21 CFR 20.61 - Trade secrets and commercial or financial information which is privileged or confidential.

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There is 1 rule appearing in the Federal Register for 21 CFR 20. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 20.61 Trade secrets and commercial or financial information which is privileged or confidential.
(a) A trade secret may consist of any commercially valuable plan, formula, process, or device that is used for the making, preparing, compounding, or processing of trade commodities and that can be said to be the end product of either innovation or substantial effort. There must be a direct relationship between the trade secret and the productive process.
(b) Commercial or financial information that is privileged or confidential means valuable data or information which is used in one's business and is of a type customarily held in strict confidence or regarded as privileged and not disclosed to any member of the public by the person to whom it belongs.
(c) Data and information submitted or divulged to the Food and Drug Administration which fall within the definitions of a trade secret or confidential commercial or financial information are not available for public disclosure.
(d) A person who submits records to the Government may designate part or all of the information in such records as exempt from disclosure under exemption 4 of the Freedom of Information Act. The person may make this designation either at the time the records are submitted to the Government or within a reasonable time thereafter. The designation must be in writing. Where a legend is required by a request for proposals or request for quotations, pursuant to 48 CFR 352.215-12, then that legend is necessary for this purpose. Any such designation will expire 10 years after the records were submitted to the Government.
(e) The procedures in this paragraph apply to records on which the submitter has designated information as provided in paragraph (d) of this section. These procedures also apply to records that were submitted to the Food and Drug Administration when the agency has substantial reason to believe that information in the records could reasonably be considered exempt under exemption 4 of the Freedom of Information Act. Certain exceptions to these procedures are set forth in paragraph (f) of this section.
(1) When the Food and Drug Administration receives a request for such records and determines that disclosure may be required, the Food and Drug Administration will make reasonable efforts to notify the submitter about these facts. The notice will include a copy of the request, and it will inform the submitter about the procedures and time limits for submission and consideration of objections to disclosure. If the Food and Drug Administration must notify a large number of submitters, notification may be done by posting or publishing a notice in a place where the submitters are reasonably likely to become aware of it.
(2) The submitter has 5 working days from receipt of the notice to object to disclosure of any part of the records and to state all bases for its objections.
(3) The Food and Drug Administration will give consideration to all bases that have been stated in a timely manner by the submitter. If the Food and Drug Administration decides to disclose the records, the Food and Drug Administration will notify the submitter in writing. This notice will briefly explain why the agency did not sustain the submitter's objections. The Food and Drug Administration will include with the notice a copy of the records about which the submitter objected, as the agency proposes to disclose them. The notice will state that the Food and Drug Administration intends to disclose the records 5 working days after the submitter receives the notice unless a U.S. District Court orders the agency not to release them.
(4) If a requester files suit under the Freedom of Information Act to obtain records covered by this paragraph, the Food and Drug Administration will promptly notify the submitter.
(5) Whenever the Food and Drug Administration sends a notice to a submitter under paragraph (e)(1) of this section, the Food and Drug Administration will notify the requester that the Food and Drug Administration is giving the submitter a notice and an opportunity to object. Whenever the Food and Drug Administration sends a notice to a submitter under paragraph (e)(3) of this section, the Food and Drug Administration will notify the requester of this fact.
(f) The notice requirements in paragraph (e) of this section do not apply in the following situations:
(1) The Food and Drug Administration decided not to disclose the records;
(2) The information has previously been published or made generally available;
(3) Disclosure is required by a regulation issued after notice and opportunity for public comment, that specifies narrow categories of records that are to be disclosed under the Freedom of Information Act, but in this case a submitter may still designate records as described in paragraph (d) of this section, and in exceptional cases, the Food and Drug Administration may, at its discretion, follow the notice procedures in paragraph (e) of this section;
(4) The information requested has not been designated by the submitter as exempt from disclosure when the submitter had an opportunity to do so at the time of submission of the information or within a reasonable time thereafter, unless the Food and Drug Administration has substantial reason to believe that disclosure of the information would result in competitive harm; or
(5) The designation appears to be obviously frivolous, but in this case the Food and Drug Administration will still give the submitter the written notice required by paragraph (e)(3) of this section (although this notice need not explain our decision or include a copy of the records), and the Food and Drug Administration will notify the requester as described in paragraph (e)(5) of this section.
[42 FR 15616, Mar. 22, 1977, as amended at 59 FR 535, Jan. 5, 1994]

Title 21 published on 2014-04-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 21.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-11-14; vol. 79 # 220 - Friday, November 14, 2014
    1. 79 FR 68114 - Division of Freedom of Information; Change of Office Name, and Removal of Address, Telephone Number, and Fax Number; Technical Amendment
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Food and Drug Administration
      Final rule; technical amendments.
      This rule is effective November 14, 2014.
      21 CFR Parts 5, 10, 14, 20, 21, 314, 350, 516, and 814

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 18 - CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE
U.S. Code: Title 19 - CUSTOMS DUTIES
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 321 - Definitions; generally

§ 321a - “Butter” defined

§ 321b - “Package” defined

§ 321c - Nonfat dry milk; “milk” defined

§ 321d - Market names for catfish and ginseng

§ 331 - Prohibited acts

§ 332 - Injunction proceedings

§ 333 - Penalties

§ 333a - Repealed.

§ 334 - Seizure

§ 335 - Hearing before report of criminal violation

§ 335a - Debarment, temporary denial of approval, and suspension

§ 335b - Civil penalties

§ 335c - Authority to withdraw approval of abbreviated drug applications

§ 336 - Report of minor violations

§ 337 - Proceedings in name of United States; provision as to subpoenas

§ 341 - Definitions and standards for food

§ 342 - Adulterated food

§ 343 - Misbranded food

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 343a - Repealed.

§ 344 - Emergency permit control

§ 345 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 346 - Tolerances for poisonous or deleterious substances in food; regulations

§ 346a - Tolerances and exemptions for pesticide chemical residues

§ 346b - Authorization of appropriations

§ 347 - Intrastate sales of colored oleomargarine

§ 347a - Congressional declaration of policy regarding oleomargarine sales

§ 347b - Contravention of State laws

§ 348 - Food additives

§ 349 - Bottled drinking water standards; publication in Federal Register

§ 350 - Vitamins and minerals

§ 350a - Infant formulas

§ 350b - New dietary ingredients

§ 350c - Maintenance and inspection of records

§ 350d - Registration of food facilities

§ 350e - Sanitary transportation practices

§ 350f - Reportable food registry

§ 350g - Hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls

§ 350h - Standards for produce safety

§ 350i - Protection against intentional adulteration

§ 350j - Targeting of inspection resources for domestic facilities, foreign facilities, and ports of entry; annual report

§ 350k - Laboratory accreditation for analyses of foods

21 U.S. Code § -

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 351 - Adulterated drugs and devices

§ 352 - Misbranded drugs and devices

§ 353 - Exemptions and consideration for certain drugs, devices, and biological products

§ 353a - Pharmacy compounding

§ 353b - Outsourcing facilities

§ 354 - Veterinary feed directive drugs

§ 355 - New drugs

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 355a - Pediatric studies of drugs

§ 355b - Adverse-event reporting

§ 355c - Research into pediatric uses for drugs and biological products

§ 355d - Internal committee for review of pediatric plans, assessments, deferrals, deferral extensions, and waivers

§ 355e - Pharmaceutical security

§ 356 - Expedited approval of drugs for serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 356a - Manufacturing changes

§ 356b - Reports of postmarketing studies

§ 356c - Discontinuance or interruption in the production of life-saving drugs

§ 357 - Repealed.

§ 358 - Authority to designate official names

§ 359 - Nonapplicability of subchapter to cosmetics

§ 360 - Registration of producers of drugs or devices

§ 360a - Clinical trial guidance for antibiotic drugs

§ 360b - New animal drugs

§ 360c - Classification of devices intended for human use

§ 360d - Performance standards

§ 360e - Premarket approval

21 U.S. Code § 221 to 237 - Repealed. July 1, 1944, ch. 373, title XIII,

§ 360f - Banned devices

§ 360g - Judicial review

§ 360h - Notification and other remedies

§ 360i - Records and reports on devices

§ 360j - General provisions respecting control of devices intended for human use

§ 360k - State and local requirements respecting devices

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 360m - Accredited persons

§ 360n - Priority review to encourage treatments for tropical diseases

§ 360aa - Recommendations for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360bb - Designation of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360cc - Protection for drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360dd - Open protocols for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360ee - Grants and contracts for development of drugs for rare diseases and conditions

§ 360hh - Definitions

§ 360ii - Program of control

§ 360jj - Studies by Secretary

§ 360kk - Performance standards for electronic products

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 360mm - Imports

§ 360nn - Inspection, records, and reports

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 360pp - Enforcement

§ 360qq - Repealed.

