize the process.
b.3. Capable of receiving and processing CAD data for internal preparation of machine instructions; or
c. “Numerically controlled” machine tools that, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with electronic devices for simultaneous “contouring control” in two or more axes and that have both of the following characteristics:
c.1. Two or more axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for contouring control; and
c.2. Positioning accuracies according to ISO 230/2 (2006), with all compensations available:
c.2.a. Better than 15 µm along any linear axis (overall positioning) for grinding machines;
c.2.b. Better than 15 µm along any linear axis (overall positioning) for milling machines; or
c.2.c. Better than 15 µm along any linear axis (overall positioning) for turning machines; or
d. Machine tools, as follows, for removing or cutting metals, ceramics or composites, that, according to the manufacturer's technical specifications, can be equipped with electronic devices for simultaneous “contouring control” in two or more axes:
d.1. Machine tools for turning, grinding, milling or any combination thereof, having two or more axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control” and having any of the following characteristics:
d.1.a. One or more contouring “tilting spindles”;
Note:
2B991.d.1.a. applies to machine tools for grinding or milling only.
d.1.b. “Camming” (axial displacement) in one revolution of the spindle less (better) than 0.0006 mm total indicator reading (TIR);
Note:
2B991.d.1.b. applies to machine tools for turning only.
d.1.c. “Run out” (out-of-true running) in one revolution of the spindle less (better) than 0.0006 mm total indicator reading (TIR);
d.1.d. The “positioning accuracies”, with all compensations available, are less (better) than: 0.001° on any rotary axis;
d.2. Electrical discharge machines (EDM) of the wire feed type that have five or more axes that can be coordinated simultaneously for “contouring control”.
2B992Non-“numerically controlled” machine tools for generating optical quality surfaces, and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Turning machines using a single point cutting tool and having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Slide positioning accuracy less (better) than 0.0005 mm per 300 mm of travel;
a.2. Bidirectional slide positioning repeatability less (better) than 0.00025 mm per 300 mm of travel;
a.3. Spindle “run out” and “camming” less (better) than 0.0004 mm total indicator reading (TIR);
a.4. Angular deviation of the slide movement (yaw, pitch and roll) less (better) than 2 seconds of arc, TIR, over full travel; and
a.5. Slide perpendicularity less (better) than 0.001 mm per 300 mm of travel;
Technical Note:
The bidirectional slide positioning repeatability (R) of an axis is the maximum value of the repeatability of positioning at any position along or around the axis determined using the procedure and under the conditions specified in part 2.11 of ISO 230/2: 1988.
b. Fly cutting machines having all of the following characteristics:
b.1. Spindle “run out” and “camming” less (better) than 0.0004 mm TIR; and
b.2. Angular deviation of slide movement (yaw, pitch and roll) less (better) than 2 seconds of arc, TIR, over full travel.
2B993Gearmaking and/or finishing machinery not controlled by 2B003 capable of producing gears to a quality level of better than AGMA 11.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2B996Dimensional inspection or measuring systems or equipment not controlled by 2B006.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Manual dimensional inspection machines, having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. Two or more axes; and
a.2. A measurement uncertainty equal to or less (better) than (3 L/300) micrometer in any axes (L measured length in mm).
2B997“Robots” not controlled by 2B007 or 2B207 that are capable of employing feedback information in real-time processing from one or more sensors to generate or modify “programs” or to generate or modify numerical program data.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2B998Assemblies, units or inserts specially designed for machine tools controlled by 2B991, or for equipment controlled by 2B993, 2B996 or 2B997.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: This entry does not control measuring interferometer systems, without closed or open loop feedback, containing a laser to measure slide movement errors of machine-tools, dimensional inspection machines or similar equipment.
Related Definition: N/A
Items: a. Spindle assemblies, consisting of spindles and bearings as a minimal assembly, with radial (“run out”) or axial (“camming”) axis motion in one revolution of the spindle less (better) than 0.0006 mm total indicator reading (TIR);
b. Single point diamond cutting tool inserts, having all of the following characteristics:
b.1. Flawless and chip-free cutting edge when magnified 400 times in any direction;
b.2. Cutting radius from 0.1 to 5 mm inclusive; and
b.3. Cutting radius out-of-roundness less (better) than 0.002 mm TIR.
c. Specially designed printed circuit boards with mounted components capable of upgrading, according to the manufacturer's specifications, “numerical control” units, machine tools or feedback devices to or above the levels specified in ECCNs 2B991, 2B993, 2B996, 2B997, or 2B998.
2B999Specific Processing Equipment, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
Country Chart.
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 0B001, 0B002, 0B004, 1B233, 2A293, 2B001.f, 2B004, 2B009, 2B104, 2B109, 2B204, 2B209, 2B228, 2B229, 2B231, 2B350.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Isostatic presses, n.e.s.;
b. Bellows manufacturing equipment, including hydraulic forming equipment and bellows forming dies;
c. Laser welding machines;
d. MIG welders;
e. E-beam welders;
f. Monel equipment, including valves, piping, tanks and vessels;
g. 304 and 316 stainless steel valves, piping, tanks and vessels;
h. Mining and drilling equipment, as follows:
h.1. Large boring equipment capable of drilling holes greater than two feet in diameter;
h.2. Large earth-moving equipment used in the mining industry;
i. Electroplating equipment designed for coating parts with nickel or aluminum;
j. Pumps designed for industrial service and for use with an electrical motor of 5 HP or greater;
k. Vacuum valves, piping, flanges, gaskets and related equipment specially designed for use in high-vacuum service, n.e.s.;
l. Spin forming and flow forming machines, n.e.s.;
m. Centrifugal multiplane balancing machines, n.e.s.;
n. Austenitic stainless steel plate, valves, piping, tanks and vessels.
C. Materials [Reserved]
D. Software
2D001“Software”, other than that controlled by 2D002, specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 2A001 or 2B001 to 2B009.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1
MT applies to “software” for equipment controlled by 2B004 and 2B009 for MT reasons MT Column 1
NP applies to specially designed or modified “software” for equipment controlled by 2B001 for NP reasons, and to specially designed “software” for equipment controlled by 2B004, 2B006, 2B007, or 2B009 for NP reasons NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes, except N/A for MT
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship or transmit “software”, other than that specified by ECCN 2D002, specially designed for the “development” or “production” of equipment as follows: ECCN 2B001 entire entry; or “Numerically controlled” or manual machine tools as specified in 2B003 to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”) and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for “software” controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 2D101 and 2D201.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D002“Software” for electronic devices, even when residing in an electronic device or system, enabling such devices or systems to function as a “numerical control” unit, capable of coordinating simultaneously more than 4 axes for “contouring control”.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”) and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for “software” controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 2D202.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
Note 1:
2D002 does not control “software” specially designed or modified for the operation of machine tools not controlled by Category 2.
Note 2:
2D002 does not control “software” for items controlled by 2B002. See 2D001 for control of “software” for items controlled by 2B002.
2D018“Software” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 2B018.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
MT applies to “software” for equipment controlled by 2B018 for MT reasons MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry. See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D101“Software” specially designed or modified for the “use” of equipment controlled by 2B104, 2B105, 2B109, 2B116, 2B117, or 2B119 to 2B122.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1.
NP applies to “software” specially designed for the use” of items controlled by 2B104, 2B109, or 2B116 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”) and 2E101 (“use”) for technology for “software” controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 9D004.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D201“Software” specially designed for the “use” of equipment controlled by 2B204, 2B206, 2B207, 2B209, 2B227 or 2B229.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 2E001 (“development”) and 2E201 (“use”) for technology for “software” controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCNs 2D002 and 2D202.
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: “Software” specially designed for systems controlled by 2B206.b includes software for simultaneous measurements of wall thickness and contour.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D202“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 2B201.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D290“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production” or “use” of items controlled by 2A290, 2A291, 2A292, 2A293, or 2B290.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: See ECCN 2E001 (“development”) for technology for “software” controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D351Dedicated “software” for toxic gas monitoring systems and their dedicated detecting components controlled by ECCN 2B351.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A.
TSR: N/A.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: N/A.
Related Definitions: (1) For the purposes of this entry, the term “dedicated” means committed entirely to a single purpose or device. (2) See Section 772.1 of the EAR for the definitions of “software,” “program,” and “microprogram.”
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D983“Software” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 2A983.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D984“Software” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment controlled by 2A984.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) “Software” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution less than 0.5 milliradian (a lower milliradian number means a more accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters is under the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State (22 CFR parts 120 through 130). (2) “Software” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution greater than 1 milliradian spatial resolution (a higher milliradian number means a less accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters is designated as EAR99. (3) See ECCNs 2A984 and 2E984 for related commodity and technology controls.
Related Definitions: N/A.
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D991“Software” specially designed for the “development”, “production”, or “use” of equipment controlled by 2B991, 2B993, or 2B996, 2B997, and 2B998.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2D992Specific “software”, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. “Software” to provide “adaptive control” and having both of the following characteristics:
a.1. For “flexible manufacturing units” (FMUs) which consist at least of equipment described in b.1 and b.2 of the definition of “flexible manufacturing unit” contained in part 772 of the EAR; and
a.2. Capable of generating or modifying, in “real time processing”, programs or data by using the signals obtained simultaneously by means of at least two detection techniques, such as:
a.2.a. Machine vision (optical ranging);
a.2.b. Infrared imaging;
a.2.c. Acoustical imaging (acoustical ranging);
a.2.d. Tactile measurement;
a.2.e. Inertial positioning;
a.2.f. Force measurement; and
a.2.g. Torque measurement.
Note:
2D992.a does not control “software” which only provides rescheduling of functionally identical equipment within “flexible manufacturing units” using pre-stored part programs and a pre-stored strategy for the distribution of the part programs.
b. Reserved.
2D994“Software” specially designed for the “development” or “production” of portable electric generators controlled by 2A994.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s): AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to Cuba, Iran and North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for this entry. See part 746 of the EAR for additional information on Cuba and Iran. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information on North Korea.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
E. Technology
2E001“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” of equipment or “software” controlled by 2A (except 2A983, 2A984, 2A991, or 2A994), 2B (except 2B991, 2B993, 2B996, 2B997, or 2B998), or 2D (except 2D983, 2D984, 2D991, 2D992, or 2D994).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to “technology” for items controlled by 2A001, 2B001 to 2B009, 2D001 or 2D002 NS Column 1.
MT applies to “technology” for items controlled by 2B004, 2B009, 2B018, 2B104, 2B105, 2B109, 2B116, 2B117, 2B119 to 2B122, 2D001, or 2D101 for MT reasons MT Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 2A225, 2A226, 2B001, 2B004, 2B006, 2B007, 2B009, 2B104, 2B109, 2B116, 2B201, 2B204, 2B206, 2B207, 2B209, 2B225 to 2B232, 2D001, 2D002, 2D101, 2D201 or 2D202 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 2A290 to 2A293, 2B290, or 2D290 for NP reasons NP Column 2.
CB applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2B350 to 2B352, valves controlled by 2A226 or 2A292 having the characteristics of those controlled by 2B350.g, and software controlled by 2D351 CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes, except N/A for MT
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship or transmit “technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “development” of “software” specified in the License Exception STA paragraph in the License Exception section of ECCN 2D001 or for the “development” of equipment as follows: ECCN 2B001 entire entry; or “Numerically controlled” or manual machine tools as specified in 2B003 to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See also 2E101, 2E201, and 2E301
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
Note:
ECCN 2E001 includes “technology” for the integration of probe systems into coordinate measurement machines specified by 2B006.a.
2E002“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “production” of equipment controlled by 2A (except 2A983, 2A984, 2A991, or 2A994), or 2B (except 2B991, 2B993, 2B996, 2B997, or 2B998).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2A001, 2B001 to 2B009 NS Column 1.
