17 CFR 1.46 - Application and closing out of offsetting long and short positions.

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There are 4 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 17 CFR 1. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 1.46 Application and closing out of offsetting long and short positions.
(a) Application of purchases and sales.
(1) Except with respect to purchases or sales which are for omnibus accounts, or where the customer or account controller has instructed otherwise, any futures commission merchant who, on or subject to the rules of a designated contract market:
(i) Purchases any commodity for future delivery for the account of any customer when the account of such customer at the time of such purchase has a short position in the same future of the same commodity on the same market;
(ii) Sells any commodity for future delivery for the account of any customer when the account of such customer at the time of such sale has a long position in the same future of the same commodity on the same market;
(iii) Purchases a put or call option for the account of any customer when the account of such customer at the time of such purchase has a short put or call option position with the same underlying futures contract or same underlying commodity, strike price, expiration date and contract market as that purchased; or
(iv) Sells a put or call option for the account of any customer when the account of such customer at the time of such sale has a long put or call option position with the same underlying futures contract or same underlying commodity, strike price, expiration date and contract market as that sold—shall on the same day apply such purchase or sale against such previously held short or long futures or option position, as the case may be, and shall, for futures transactions, promptly furnish such customer a statement showing the financial result of the transactions involved and, if applicable, that the account was introduced to the futures commission merchant by an introducing broker and the names of the futures commission merchant and introducing broker.
(2) Any futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer who:
(i) Engages in a retail forex transaction involving the purchase of any currency for the account of any retail forex customer when the account of such retail forex customer at the time of such purchase has an open retail forex transaction for the sale of the same currency;
(ii) Engages in a retail forex transaction involving the sale of any currency for the account of any retail forex customer when the account of such retail forex customer at the time of such sale has an open retail forex transaction for the purchase of the same currency;
(iii) Purchases a put or call option involving foreign currency for the account of any customer when the account of such customer at the time of such purchase has a short put or call option position with the same underlying currency, strike price, and expiration date as that purchased; or
(iv) Sells a put or call option involving foreign currency for the account of any customer when the account of such customer at the time of such sale has a long put or call option position with the same underlying currency, strike price, and expiration date as that sold—shall immediately apply such purchase or sale against such previously held opposite transaction, and shall promptly furnish such retail forex customer a statement showing the financial result of the transactions involved and, if applicable, that the account was introduced to the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer by an introducing broker and the names of the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer, and the introducing broker.
(b) Close-out against oldest open position. In all instances wherein the short or long futures, retail forex transaction or option position in such customer's or retail forex customer's account immediately prior to such offsetting purchase or sale is greater than the quantity purchased or sold, the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer shall apply such offsetting purchase or sale to the oldest portion of the previously held short or long position: Provided, That upon specific instructions from the customer the offsetting transaction shall be applied as specified by the customer without regard to the date of acquisition of the previously held position; and Provided, further, that a futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer, if permitted by the rules of a registered futures association, may offset, at the customer's request, retail forex transactions of the same size, even if the customer holds other transactions of a different size, but in each case must offset the transaction against the oldest transaction of the same size. Such instructions may also be accepted from any person who, by power of attorney or otherwise, actually directs trading in the customer's or retail forex customer's account unless the person directing the trading is the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer (including any partner thereof), or is an officer, employee, or agent of the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer. With respect to every such offsetting transaction that, in accordance with such specific instructions, is not applied to the oldest portion of the previously held position, the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer shall clearly show on the statement issued to the customer or retail forex customer in connection with the transaction, that because of the specific instructions given by or on behalf of the customer or retail forex customer the transaction was not applied in the usual manner, i.e., against the oldest portion of the previously held position. However, no such showing need be made if the futures commission merchant or retail foreign exchange dealer has received such specific instructions in writing from the customer or retail forex customer for whom such account is carried.
(c) In-and-out trades; day trades. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section shall not be deemed to require the application of purchases or sales closed out during the same day (commonly known as “in-and-out trades” or “day trades”) against short or long positions carried forward from a prior date.
(d) Exceptions. The provisions of this section shall not apply to:
(1) Purchases or sales of commodity options constituting “bona fide hedging transactions” pursuant to rules of the contract market which have been adopted in accordance with the requirements of § 1.61(b) and approved by the Commission pursuant to; section 5a(a)(12)(A) of the Act Provided, That no contract market or futures commission merchant shall permit such option positions to be offset other than by open and competitive execution in the trading pit or ring provided by the contract market, during the regular hours prescribed by the contract market for trading in such commodity option.
(2) Purchases or sales constituting “bona fide hedging transactions” as defined in § 1.3(z); nor
(3) Sales during a delivery period for the purpose of making delivery during such delivery period if such sales are accompanied by instructions to make delivery thereon, together with warehouse receipts or other documents necessary to effectuate such delivery.
(4) -(7) [Reserved]
(8) Purchases or sales held in error accounts, including but not limited to floor broker error accounts, and purchases or sales identified as errors at the time they are assigned to an account that contains other purchases or sales not identified as errors and held in that account (“error trades”), provided that:
(i) Each error trade does not offset another error trade held in the same account;
(ii) Each error trade is offset by open and competitive means on or subject to the rules of a contract market by not later than the close of business on the business day following the day the error trade is discovered and assigned to an error account or identified as an error trade, unless at the close of business on the business day following the discovery of the error trade, the relevant market has reached a daily price fluctuation limit and the trader is unable to offset the error trade, in which case the error trade must be offset as soon as practicable thereafter; and
(iii) No error trade is closed out by transferring such an open position to another account also controlled by that same trader.
(e) The statements required by paragraph (a) of this section may be furnished to the customer or the person described in § 1.33(d) by means of electronic transmission, in accordance with § 1.33(g).
(Approved by the Office of Management and Budget under control number 3038-0007)
(Secs. 4g, 5, 42 Stat. 1000, 49 Stat. 1496; 7 U.S.C. 6g, 7; secs. 4g, 5, 8a; 7 U.S.C. 6g, 7, 12a)
[41 FR 3194, Jan. 21, 1976]
Editorial Note:
For Federal Register citations affecting § 1.46, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed volume and at www.fdsys.gov.