§ 360rr - Federal-State cooperation

§ 360ss - State standards

§ 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 360bbb - Expanded access to unapproved therapies and diagnostics

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 360ccc - Conditional approval of new animal drugs for minor use and minor species

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 361 - Adulterated cosmetics

§ 362 - Misbranded cosmetics

§ 363 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 364 - Repealed.

§ 371 - Regulations and hearings

§ 372 - Examinations and investigations

§ 372a - Transferred

§ 373 - Records

§ 374 - Inspection

§ 374a - Inspections relating to food allergens

§ 375 - Publicity

§ 376 - Examination of sea food on request of packer; marking food with results; fees; penalties

§ 377 - Revision of United States Pharmacopoeia; development of analysis and mechanical and physical tests

§ 378 - Advertising of foods

§ 379 - Confidential information

§ 379a - Presumption of existence of jurisdiction

§ 379b - Consolidated administrative and laboratory facility

§ 379c - Transferred

§ 379d - Automation of Food and Drug Administration

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379e - Listing and certification of color additives for foods, drugs, devices, and cosmetics

§ 379f - Recovery and retention of fees for freedom of information requests

§ 379g - Definitions

§ 379h - Authority to assess and use drug fees

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379i - Definitions

§ 379j - Authority to assess and use device fees

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379k - Information system

21 U.S. Code § -

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 379r - National uniformity for nonprescription drugs

§ 379s - Preemption for labeling or packaging of cosmetics

§ 379v - Safety report disclaimers

§ 379aa - Serious adverse event reporting for nonprescription drugs

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 379dd - Establishment and functions of the Foundation

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 381 - Imports and exports

§ 382 - Exports of certain unapproved products

§ 383 - Office of International Relations

§ 384 - Importation of prescription drugs

§ 384a - Foreign supplier verification program

§ 384b - Voluntary qualified importer program

§ 384c - Inspection of foreign food facilities

§ 384d - Accreditation of third-party auditors

§ 387 - Definitions

§ 387a - FDA authority over tobacco products

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 387b - Adulterated tobacco products

§ 387c - Misbranded tobacco products

§ 387d - Submission of health information to the Secretary

§ 387e - Annual registration

§ 387f - General provisions respecting control of tobacco products

21 U.S. Code § 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 387g - Tobacco product standards

§ 387h - Notification and other remedies

§ 387i - Records and reports on tobacco products

§ 387j - Application for review of certain tobacco products

§ 387k - Modified risk tobacco products

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 387m - Equal treatment of retail outlets

§ 387n - Jurisdiction of and coordination with the Federal Trade Commission

21 U.S. Code § -

§ 387p - Preservation of State and local authority

§ 387q - Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee

§ 387r - Drug products used to treat tobacco dependence

§ 387s - User fees

§ 387t - Labeling, recordkeeping, records inspection

§ 387u - Studies of progress and effectiveness

§ 391 - Separability clause

§ 392 - Exemption of meats and meat food products

§ 393 - Food and Drug Administration

§ 1401 - Pesticide monitoring and enforcement information

§ 1402 - Foreign pesticide information

§ 1403 - Pesticide analytical methods

U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

Title 21 published on 2014-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 21 CFR 20 after this date.

  • 2014-11-14; vol. 79 # 220 - Friday, November 14, 2014
    1. 79 FR 68114 - Division of Freedom of Information; Change of Office Name, and Removal of Address, Telephone Number, and Fax Number; Technical Amendment
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Food and Drug Administration
      Final rule; technical amendments.
      This rule is effective November 14, 2014.
      21 CFR Parts 5, 10, 14, 20, 21, 314, 350, 516, and 814