MT applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2B004, 2B009, 2B018, 2B104, 2B105, 2B109, 2B116, 2B117, or 2B119 to 2B122 for MT reasons MT Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2A225, 2A226, 2B001, 2B004, 2B006, 2B007, 2B009, 2B104, 2B109, 2B116, 2B201, 2B204, 2B206, 2B207, 2B209, 2B225 to 2B232 for NP reasons NP Column 1.
NP applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2A290 to 2A293, 2B290 for NP reasons NP Column 2.
CB applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2B350 to 2B352 and for valves controlled by 2A226 or 2A292 having the characteristics of those controlled by 2B350.g CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes, except N/A for MT
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship or transmit “technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “production” of equipment as follows: ECCN 2B001 entire entry; or “Numerically controlled” or manual machine tools as specified in 2B003 to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E003Other “technology”, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes, except 2E003.a, .b, .e and .f
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: See 2E001, 2E002, and 2E101 for “development” and “use” technology for equipment that are designed or modified for densification of carbon-carbon composites, structural composite rocket nozzles and reentry vehicle nose tips.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. “Technology” for the “development” of interactive graphics as an integrated part in “numerical control” units for preparation or modification of part programs;
b. “Technology” for metal-working manufacturing processes, as follows:
b.1. “Technology” for the design of tools, dies or fixtures specially designed for any of the following processes:
b.1.a. “Superplastic forming”;
b.1.b. “Diffusion bonding”; or
b.1.c. “Direct-acting hydraulic pressing”;
b.2. Technical data consisting of process methods or parameters as listed below used to control:
b.2.a. “Superplastic forming” of aluminum alloys, titanium alloys or “superalloys”:
b.2.a.1. Surface preparation;
b.2.a.2. Strain rate;
b.2.a.3. Temperature;
b.2.a.4. Pressure;
b.2.b. “Diffusion bonding” of “superalloys” or titanium alloys:
b.2.b.1. Surface preparation;
b.2.b.2. Temperature;
b.2.b.3. Pressure;
b.2.c. “Direct-acting hydraulic pressing” of aluminum alloys or titanium alloys:
b.2.c.1. Pressure;
b.2.c.2. Cycle time;
b.2.d. “Hot isostatic densification” of titanium alloys, aluminum alloys or “superalloys”:
b.2.d.1. Temperature;
b.2.d.2. Pressure;
b.2.d.3. Cycle time;
c. “Technology” for the “development” or “production” of hydraulic stretch-forming machines and dies therefor, for the manufacture of airframe structures;
d. “Technology” for the “development” of generators of machine tool instructions (e.g., part programs) from design data residing inside “numerical control” units;
e. “Technology for the development” of integration “software” for incorporation of expert systems for advanced decision support of shop floor operations into “numerical control” units;
f. “Technology” for the application of inorganic overlay coatings or inorganic surface modification coatings (specified in column 3 of the following table) to non-electronic substrates (specified in column 2 of the following table), by processes specified in column 1 of the following table and defined in the Technical Note.
N.B. This table should be read to control the technology of a particular ‘Coating Process’ only when the resultant coating in column 3 is in a paragraph directly across from the relevant ‘Substrate’ under column 2. For example, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) ‘coating process’ technical data are controlled for the application of ‘silicides’ to ‘Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “composites” substrates, but are not controlled for the application of ‘silicides’ to ‘Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide (18)’ substrates. In the second case, the resultant coating is not listed in the paragraph under column 3 directly across from the paragraph under column 2 listing ‘Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide (18) ’.
Category 2E—Materials Processing Table; Deposition Techniques
1. Coating process (1) 1 2. Substrate 3. Resultant coating
1 The numbers in parenthesis refer to the Notes following this Table.
A. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) “Superalloys” Aluminides for internal passages
Ceramics (19) and Low-expansion glasses (14) Silicides CarbidesDielectric layers (15) Diamond Diamond-like carbon (17)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic, and Metal “matrix” “composites” SilicidesCarbides Refractory metals, Mixtures thereof (4) Dielectric layers (15) Aluminides Alloyed aluminides (2) Boron nitride
Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon Carbide (18) CarbidesTungsten Mixtures thereof (4) Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and Molybdenum alloys Dielectric Players (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloys Dielectric layers (15)Diamond Diamond-like carbon (17)
Sensor window materials (9) Dielectric layers (15)Diamond Diamond-like carbon (17)
B. Thermal Evaportation Physical Vapor
1. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD): Deposition (TE-PVD) Electron-Beam (EB-PVD) “Superalloys” Alloyed silicidesAlloyed aluminides (2) McrAlX (5)
Modified zirconia (12) Silicides
Aluminides
Mixtures thereof (4)
Ceramics (19) and Low-expansion glasses (14) Dielectric layers (15)
Corrosion resistant steel (7) MCrAIX (5)Modified zirconia (12)
Mixtures thereof (4)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “composites” SilicidesCarbides Refractory metals Mixtures thereof (4)
Dielectric layers (15)Boron nitride
Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide (18) CarbidesTungsten Mixtures thereof (4) Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and Molybdenum alloys Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloys Dielectric layers (15)Borides Beryllium
Sensor window materials (9) Dielectric layers (15)
Titanium alloys (13) BoridesNitrides
2. Ion assisted resistive heating. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) (Ion Plating) Ceramics (19) and Low-expansion glasses (14) Dielectric layers (15)Diamond-like carbon (17)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “composites” Dielectric layers (15)
Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and Molybdenum alloys Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloys Dielectric layers (15)
Sensor window materials (9) Dielectric layers (15)Diamond-like carbon (17)
3. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD): “Laser” Vaporization Ceramics (19) and Low-expansion glasses (14) SilicidesDielectric layers (15) Diamond-like carbon (17)
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “composites” Dielectric layers (15)
Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide Dielectric layers (15)
Molybdenum and Molybdenum alloys Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloys Dielectric layers (15)
Sensor window materials (9) Dielectric layers (15)Diamond-like carbon
4. Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD): Cathodic Arc Discharge “Superalloys” Alloyed silicidesAlloyed Aluminides (2) MCrAlX (5)
Polymers (11) and Organic “matrix” “composites” BoridesCarbides Nitrides Diamond-like carbon (17)
C. Pack cementation (see A above for out-of-pack cementation) (10) Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “composites” SilicidesCarbides Mixtures thereof (4)
Titanium alloys (13) SilicidesAluminides Alloyed aluminides (2)
Refractory metals and alloys (8) SilicidesOxides
D. Plasma spraying “Superalloys” MCrAlX (5)Modified zirconia (12) Mixtures thereof (4) Abradable Nickel-Graphite Abradable materials containing Ni-Cr-Al
AbradableAl-Si-Polyester Alloyed aluminides (2)
Aluminum alloys (6) MCrAIX (5)Modified zirconia (12) Silicides Mixtures thereof (4)
Refractory metals and alloys (8), Carbides, Corrosion resistant steel (7) AluminidesSilicides MCrAIX (5) Modified zirconia (12) Mixtures thereof (4)
Titanium alloys (13) CarbidesAluminides Silicides Alloyed aluminides (2)
Abradable, Nickel-Graphite Abradable materials containing Ni-Cr-AlAbradable Al-Si-Polyester
E. Slurry Deposition Refractory metals and alloys (8) Fused silicidesFused aluminides except for resistance heating elements
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “composites” SilicidesCarbides Mixtures thereof (4)
F. Sputter Deposition “Superalloys” Alloyed silicidesAlloyed aluminides (2) Noble metal modified aluminides (3) McrAlX (5) Modified zirconia (12) Platinum Mixtures thereof (4)
Ceramics and Low-expansion glasses (14) SilicidesPlatinum Mixtures thereof (4) Dielectric layers (15) Diamond-like carbon (17)
Titanium alloys (13) BoridesNitrides Oxides Silicides Aluminides Alloyed aluminides (2) Carbides
Carbon-carbon, Ceramic and Metal “matrix” “Composites” SilicidesCarbides Refractory metals Mixtures thereof (4) Dielectric layers (15) Boron nitride
Cemented tungsten carbide (16), Silicon carbide (18) CarbidesTungsten Mixtures thereof (4) Dielectric layers (15) Boron nitride
Molybdenum and Molybdenum alloys Dielectric layers (15)
Beryllium and Beryllium alloys BoridesDielectric layers (15) Beryllium
Sensor window materials (9) Dielectric layers (15)Diamond-like carbon (17)
Refractory metals and alloys (8) AluminidesSilicides Oxides Carbides
G. Ion Implantation High temperature bearing steels Additions of Chromium, Tantalum, or Niobium (Columbium)
Titanium alloys (13) BoridesNitrides
Beryllium and Beryllium alloys Borides
Cemented tungsten carbide (16) CarbidesNitrides
Notes to Table on Deposition Techniques
1. The term ‘coating process’ includes coating repair and refurbishing as well as original coating.
2. The term ‘alloyed aluminide coating’ includes single or multiple-step coatings in which an element or elements are deposited prior to or during application of the aluminide coating, even if these elements are deposited by another coating process. It does not, however, include the multiple use of single-step pack cementation processes to achieve alloyed aluminides.
3. The term ‘noble metal modified aluminide’ coating includes multiple-step coatings in which the noble metal or noble metals are laid down by some other coating process prior to application of the aluminide coating.
4. The term ‘mixtures thereof’ includes infiltrated material, graded compositions, co-deposits and multilayer deposits and are obtained by one or more of the coating processes specified in the Table.
5. MCrAlX refers to a coating alloy where M equals cobalt, iron, nickel or combinations thereof and X equals hafnium, yttrium, silicon, tantalum in any amount or other intentional additions over 0.01% by weight in various proportions and combinations, except:
a. CoCrAlY coatings which contain less than 22% by weight of chromium, less than 7% by weight of aluminum and less than 2% by weight of yttrium;
b. CoCrAlY coatings which contain 22 to 24% by weight of chromium, 10 to 12% by weight of aluminum and 0.5 to 0.7% by weight of yttrium; or
c. NiCrAlY coatings which contain 21 to 23% by weight of chromium, 10 to 12% by weight of aluminum and 0.9 to 1.1% by weight of yttrium.
6. The term ‘aluminum alloys’ refers to alloys having an ultimate tensile strength of 190 MPa or more measured at 293 K (20 °C).
7. The term ‘corrosion resistant steel’ refers to AISI (American Iron and Steel Institute) 300 series or equivalent national standard steels.
8. ‘Refractory metals and alloys’ include the following metals and their alloys: niobium (columbium), molybdenum, tungsten and tantalum.
9. ‘Sensor window materials’, as follows: alumina, silicon, germanium, zinc sulphide, zinc selenide, gallium arsenide, diamond, gallium phosphide, sapphire and the following metal halides: sensor window materials of more than 40 mm diameter for zirconium fluoride and hafnium fluoride.
10. “Technology” for single-step pack cementation of solid airfoils is not controlled by Category 2.
11. ‘Polymers’, as follows: polyimide, polyester, polysulfide, polycarbonates and polyurethanes.
12. ‘Modified zirconia’ refers to additions of other metal oxides, (e.g., calcia, magnesia, yttria, hafnia, rare earth oxides) to zirconia in order to stabilize certain crystallographic phases and phase compositions. Thermal barrier coatings made of zirconia, modified with calcia or magnesia by mixing or fusion, are not controlled.
13. ‘Titanium alloys’ refers only to aerospace alloys having an ultimate tensile strength of 900 MPa or more measured at 293 K (20 °C).
14. ‘Low-expansion glasses’ refers to glasses which have a coefficient of thermal expansion of 1 × 10−7 K−1 or less measured at 293 K (20 °C).
15. ‘Dielectric layers’ are coatings constructed of multi-layers of insulator materials in which the interference properties of a design composed of materials of various refractive indices are used to reflect, transmit or absorb various wavelength bands. Dielectric layers refers to more than four dielectric layers or dielectric/metal “composite” layers.
16. ‘Cemented tungsten carbide’ does not include cutting and forming tool materials consisting of tungsten carbide/(cobalt, nickel), titanium carbide/(cobalt, nickel), chromium carbide/nickel-chromium and chromium carbide/nickel.
17. “Technology” specially designed to deposit diamond-like carbon on any of the following is not controlled: magnetic disk drives and heads, equipment for the manufacture of disposables, valves for faucets, acoustic diaphragms for speakers, engine parts for automobiles, cutting tools, punching-pressing dies, office automation equipment, microphones, medical devices or molds, for casting or molding of plastics, manufactured from alloys containing less than 5% beryllium.
18. ‘Silicon carbide’ does not include cutting and forming tool materials.
19. Ceramic substrates, as used in this entry, does not include ceramic materials containing 5% by weight, or greater, clay or cement content, either as separate constituents or in combination.
Technical Note to Table on Deposition Techniques:
Processes specified in Column 1 of the Table are defined as follows:
a. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) is an overlay coating or surface modification coating process wherein a metal, alloy, “composite”, dielectric or ceramic is deposited upon a heated substrate. Gaseous reactants are decomposed or combined in the vicinity of a substrate resulting in the deposition of the desired elemental, alloy or compound material on the substrate. Energy for this decomposition or chemical reaction process may be provided by the heat of the substrate, a glow discharge plasma, or “laser” irradiation.
Note 1:
CVD includes the following processes: directed gas flow out-of-pack deposition, pulsating CVD, controlled nucleation thermal decomposition (CNTD), plasma enhanced or plasma assisted CVD processes.
Note 2:
Pack denotes a substrate immersed in a powder mixture.
Note 3:
The gaseous reactants used in the out-of-pack process are produced using the same basic reactions and parameters as the pack cementation process, except that the substrate to be coated is not in contact with the powder mixture.
b. Thermal Evaporation-Physical Vapor Deposition (TE-PVD) is an overlay coating process conducted in a vacuum with a pressure less than 0.1 Pa wherein a source of thermal energy is used to vaporize the coating material. This process results in the condensation, or deposition, of the evaporated species onto appropriately positioned substrates. The addition of gases to the vacuum chamber during the coating process to synthesize compound coatings is an ordinary modification of the process. The use of ion or electron beams, or plasma, to activate or assist the coating's deposition is also a common modification in this technique. The use of monitors to provide in-process measurement of optical characteristics and thickness of coatings can be a feature of these processes. Specific TE-PVD processes are as follows:
1. Electron Beam PVD uses an electron beam to heat and evaporate the material which forms the coating;
2. Ion Assisted Resistive Heating PVD employs electrically resistive heating sources in combination with impinging ion beam(s) to produce a controlled and uniform flux of evaporated coating species;
3. “Laser” Vaporization uses either pulsed or continuous wave “laser” beams to vaporize the material which forms the coating;
4. Cathodic Arc Deposition employs a consumable cathode of the material which forms the coating and has an arc discharge established on the surface by a momentary contact of a ground trigger. Controlled motion of arcing erodes the cathode surface creating a highly ionized plasma. The anode can be either a cone attached to the periphery of the cathode, through an insulator, or the chamber. Substrate biasing is used for non line-of-sight deposition.
Note:
This definition does not include random cathodic arc deposition with non-biased substrates.
5. Ion Plating is a special modification of a general TE-PVD process in which a plasma or an ion source is used to ionize the species to be deposited, and a negative bias is applied to the substrate in order to facilitate the extraction of the species from the plasma. The introduction of reactive species, evaporation of solids within the process chamber, and the use of monitors to provide in-process measurement of optical characteristics and thicknesses of coatings are ordinary modifications of the process.
c. Pack Cementation is a surface modification coating or overlay coating process wherein a substrate is immersed in a powder mixture (a pack), that consists of:
1. The metallic powders that are to be deposited (usually aluminum, chromium, silicon or combinations thereof);
2. An activator (normally a halide salt); and
3. An inert powder, most frequently alumina.
Note:
The substrate and powder mixture is contained within a retort which is heated to between 1,030 K (757 °C) to 1,375 K (1,102 °C) for sufficient time to deposit the coating.
d. Plasma Spraying is an overlay coating process wherein a gun (spray torch) which produces and controls a plasma accepts powder or wire coating materials, melts them and propels them towards a substrate, whereon an integrally bonded coating is formed. Plasma spraying constitutes either low pressure plasma spraying or high velocity plasma spraying.
Note 1:
Low pressure means less than ambient atmospheric pressure.
Note 2:
High velocity refers to nozzle-exit gas velocity exceeding 750 m/s calculated at 293 K (20 °C) at 0.1 MPa.
e. Slurry Deposition is a surface modification coating or overlay coating process wherein a metallic or ceramic powder with an organic binder is suspended in a liquid and is applied to a substrate by either spraying, dipping or painting, subsequent air or oven drying, and heat treatment to obtain the desired coating.
f. Sputter Deposition is an overlay coating process based on a momentum transfer phenomenon, wherein positive ions are accelerated by an electric field towards the surface of a target (coating material). The kinetic energy of the impacting ions is sufficient to cause target surface atoms to be released and deposited on an appropriately positioned substrate.
Note 1:
The Table refers only to triode, magnetron or reactive sputter deposition which is used to increase adhesion of the coating and rate of deposition and to radio frequency (RF) augmented sputter deposition used to permit vaporization of non-metallic coating materials.
Note 2:
Low-energy ion beams (less than 5 keV) can be used to activate the deposition.
g. Ion Implantation is a surface modification coating process in which the element to be alloyed is ionized, accelerated through a potential gradient and implanted into the surface region of the substrate. This includes processes in which ion implantation is performed simultaneously with electron beam physical vapor deposition or sputter deposition.
Accompanying Technical Information to Table on Deposition Techniques:
1. “Technology” for pretreatments of the substrates listed in the Table, as follows:
a. Chemical stripping and cleaning bath cycle parameters, as follows:
1. Bath composition;
a. For the removal of old or defective coatings corrosion product or foreign deposits;
b. For preparation of virgin substrates;
2. Time in bath;
3. Temperature of bath;
4. Number and sequences of wash cycles;
b. Visual and macroscopic criteria for acceptance of the cleaned part;
c. Heat treatment cycle parameters, as follows:
1. Atmosphere parameters, as follows:
a. Composition of the atmosphere;
b. Pressure of the atmosphere;
2. Temperature for heat treatment;
3. Time of heat treatment;
d. Substrate surface preparation parameters, as follows:
1. Grit blasting parameters, as follows:
a. Grit composition;
b. Grit size and shape;
c. Grit velocity;
2. Time and sequence of cleaning cycle after grit blast;
3. Surface finish parameters;
4. Application of binders to promote adhesion;
e. Masking technique parameters, as follows:
1. Material of mask;
2. Location of mask;
2. “Technology” for in situ quality assurance techniques for evaluation of the coating processes listed in the Table, as follows:
a. Atmosphere parameters, as follows:
1. Composition of the atmosphere;
2. Pressure of the atmosphere;
b. Time parameters;
c. Temperature parameters;
d. Thickness parameters;
e. Index of refraction parameters;
f. Control of composition;
3. “Technology” for post deposition treatments of the coated substrates listed in the Table, as follows:
a. Shot peening parameters, as follows:
1. Shot composition;
2. Shot size;
3. Shot velocity;
b. Post shot peening cleaning parameters;
c. Heat treatment cycle parameters, as follows:
1. Atmosphere parameters, as follows:
a. Composition of the atmosphere;
b. Pressure of the atmosphere;
2. Time-temperature cycles;
d. Post heat treatment visual and macroscopic criteria for acceptance of the coated substrates;
4. “Technology” for quality assurance techniques for the evaluation of the coated substrates listed in the Table, as follows:
a. Statistical sampling criteria;
b. Microscopic criteria for:
1. Magnification;
2. Coating thickness, uniformity;
3. Coating integrity;
4. Coating composition;
5. Coating and substrates bonding;
6. Microstructural uniformity.
c. Criteria for optical properties assessment (measured as a function of wavelength):
1. Reflectance;
2. Transmission;
3. Absorption;
4. Scatter;
5. “Technology” and parameters related to specific coating and surface modification processes listed in the Table, as follows:
a. For Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD):
1. Coating source composition and formulation;
2. Carrier gas composition;
3. Substrate temperature;
4. Time-temperature-pressure cycles;
5. Gas control and part manipulation;
b. For Thermal Evaporation-Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD):
1. Ingot or coating material source composition;
2. Substrate temperature;
3. Reactive gas composition;
4. Ingot feed rate or material vaporization rate;
5. Time-temperature-pressure cycles;
6. Beam and part manipulation;
7. “Laser” parameters, as follows:
a. Wave length;
b. Power density;
c. Pulse length;
d. Repetition ratio;
e. Source;
c. For Pack Cementation:
1. Pack composition and formulation;
2. Carrier gas composition;
3. Time-temperature-pressure cycles;
d. For Plasma Spraying:
1. Powder composition, preparation and size distributions;
2. Feed gas composition and parameters;
3. Substrate temperature;
4. Gun power parameters;
5. Spray distance;
6. Spray angle;
7. Cover gas composition, pressure and flow rates;
8. Gun control and part manipulation;
e. For Sputter Deposition:
1. Target composition and fabrication;
2. Geometrical positioning of part and target;
3. Reactive gas composition;
4. Electrical bias;
5. Time-temperature-pressure cycles;
6. Triode power;
7. Part manipulation;
f. For Ion Implantation:
1. Beam control and part manipulation;
2. Ion source design details;
3. Control techniques for ion beam and deposition rate parameters;
4. Time-temperature-pressure cycles.
g. For Ion Plating:
1. Beam control and part manipulation;
2. Ion source design details;
3. Control techniques for ion beam and deposition rate parameters;
4. Time-temperature-pressure cycles;
5. Coating material feed rate and vaporization rate;
6. Substrate temperature;
7. Substrate bias parameters.
2E018“Technology” for the “use” of equipment controlled by 2B018.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, AT, UN
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 1.
MT applies to “technology” for equipment controlled by 2B018 for MT reasons MT Column 1.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
UN applies to entire entry. See § 746.1(b) for UN controls.
CIV: N/A
TSR: Yes.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E101“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “use” of equipment or “software” controlled by 2B004, 2B009, 2B104, 2B105, 2B109, 2B116, 2B117, 2B119 to 2B122, 2D001, 2D002 or 2D101.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to “technology” for items controlled by 2B004, 2B009, 2B104, 2B105, 2B109, 2B116, 2B117, 2B119 to 2B122, 2D001, or 2D101 for MT reasons MT Column 1
NP applies to “technology” for items controlled by 2B004, 2B009, 2B104, 2B109, 2B116, 2D001, 2D002 or 2D101 for NP reasons NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry. AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: (1) This entry controls only “technology” for 2B009 and 2B109 for spin forming machines combining the functions of spin forming and flow forming, and flow forming machines. (2) Also see 2E201.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E201“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “use” of equipment or “software” controlled by 2A225, 2A226, 2B001, 2B006, 2B007.b, 2B007.c, 2B201, 2B204, 2B206, 2B207, 2B209, 2B225 to 2B232, 2D002, 2D201 or 2D202 for NP reasons.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1.
CB applies to “technology” for valves controlled by 2A226 that meet or exceed the technical parameters in 2B350.g CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: Also see 2E290 and 2E991.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E290“Technology” according to the General Technology Note for the “use” of equipment controlled by 2A290, 2A291, 2A292, 2A293, or 2B290.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2.
CB applies to “technology” for valves controlled by 2A292 that meet or exceed the technical parameters in 2B350.g CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E301“Technology” according to the “General Technology Note” for the “use” of items controlled by 2B350, 2B351 and 2B352.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CB, AT
Control(s) Country chart
CB applies to entire entry CB Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The lists of items controlled are contained in the ECCN headings.
2E983“Technology” specially designed or modified for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 2A983, or the “development” of software controlled by 2D983.
License Requirements
Reason for Control:RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E984“Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of equipment controlled by 2A984 or “required” for the “development” of “software” controlled by 2D984.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) “Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution less than 0.5 milliradian (a lower milliradian number means a more accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters or “required” for the “development” of “software” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution less than 0.5 milliradian at a standoff distance of 100 meters is under the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State (22 CFR parts 120 through 130). (2) “Technology” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution greater than 1 milliradian spatial resolution (a higher milliradian number means a less accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters or “required” for the “development” of “software” “required” for the “development”, “production” or “use” of concealed object detection equipment operating in the frequency range from 30 GHz to 3000 GHz and having a spatial resolution greater than 1 milliradian spatial resolution (a higher milliradian number means a less accurate image resolution) at a standoff distance of 100 meters is designated as EAR99. (3) See ECCNs 2A984 and 2D984 for related commodity and software controls.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E991“Technology” for the “use” of equipment controlled by 2B991, 2B993, 2B996, or 2B997.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
2E994“Technology” for the “use” of portable electric generators controlled by 2A994.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s): AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to Cuba, Iran and North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine licensing requirements for this entry. See part 746 of the EAR for additional information on Cuba and Iran. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information on North Korea.
License Exceptions
CIV: N/A
TSR: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: N/A
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
EAR99Items Subject to the EAR That Are Not Elsewhere Specified in This CCL Category or in Any Other Category in the CCL Are Designated by the Number EAR99.
Category 3—Electronics
A. Systems, Equipment and Components
Note 1:
The control status of equipment and components described in 3A001 or 3A002, other than those described in 3A001.a.3 to 3A001.a.10, 3A001.a.12 or 3A001.a.13, which are specially designed for or which have the same functional characteristics as other equipment is determined by the control status of the other equipment.
Note 2:
The control status of integrated circuits described in 3A001.a.3 to 3A001.a.9, 3A001.a.12 or 3A001.a.13 that are unalterably programmed or designed for a specific function for other equipment is determined by the control status of the other equipment.
N.B.:
When the manufacturer or applicant cannot determine the control status of the other equipment, the control status of the integrated circuits is determined in 3A001.a.3 to 3A001.a.9, 3A001.a.12 and 3A001.a.13.
3A001Electronic components and specially designed components therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, MT, NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
MT applies to 3A001.a.1.a when usable in “missiles”; and to 3A001.a.5.a when “designed or modified” for military use, hermetically sealed and rated for operation in the temperature range from below −54 °C to above 125 °C MT Column 1
NP applies to pulse discharge capacitors in 3A001.e.2 and superconducting solenoidal electromagnets in 3A001.e.3 that meet or exceed the technical parameters in 3A201.a and 3A201.b, respectively NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A for MT or NP
Yes for:
$1500: 3A001.c
$3000: 3A001.b.1, b.2, b.3, b.9, .d, .e, .f, and .g
$5000: 3A001.a (except a.1.a and a.5.a when controlled for MT), and .b.4 to b.7
GBS: Yes for 3A001.a.1.b, a.2 to a.13 (except .a.5.a when controlled for MT), b.2, b.8 (except for TWTAs exceeding 18 GHz), b.9., b.10, .g, and .h.
CIV: Yes for 3A001.a.3, a.7, and a.11.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number.
Related Controls: (1) The following commodities are under the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (22 CFR part 121) when “space qualified” and operating at frequencies higher than 31.8 GHz: helix tubes (traveling wave tubes (TWT)) defined in 3A001.b.1.a.4.c; microwave solid state amplifiers defined in 3A001.b.4.b traveling wave tube amplifiers (TWTA) defined in 3A001.b.8; and derivatives thereof; (2) The following commodities are also under the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (22 CFR part 121): (a) “Space qualified” solar cells, coverglass-interconnect-cells or covered-interconnect-cells (CIC) assemblies, solar arrays and/or solar panels, with a minimum average efficiency of 31% or greater measured at an operating temperature of 301 K (28 °C) under simulated ‘AM0’ illumination with an irradiance of 1,367 Watts per square meter (W/m2), and associated solar concentrators, power conditioners and/or controllers, bearing and power transfer assemblies, and deployment hardware/systems; (b) Radiation-hardened microelectronic circuits controlled by Category XV (d) of the United States Munitions List (USML); and (c) All specifically designed or modified systems or subsystems, components, parts, accessories, attachments, and associated equipment controlled by Category XV (e) of the USML. See also 3A101, 3A201, and 3A991. (3) See ECCN 3A982.a for discrete microwave transistors not controlled by paragraph .b.3 of this entry. (4) Packaged microwave “monolithic integrated circuits” (packaged MMIC) power amplifiers that operate within the frequency range specified in 3A982.b and that have the dimensional and output power characteristics specified for packaged MMIC power amplifiers specified in ECCN 3A982 are controlled by ECCN 3A982 even if such packaged MMIC power amplifiers also operate within the frequency range specified in ECCN 3A001.b.2.a.
Related Definitions: For the purposes of integrated circuits in 3A001.a.1, 5 × 103 Gy(Si) = 5 × 105 Rads (Si); 5 × 106 Gy (Si)/s = 5 × 108 Rads (Si)/s. Spacecraft/satellite: solar concentrators, power conditioners and or controllers, bearing and power transfer assembly, and or deployment hardware/systems are controlled under the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (22 CFR part 121).
Items:
a. General purpose integrated circuits, as follows:
Note 1:
The control status of wafers (finished or unfinished), in which the function has been determined, is to be evaluated against the parameters of 3A001.a.
Note 2:
Integrated circuits include the following types:
—“Monolithic integrated circuits”;
—“Hybrid integrated circuits”;
—“Multichip integrated circuits”;
—“Film type integrated circuits”, including silicon-on-sapphire integrated circuits;
—“Optical integrated circuits”.
a.1. Integrated circuits designed or rated as radiation hardened to withstand any of the following:
a.1.a. A total dose of 5 × 103 Gy (Si), or higher;
a.1.b. A dose rate upset of 5 × 106 Gy (Si)/s, or higher; or
a.1.c. A fluence (integrated flux) of neutrons (1 MeV equivalent) of 5 × 1013 n/cm2 or higher on silicon, or its equivalent for other materials;
Note:
3A001.a.1.c does not apply to Metal Insulator Semiconductors (MIS).
a.2. “Microprocessor microcircuits”, “microcomputer microcircuits”, microcontroller microcircuits, storage integrated circuits manufactured from a compound semiconductor, analog-to-digital converters, digital-to-analog converters, electro-optical or “optical integrated circuits” designed for “signal processing”, field programmable logic devices, custom integrated circuits for which either the function is unknown or the control status of the equipment in which the integrated circuit will be used is unknown, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) processors, electrical erasable programmable read-only memories (EEPROMs), flash memories or static random-access memories (SRAMs), having any of the following:
a.2.a. Rated for operation at an ambient temperature above 398 K (125 °C);
a.2.b. Rated for operation at an ambient temperature below 218 K (−55 °C); or
a.2.c. Rated for operation over the entire ambient temperature range from 218 K (−55 °C) to 398 K (125 °C);
Note:
3A001.a.2 does not apply to integrated circuits for civil automobile or railway train applications.
a.3. “Microprocessor microcircuits”, “microcomputer microcircuits” and microcontroller microcircuits, manufactured from a compound semiconductor and operating at a clock frequency exceeding 40 MHz;
Note:
3A001.a.3 includes digital signal processors, digital array processors and digital coprocessors.
a.4. [Reserved]
a.5. Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) and Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC) integrated circuits, as follows:
a.5.a. ADCs having any of the following:
a.5.a.1. A resolution of 8 bit or more, but less than 10 bit, with an output rate greater than 500 million words per second;
a.5.a.2 A resolution of 10 bit or more, but less than 12 bit, with an output rate greater than 300 million words per second;
a.5.a.3. A resolution of 12 bit with an output rate greater than 200 million words per second;
a.5.a.4. A resolution of more than 12 bit but equal to or less than 14 bit with an output rate greater than 125 million words per second; or
a.5.a.5. A resolution of more than 14 bit with an output rate greater than 20 million words per second;
Technical Notes:
1. A resolution of n bit corresponds to a quantization of 2n levels.
2. The number of bits in the output word is equal to the resolution of the ADC.
3. The output rate is the maximum output rate of the converter, regardless of architecture or oversampling.
4. For ‘multiple channel ADCs’, the outputs are not aggregated and the output rate is the maximum output rate of any single channel.
5. For ‘interleaved ADCs’ or for ‘multiple channel ADCs’ that are specified to have an interleaved mode of operation, the outputs are aggregated and the output rate is the maximum combined total output rate of all of the outputs.
6. Vendors may also refer to the output rate as sampling rate, conversion rate or throughput rate. It is often specified in megahertz (MHz) or mega samples per second (MSPS).
7. For the purpose of measuring output rate, one output word per second is equivalent to one Hertz or one sample per second.
8. ‘Multiple channel ADCs’ are defined as devices which integrate more than one ADC, designed so that each ADC has a separate analog input.
9. ‘Interleaved ADCs’ are defined as devices which have multiple ADC units that sample the same analog input at different times such that when the outputs are aggregated, the analog input has been effectively sampled and converted at a higher sampling rate.
a.5.b. Digital-to-Analog Converters (DAC) having any of the following:
a.5.b.1. A resolution of 10 bit or more with an ‘adjusted update rate’ of 3,500 MSPS or greater; or
a.5.b.2. A resolution of 12-bit or more with an ‘adjusted update rate’ of equal to or greater than 1,250 MSPS and having any of the following:
a.5.b.2.a. A settling time less than 9 ns to 0.024% of full scale from a full scale step; or
a.5.b.2.b. A ‘Spurious Free Dynamic Range’ (SFDR) greater than 68 dBc (carrier) when synthesizing a full scale analog signal of 100 MHz or the highest full scale analog signal frequency specified below 100 MHz.
Technical Notes:
1. ‘Spurious Free Dynamic Range’ (SFDR) is defined as the ratio of the RMS value of the carrier frequency (maximum signal component) at the input of the DAC to the RMS value of the next largest noise or harmonic distortion component at its output.
2. SFDR is determined directly from the specification table or from the characterization plots of SFDR versus frequency.
3. A signal is defined to be full scale when its amplitude is greater than -3 dBfs (full scale).
4. ‘Adjusted update rate’ for DACs is:
a. For conventional (non-interpolating) DACs, the ‘adjusted update rate’ is the rate at which the digital signal is converted to an analog signal and the output analog values are changed by the DAC.For DACs where the interpolation mode may be bypassed (interpolation factor of one), the DAC should be considered as a conventional (non-interpolating) DAC.
b. For interpolating DACs (oversampling DACs), the ‘adjusted update rate’ is defined as the DAC update rate divided by the smallest interpolating factor. For interpolating DACs, the ‘adjusted update rate’ may be referred to by different terms including:
• Input data rate
• Input word rate
• Input sample rate
• Maximum total input bus rate
• Maximum DAC clock rate for DAC clock input.
a.6. Electro-optical and “optical integrated circuits”, designed for “signal processing” and having all of the following:
a.6.a. One or more than one internal “laser” diode;
a.6.b. One or more than one internal light detecting element; and
a.6.c. Optical waveguides;
a.7. ‘Field programmable logic devices’ having any of the following:
a.7.a. A maximum number of digital input/outputs greater than 200; or
a.7.b. A system gate count of greater than 230,000;
Note:
3A001.a.7 includes:
—Simple Programmable Logic Devices (SPLDs),
—Complex Programmable Logic Devices (CPLDs),
—Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs),
—Field Programmable Logic Arrays (FPLAs), and
—Field Programmable Interconnects (FPICs).
Technical Notes:
1. ‘Field programmable logic devices’ are also known as field programmable gate or field programmable logic arrays.
2. Maximum number of digital input/outputs in 3A001.a.7.a is also referred to as maximum user input/outputs or maximum available input/outputs, whether the integrated circuit is packaged or bare die.
a.8. [Reserved]
a.9. Neural network integrated circuits;
a.10. Custom integrated circuits for which the function is unknown, or the control status of the equipment in which the integrated circuits will be used is unknown to the manufacturer, having any of the following:
a.10.a. More than 1,500 terminals;
a.10.b. A typical “basic gate propagation delay time” of less than 0.02 ns; or
a.10.c. An operating frequency exceeding 3 GHz;
a.11. Digital integrated circuits, other than those described in 3A001.a.3 to 3A001.a.10 and 3A001.a.12, based upon any compound semiconductor and having any of the following:
a.11.a. An equivalent gate count of more than 3,000 (2 input gates); or
a.11.b. A toggle frequency exceeding 1.2 GHz;
a.12. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) processors having a rated execution time for an N-point complex FFT of less than (N log2 N)/20,480 ms, where N is the number of points;
Technical Note:
When N is equal to 1,024 points, the formula in 3A001.a.12 gives an execution time of 500 µs.
a.13. Direct Digital Synthesizer (DDS) integrated circuits having any of the following:
a.13.a. A Digital-to-Analog Converter (DAC) clock frequency of 3.5 GHz or more and a DAC resolution of 10 bit or more, but less than 12 bit; or
a.13.b. A DAC clock frequency of 1.25 GHz or more and a DAC resolution of 12 bit or more;
Technical Note:
The DAC clock frequency may be specified as the master clock frequency or the input clock frequency.
b. Microwave or millimeter wave components, as follows:
b.1. Electronic vacuum tubes and cathodes, as follows:
Note 1:
3A001.b.1 does not control tubes designed or rated for operation in any frequency band and having all of the following:
a. Does not exceed 31.8 GHz; and
b. Is “allocated by the ITU” for radio-communications services, but not for radio-determination.
Note 2:
3A001.b.1 does not control non-“space-qualified” tubes having all the following:
(a) An average output power equal to or less than 50 W; and
(b) Designed or rated for operation in any frequency band and having all of the following:
(1) Exceeds 31.8 GHz but does not exceed 43.5 GHz; and
(2) Is “allocated by the ITU” for radio-communications services, but not for radio-determination.
b.1.a. Traveling wave tubes, pulsed or continuous wave, as follows:
b.1.a.1. Tubes operating at frequencies exceeding 31.8 GHz;
b.1.a.2. Tubes having a cathode heater element with a turn on time to rated RF power of less than 3 seconds;
b.1.a.3. Coupled cavity tubes, or derivatives thereof, with a “fractional bandwidth” of more than 7% or a peak power exceeding 2.5 kW;
b.1.a.4. Helix tubes, or derivatives thereof, having any of the following:
b.1.a.4.a. An “instantaneous bandwidth” of more than one octave, and average power (expressed in kW) times frequency (expressed in GHz) of more than 0.5;
b.1.a.4.b. An “instantaneous bandwidth” of one octave or less, and average power (expressed in kW) times frequency (expressed in GHz) of more than 1; or
b.1.a.4.c. Being “space-qualified”;
b.1.b. Crossed-field amplifier tubes with a gain of more than 17 dB;
b.1.c. Impregnated cathodes designed for electronic tubes producing a continuous emission current density at rated operating conditions exceeding 5 A/cm2;
b.2. Microwave “Monolithic Integrated Circuits” (MMIC) power amplifiers having any of the following:
b.2.a. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 3.2 GHz up to and including 6.8 GHz and with an average output power greater than 4W (36 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 15%;
b.2.b. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 6.8 GHz up to and including 16 GHz and with an average output power greater than 1W (30 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 10%;
b.2.c. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 16 GHz up to and including 31.8 GHz and with an average output power greater than 0.8W (29 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 10%;
b.2.d. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 31.8 GHz up to and including 37.5 GHz and with an average output power greater than 0.1 nW;
b.2.e. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 37.5 GHz up to and including 43.5 GHz and with an average output power greater than 0.25W (24 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 10%; or
b.2.f. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 43.5 GHzand with an average output power greater than 0.1 nW.
Note 1:
[Reserved]
Note 2:
The control status of the MMIC whose rated operating frequency includes frequencies listed in more than one frequency range, as defined by 3A001.b.2.a through 3A001.b.2.f, is determined by the lowest average output power control threshold.
Note 3:
Notes 1 and 2 following the Category 3 heading for product group A. Systems, Equipment, and Components mean that 3A001.b.2 does not control MMICs if they are specially designed for other applications, e.g., telecommunications, radar, automobiles.
b.3. Discrete microwave transistors having any of the following:
b.3.a. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 3.2 GHz up to and including 6.8 GHz and having an average output power greater than 60W (47.8 dBm);
b.3.b. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 6.8 GHz up to and including 31.8 GHz and having an average output power greater than 20W (43 dBm);
b.3.c. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 31.8 GHz up to and including 37.5 GHz and having an average output power greater than 0.5W (27 dBm);
b.3.d. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 37.5 GHz up to and including 43.5 GHz and having an average output power greater than 1W (30 dBm); or
b.3.e. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 43.5 GHz and with an average output power greater than 0.1 nW;
Note:
The control status of a transistor whose rated operating frequency includes frequencies listed in more than one frequency range, as defined by 3A001.b.3.a through 3A001.b.3.e, is determined by the lowest average output power control threshold.
b.4. Microwave solid state amplifiers and microwave assemblies/modules containing microwave solid state amplifiers, having any of the following:
b.4.a. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 3.2 GHz up to and including 6.8 GHz and with an average output power greater than 60W (47.8 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 15%;
b.4.b. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 6.8 GHz up to and including 31.8 GHz and with an average output power greater than 15W (42 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 10%;
b.4.c. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 31.8 GHz up to and including 37.5 GHz and with an average output power greater than 0.1 nW;
b.4.d. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 37.5 GHz up to and including 43.5 GHz and with an average output power greater than 1W (30 dBm) with a “fractional bandwidth” greater than 10%;
b.4.e. Rated for operation at frequencies exceeding 43.5 GHz and with an average output power greater than 0.1 nW; or
b.4.f. Rated for operation at frequencies above 3.2 GHz and all of the following:
b.4.f.1. An average output power (in watts), P, greater than 150 divided by the maximum operating frequency (in GHz) squared [P > 150 W*GHz2/fGHz 2];
b.4.f.2. A “fractional bandwidth” of 5% or greater; and
b.4.f.3. Any two sides perpendicular to one another with length d (in cm) equal to or less than 15 divided by the lowest operating frequency in GHz [d ≤ 15 cm*GHz/fGHz];
Technical Note:
3.2 GHz should be used as the lowest operating frequency (fGHz) in the formula in 3A001.b.4.f.3., for amplifiers that have a rated operation range extending downward to 3.2 GHz and below [d≤15cm*GHz/3.2 fGHz].
N.B.: MMIC power amplifiers should be evaluated against the criteria in 3A001.b.2.
Note 1:
[Reserved]
Note 2:
The control status of an item whose rated operating frequency includes frequencies listed in more than one frequency range, as defined by 3A001.b.4.a through 3A001.b.4.e, is determined by the lowest average output power control threshold.
b.5. Electronically or magnetically tunable band-pass or band-stop filters, having more than 5 tunable resonators capable of tuning across a 1.5:1 frequency band (fmax/fmin) in less than 10 µs and having any of the following:
b.5.a. A band-pass bandwidth of more than 0.5% of center frequency; or
b.5.b. A band-stop bandwidth of less than 0.5% of center frequency;
b.6. [Reserved]
b.7. Converters and harmonic mixers, designed to extend the frequency range of equipment described in 3A002.c, 3A002.d, 3A002.e or 3A002.f beyond the limits stated therein;
b.8. Microwave power amplifiers containing tubes controlled by 3A001.b.1 and having all of the following:
b.8.a. Operating frequencies above 3 GHz;
b.8.b. An average output power to mass ratio exceeding 80 W/kg; and
b.8.c. A volume of less than 400 cm3;
Note:
3A001.b.8 does not control equipment designed or rated for operation in any frequency band which is “allocated by the ITU” for radio-communications services, but not for radio-determination.
b.9. Microwave power modules (MPM) consisting of, at least, a traveling wave tube, a microwave “monolithic integrated circuit” and an integrated electronic power conditioner and having all of the following:
b.9.a. A ‘turn-on time’ from off to fully operational in less than 10 seconds;
b.9.b. A volume less than the maximum rated power in Watts multiplied by 10 cm3/W; and
b.9.c. An “instantaneous bandwidth” greater than 1 octave (fmax. > 2fmin,) and having any of the following:
b.9.c.1. For frequencies equal to or less than 18 GHz, an RF output power greater than 100 W; or
b.9.c.2. A frequency greater than 18 GHz;
Technical Notes:
1. To calculate the volume in 3A001.b.9.b., the following example is provided: for a maximum rated power of 20 W, the volume would be: 20 W × 10 cm3/W = 200 cm3.
2. The ‘turn-on time’ in 3A001.b.9.a. refers to the time from fully-off to fully operational, i.e., it includes the warm-up time of the MPM.
b.10. Oscillators or oscillator assemblies, specified to operate with all of the following:
b.10.a. A single sideband (SSB) phase noise, in dBc/Hz, better than −(126 20 log10F-20 log10f) for 10 Hz <F<10 kHz; and
b.10.b. A single sideband (SSB) phase noise, in dBc/Hz, better than −(114 20 log10F-20 log10f) for 10 kHz ≤ F < 500 kHz;
Technical Note:
In 3A001.b.10, F is the offset from the operating frequency in Hz and f is the operating frequency in MHz.
b.11. “Frequency synthesizer” “electronic assemblies” having a “frequency switching time” as specified by any of the following:
b.11.a. Less than 312 ps;
b.11.b. Less than 100 µs for any frequency change exceeding 1.6 GHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 3.2 GHz but not exceeding 10.6 GHz;
b.11.c. Less than 250 µs for any frequency change exceeding 550 MHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 10.6 GHz but not exceeding 31.8 GHz;
b.11.d. Less than 500 µs for any frequency change exceeding 550 MHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 31.8 GHz but not exceeding 43.5 GHz; or
b.11.e. Less than 1 ms for any frequency change exceeding 550 MHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 43.5 GHz but not exceeding 56 GHz;
b.11.f. Less than 1 ms for any frequency change exceeding 2.2 GHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 56 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz; or
b.11.g. Less than 1 ms within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 70 GHz;
N.B.:
For general purpose “signal analyzers”, signal generators, network analyzers and microwave test receivers, see 3A002.c, 3A002.d, 3A002.e and 3A002.f, respectively.
