26 CFR 1.72-15 - Applicability of section 72 to accident or health plans.

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§ 1.72-15 Applicability of section 72 to accident or health plans.
(a) Applicability of section. This section provides the rules for determining the taxation of amounts received from an employer-established plan which provides for distributions that are taxable under section 72 (or for distributions that are taxable under section 402 (a)(2) or (e), or section 403(a)(2), in the case of lump sum distributions) and which also provides for distributions that may be excludable from gross income under section 104 or 105 as accident or health benefits. For example, this section will apply to a pension plan described in section 401 and exempt under section 501 which provides for the payment of pensions at retirement and the payment of an earlier pension in the event of permanent disability. This section will also apply to a profit-sharing plan described in section 401 and exempt under section 501 which provides for periodic distribution of the amount standing to the account of a participant during any period that the participant is absent from work due to a personal injury or sickness and for the distribution of any balance standing to the account of the participant upon his separation from service. For purposes of this section, the term “contributions of the employee” includes contributions by the employer which were includible in the employee's gross income. For special rules for taxable years ending before January 27, 1975, relating to certain accident or health benefits which were treated as distributions to which section 72 applied, see paragraph (i) of this section.
(b) General rule. Section 72 does not apply to any amount received as an accident or health benefit, and the tax treatment of any such amount shall be determined under sections 104 and 105. See paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section, paragraph (d) of § 1.104-1, and §§ 1.105-1 through 1.105-5. Section 72 (or, in the case of certain total distributions, section 402(a)(2) or section 403(a)(2)) does apply to any amount which is received under a plan to which this section applies and which is not an accident or health benefit. See paragraph (e) of this section.
(c) Accident or health benefits attributable to employee contributions.
(1) If a plan to which this section applies provides that any portion of the accident or health benefits is attributable to the contributions of the employee to such plan, then such portion of such benefits is excludable from gross income under section 104(a)(3) and paragraph (d) of § 1.104-1. Neither section 72 nor section 105 applies to any accident or health benefits (whether paid before or after retirement) attributable to contributions of the employee. Since such portion is excludable under section 104(a)(3), such portion is not subject to the dollar limitation of section 105(d) and if such portion is payable after the retirement of the employee, it is excludable without regard to the provisions of § 1.105-4 and section 72.
(2) In determining the taxation of any amounts received as accident or health benefits from a plan to which this section applies, the first step is to determine the portion, if any, of the contributions of the employee which is used to provide the accident or health benefits and the portion of the accident or health benefits attributable to such portion of the employee's contributions. If such a plan expressly provides that the accident or health benefits are provided in whole or in part by employee contributions and the portion of employee contributions to be used for such purpose, the contributions so used will be treated as used to provide accident or health benefits. However, if the plan does not expressly provide that the accident or health benefits are to be provided with employee contributions and the portion of employee contributions to be used for such purpose, it will be presumed that none of the employee contributions is used to provide such benefits. Thus, in the case of a contributory pension plan, it will be presumed that the disability pension is provided by employer contributions, unless the plan expressly provides otherwise, or in the case of a contributory profit-sharing plan providing that a portion of the amount standing to the account of each participant will be used to purchase accident or health insurance, it will be presumed that such insurance is purchased with employer contributions, unless the plan expressly provides otherwise. Similarly, unless the plan expressly provides otherwise, it will be presumed that if a contributory profit-sharing plan provides for periodic distributions from the account of a participant during any absence from work because of a personal injury or sickness, all such distributions which do not exceed the contributions of the employer plus earnings thereon are provided by employer contributions.
(3) Any employee contributions that are treated under subparagraph (2) of this paragraph as used to provide accident or health benefits shall not be included for any purpose under section 72 as employee contributions or as aggregate premiums or other consideration paid. Thus, in the case of a pension plan, or in the case of a profit-sharing plan providing that a portion of the amount standing to the account of each participant will be used to purchase accident or health insurance, any employee whose contributions are so used must make the adjustment provided by this subparagraph irrespective of whether such employee receives any accident or health benefits under such plan. However, in the case of a profit-sharing plan providing for periodic distributions from the account of a participant during any absence from work because of a personal injury or sickness, an adjustment under this subparagraph is required only when an employee receives distributions in excess of the employer contributions and earnings thereon or receives distributions consisting in whole or in part of his own contributions.
