17 CFR 240.10b5-1 - Trading “on the basis of” material nonpublic information in insider trading cases.

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§ 240.10b5-1 Trading “on the basis of” material nonpublic information in insider trading cases.
Preliminary Note to § 240.10 b5-1:
This provision defines when a purchase or sale constitutes trading “on the basis of” material nonpublic information in insider trading cases brought under Section 10(b) of the Act and Rule 10b-5 thereunder. The law of insider trading is otherwise defined by judicial opinions construing Rule 10b-5, and Rule 10b5-1 does not modify the scope of insider trading law in any other respect.
(a) General. The “manipulative and deceptive devices” prohibited by Section 10(b) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78j) and § 240.10b-5 thereunder include, among other things, the purchase or sale of a security of any issuer, on the basis of material nonpublic information about that security or issuer, in breach of a duty of trust or confidence that is owed directly, indirectly, or derivatively, to the issuer of that security or the shareholders of that issuer, or to any other person who is the source of the material nonpublic information.
(b) Definition of “on the basis of.” Subject to the affirmative defenses in paragraph (c) of this section, a purchase or sale of a security of an issuer is “on the basis of” material nonpublic information about that security or issuer if the person making the purchase or sale was aware of the material nonpublic information when the person made the purchase or sale.
(c) Affirmative defenses. (1)(i) Subject to paragraph (c)(1)(ii) of this section, a person's purchase or sale is not “on the basis of” material nonpublic information if the person making the purchase or sale demonstrates that:
(A) Before becoming aware of the information, the person had:
(1) Entered into a binding contract to purchase or sell the security,
(2) Instructed another person to purchase or sell the security for the instructing person's account, or
(3) Adopted a written plan for trading securities;
(B) The contract, instruction, or plan described in paragraph (c)(1)(i)(A) of this Section:
(1) Specified the amount of securities to be purchased or sold and the price at which and the date on which the securities were to be purchased or sold;
(2) Included a written formula or algorithm, or computer program, for determining the amount of securities to be purchased or sold and the price at which and the date on which the securities were to be purchased or sold; or
(3) Did not permit the person to exercise any subsequent influence over how, when, or whether to effect purchases or sales; provided, in addition, that any other person who, pursuant to the contract, instruction, or plan, did exercise such influence must not have been aware of the material nonpublic information when doing so; and
(C) The purchase or sale that occurred was pursuant to the contract, instruction, or plan. A purchase or sale is not “pursuant to a contract, instruction, or plan” if, among other things, the person who entered into the contract, instruction, or plan altered or deviated from the contract, instruction, or plan to purchase or sell securities (whether by changing the amount, price, or timing of the purchase or sale), or entered into or altered a corresponding or hedging transaction or position with respect to those securities.
(ii) Paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section is applicable only when the contract, instruction, or plan to purchase or sell securities was given or entered into in good faith and not as part of a plan or scheme to evade the prohibitions of this section.
(iii) This paragraph (c)(1)(iii) defines certain terms as used in paragraph (c) of this Section.
(A) Amount. “Amount” means either a specified number of shares or other securities or a specified dollar value of securities.
(B) Price. “Price” means the market price on a particular date or a limit price, or a particular dollar price.
(C) Date. “Date” means, in the case of a market order, the specific day of the year on which the order is to be executed (or as soon thereafter as is practicable under ordinary principles of best execution). “Date” means, in the case of a limit order, a day of the year on which the limit order is in force.
(2) A person other than a natural person also may demonstrate that a purchase or sale of securities is not “on the basis of” material nonpublic information if the person demonstrates that:
(i) The individual making the investment decision on behalf of the person to purchase or sell the securities was not aware of the information; and
(ii) The person had implemented reasonable policies and procedures, taking into consideration the nature of the person's business, to ensure that individuals making investment decisions would not violate the laws prohibiting trading on the basis of material nonpublic information. These policies and procedures may include those that restrict any purchase, sale, and causing any purchase or sale of any security as to which the person has material nonpublic information, or those that prevent such individuals from becoming aware of such information.
[65 FR 51737, Aug. 24, 2000]

Title 17 published on 2014-04-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 17.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-09-15; vol. 79 # 178 - Monday, September 15, 2014
    1. 79 FR 55078 - Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
      Final rules.
      This rule is effective November 14, 2014; except the amendments to § 240.17g-3(a)(7) and (b)(2) and Form NRSRO, which are effective on January 1, 2015; and the amendments to § 240.17g-2(a)(9), (b)(13) through (15), § 240.17g-5(a)(3)(iii)(E), (c)(6) through (8), § 240.17g-7(a) and (b), and Form ABS-15G, which are effective June 15, 2015. The addition of §§ 240.15Ga-2, 240.17g-8, 240.17g-9, 240.17g-10, and Form ABS Due Diligence-15E are effective June 15, 2015.
      17 CFR Parts 232, 240, 249, and 249b

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE
U.S. Code: Title 12 - BANKS AND BANKING
U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE

§ 27dd

§ 77c - Classes of securities under this subchapter

§ 77d - Exempted transactions

§ 77g - Information required in registration statement

§ 77j - Information required in prospectus

§ 77s - Special powers of Commission

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

§ 77eee - Securities required to be registered under Securities Act

§ 77ggg - Qualification of indentures covering securities not required to be registered

§ 77nnn - Reports by obligor; evidence of compliance with indenture provisions

§ 77sss - Rules, regulations, and orders

§ 77ttt - Hearings by Commission

§ 78c - Definitions and application

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

§ 78d - Securities and Exchange Commission

§ 78e - Transactions on unregistered exchanges

§ 78f - National securities exchanges

§ 78g - Margin requirements

§ 78i - Manipulation of security prices

§ 78j - Manipulative and deceptive devices

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

§ 78k - Trading by members of exchanges, brokers, and dealers

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § -

§ 78m - Periodical and other reports

§ 78n - Proxies

15 U.S. Code § -

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

§ 78p - Directors, officers, and principal stockholders

§ 78q - Records and reports

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

§ 78s - Registration, responsibilities, and oversight of self-regulatory organizations

15 U.S. Code § 32, 33 - Repealed.

§ 78w - Rules, regulations, and orders; annual reports

§ 78x - Public availability of information

15 U.S. Code § -

§ 78mm - General exemptive authority

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

15 U.S. Code § 79 to 79z–6 - Repealed.

§ 7201 - Definitions

§ 7202 - Commission rules and enforcement

§ 8302 - Review of regulatory authority

U.S. Code: Title 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
Statutes at Large

Title 17 published on 2014-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 17 CFR 240 after this date.

  • 2014-09-15; vol. 79 # 178 - Monday, September 15, 2014
    1. 79 FR 55078 - Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating Organizations
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
      Final rules.
      This rule is effective November 14, 2014; except the amendments to § 240.17g-3(a)(7) and (b)(2) and Form NRSRO, which are effective on January 1, 2015; and the amendments to § 240.17g-2(a)(9), (b)(13) through (15), § 240.17g-5(a)(3)(iii)(E), (c)(6) through (8), § 240.17g-7(a) and (b), and Form ABS-15G, which are effective June 15, 2015. The addition of §§ 240.15Ga-2, 240.17g-8, 240.17g-9, 240.17g-10, and Form ABS Due Diligence-15E are effective June 15, 2015.
      17 CFR Parts 232, 240, 249, and 249b