23 CFR 1313.6 - Requirements for a programmatic state.

§ 1313.6 Requirements for a programmatic state.
To qualify for a grant as a programmatic State, a State must adopt and demonstrate compliance with at least three of the following criteria in FY 2006, at least four of the following criteria in FY 2007, and at least five of the following criteria in FY 2008 and FY 2009:
(a) High visibility enforcement campaign—
(1) Criterion. A high visibility impaired driving law enforcement program that includes:
(i) State participation in the annual National impaired driving law enforcement campaign organized by NHTSA;
(ii) Additional high visibility law enforcement campaigns within the State conducted on a quarterly basis at high-risk times throughout the year; and
(iii) Use of sobriety checkpoints and/or saturation patrols at high-risk locations throughout the State, conducted in a highly visible manner and supported by publicity.
(2) Definitions.
(i) Sobriety checkpoint means a law enforcement activity during which law enforcement officials stop motor vehicles on a non-discriminatory, lawful basis for the purpose of determining whether or not the operators of such motor vehicles are driving while impaired by alcohol and/or other drugs.
(ii) Saturation patrol means a law enforcement activity during which enhanced levels of law enforcement are conducted in a concentrated geographic area (or areas) for the purpose of detecting drivers operating motor vehicles while impaired by alcohol and/or other drugs.
(iii) Law enforcement agency means an agency identified by the State and included in an enforcement plan for purposes of meeting coverage and other requirements listed in § 1313.6(a)(3)(i)-(ii).
(3) Demonstrating compliance.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, the State shall submit a comprehensive plan for conducting a high visibility impaired driving law enforcement program under which:
(A) State Police and local law enforcement agencies collectively serving at least 50 percent of the State's population or serving geographic subdivisions that account for at least 50 percent of the State's alcohol-related fatalities will participate in the State's high visibility impaired driving law enforcement program;
(B) Each participating law enforcement agency will conduct checkpoints and/or saturation patrols on at least four nights during the annual National impaired driving campaign organized by NHTSA and will conduct checkpoints and/or saturation patrols on at least four occasions throughout the remainder of the year;
(C) The State will coordinate law enforcement activities throughout the State to maximize the frequency and visibility of law enforcement activities at high-risk locations Statewide; and
(D) Paid and/or earned media will publicize law enforcement activities before, during and after they take place, both during the National campaign and on a sustained basis at high risk times throughout the year.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, the State shall submit information documenting that the prior year's plan was effectively implemented and an updated plan for conducting a current high visibility impaired driving law enforcement program containing the elements specified in § 1313.6(a)(3)(i) and (a)(3)(iii), except that the level of law enforcement agency participation must reach at least 55 percent of the State's population or cover geographic subdivisions that account for at least 55 percent of the State's alcohol-related fatalities in the second year the State receives a grant based on this criterion, 60 percent of either of these two measures in the third year and 65 percent of either of these two measures in the fourth year.
(iii) For the purposes of paragraph (a) of this section, a comprehensive plan shall include:
(A) Guidelines, policies or procedures governing the Statewide enforcement program;
(B) Approximate dates and locations of planned law enforcement activities;
(C) A list of law enforcement agencies expected to participate; and
(D) A paid media buy plan, if the State buys media, and a description of anticipated earned media activities before, during and after planned enforcement efforts;
(b) Prosecution and adjudication outreach program—
(1) Criterion. A prosecution and adjudication program that provides for either:
(i) A statewide outreach effort that reduces the use of diversion programs through education of prosecutors and court professionals and includes the following topics—
(A) State impaired driving statutes and applicable case law;
(B) Searches, seizures and arrests;
(C) Admissibility of evidence;
(D) Biochemical and physiological information; and
(E) Sentencing of impaired drivers; or
(ii) A statewide outreach effort that provides information to prosecutors and court professionals on innovative approaches to the prosecution and adjudication of impaired driving cases and includes the following topics—
(A) Alcohol assessments and treatment;
(B) Vehicle sanctioning;
(C) Electronic monitoring and home detention; and
(D) DWI courts; or
(iii) A Statewide tracking system that monitors the adjudication of impaired driving cases that—
(A) Covers a majority of the judicial jurisdictions in the State; and
(B) Collects data on original criminal and traffic-related charge(s) against a defendant, the final charge(s) brought by a prosecutor, and the disposition of the charge(s) or sentence provided.