(4) If any of the employee contributions are treated under subparagraph (2) of this paragraph as used to provide any of the accident or health benefits, the portion of the benefits attributable to employee contributions shall be determined in accordance with § 1.105-1. Any accident or health benefits that are excludable under section 104(a)(3) shall not be included in the expected return for purposes of section 72.
(d) Accident or health benefits attributable to employer contributions. Any amounts received as accident or health benefits and not attributable to contributions of the employee are includable in gross income except to the extent that such amounts are excludable from gross income under section 105 (b), (c), or (d) and the regulations thereunder. Thus, such amounts may be excludable under section 105(d) as payments under a wage continuation plan. However, if such payments, when added to other such payments attributable to employer contributions, exceed the limitations of section 105(d), then the excess is includable in gross income under section 105(a). Such excess is not excludable under section 72. See, however, paragraph (i) of this section, for special rules for taxable years ending before January 27, 1975, relating to certain accident or health benefits which were treated as distributions to which section 72 applied.
(e) Other benefits under the plan. The taxability of amounts that are received under a plan to which this section applies and that are not accident or health benefits is determined under section 72 (or, in the case of certain total distributions, under section 402(a)(2) or section 403(a)(2)) without regard to any exclusion or inclusion of accident or health benefits under sections 104 and 105. For example, the investment in the contract or aggregate premiums paid is determined without regard to the exclusion of any amount under section 104 or 105, and the annuity starting date is determined without regard to the receipt of any accident or health benefits. However, if any employee contributions are used to provide any accident or health benefits, the investment in the contract or aggregate premiums paid must be adjusted as provided in paragraph (c)(3) of this section.
(f) Examples. The principles of this section may be illustrated by the following examples:
Example 1.
A, an employee, is a participant in a contributory pension plan described in section 401(a) and exempt under section 501(a). Such plan provides for the payment of a pension to each participant when he retires at age 65 or when he retires earlier if the retirement is due to permanent and total disability. In 1964, A, who was age 52, became totally and permanently disabled because of an injury, was hospitalized, and commenced to receive a pension of $74 a week under this plan. The weekly amounts received by A do not exceed 75 percent of his “regular weekly rate of wages” under section 105(d). A had contributed $11,500 to the plan. The plan does not expressly provide that any portion of the disability pension is purchased with employee contributions. Accordingly, it is presumed that no portion of the disability pension is purchased with A's contributions. The disability pension which A receives qualifies as payments under a wage continuation plan for purposes of section 105(d) and § 1.105-4, and if such payments are the only accident or health benefits which are attributable to the contributions of his employer, such payments are entirely excludable under section 105(d) until A reaches age 65, his mandatory retirement age under the plan. The payments which A receives after he becomes age 65 are taxable under section 72. The payments which A receives do constitute an annuity as defined in paragraph (b) of § 1.72-2, but since the amounts which he will receive during the first three years after attaining age 65 exceed his contributions, he shall exclude under § 1.72-13 the entire amount of all payments that he receives as an annuity after attaining age 65 until such amounts equal his contributions to the plan, or $11,500. Thereafter, the payments that he receives under the plan are includible in gross income.
Example 2.
B, an employee, is a participant in a contributory profit-sharing plan described in section 401(a) and exempt under section 501(a). Such plan provides that, in the event a participant is absent from work because of a personal injury or sickness, he will be paid $125 a week out of his account in such plan. Such weekly amount does not exceed 75 percent of B's “regular weekly rate of wages” under section 105(d). Any amount standing to the account of a participant at the time of his separation from service will be paid to him at such time. During 1964, B incurred a personal injury, was hospitalized, and as a result was absent from work for nine weeks. He received nine weekly payments of $125, or a total of $1,125, on account of such absence from work. At the time B was injured, he had contributed $5,000 to the plan. The plan did not expressly provide that a participant's contributions are to be used to provide for the distributions during disability. Accordingly, it is presumed that B's contributions were not used to provide the accident or health benefits under the plan. Since these weekly payments are paid because of B's absence from work due to the injury, and since such payments are considered as attributable to contributions of his employer, such payments are required under section 105(a) to be included in B's gross income except to the extent that they are excludable under section 105(d). If B receives no other payments under a wage continuation plan attributable to contributions of his employer, during the first 30 days in the period of absence $75 of each weekly payment is excludable from gross income under section 105(d), but $50 of each weekly payment is includable in gross income under section 105(a). Amounts attributable to the period of absence in excess of 30 days are excludable from gross income under section 105(d) to the extent of $100 a week and includible in gross income under section 105(a) to the extent of $25 a week. The excludable portion of payments does not reduce B's investment in the contract or the amount of premiums considered to have been paid by B for purposes of any subsequent computations under section 72.
Example 3.
The facts are the same as in example (2) except that B was absent from work for 130 weeks. At the time B was injured, his employer had contributed $10,000 to the plan on his account, and $6,000 of earnings of the plan had been allocated to his account. Thus, at the time he was injured, B's account included $21,000, and $14,000 of such amount consists of employer contributions of $10,000 plus earnings of $4,000 thereon. The first 112 weekly payments (totaling $14,000) which B receives are treated in the manner set forth in example (2). However, since the remaining payments exceed the employer contributions plus earnings thereon, such remaining payments are considered to be distributions of B's contributions plus earnings thereon. Since the total of such payments, or $2,250, is less than B's contributions to the plan, $5,000, the entire amount of such payments is excludable from B's gross income, but a corresponding adjustment with respect to the return of B's contributions shall be made to his consideration in determining the taxation of any lump sum paid to B upon separation from service.
(g) Payments to or on behalf of a self-employed individual. A self-employed individual is not considered an employee for purposes of section 105, relating to amounts received by employees under accident and health plans, nor for purposes of excluding under section 104(a)(3) amounts received by him under an accident and health plan as referred to in section 105(e). See section 105(g) and paragraph (a) of § 1.105-1. Therefore, the other paragraphs of this section are not applicable to amounts received by or on behalf of a self-employed individual. Except where accident or health benefits are provided through an insurance contract or an arrangement having the effect of insurance, all amounts received by or on behalf of a self-employed individual from a plan described in section 401(a) and exempt under section 501(a) or a plan described in section 403(a) shall be taxed as otherwise provided in section 72, 402, or 403. If the accident or health benefits are paid under an insurance contract or under an arrangement having the effect of insurance, section 104(a)(3) shall apply. Section 72 shall not apply to any amounts received under such circumstances. For the treatment of the amounts paid for such accident or health benefits, see section 404(e)(3) and paragraph (f) of § 1.404(e)-1.
(h) Medical benefits for retired employees, etc. Employer contributions to provide medical benefits described in section 401(h) under a qualified pension or annuity plan are not includible in the gross income of the employee on whose behalf such contributions were made. Similarly, if the trustee of a trust forming a part of a qualified pension plan applies employer contributions which have been contributed to provide medical benefits described in section 401(h) or earnings thereon, to purchase insurance contracts which provide such benefits, the amount so applied is not includible in the gross income of the employee on whose behalf such insurance was purchased. The payment of medical benefits described in section 401(h) as defined in paragraph (a) of § 1.401-14 under a plan established by an employer shall be treated in the same manner as the payment of any other accident or health benefits under an employer-established plan. See paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section.
(i) Special rules.
