21 CFR 12.87 - Purpose; oral and written testimony; burden of proof.

§ 12.87 Purpose; oral and written testimony; burden of proof.
(a) The objective of a formal evidentiary hearing is the fair determination of relevant facts consistent with the right of all interested persons to participate and the public interest in promptly settling controversial matters affecting the public health and welfare.
(b) Accordingly, the evidence at a hearing is to be developed to the maximum extent through written submissions, including written direct testimony, which may be in narrative or in question-and-answer form.
(1) In a hearing, the issues may have general applicability and depend on general facts that do not concern particular action of a specific party, e.g., the safety or effectiveness of a class of drug products, the safety of a food or color additive, or a definition and standard of identity for a food; or the issues may have specific applicability to past action and depend upon particular facts concerning only that party, e.g., the applicability of a grandfather clause to a particular brand of a drug or the failure of a particular manufacturer to meet required manufacturing and processing specifications or other general standards.
(i) If the proceeding involves general issues, direct testimony will be submitted in writing, except on a showing that written direct testimony is insufficient for a full and true disclosure of relevant facts and that the participant will be prejudiced if unable to present oral direct testimony. If the proceeding involves particular issues, each party may determine whether, and the extent to which, each wishes to present direct testimony orally or in writing.
(ii) Oral cross-examination of witnesses will be permitted if it appears that alternative means of developing the evidence are insufficient for a full and true disclosure of the facts and that the party requesting oral cross-examination will be prejudiced by denial of the request or that oral cross-examination is the most effective and efficient means to clarify the matters at issue.
(2) Witnesses shall give testimony under oath.
(c) Except as provided in paragraph (d) of this section, in a hearing involving issuing, amending, or revoking a regulation or order, the originator of the proposal or petition or of any significant modification will be, within the meaning of 5 U.S.C. 556(d), the proponent of the regulation or order, and will have the burden of proof. A participant who proposes to substitute a new provision for a provision objected to has the burden of proof in relation to the new provision.
(d) At a hearing involving issuing, amending, or revoking a regulation or order relating to the safety or effectiveness of a drug, device, food additive, or color additive, the participant who is contending that the product is safe or effective or both and who is requesting approval or contesting withdrawal of approval has the burden of proof in establishing safety or effectiveness or both and thus the right to approval. The burden of proof remains on that participant in an amendment or revocation proceeding.
[44 FR 22339, Apr. 13, 1979 as amended at 64 FR 399, Jan. 5, 1999]

Title 21 published on 2014-04-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 15 - COMMERCE AND TRADE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 141 - Prohibition of importation without permit

§ 142 - Milk or cream when unfit for importation

§ 143 - Inspection; certified statement in lieu thereof; waiver of requirements of

§ 144 - Unlawful receiving of imported milk or cream

§ 145 - Penalties

§ 146 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 147 - Repeal of inconsistent laws

§ 148 - Powers of State with respect to milk or cream lawfully imported

§ 149 - Definitions

§ 321 - Definitions; generally

§ 321a - “Butter” defined

§ 321b - “Package” defined

§ 321c - Nonfat dry milk; “milk” defined

§ 321d - Market names for catfish and ginseng

§ 331 - Prohibited acts

§ 332 - Injunction proceedings

§ 333 - Penalties

§ 333a - Repealed.

§ 334 - Seizure

§ 335 - Hearing before report of criminal violation

§ 335a - Debarment, temporary denial of approval, and suspension

§ 335b - Civil penalties

§ 335c - Authority to withdraw approval of abbreviated drug applications

§ 336 - Report of minor violations

§ 337 - Proceedings in name of United States; provision as to subpoenas

§ 341 - Definitions and standards for food

§ 342 - Adulterated food

§ 343 - Misbranded food

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 343a - Repealed.

§ 344 - Emergency permit control

§ 345 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 346 - Tolerances for poisonous or deleterious substances in food; regulations

§ 346a - Tolerances and exemptions for pesticide chemical residues

§ 346b - Authorization of appropriations

§ 347 - Intrastate sales of colored oleomargarine

§ 347a - Congressional declaration of policy regarding oleomargarine sales

§ 347b - Contravention of State laws

§ 348 - Food additives

§ 349 - Bottled drinking water standards; publication in Federal Register

§ 350 - Vitamins and minerals

§ 350a - Infant formulas

§ 350b - New dietary ingredients

§ 350c - Maintenance and inspection of records

§ 350d - Registration of food facilities

§ 350e - Sanitary transportation practices

§ 350f - Reportable food registry

§ 350g - Hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls

§ 350h - Standards for produce safety

§ 350i - Protection against intentional adulteration

§ 350j - Targeting of inspection resources for domestic facilities, foreign facilities, and ports of entry; annual report

§ 350k - Laboratory accreditation for analyses of foods

21 U.S. Code § -

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 351 - Adulterated drugs and devices

§ 352 - Misbranded drugs and devices

§ 353 - Exemptions and consideration for certain drugs, devices, and biological products

§ 353a - Pharmacy compounding

§ 353b - Outsourcing facilities

§ 354 - Veterinary feed directive drugs

§ 355 - New drugs

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 355a - Pediatric studies of drugs

§ 355b - Adverse-event reporting

§ 355c - Research into pediatric uses for drugs and biological products

§ 355d - Internal committee for review of pediatric plans, assessments, deferrals, deferral extensions, and waivers

§ 355e - Pharmaceutical security

§ 356 - Expedited approval of drugs for serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 356a - Manufacturing changes

§ 356b - Reports of postmarketing studies

§ 356c - Discontinuance or interruption in the production of life-saving drugs

§ 357 - Repealed.