(2) Definitions.
(i) Diversion program means a program under which an offender is allowed to obtain a reduction or dismissal of an impaired driving charge or removal of an impaired driving offense from a driving record based on participation in an educational course, community service activity, or treatment program.
(ii) Traffic Safety Resource Prosecutor means an individual or entity used by the State on a full-time basis to provide support in the form of education and outreach programs and technical assistance to enhance the capability of prosecutors to effectively prosecute across-the-State traffic safety violations.
(iii) State Judicial Educator means an individual or entity used by the State on a full-time basis to enhance the performance of a State's judicial system by providing education and outreach programs and technical assistance to continuously improve personal and professional competence of all persons performing judicial branch functions.
(3) Demonstrating compliance.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, the State shall submit:
(A) A course syllabus for a Statewide outreach and education program and a certification that its program is provided on an annual basis (a minimum of once a year and a minimum of eight hours of training) and covers the required topics in either § 1313.6(b)(1)(i) or (b)(1)(ii); or
(B) Information indicating its use of a State sanctioned Traffic Safety Resource Prosecutor and State Judicial Educator and a list of impaired-driving-related educational programs offered by each position; or
(C) The names and locations of the judicial jurisdictions covered by a Statewide tracking system and the type of information collected.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in a subsequent fiscal year for an outreach and education program, the State must certify that the outreach and education program continues to be conducted on an annual basis and covers the required topics in either § 1313.6(b)(1)(i) or (b)(1)(ii) and provide a new course syllabus if the program has been altered from the previous year.
(iii) To demonstrate compliance in a subsequent fiscal year for use of a Traffic Safety Resource Prosecutor and State Judicial Educator, the State must certify the continued existence of these positions and provide updated information if there has been a change in the status of these positions or the list of impaired-driving-related educational programs offered.
(iv) To demonstrate compliance in a subsequent fiscal year for use of a Statewide tracking system that monitors the adjudication of impaired driving cases, the State must provide an updated list of the courts involved and updated data collection information if there has been a change from the previous year.
(c) BAC Testing Program—
(1) Criterion. An effective system for increasing the percentage of BAC testing among drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes, subject to § 1313.6(c)(3), under which:
(i) The State submits a plan identifying approaches that will be taken during the fiscal year to achieve a BAC testing increase specified under § 1313.6(c)(1)(iii);
(ii) The State's law provides for mandatory BAC testing for drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes and the State submits a plan in accordance with § 1313.6(c)(1)(i); or
(iii) The State's percentage of BAC testing among drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes is greater than the previous year by at least 1 percentage point (1.0, as rounded to the first decimal place), as determined by the agency. The most recently available final FARS data as of the date of the grant will be used to determine a State's BAC testing rate.
(2) Definition. Drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes includes both drivers who are fatally injured in motor vehicle crashes and drivers who survive a motor vehicle crash in which someone else is killed.