N.B.:
For general purpose “signal analysers,” signal generators, network analysers and microwave test receivers, see 3A002.c, 3A002.d, 3A002.e and 3A002.f, respectively.
c. Acoustic wave devices as follows and specially designed components therefor:
c.1. Surface acoustic wave and surface skimming (shallow bulk) acoustic wave devices, having any of the following:
c.1.a. A carrier frequency exceeding 6 GHz;
c.1.b. A carrier frequency exceeding 1 GHz, but not exceeding 6 GHz and having any of the following:
c.1.b.1. A ‘frequency side-lobe rejection’ exceeding 65 dB;
c.1.b.2. A product of the maximum delay time and the bandwidth (time in µs and bandwidth in MHz) of more than 100;
c.1.b.3. A bandwidth greater than 250 MHz; or
c.1.b.4. A dispersive delay of more than 10 µs; or
c.1.c. A carrier frequency of 1 GHz or less and having any of the following:
c.1.c.1. A product of the maximum delay time and the bandwidth (time in µs and bandwidth in MHz) of more than 100;
c.1.c.2. A dispersive delay of more than 10 µs; or
c.1.c.3. A ‘frequency side-lobe rejection’ exceeding 65 dB and a bandwidth greater than 100 MHz;
Technical Note:
‘Frequency side-lobe rejection’ is the maximum rejection value specified in data sheet.
c.2. Bulk (volume) acoustic wave devices that permit the direct processing of signals at frequencies exceeding 6 GHz;
c.3. Acoustic-optic “signal processing” devices employing interaction between acoustic waves (bulk wave or surface wave) and light waves that permit the direct processing of signals or images, including spectral analysis, correlation or convolution;
Note:
3A001.c does not control acoustic wave devices that are limited to a single band pass, low pass, high pass or notch filtering, or resonating function.
d. Electronic devices and circuits containing components, manufactured from “superconductive” materials, specially designed for operation at temperatures below the “critical temperature” of at least one of the “superconductive” constituents and having any of the following:
d.1. Current switching for digital circuits using “superconductive” gates with a product of delay time per gate (in seconds) and power dissipation per gate (in watts) of less than 10−14 J; or
d.2. Frequency selection at all frequencies using resonant circuits with Q-values exceeding 10,000;
e. High energy devices as follows:
e.1. ‘Cells’ as follows:
e.1.a. ‘Primary cells’ having an ‘energy density’ exceeding 550 Wh/kg at 293 K (20 °C);
e.1.b. 'Secondary cells' having an 'energy density' exceeding 300 Wh/kg at 293 K (20 °C);
Technical Notes:
1. For the purpose of 3A001.e.1., ‘energy density’ (Wh/kg) is calculated from the nominal voltage multiplied by the nominal capacity in ampere-hours (Ah) divided by the mass in kilograms. If the nominal capacity is not stated, energy density is calculated from the nominal voltage squared then multiplied by the discharge duration in hours divided by the discharge load in Ohms and the mass in kilograms.
2. For the purpose of 3A001.e.1., a ‘cell’ is defined as an electrochemical device, which has positive and negative electrodes, an electrolyte, and is a source of electrical energy. It is the basic building block of a battery.
3. For the purpose of 3A001.e.1.a., a ‘primary cell’ is a ‘cell’ that is not designed to be charged by any other source.
4. For the purpose of 3A001.e.1.b., a ‘secondary cell’ is a ‘cell’ that is designed to be charged by an external electrical source.
Note:
3A001.e. does not control batteries, including single-cell batteries.
e.2. High energy storage capacitors as follows:
e.2.a. Capacitors with a repetition rate of less than 10 Hz (single shot capacitors) and having all of the following:
e.2.a.1. A voltage rating equal to or more than 5 kV;
e.2.a.2. An energy density equal to or more than 250 J/kg; and
e.2.a.3. A total energy equal to or more than 25 kJ;
e.2.b. Capacitors with a repetition rate of 10 Hz or more (repetition rated capacitors) and having all of the following:
e.2.b.1. A voltage rating equal to or more than 5 kV;
e.2.b.2. An energy density equal to or more than 50 J/kg;
e.2.b.3. A total energy equal to or more than 100 J; and
e.2.b.4. A charge/discharge cycle life equal to or more than 10,000;
e.3. “Superconductive” electromagnets and solenoids, specially designed to be fully charged or discharged in less than one second and having all of the following:
Note:
3A001.e.3 does not control “superconductive” electromagnets or solenoids specially designed for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) medical equipment.
e.3.a. Energy delivered during the discharge exceeding 10 kJ in the first second;
e.3.b. Inner diameter of the current carrying windings of more than 250 mm; and
e.3.c. Rated for a magnetic induction of more than 8 T or “overall current density” in the winding of more than 300 A/mm2;
e.4. Solar cells, cell-interconnect-coverglass (CIC) assemblies, solar panels, and solar arrays, which are “space-qualified,” having a minimum average efficiency exceeding 20% at an operating temperature of 301 K (28 °C) under simulated ‘AM0’ illumination with an irradiance of 1,367 Watts per square meter (W/m2);
Technical Note:
'AM0,’ or ‘Air Mass Zero,’ refers to the spectral irradiance of sunlight in the earth's outer atmosphere when the distance between the earth and sun is one astronomical unit (AU).
f. Rotary input type absolute position encoders having an accuracy equal to or less (better) than ±1.0 second of arc;
g. Solid-state pulsed power switching thyristor devices and ‘thyristor modules’, using either electrically, optically, or electron radiation controlled switch methods and having any of the following:
g.1. A maximum turn-on current rate of rise (di/dt) greater than 30,000 A/µs and off-state voltage greater than 1,100 V; or
g.2. A maximum turn-on current rate of rise (di/dt) greater than 2,000 A/µs and having all of the following:
g.2.a. An off-state peak voltage equal to or greater than 3,000 V; and
g.2.b. A peak (surge) current equal to or greater than 3,000 A;
Note 1:
3A001.g. includes:
Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs)
Electrical Triggering Thyristors (ETTs)
—Light Triggering Thyristors (LTTs)
—Integrated Gate Commutated Thyristors (IGCTs)
—Gate Turn-off Thyristors (GTOs)
—MOS Controlled Thyristors (MCTs)
—Solidtrons
Note 2:
3A001.g. does not control thyristor devices and ‘thyristor modules’ incorporated into equipment designed for civil railway or “civil aircraft” applications.
Technical Note:
For the purposes of 3A001.g, a “thyristor module” contains one or more thyristor devices.
h. Solid-state power semiconductor switches, diodes, or ‘modules', having all of the following:
h.1. Rated for a maximum operating junction temperature greater than 488 K (215 °C);
h.2. Repetitive peak off-state voltage (blocking voltage) exceeding 300 V; and
h.3. Continuous current greater than 1 A.
Technical Note:
For the purposes of 3A001.h, ‘modules’ contain one or more solid-state power semiconductor switches or diodes.
Note 1:
Repetitive peak off-state voltage in 3A001.h includes drain to source voltage, collector to emitter voltage, repetitive peak reverse voltage and peak repetitive off-state blocking voltage.
Note 2:
3A001.h. includes:
—Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFETs)
—Vertical Junction Field Effect Transistors (VJFETs)
—Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MOSFETs)
—Double Diffused Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (DMOSFET)
—Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor (IGBT)
—High Electron Mobility Transistors (HEMTs)
—Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs)
—Thyristors and Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (SCRs)
—Gate Turn-Off Thyristors (GTOs)
—Emitter Turn-Off Thyristors (ETOs)
—PiN Diodes
—Schottky Diodes
Note 3:
3A001.h. does not apply to switches, diodes, or ‘modules’ incorporated into equipment designed for civil automobile, civil railway, or “civil aircraft” applications.
3A002General purpose electronic equipment and accessories therefor, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
LVS: $3000: 3A002.a, .e, .f, .g; $5000: 3A002.c to .d.
GBS: Yes for 3A002.a.1.
CIV: Yes for 3A002.a.1 (provided all of the following conditions are met: (1) Bandwidths do not exceed: 4 MHz per track and have up to 28 tracks or 2 MHz per track and have up to 42 tracks; (2) Tape speed does not exceed 6.1 m/s; (3) They are not designed for underwater use; (4) They are not ruggedized for military use; and (5) Recording density does not exceed 653.2 magnetic flux sine waves per mm).
STA: License Exception STA may not be used to ship any item in 3A002.g.1 to any of the eight destinations listed in § 740.20(c)(2) of the EAR.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: “Space-qualified” atomic frequency standards defined in 3A002.g.1 are subject to the export licensing authority of the Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (22 CFR part 121.1, Category XV). See also 3A292 and 3A992.
Related Definitions: Constant percentage bandwidth filters are also known as octave or fractional octave filters.
Items:
a. Recording equipment as follows and specially designed test tape therefor:
a.1. Analog instrumentation magnetic tape recorders, including those permitting the recording of digital signals (e.g., using a high density digital recording (HDDR) module), having any of the following:
a.1.a. A bandwidth exceeding 4 MHz per electronic channel or track;
a.1.b. A bandwidth exceeding 2 MHz per electronic channel or track and having more than 42 tracks; or
a.1.c. A time displacement (base) error, measured in accordance with applicable IRIG or EIA documents, of less than ±0.1 µs;
Note:
Analog magnetic tape recorders specially designed for civilian video purposes are not considered to be instrumentation tape recorders.
a.2. Digital video magnetic tape recorders having a maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 360 Mbit/s;
Note:
3A002.a.2 does not control digital video magnetic tape recorders specially designed for television recording using a signal format, which may include a compressed signal format, standardized or recommended by the ITU, the IEC, the SMPTE, the EBU , the ETSI, or the IEEE for civil television applications.
a.3. Digital instrumentation magnetic tape data recorders employing helical scan techniques or fixed head techniques and having any of the following:
a.3.a. A maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 175 Mbit/s; or
a.3.b. Being “space-qualified”;
Note:
3A002.a.3 does not control analog magnetic tape recorders equipped with HDDR conversion electronics and configured to record only digital data.
a.4. Equipment having a maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 175 Mbit/s and designed to convert digital video magnetic tape recorders for use as digital instrumentation data recorders;
a.5. Waveform digitizers and transient recorders, having all of the following:
N.B.: See also 3A292.
a.5.a. Digitizing rates equal to or more than 200 million samples per second and a resolution of 10 bits or more; and
a.5.b. A ‘continuous throughput’ of 2 Gbit/s or more;
Technical Notes:
1. For those instruments with a parallel bus architecture, the ‘continuous throughput’ rate is the highest word rate multiplied by the number of bits in a word.
2. ‘Continuous throughput’ is the fastest data rate the instrument can output to mass storage without the loss of any information while sustaining the sampling rate and analog-to-digital conversion.
a.6. Digital instrumentation data recorders using magnetic disk storage technique and having all of the following:
a.6.a. Digitizing rate equal to or more than 100 million samples per second and a resolution of 8 bits or more; and
a.6.b. A ‘continuous throughput’ of 1 Gbit/s or more;
b. [Reserved]
c. Radio-frequency “signal analyzers” as follows:
c.1. “Signal analyzers” having a 3 dB resolution bandwidth (RBW) exceeding 10 MHz anywhere within the frequency range exceeding 31.8 GHz but not exceeding 37.5 GHz;
c.2. “Signal analyzers” having Displayed Average Noise Level (DANL) less (better) than −150 dBm/Hz anywhere within the frequency range exceeding 43.5 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz;
c.3. “Signal analysers”having a frequency exceeding 70 GHz;
c.4. “Dynamic signal analyzers” having a “real-time bandwidth” exceeding 40 MHz;
Note:
3A002.c.4 does not control those “dynamic signal analyzers” using only constant percentage bandwidth filters (also known as octave or fractional octave filters).
d.1. Specified to generate pulses having all of the following, anywhere within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 31.8 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz:
d.1.a. 'Pulse duration' of less than 100 ns; and
d.1.b. On/off ratio equal to or exceeding 65 dB;
d.2. An output power exceeding 100 mW (20 dBm) anywhere within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 43.5 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz;
d.3. A “frequency switching time” as specified by any of the following:
d.3.a. Less than 312 ps;
d.3.b. Less than 100 µs for any frequency change exceeding 1.6 GHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 3.2 GHz but not exceeding 10.6 GHz;
d.3.c. Less than 250 µs for any frequency change exceeding 550 MHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 10.6 GHz but not exceeding 31.8 GHz;
d.3.d. Less than 500 µs for any frequency change exceeding 550 MHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 31.8 GHz but not exceeding 43.5 GHz;
d.3.e. Less than 1 ms for any frequency change exceeding 550 MHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 43.5 GHz but not exceeding 56 GHz; or
d.3.f. Less than 1 ms for any frequency change exceeding 2.2 GHz within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 56 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz;
d.4. Single sideband (SSB) phase noise, in dBc/Hz, specified as being all of the following:
d.4.a. Less (better) than—(126 20 log10 F-20 log10f) for 10 Hz <F<10 kHz anywhere within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 3.2 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz; and
d.4.b. Less (better) than—(114 20 log10 F-20 log10f) for 10 kHz ≤F<500 kHz anywhere within the synthesized frequency range exceeding 3.2 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz; or
Technical Note:
In 3A002.d.4, F is the offset from the operating frequency in Hz and f is the operating frequency in MHz.
d.5. A maximum synthesized frequency exceeding 70 GHz;
Note 1:
For the purpose of 3A002.d, frequency synthesized signal generators include arbitrary waveform and function generators.