Title 17 published on 2013-04-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 17.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2013-11-14; vol. 78 # 220 - Thursday, November 14, 2013
    1. 78 FR 68506 - Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures Commission Merchants and Derivatives Clearing Organizations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION
      Final rule.
      Effective date: January 13, 2014. Compliance date: The applicable compliance dates are discussed in the section of the release titled “III. Compliance Dates.”
      17 CFR Parts 1, 3, 22, 30, and 140

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE

§ 1a - Definitions

§ 2 - Jurisdiction of Commission; liability of principal for act of agent; Commodity Futures Trading Commission; transaction in interstate commerce

§ 5 - Findings and purpose

§ 6 - Regulation of futures trading and foreign transactions

§ 6a - Excessive speculation

§ 6b - Contracts designed to defraud or mislead

§ 6c - Prohibited transactions

§ 6e - Dealings by unregistered floor trader or broker prohibited

§ 6f - Registration and financial requirements; risk assessment

§ 6g - Reporting and recordkeeping

§ 6h - False self-representation as registered entity member prohibited

§ 6i - Reports of deals equal to or in excess of trading limits; books and records; cash and controlled transactions

§ 6j - Restrictions on dual trading in security futures products on designated contract markets and registered derivatives transaction execution facilities

§ 6k - Registration of associates of futures commission merchants, commodity pool operators, and commodity trading advisors; required disclosure of disqualifications; exemptions for associated persons

7 U.S. Code § -

§ 6m - Use of mails or other means or instrumentalities of interstate commerce by commodity trading advisors and commodity pool operators; relation to other law

§ 6n - Registration of commodity trading advisors and commodity pool operators; application; expiration and renewal; record keeping and reports; disclosure; statements of account

7 U.S. Code § -

§ 6p - Standards and examinations

§ 6r - Reporting and recordkeeping for uncleared swaps

§ 7 - Designation of boards of trade as contract markets

§ 7a - Repealed.

§ 7b - Suspension or revocation of designation as registered entity

§ 8 - Application for designation as contract market or derivatives transaction execution facility; time; suspension or revocation of designation; hearing; review by court of appeals

§ 9 - Prohibition regarding manipulation and false information

§ 10 - Repealed. June 25, 1948, ch. 646,

§ 12 - Public disclosure

§ 12a - Registration of commodity dealers and associated persons; regulation of registered entities

§ 12c - Disciplinary actions

§ 13a - Nonenforcement of rules of government or other violations; cease and desist orders; fines and penalties; imprisonment; misdemeanor; separate offenses

7 U.S. Code § 13a–1 - Enjoining or restraining violations

§ 16 - Commission operations

§ 16a - Service fees and National Futures Association study

§ 21 - Registered futures associations

§ 23 - Standardized contracts for certain commodities

§ 24 - Customer property with respect to commodity broker debtors; definitions

Title 17 published on 2013-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 17 CFR 1 after this date.

  • 2013-12-19; vol. 78 # 244 - Thursday, December 19, 2013
    1. 78 FR 76788 - Position Limits for Derivatives
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION
      17 CFR Parts 1, 15, 17, 19, 32, 37, 38, 140 and 150