(3) Demonstrating compliance. Subject to the additional requirements of § 1313.6(c)(4), to demonstrate compliance under this criterion, that State shall:
(i) In FY 2006 and FY 2007, submit a plan, as required in § 1313.6(c)(1)(i), that describes approaches that are to be implemented during the fiscal year that will result in an increase in the State's BAC testing rate. The plan must include information on how each approach will be implemented and the expected outcome from implementation, and the plan must be updated each subsequent year it is submitted;
(ii) In FY 2008 and FY 2009, submit a plan, as required in § 1313.6(c)(1)(i), that describes approaches that are to be implemented during the fiscal year that will result in an increase in the State's BAC testing rate and submit a copy of its law as described in § 1313.6(c)(1)(ii). The plan must include information on how each approach will be implemented and the expected outcome from implementation, and the plan must be updated each subsequent year it is submitted; or
(iii) In any fiscal year, submit a statement that it intends to apply on the basis of an increase from the previous year in the percentage of BAC testing among drivers involved in fatal motor vehicle crashes in the State, in accordance with § 1313.6(c)(1)(iii) (the agency will determine compliance with this requirement).
(4) Implementation of plan. A State electing to demonstrate compliance under § 1313.6(c)(3)(i) or (c)(3)(ii) shall, in every fiscal year except the first fiscal year it seeks to comply, submit information demonstrating that the prior year's plan was effectively implemented.
(d) High Risk Drivers Program—
(1) Criterion. A law that establishes stronger sanctions or additional penalties for individuals convicted of operating a motor vehicle with a high BAC that requires:
(i) In the case of an individual who, in any five-year period beginning after June 9, 1998, is convicted of operating a motor vehicle with a BAC of 0.15 or more—
(A) A suspension of all driving privileges for a period of not less than one year, or not less than 45 days followed immediately by a period of not less than 320 days of a restricted, provisional or conditional license, if such license restricts the individual to operating only vehicles equipped with an ignition interlock. A restricted, provisional or conditional license may be issued only to permit the offender to operate a motor vehicle to and from employment, school, an alcohol treatment program or an interlock service facility; and
(B) A mandatory assessment by a certified substance abuse official, with possible referral to counseling if determined appropriate.
(2) Demonstrating compliance.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, the State shall submit a copy of the law that provides for each element of this criterion.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, a State shall submit a copy of any changes to the State's law or, if there have been no changes, the State shall submit a statement certifying that there have been no changes in the State's law.
(e) Alcohol rehabilitation or DWI Court program—
(1) Criterion. A treatment program for repeat or high-risk offenders in a State that provides for either:
(i) An effective inpatient and outpatient alcohol rehabilitation system for repeat offenders, under which—
(A) A State enacts and enforces a law that provides for mandatory assessment of a repeat offender by a certified substance abuse official and requires referral to appropriate treatment as determined by the assessment; and
(B) A State monitors the treatment progress of repeat offenders through a Statewide tracking system; or
(ii) A DWI Court program, under which a State refers impaired driving cases involving high-risk offenders to a State-sanctioned DWI Court for adjudication.
(2) Definitions.
(i) DWI Court means a court that specializes in driving while impaired cases, or a combination of drug-related and driving while impaired cases, and abides by the Ten Guiding Principles of DWI Courts in effect on the date of the grant, as established by the National Association of Drug Court Professionals.
(ii) High-risk offender means a person who meets the definition of a repeat offender or has been convicted of driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence with a BAC level of 0.15 or greater.
(iii) Repeat offender means a person who has been convicted of driving while intoxicated or driving under the influence of alcohol more than once in any five-year period.
(3) Demonstrating compliance.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, the State shall submit:
(A) A copy of its law that provides for mandatory assessment and referral to treatment and a copy of its tracking system for monitoring the treatment of repeat offenders; or
(B) A certification that at least one State-sanctioned DWI court is operating in the State, which includes the name and location of the court.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, the State shall submit:
(A) Information concerning any changes to the alcohol rehabilitation program that was previously approved by the agency, or if there have been no changes, a statement certifying that there have been no changes to the materials previously submitted; or
(B) A certification, in the second year, that at least two State-sanctioned DWI courts are operating in the State, in the third year, that at least three State-sanctioned DWI courts are operating in the State, and in the fourth year, that at least four State-sanctioned DWI courts are operating in the State, with each certification including the names and locations of all of the courts; or a certification, in any year, that at least four State-sanctioned DWI courts are operating in the State, which includes the names and locations of all of the courts.
