19 CFR 10.176 - Country of origin criteria.

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§ 10.176 Country of origin criteria.
(a) Merchandise produced in a beneficiary developing country or any two or more countries which are members of the same association of countries—
(1) General. Except as otherwise provided in this section, any article which either is wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of, or is a new or different article of commerce that has been grown, produced, or manufactured in, a beneficiary developing country may qualify for duty-free entry under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP). No article will be considered to have been grown, produced, or manufactured in a beneficiary developing country by virtue of having merely undergone simple (as opposed to complex or meaningful) combining or packaging operations or mere dilution with water or mere dilution with another substance that does not materially alter the characteristics of the article. Duty-free entry under the GSP may be accorded to an article only if the sum of the cost or value of the materials produced in the beneficiary developing country or any two or more countries that are members of the same association of countries and are treated as one country under section 507(2) of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended (19 U.S.C. 2467(2)), plus the direct costs of processing operations performed in the beneficiary developing country or member countries, is not less than 35 percent of the appraised value of the article at the time it is entered.
(2) Combining, packaging, and diluting operations. No article which has undergone only a simple combining or packaging operation or a mere dilution in a beneficiary developing country within the meaning of paragraph (a)(1) of this section will be entitled to duty-free treatment even though the processing operation causes the article to meet the value requirement set forth in that paragraph. For purposes of this section:
(i) Simple combining or packaging operations and mere dilution include, but are not limited to, the following:
(A) The addition of batteries to devices;
(B) Fitting together a small number of components by bolting, glueing, soldering, etc.;
(C) Blending foreign and beneficiary developing country tobacco;
(D) The addition of substances such as anticaking agents, preservatives, wetting agents, etc.;
(E) Repacking or packaging components together;
(F) Reconstituting orange juice by adding water to orange juice concentrate; and
(G) Diluting chemicals with inert ingredients to bring them to standard degrees of strength;
(ii) Simple combining or packaging operations and mere dilution will not be taken to include processes such as the following:
(A) The assembly of a large number of discrete components onto a printed circuit board;
(B) The mixing together of two bulk medicinal substances followed by the packaging of the mixed product into individual doses for retail sale;
(C) The addition of water or another substance to a chemical compound under pressure which results in a reaction creating a new chemical compound; and
(D) A simple combining or packaging operation or mere dilution coupled with any other type of processing such as testing or fabrication (for example, a simple assembly of a small number of components, one of which was fabricated in the beneficiary developing country where the assembly took place); and
(iii) The fact that an article has undergone more than a simple combining or packaging operation or mere dilution is not necessarily dispositive of the question of whether that processing constitutes a substantial transformation for purposes of determining the country of origin of the article.
(b) [Reserved]
(c) Merchandise grown, produced, or manufactured in a beneficiary developing country. Merchandise which is wholly the growth, product, or manufacture of a beneficiary developing country, or an association of countries treated as one country under section 507(2) of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2467(2)) and § 10.171(b), and manufactured products consisting of materials produced only in such country or countries, shall normally be presumed to meet the requirements set forth in this section.
[T.D. 76-2, 40 FR 60048, Dec. 31, 1975, as amended by T.D. 80-271, 45 FR 75641, Nov. 17, 1980; T.D. 00-67, 65 FR 59675, Oct. 5, 2000]

Title 19 published on 2014-04-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 19.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-05-27; vol. 79 # 101 - Tuesday, May 27, 2014
    1. 79 FR 30356 - African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and Generalized System of Preferences and Trade Benefits Under AGOA
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. Customs and Border Protection
      Final rule.
      Effective June 26, 2014.
      19 CFR Parts 10, 163, and 178

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE
U.S. Code: Title 19 - CUSTOMS DUTIES

§ 66 - Rules and forms prescribed by Secretary

§ 1202 - Harmonized Tariff Schedule

§ 1309 - Supplies for certain vessels and aircraft

§ 1313 - Drawback and refunds

§ 1317 - Tobacco products; supplies for certain vessels and aircraft

§ 1321 - Administrative exemptions

§ 1322 - International traffic and rescue work; United States-Mexico Boundary Treaty of 1970

§ 1401a - Value

§ 1402 - Repealed.

§ 1434 - Entry; vessels

§ 1435 - Repealed.

§ 1481 - Invoice; contents

§ 1484 - Entry of merchandise

§ 1486 - Administration of oaths

§ 1498 - Entry under regulations

§ 1508 - Recordkeeping

§ 1520 - Refunds and errors

§ 1557 - Entry for warehouse

§ 1623 - Bonds and other security

§ 1624 - General regulations

§ 2112 note - Barriers to and other distortions of trade

§ 2461 - Authority to extend preferences

§ 2462 - Designation of beneficiary developing countries

§ 2463 - Designation of eligible articles

§ 2464 - Review and report to Congress

§ 2465 - Date of termination

§ 2466 - Agricultural exports of beneficiary developing countries

§ 2466a - Designation of sub-Saharan African countries for certain benefits

§ 2466b - Termination of benefits for sub-Saharan African countries

§ 2467 - Definitions

§ 2501 - Short title

§ 2701 - Authority to grant duty-free treatment

§ 2702 - Beneficiary country

§ 2703 - Eligible articles

§ 2703a - Special rules for Haiti

19 U.S. Code § 2703a - Special rules for Haiti

§ 2704 - International Trade Commission reports on impact of Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Program

§ 2705 - Impact study by Secretary of Labor

§ 2706 - Effective date

§ 2707 - Center for the Study of Western Hemispheric Trade

§ 3203 - Eligible articles

§ 3314 - Implementing actions in anticipation of entry into force and initial regulations

§ 3592 - Rules of origin for textile and apparel products

§ 3721 - Treatment of certain textiles and apparel

§ 3805 - Implementation of trade agreements

§ 4001 note - Purposes

U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE
Statutes at Large
Public Laws

Title 19 published on 2014-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 19 CFR 10 after this date.

  • 2014-05-27; vol. 79 # 101 - Tuesday, May 27, 2014
    1. 79 FR 30356 - African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and Generalized System of Preferences and Trade Benefits Under AGOA
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY, U.S. Customs and Border Protection
      Final rule.
      Effective June 26, 2014.
      19 CFR Parts 10, 163, and 178