Note 2:
3A002.d. does not control equipment in which the output frequency is either produced by the addition or subtraction of two or more crystal oscillator frequencies, or by an addition or subtraction followed by a multiplication of the result.
Technical Notes:
1. The maximum synthesized frequency of an arbitrary waveform or function generator is calculated by dividing the sample rate, in samples/second, by a factor of 2.5.
2. For the purposes of 3A002.d.1.a, 'pulse duration' is defined as the time interval between the leading edge of the pulse achieving 90% of the peak and the trailing edge of the pulse achieving 10% of the peak.
e. Network analyzers having any of the following:
e.1. Output power exceeding 31.62 mW (15 dBm) anywhere within the operating frequency range exceeding 43.5 GHz but not exceeding 70 GHz; or
e.2. Maximum operating frequency exceeding 70 GHz;
f. Microwave test receivers having all of the following:
f.1. A maximum operating frequency exceeding 70 GHz; and
f.2. Being capable of measuring amplitude and phase simultaneously;
g. Atomic frequency standards being any of the following:
g.1. “Space-qualified”;
g.2. Non-rubidium and having a long-term stability less (better) than 1×10−11/month; or
g.3. Non-”space-qualified” and having all of the following:
g.3.a. Being a rubidium standard;
g.3.b. Long-term stability less (better) than 1×10−11/month; and
g.3.c. Total power consumption of less than 1 Watt.
3A003Spray cooling thermal management systems employing closed loop fluid handling and reconditioning equipment in a sealed enclosure where a dielectric fluid is sprayed onto electronic components using specially designed spray nozzles that are designed to maintain electronic components within their operating temperature range, and specially designed components therefore.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2.
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number of systems, components in $
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
3A101Electronic equipment, devices and components, other than those controlled by 3A001, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: MT, AT
Control(s) Country chart
MT applies to entire entry MT Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: Items controlled in 3A101.a are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (See 22 CFR part 121).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Analog-to-digital converters, usable in “missiles”, designed to meet military specifications for ruggedized equipment;
b. Accelerators capable of delivering electromagnetic radiation produced by bremsstrahlung from accelerated electrons of 2 MeV or greater, and systems containing those accelerators, usable for the “missiles” or the subsystems of “missiles”.
Note:
3A101.b above does not include equipment specially designed for medical purposes.
3A201Electronic components, other than those controlled by 3A001, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see 3A001.e.2 (capacitors) and 3A001.e.3 (superconducting electromagnets). (3) Superconducting electromagnets specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Pulse discharge capacitors having either of the following sets of characteristics:
a.1. Voltage rating greater than 1.4 kV, energy storage greater than 10 J, capacitance greater than 0.5 µF, and series inductance less than 50 nH; or
a.2. Voltage rating greater than 750 V, capacitance greater than 0.25 µF, and series inductance less than 10 nH;
b. Superconducting solenoidal electromagnets having all of the following characteristics:
b.1. Capable of creating magnetic fields greater than 2 T;
b.2. A ratio of length to inner diameter greater than 2;
b.3. Inner diameter greater than 300 mm; and
b.4. Magnetic field uniform to better than 1% over the central 50% of the inner volume;
Note:
3A201.b does not control magnets specially designed for and exported “as parts of” medical nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging systems. The phrase “as part of” does not necessarily mean physical part in the same shipment; separate shipments from different sources are allowed, provided the related export documents clearly specify that the shipments are dispatched “as part of” the imaging systems.
c. Flash X-ray generators or pulsed electron accelerators having either of the following sets of characteristics:
c.1. An accelerator peak electron energy of 500 keV or greater, but less than 25 MeV, and with a “figure of merit” (K) of 0.25 or greater; or
c.2. An accelerator peak electron energy of 25 MeV or greater, and a “peak power” greater than 50 MW;
Note:
3A201.c does not control accelerators that are component parts of devices designed for purposes other than electron beam or X-ray radiation (electron microscopy, for example) nor those designed for medical purposes.
Technical Notes:
(1) The “figure of merit” K is defined as: K = 1.7 × 103V2.65Q. V is the peak electron energy in million electron volts. If the accelerator beam pulse duration is less than or equal to 1 µs, then Q is the total accelerated charge in Coulombs. If the accelerator beam pulse duration is greater than 1 µs, then Q is the maximum accelerated charge in 1 µs. Q equals the intergral of i with respect to t, over the lesser of 1 µs or the time duration of the beam pulse Q= ∫ idt), where i is beam current in amperes and t is time in seconds.
(2) “Peak power” = (peak potential in volts) × (peak beam current in amperes).
(3) In machines based on microwave accelerating cavities, the time duration of the beam pulse is the lesser of 1 µs or the duration of the bunched beam packet resulting from one microwave modulator pulse.
(4) In machines based on microwave accelerating cavities, the peak beam current is the average current in the time duration of a bunched beam packet.
3A225Frequency changers (also known as converters or inverters) or generators, other than those described in 0B001.c.11, having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Frequency changers (also known as converters or inverters) specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. A multiphase output capable of providing a power of 40 W or more;
b. Capable of operating in the frequency range between 600 and 2000 Hz;
c. Total harmonic distortion below 10%; and
d. Frequency control better than 0.1%.
3A226High-power direct current power supplies, other than those described in 0B001.j.6, having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 3A227. (3) Direct current power supplies specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Capable of continuously producing, over a time period of 8 hours, 100 V or greater with current output of 500 A or greater; and
b. Current or voltage stability better than 0.1% over a time period of 8 hours.
3A227High-voltage direct current power supplies, other than those described in 0B001.j.5, having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Also see ECCN 3A226. (3) Direct current power supplies specially designed or prepared for use in separating uranium isotopes are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Capable of continuously producing, over a time period of 8 hours, 20 kV or greater with current output of 1 A or greater; and
b. Current or voltage stability better than 0.1% over a time period of 8 hours.
3A228Switching devices, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
(2) Also see ECCN 3A991.k.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Cold-cathode tubes, whether gas filled or not, operating similarly to a spark gap, having all of the following characteristics:
a.1. Containing three or more electrodes;
a.2. Anode peak voltage rating of 2.5 kV or more;
a.3. Anode peak current rating of 100 A or more; and
a.4. Anode delay time of 10 µs or less.
Technical Note:
3A228.a includes gas krytron tubes and vacuum sprytron tubes.
b. Triggered spark-gaps having both of the following characteristics:
b.1. An anode delay time of 15 µs or less; and
b.2. Rated for a peak current of 500 A or more.
c. Modules or assemblies with a fast switching function having all of the following characteristics:
c.1. Anode peak voltage rating greater than 2 kV;
c.2. Anode peak current rating of 500 A or more; and
c.3. Turn-on time of 1 µs or less.
3A229Firing sets and equivalent high-current pulse generators (for detonators controlled by 3A232), as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 and 1E001(”development” and “production”) and 3E201 and 1E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) High explosives and related equipment for military use are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121).
Related Definitions: In 3A229.b.5, “rise time” is defined as the time interval from 10% to 90% current amplitude when driving a resistive load.
ECCN Controls: 3A229.b includes xenon flash-lamp drivers.
Items: a. Explosive detonator firing sets designed to drive multiple controlled detonators controlled by 3A232;
b. Modular electrical pulse generators (pulsers) having all of the following characteristics:
b.1. Designed for portable, mobile, or ruggedized use;
b.2. Enclosed in a dust-tight enclosure;
b.3. Capable of delivering their energy in less than 15 µs;
b.4. Having an output greater than 100 A;
b.5. Having a “rise time” of less than 10 µs into loads of less than 40 ohms;
b.6. No dimension greater than 254 mm;
b.7. Weight less than 25 kg; and
b.8. Specified for use over an extended temperature range 223 K (−50 °C) to 373 K (100 °C) or specified as suitable for aerospace applications.
3A230High-speed pulse generators having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: In 3A230.b, “pulse transition time” is defined as the time interval between 10% and 90% voltage amplitude.
Items: a. Output voltage greater than 6 V into a resistive load of less than 55 ohms; and
b. “Pulse transition time” less than 500 ps.
3A231Neutron generator systems, including tubes, having both of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number; parts and accessories in $ value
Related Controls: See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Designed for operation without an external vacuum system; and
b. Utilizing electrostatic acceleration to induce a tritium-deuterium nuclear reaction.
3A232Detonators and multipoint initiation systems, as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: (1) See 1A007 for electrically driven explosive detonators. (2) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (3) High explosives and related equipment for military use are subject to the export licensing authority of the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (see 22 CFR part 121).
Related Definitions: N/A
ECCN Controls: This entry does not control detonators using only primary explosives, such as lead azide.
Items:
a. [Reserved]
b. Arrangements using single or multiple detonators designed to nearly simultaneously initiate an explosive surface over an area greater than 5,000 mm2 from a single firing signal with an initiation timing spread over the surface of less than 2.5 µs.
Technical Note:
The word initiator is sometimes used in place of the word detonator.
3A233Mass spectrometers, other than those described in 0B002.g, capable of measuring ions of 230 atomic mass units or greater and having a resolution of better than 2 parts in 230, and ion sources therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: (1) See ECCNs 3E001 (“development” and “production”) and 3E201 (“use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry. (2) Mass spectrometers specially designed or prepared for analyzing on-line samples of UF6 gas streams are subject to the export licensing authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (see10 CFR part 110).
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers (ICP/MS);
b. Glow discharge mass spectrometers (GDMS);
c. Thermal ionization mass spectrometers (TIMS);
d. Electron bombardment mass spectrometers that have a source chamber constructed from, lined with or plated with materials resistant to UF6;
e. Molecular beam mass spectrometers having either of the following characteristics:
e.1. A source chamber constructed from, lined with or plated with stainless steel or molybdenum and equipped with a cold trap capable of cooling to 193 K (−80 °C) or less; or
e.2. A source chamber constructed from, lined with or plated with materials resistant to UF6;
f. Mass spectrometers equipped with a microfluorination ion source designed for actinides or actinide fluorides.
3A292Oscilloscopes and transient recorders other than those controlled by 3A002.a.5, and specially designed components therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NP, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NP applies to entire entry NP Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number
Related Controls: See ECCN 3E292 (“development”, “production”, and “use”) for technology for items controlled under this entry.
Related Definitions: “Bandwidth” is defined as the band of frequencies over which the deflection on the cathode ray tube does not fall below 70.7% of that at the maximum point measured with a constant input voltage to the oscilloscope amplifier.
Items: a. Non-modular analog oscilloscopes having a bandwidth of 1 GHz or greater;
b. Modular analog oscilloscope systems having either of the following characteristics:
b.1. A mainframe with a bandwidth of 1 GHz or greater; or
b.2. Plug-in modules with an individual bandwidth of 4 GHz or greater;
c. Analog sampling oscilloscopes for the analysis of recurring phenomena with an effective bandwidth greater than 4 GHz;
d. Digital oscilloscopes and transient recorders, using analog-to-digital conversion techniques, capable of storing transients by sequentially sampling single-shot inputs at successive intervals of less than 1 ns (greater than 1 giga-sample per second), digitizing to 8 bits or greater resolution and storing 256 or more samples.
Note:
Specially designed components controlled by this item are the following, for analog oscilloscopes:
1. Plug-in units;
2. External amplifiers;
3. Pre-amplifiers;
4. Sampling devices;
5. Cathode ray tubes.
3A980Voice print identification and analysis equipment and parts, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
3A981Polygraphs (except biomedical recorders designed for use in medical facilities for monitoring biological and neurophysical responses); fingerprint analyzers, cameras and equipment, n.e.s.; automated fingerprint and identification retrieval systems, n.e.s.; psychological stress analysis equipment; electronic monitoring restraint devices; and specially designed parts and accessories, n.e.s.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: CC
Control(s) Country chart
CC applies to entire entry CC Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: See ECCN 0A982 for other types of restraint devices.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: The list of items controlled is contained in the ECCN heading.
Note to ECCN 3A981.
In this ECCN, electronic monitoring restraint devices are devices used to record or report the location of confined persons for law enforcement or penal reasons. The term does not include devices that confine memory impaired patents to appropriate medical facilities.
3A982Microwave or millimeter wave components that operate at frequencies below those controlled by 3A001 as follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reasons for Control: RS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
RS applies to entire entry RS Column 1
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value
Related Controls: (1) See ECCN 3A001.b.2 for certain microwave “monolithic integrated circuits” (MMIC) power amplifiers other than those controlled by this entry. (2) See ECCN 3A001.b.3 for discrete microwave transistors other than those controlled by this entry. (3) See ECCN 3A001.h for high electron mobility transistors that are solid state semiconductor switches, diodes or modules rather than discrete microwave transistors.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Packaged high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) with physical dimensions less than 43 mm per side, rated for operation at frequencies from 2.7 GHz up to and including 3.2 GHz and having any of the following:
a.1. An average output power equal to or greater than 48 W (46.8 dBm); or
a.2. A pulsed output power equal to or greater than 240 W (53.8 dBm) and a duty cycle of 20 percent or more.
b. Packaged microwave “monolithic integrated circuits” (MMIC) power amplifiers with physical dimensions less than 43mm per side, rated for operation at frequencies from 2.7 GHz up to and including 3.2 GHz and having either of the following:
b.1. An average output power equal to or greater than 15W (41.7 dBm); or
b.2. A pulsed output power equal to or greater than 75 W (48.75 dBm) and a duty cycle of 20 percent or more.
3A991Electronic devices and components not controlled by 3A001.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Requirements Notes:
See 744.17 of the EAR for additional license requirements for commodities classified as 3A991.a.1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number.
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. “Microprocessor microcircuits”, “microcomputer microcircuits”, and microcontroller microcircuits having any of the following:
a.1. A performance speed of 5 GFLOPS or more and an arithmetic logic unit with an access width of 32 bit or more;
a.2. A clock frequency rate exceeding 25 MHz; or
a.3. More than one data or instruction bus or serial communication port that provides a direct external interconnection between parallel “microprocessor microcircuits” with a transfer rate of 2.5 Mbyte/s.
b. Storage integrated circuits, as follows:
b.1. Electrical erasable programmable read-only memories (EEPROMs) with a storage capacity;
b.1.a. Exceeding 16 Mbits per package for flash memory types; or
b.1.b. Exceeding either of the following limits for all other EEPROM types:
b.1.b.1. Exceeding 1 Mbit per package; or
b.1.b.2. Exceeding 256 kbit per package and a maximum access time of less than 80 ns;
b.2. Static random access memories (SRAMs) with a storage capacity:
b.2.a. Exceeding 1 Mbit per package; or
b.2.b. Exceeding 256 kbit per package and a maximum access time of less than 25 ns;
c. Analog-to-digital converters having any of the following:
c.1. A resolution of 8 bit or more, but less than 12 bit, with an output rate greater than 200 million words per second;
c.2. A resolution of 12 bit with an output rate greater than 105 million words per second;
c.3. A resolution of more than 12 bit but equal to or less than 14 bit withan output rate greater than 10 million words per second; or
c.4. A resolution of more than 14 bit with an output rate greater than 2.5 million words per second.
d. Field programmable logic devices having either of the following:
d.1. An equivalent gate count of more than 5000 (2 input gates); or
d.2. A toggle frequency exceeding 100 MHz;
e. Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) processors having a rated execution time for a 1,024 point complex FFT of less than 1 ms.
f. Custom integrated circuits for which either the function is unknown, or the control status of the equipment in which the integrated circuits will be used is unknown to the manufacturer, having any of the following:
f.1. More than 144 terminals; or
f.2. A typical “basic propagation delay time” of less than 0.4 ns.
g. Traveling wave tubes, pulsed or continuous wave, as follows:
g.1. Coupled cavity tubes, or derivatives thereof;
g.2. Helix tubes, or derivatives thereof, with any of the following:
g.2.a. An “instantaneous bandwidth” of half an octave or more; and
g.2.b. The product of the rated average output power (expressed in kW) and the maximum operating frequency (expressed in GHz) of more than 0.2;
g.2.c. An “instantaneous bandwidth” of less than half an octave; and
g.2.d. The product of the rated average output power (expressed in kW) and the maximum operating frequency (expressed in GHz) of more than 0.4;
h. Flexible waveguides designed for use at frequencies exceeding 40 GHz;
i. Surface acoustic wave and surface skimming (shallow bulk) acoustic wave devices (i.e., “signal processing” devices employing elastic waves in materials), having either of the following:
i.1. A carrier frequency exceeding 1 GHz; or
i.2. A carrier frequency of 1 GHz or less; and
i.2.a. A frequency side-lobe rejection exceeding 55 Db;
i.2.b. A product of the maximum delay time and bandwidth (time in microseconds and bandwidth in MHz) of more than 100; or
i.2.c. A dispersive delay of more than 10 microseconds.
j. Cells as follows:
j.1. Primary cells having an energy density of 550 Wh/kg or less at 293 K (20 °C);
j.2. Secondary cells having an energy density of 300 Wh/kg or less at 293 K (20 °C).
Note:
3A991.j. does not control batteries, including single cell batteries.
Technical Notes: 1. For the purpose of 3A991.j energy density (Wh/kg) is calculated from the nominal voltage multiplied by the nominal capacity in ampere-hours divided by the mass in kilograms. If the nominal capacity is not stated, energy density is calculated from the nominal voltage squared then multiplied by the discharge duration in hours divided by the discharge load in Ohms and the mass in kilograms.
2. For the purpose of 3A991.j, a ‘cell’ is defined as an electrochemical device, which has positive and negative electrodes, and electrolyte, and is a source of electrical energy. It is the basic building block of a battery.
3. For the purpose of 3A991.j.1, a ‘primary cell’ is a ‘cell’ that is not designed to be charged by any other source.
4. For the purpose of 3A991.j.2., a ‘secondary cell’ is a ‘cell’ that is designed to be charged by an external electrical source.
k. “Superconductive” electromagnets or solenoids specially designed to be fully charged or discharged in less than one minute, having all of the following:
Note:
3A991.k does not control “superconductive” electromagnets or solenoids designed for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) medical equipment.
k.1. Maximum energy delivered during the discharge divided by the duration of the discharge of more than 500 kJ per minute;
k.2. Inner diameter of the current carrying windings of more than 250 mm; and
k.3. Rated for a magnetic induction of more than 8T or “overall current density” in the winding of more than 300 A/mm2.
l. Circuits or systems for electromagnetic energy storage, containing components manufactured from “superconductive” materials specially designed for operation at temperatures below the “critical temperature” of at least one of their “superconductive” constituents, having all of the following:
l.1. Resonant operating frequencies exceeding 1 MHz;
l.2. A stored energy density of 1 MJ/M3 or more; and
l.3. A discharge time of less than 1 ms;
m. Hydrogen/hydrogen-isotope thyratrons of ceramic-metal construction and rate for a peak current of 500 A or more;
n. Digital integrated circuits based on any compound semiconductor having an equivalent gate count of more than 300 (2 input gates).
o. Solar cells, cell-interconnect-coverglass (CIC) assemblies, solar panels, and solar arrays, which are “space qualified” and not controlled by 3A001.e.4.
3A992General purpose electronic equipment not controlled by 3A002.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT
Control(s) Country chart
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Equipment in number
Related Controls: N/A
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Electronic test equipment, n.e.s.
b. Digital instrumentation magnetic tape data recorders having any of the following characteristics;
b.1. A maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 60 Mbit/s and employing helical scan techniques;
b.2. A maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 120 Mbit/s and employing fixed head techniques; or
b.3. “Space qualified”;
c. Equipment, with a maximum digital interface transfer rate exceeding 60 Mbit/s, designed to convert digital video magnetic tape recorders for use as digital instrumentation data recorders;
3A999Specific Processing Equipment, n.e.s., as Follows (See List of Items Controlled).
License Requirements
Reason for Control: AT.
Control(s).
Country Chart.
AT applies to entire entry. A license is required for items controlled by this entry to North Korea for anti-terrorism reasons. The Commerce Country Chart is not designed to determine AT licensing requirements for this entry. See § 742.19 of the EAR for additional information.
License Exceptions
LVS: N/A
GBS: N/A
CIV: N/A
List of Items Controlled
Unit: $ value.
Related Controls: See also 0B002, 3A225 (for frequency changes capable of operating in the frequency range of 600 Hz and above), 3A233.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items: a. Frequency changers capable of operating in the frequency range from 300 up to 600 Hz, n.e.s;
b. Mass spectrometers n.e.s;
c. All flash x-ray machines, and components of pulsed power systems designed thereof, including Marx generators, high power pulse shaping networks, high voltage capacitors, and triggers;
d. Pulse amplifiers, n.e.s.;
e. Electronic equipment for time delay generation or time interval measurement, as follows:
e.1. Digital time delay generators with a resolution of 50 nanoseconds or less over time intervals of 1 microsecond or greater; or
e.2. Multi-channel (three or more) or modular time interval meter and chronometry equipment with resolution of 50 nanoseconds or less over time intervals of 1 microsecond or greater;
f. Chromatography and spectrometry analytical instruments.
B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment
3B001Equipment for the manufacturing of semiconductor devices or materials, as follows (see List of Items Controlled) and specially designed components and accessories therefor.
License Requirements
Reason for Control: NS, AT
Control(s) Country chart
NS applies to entire entry NS Column 2
AT applies to entire entry AT Column 1
License Requirement Notes:
See § 743.1 of the EAR for reporting requirements for exports under License Exceptions.
License Exceptions
LVS: $500
GBS: Yes, except a.3 (molecular beam epitaxial growth equipment using gas sources), .e (automatic loading multi-chamber central wafer handling systems only if connected to equipment controlled by 3B001. a.3, or .f), and .f (lithography equipment).
CIV: Yes for equipment controlled by 3B001.a.1 and a.2.
List of Items Controlled
Unit: Number.
Related Controls: See also 3B991.
Related Definitions: N/A
Items:
a. Equipment designed for epitaxial growth as follows:
a.1. Equipment capable of producing a layer of any material other than silicon with a thickness uniform to less than ±2.5% across a distance of 75 mm or more;