(f) Underage drinking prevention program—
(1) Criterion. An effective underage drinking prevention program designed to prevent persons under the age of 21 from obtaining alcoholic beverages and to prevent persons of any age from making alcoholic beverages available to persons under the age of 21, that provides for:
(i) The issuance of a tamper resistant driver's license to persons under age 21 that is easily distinguishable in appearance from a driver's license issued to persons 21 years of age and older;
(ii) A program, conducted by a nonprofit or public organization that provides training to alcoholic beverage retailers and servers concerning the clinical effects of alcohol, methods of preventing second-party sales of alcohol, recognizing signs of intoxication, methods to prevent underage drinking, and relevant laws that apply to retailers and servers and that provides procedures to ensure program attendance by appropriate personnel of alcoholic beverage retailers and servers;
(iii) A law that creates a blood alcohol content limit of no greater than 0.02 percent for drivers under age 21;
(iv) A plan that focuses on underage drivers' access to alcohol by those under age 21 and the enforcement of applicable State law; and
(v) A strategy for communication to support enforcement designed to reach those under age 21 and their parents or other adults and that includes a media campaign.
(2) Definition. Tamper resistant driver's license means a driver's license that has one or more of the security features listed in the appendix.
(3) Demonstrating compliance.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, the State shall submit sample drivers' licenses issued to persons both under and over 21 years of age that demonstrate the distinctive appearance of licenses for drivers under age 21 and the tamper resistance of these licenses. States shall also submit a plan describing a program for educating point-of-sale personnel that covers each element of § 1313.6(f)(1)(ii). States shall submit a copy of their zero tolerance law that complies with 23 U.S.C. 161. In addition, States shall submit a plan that provides for an enforcement program and communications strategy meeting § 1313.6(f)(1)(iv) and (v).
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, States need only submit information documenting any changes to the State's driver's licenses or underage driving prevention program, or a certification stating there have been no changes since the State's previous year submission.
(g) Administrative license suspension or revocation system—
(1) Criterion. An administrative driver's license suspension or revocation system for individuals who operate motor vehicles while under the influence of alcohol that requires that:
(i) In the case of an individual who, in any five-year period beginning after June 9, 1998, is determined on the basis of a chemical test to have been operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or is determined to have refused to submit to such a test as proposed by a law enforcement officer, the State entity responsible for administering driver's licenses, upon receipt of the report of the law enforcement officer, shall—
(A) For a first offender, suspend all driving privileges for a period of not less than 90 days, or not less than 15 days followed immediately by a period of not less than 75 days of a restricted, provisional or conditional license, if such license restricts the offender to operating only vehicles equipped with an ignition interlock. A restricted, provisional or conditional license may be issued only to permit the offender to operate a motor vehicle to and from employment, school, an alcohol treatment program or an interlock service facility; and
(B) For a repeat offender, suspend or revoke all driving privileges for a period of not less than one year, or not less than 45 days followed immediately by a period of not less than 320 days of a restricted, provisional or conditional license, if such license restricts the offender to operating only vehicles equipped with an ignition interlock. A restricted, provisional or conditional license may be issued only to permit the offender to operate a motor vehicle to and from employment, school, an alcohol treatment program or an interlock service facility; and
(ii) The suspension or revocation shall take effect not later than 30 days after the day on which the individual refused to submit to a chemical test or received notice of having been determined to be operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol, in accordance with the procedures of the State.
(2) Definitions.
(i) First offender means an individual who a law enforcement officer has probable cause under State law to believe has committed an alcohol-related traffic offense, and who is determined on the basis of a chemical test to have been operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or who refused to submit to such a test, once in any five-year period beginning after June 9, 1998.