§ 358 - Authority to designate official names

§ 359 - Nonapplicability of subchapter to cosmetics

§ 360 - Registration of producers of drugs or devices

§ 360a - Clinical trial guidance for antibiotic drugs

§ 360b - New animal drugs

§ 360c - Classification of devices intended for human use

§ 360d - Performance standards

§ 360e - Premarket approval

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 360f - Banned devices

§ 360g - Judicial review

§ 360h - Notification and other remedies

§ 360i - Records and reports on devices

§ 360j - General provisions respecting control of devices intended for human use

§ 360k - State and local requirements respecting devices

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 360m - Accredited persons

§ 360n - Priority review to encourage treatments for tropical diseases

§ 360aa - Recommendations for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360bb - Designation of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360cc - Protection for drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360dd - Open protocols for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360ee - Grants and contracts for development of drugs for rare diseases and conditions

§ 360hh - Definitions

§ 360ii - Program of control

§ 360jj - Studies by Secretary

§ 360kk - Performance standards for electronic products

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 360mm - Imports

§ 360nn - Inspection, records, and reports

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 360pp - Enforcement

§ 360qq - Repealed.

§ 360rr - Federal-State cooperation

§ 360ss - State standards

§ 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 360bbb - Expanded access to unapproved therapies and diagnostics

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 360ccc - Conditional approval of new animal drugs for minor use and minor species

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 361 - Adulterated cosmetics

§ 362 - Misbranded cosmetics

§ 363 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 364 - Repealed.

§ 371 - Regulations and hearings

§ 372 - Examinations and investigations

§ 372a - Transferred

§ 373 - Records

§ 374 - Inspection

§ 374a - Inspections relating to food allergens

§ 375 - Publicity

§ 376 - Examination of sea food on request of packer; marking food with results; fees; penalties

§ 377 - Revision of United States Pharmacopoeia; development of analysis and mechanical and physical tests

§ 378 - Advertising of foods

§ 379 - Confidential information

§ 379a - Presumption of existence of jurisdiction

§ 379b - Consolidated administrative and laboratory facility

§ 379c - Transferred

§ 379d - Automation of Food and Drug Administration

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379e - Listing and certification of color additives for foods, drugs, devices, and cosmetics

§ 379f - Recovery and retention of fees for freedom of information requests

§ 379g - Definitions

§ 379h - Authority to assess and use drug fees

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379i - Definitions

§ 379j - Authority to assess and use device fees

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379k - Information system

21 U.S. Code § -

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 379r - National uniformity for nonprescription drugs

§ 379s - Preemption for labeling or packaging of cosmetics

§ 379v - Safety report disclaimers

§ 379aa - Serious adverse event reporting for nonprescription drugs

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379dd - Establishment and functions of the Foundation

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 381 - Imports and exports

§ 382 - Exports of certain unapproved products

§ 383 - Office of International Relations

§ 384 - Importation of prescription drugs

§ 384a - Foreign supplier verification program

§ 384b - Voluntary qualified importer program

§ 384c - Inspection of foreign food facilities

§ 384d - Accreditation of third-party auditors

§ 387 - Definitions

§ 387a - FDA authority over tobacco products

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 387b - Adulterated tobacco products

§ 387c - Misbranded tobacco products

§ 387d - Submission of health information to the Secretary

§ 387e - Annual registration

§ 387f - General provisions respecting control of tobacco products

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 387g - Tobacco product standards

§ 387h - Notification and other remedies

§ 387i - Records and reports on tobacco products

§ 387j - Application for review of certain tobacco products

§ 387k - Modified risk tobacco products

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 387m - Equal treatment of retail outlets

§ 387n - Jurisdiction of and coordination with the Federal Trade Commission

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 387p - Preservation of State and local authority

§ 387q - Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee

§ 387r - Drug products used to treat tobacco dependence

§ 387s - User fees

§ 387t - Labeling, recordkeeping, records inspection

§ 387u - Studies of progress and effectiveness

§ 391 - Separability clause

§ 392 - Exemption of meats and meat food products

§ 393 - Food and Drug Administration

§ 467f - Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act applications

§ 679 - Application of Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

§ 821 - Rules and regulations

§ 1034 - Inspection of egg products

U.S. Code: Title 28 - JUDICIARY AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE