1. This rule shall not raise any presumption that the exemption provided by section 3(a)(11) of
is not available for transactions by an issuer
which do not satisfy all of the provisions of the rule.
2. Nothing in this rule obviates the need for compliance with any state
law relating to the offer and sale of the securities.
3. Section 5 of
requires that all securities offered by the use of the mails or by any means or instruments of transportation or communication in interstate commerce be registered with the Commission
. Congress, however, provided certain exemptions in the Act
from such registration provisions where there was no practical need for registration or where the benefits of registration were too remote. Among those exemptions is that provided by section 3(a)(11) of
for transactions in any security which is a part of an issue offered and sold only to persons resident within a single State or Territory, where the issuer of such security is a person resident and doing business within * * * such State or Territory.
The legislative history of that Section suggests that the exemption was intended to apply only to issues genuinely local in character, which in reality represent local financing by local industries, carried out through local investment. Rule 147 is intended to provide more objective standards upon which responsible local businessmen intending to raise capital from local sources may rely in claiming the section 3(a)(11) exemption.
All of the terms and conditions
of the rule must be satisfied in order for the rule to be available. These are: (i) That the issuer
be a resident of and doing business within the state
or territory in which all offers and sales are made; and (ii) that no part of the issue be offered or sold to non-residents within the period of time specified in the rule. For purposes of the rule the definition of issuer
in section 2(4) of the Act
All offers, offers to sell, offers for sale, and sales which are part of the same issue must meet all of the conditions
of Rule 147 for the rule to be available. The determination whether offers, offers to sell, offers for sale and sales of securities are part of the same issue (i.e.
, are deemed to be integrated
) will continue to be a question of fact and will depend on the particular circumstances. See Securities Act of 1933
Release No. 4434 (December 6, 1961) (26 FR 9158). Securities Act
Release No. 4434 indicated that in determining whether offers and sales should be regarded as part of the same issue and thus should be integrated any one or more of the following factors may be determinative:
Are the offerings part of a single plan of financing;
Do the offerings involve issuance of the same class of securities;
Are the offerings made at or about the same time;
Is the same type of consideration to be received; and
Are the offerings made for the same general purpose.
Subparagraph (b)(2) of the rule, however, is designed to provide certainty to the extent feasible by identifying certain types of offers and sales of securities which will be deemed not part of an issue, for purposes of the rule only.
Persons claiming the availability of the rule have the burden of proving that they have satisfied all of its provisions. However, the rule does not establish exclusive standards for complying with the section 3(a)(11) exemption. The exemption would also be available if the issuer
satisfied the standards set forth in relevant administrative and judicial interpretations at the time of the offering
but the issuer
would have the burden of proving the availability of the exemption. Rule 147 relates to transactions exempted from the registration requirements of section 5 of
by section 3(a)(11). Neither the rule nor section 3(a)(11) provides an exemption from the registration requirements of section 12(g) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
, the anti-fraud provisions of the federal securities laws, the civil liability provisions of section 12(2) of the Act
or other provisions of the federal securities laws.
Finally, in view of the objectives of the rule and the purposes and policies underlying the Act
, the rule shall not be available to any person
with respect to any offering
which, although in technical compliance with the rule, is part of a plan
or scheme by such person
to make interstate offers or sales of securities. In such cases registration pursuant to the Act
4. The rule provides an exemption for offers and sales by the issuer
only. It is not available for offers or sales of securities by other persons. Section 3(a)(11) of
has been interpreted to permit offers and sales by persons controlling the issuer
, if the exemption provided by that section would have been available to the issuer
at the time of the offering
. See Securities Act
Release No. 4434. Controlling persons who want to offer or sell securities pursuant to section 3(a)(11) may continue to do so in accordance with applicable judicial and administrative interpretations.
In the event that securities of the same or similar class as those offered pursuant to the rule are offered, offered for sale or sold less than six months prior to or subsequent to any offer, offer for sale or sale pursuant to this rule, see Preliminary Note 3 hereof as to which offers, offers to sell, offers for sale, or sales are part of an issue.
1. In the case of convertible securities resales of either the convertible security, or if it is converted, the underlying security, could be made during the period described in paragraph (e) only to persons resident within such state
or territory. For purposes of this rule a conversion in reliance on section 3(a)(9) of
does not begin a new period.
2. Dealers must satisfy the requirements of Rule 15c2-11 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 prior to publishing any quotation for a security, or submitting any quotation for publication, in any quotation medium.