(ii) Repeat offender means an individual who a law enforcement officer has probable cause under State law to believe has committed an alcohol-related traffic offense, and who is determined on the basis of a chemical test to have been operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or who refused to submit to such a test, more than once in any five-year period beginning after June 9, 1998.
(3) Demonstrating compliance for Law States.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, a Law State shall submit a copy of the law, regulation or binding policy directive implementing or interpreting the law or regulation that provides for each element of this criterion.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, a Law State shall submit a copy of any changes to the State's law, regulation or binding policy directive or, if there have been no changes, a statement certifying that there have been no changes to the State's laws, regulations or binding policy directives.
(iii) For purposes of paragraph (g) of this section, Law State means a State that has a law, regulation or binding policy directive implementing or interpreting an existing law or regulation that provides for each element of this criterion.
(4) Demonstrating compliance for Data States.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, a Data State shall submit a copy of the law, regulation or binding policy directive implementing or interpreting the law or regulation that provides for an administrative license suspension or revocation system, and data showing that the State substantially complies with each element of this criterion not specifically provided for in the State's law, regulation or binding policy directive.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, a Data State shall submit, in addition to the information identified in § 1313.6(g)(3)(ii), data showing that the State substantially complies with each element of this criterion not specifically provided for in the State's law, regulation or binding policy directive.
(iii) The State can provide the necessary data based on a representative sample, on the average number of days it took to suspend or revoke a driver's license and on the average lengths of suspension or revocation periods, except that data on the average lengths of suspension or revocation periods must not include license suspension periods that exceed the terms actually prescribed by the State, and must reflect terms only to the extent that they are actually completed.
(iv) For purposes of paragraph (g) of this section, Data State means a State that has a law, regulation or binding policy directive implementing or interpreting an existing law or regulation that provides for an administrative license suspension or revocation system, but the State's laws, regulations or binding policy directives do not specifically provide for each element of this criterion.
(h) Self-sustaining impaired driving prevention program—
(1) Criterion. A self-sustaining impaired driving prevention program under which a significant portion of the fines or surcharges collected from individuals who are fined for operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol are returned to communities for use in a comprehensive impaired driving prevention program.
(2) Definitions.
(i) A comprehensive drunk driving prevention program means a program that includes, at a minimum, the following components:
(A) Regularly conducted, peak-hour traffic enforcement efforts directed at impaired driving;
(B) Prosecution, adjudication and sanctioning resources that are adequate to handle increased levels of arrests for operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol;
(C) Programs directed at prevention other than enforcement and adjudication activities, such as school, worksite or community education; server training; or treatment programs;
(D) A public information program designed to make the public aware of the problem of impaired driving through paid and earned media and of the State's efforts to address it.
(ii) Fines or surcharges collected means fines, penalties, fees or additional assessments collected.
(iii) Significant portion means at least 90 percent of the fines or surcharges collected.
(3) Demonstrating compliance.
(i) To demonstrate compliance in the first fiscal year under this criterion, a State shall submit:
(A) A copy of the law, regulation or binding policy directive implementing or interpreting the law or regulation that provides—
(1) For fines or surcharges to be imposed on individuals apprehended for operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol; and
(2) For such fines or surcharges collected to be returned to communities with comprehensive drunk driving prevention programs; and
(B) Statewide data (or a representative sample) showing—
(1) The aggregate amount of fines or surcharges collected;
(2) The aggregate amount of revenues returned to communities with Comprehensive drunk driving prevention programs under the State's self-sustaining system; and
(3) The aggregate cost of the State's comprehensive drunk driving prevention programs.
(ii) To demonstrate compliance in subsequent fiscal years, the State shall submit, in addition to the data identified in paragraph (h)(3)(i)(B) of this section, a copy of any changes to the State's law, regulation or binding policy directive or, if there have been no changes, a statement certifying that there have been no changes in the State's laws, regulations or binding policy directives.
[71 FR 20568, Apr. 21, 2006]

Title 23 published on 2014-04-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.