(a)Methods. A PHA may use any generally accepted method of development including, but not limited to, conventional, turnkey, acquisition with or without rehabilitation, mixed-finance, and force account.
(1)Conventional. Under this method, the PHA is responsible for selecting a site or property and designing the project. The PHA advertises for competitive bids to build or rehabilitate the development on the PHA-owned site. The PHA awards a construction contract in accordance with 24 CFR part 85. The contractor receives progress payments from the PHA during construction or rehabilitation and a final payment upon completion of the project in accordance with the construction contract. The conventional method may be used for either new construction or rehabilitation.
(2)Turnkey. The turnkey method involves the advertisement and selection of a turnkey developer by the PHA, based on the best housing package for a site or property owned or to be purchased by the developer. Following HUD approval of the PHA's full proposal, the developer prepares the design and construction documents. The PHA and the developer execute the contract of sale to implement the PHA's full proposal. The developer is responsible for providing a completed housing project, which includes obtaining construction financing. Upon completion of project construction or rehabilitation in accordance with the contract of sale, the PHA purchases the development from the developer. This method may be used for either new construction or rehabilitation.
(3)Acquisition. The acquisition method involves a purchase of existing property that requires little or no repair work. Any needed repair work is completed after acquisition, either by the PHA contracting to have the work done or by having the staff of the PHA perform the work.
(4)Mixed-finance. This method involves financing from both public and private sources and may involve ownership of the public housing units by an entity other than the PHA. This method of development may be carried out by a PHA only in accordance with the requirements set forth in subpart F.
(5)Force account. The force account method involves use of PHA staff to carry out new construction or rehabilitation. A PHA may only develop a full proposal based on the force account method if HUD has determined that the PHA has the capability to develop successfully the public housing units using this method.
(b)Funding. A PHA may develop public housing with:
(1) Development funds reserved by HUD for that purpose;
(2) Modernization funds under section 14 of the Act (42 U.S.C. 1437l), to the extent authorized by law and under procedures approved by HUD; and/or
(3) Funds available to it from any other source, consistent with § 941.306(e), or as may be otherwise approved by HUD.
(c)Limit on number of units—
(1)General. A PHA may not develop public housing pursuant to this part beyond the lesser of the number of units that the PHA had under ACC on August 21, 1996, or the number of units for which it was receiving operating subsidy on that date, unless authorized by HUD. HUD may condition such authorization on the PHA's agreement that such incremental units, once developed, will be ineligible for capital and/or operating subsidies from HUD.
(2)Replacement housing units. With respect to units constructed to replace public housing units that were demolished or disposed of, a PHA may use (in whole or in part) funding from non-HUD sources or from HUD funding not provided under the Act. However, development of such units must be approved by HUD in advance for them to be eligible for inclusion under the ACC.