(1) Special rule for taxable years ending before January 27, 1975. A taxpayer who has reached retirement age, as defined in § 1.79-2(b)(3) (hereinafter referred to as “initial retirement age”), before January 27, 1975, and who has received payments under a plan described in paragraph (a) of this section, which are wage continuation benefits to which section 105(d) and this section apply, or which are treated as such by reason of the employee having so agreed under § 1.105-6, shall be entitled to an exclusion, in taxable years ending before January 27, 1975, with respect to payments received after initial retirement age but before mandatory retirement age, as defined in § 1.105-4(a)(3)(i)(B), which is the greater of:
(i) The amount actually excluded on an original return under section 72 (b) or (d) with respect to payments received after initial retirement age, to the extent such amount does not exceed an amount properly excludable under section 72 (b) or (d) if this paragraph and paragraph (b) of this section did not apply; or
(ii) The amount that would have been properly excludable under section 105(d) during the same period.
(2) Investment in the annuity contract. A taxpayer described in paragraph (i)(1) of this section, shall redetermine his investment in, consideration for, or basis of his annuity contract (hereinafter referred to in this paragraph as the “investment in the contract”) in accordance with the applicable rules of section 72 and the regulations thereunder, and the rules of this paragraph. In making such redetermination the taxpayer's investment in his contract shall be decreased, by the excess (if any) of the amount which the taxpayer is entitled to exclude under paragraph (i)(1) of this section over the amount which could have been excluded under section 105(d) (subject to the limitations contained in such provision). Such investment in the contract shall be decreased only by the excess of the amount excluded under section 72 in taxable years ending before January 27, 1975, over the amount which could have been excluded under section 105(d) during the same period. For example, the investment in the contract shall not be decreased in the case of an individual who was retired from work on account of injury or sickness or a full taxable year, if the amount excluded under section 72 was less than $5,200, since the entire amount could have been excluded under section 105(d). On the other hand, if the amount excluded under section 72 was equal to or greater than $5,200 for a full taxable year, for example, $6,000 for the full taxable year, then $5,200 shall be treated as excluded under section 105(d) and the investment in the contract shall be reduced by $800 ($6,000−$5,200).
(3) Surviving annuitants and beneficiaries.
(i) The rights of a surviving annuitant or beneficiary, with respect to the application of the rules of section 72, shall be based on the employee's investment in his annuity contract, as adjusted in accordance with the provisions of this paragraph. Thus, where an employee dies after having recomputed his investment as provided in paragraph (i)(2) of this section, and his contract provided a survivorship element, the survivor would assume the employee's recomputed investment for purposes of determining excludability of amounts under section 72.
(ii) Where a beneficiary failed to increase the amount treated as an employee's contribution toward his annuity contract to reflect the employee death benefit under section 101(b) and § 1.72-8(b), because the employee had treated his initial retirement age as his annuity starting date, such beneficiary may apply section 101(b) as if the appropriate addition to basis had been made in the year of the employee's death, but only if the employee had not reached his mandatory retirement age (as defined in section § 1.105-4(a)(3)(i)(B)). For purposes of this paragraph, the amount treated as the section 101(b) death benefit would be valued as of the date of the employee's death.
(4) Records.
(i) For purposes of section 72 (b) and (d), and this section, the taxpayer shall maintain such records as are necessary to substantiate the amount treated as his investment in his annuity contract.
(ii) The Commissioner may prescribe a form and instructions with respect to the taxpayer's past and current treatment of amounts received under section 72 or 105, and the taxpayer's computation, or recomputation, of his investment in his annuity contract. Such form may be required to be filed with the taxpayer's returns for years in which amounts are excluded under section 72 or 105.
(5) Cross references.
(i) See section 72(b)(4) and § 1.72-4(b) with respect to annuity starting dates.
(ii) See §§ 1.72-8(b) and 1.101-2(a)(2) with respect to treating certain amounts received by an estate or beneficiary as employee death benefits.
(iii) See § 1.105-4(a)(3)(i)(B) for the definition of “mandatory retirement age.”
(iv) See § 1.105-6 with respect to the application of section 105(d) to certain amounts received as retirement annuities before January 27, 1975, where the employee would otherwise have been eligible for benefits to which section 105(d) applies.
(6) Examples. The provisions of this paragraph may be illustrated by the following examples. In such examples assume that the plan does not expressly provide that any portion of the disability pension is purchased with employee contributions. Accordingly, it is presumed that no portion of the disability pension is purchased with employee contributions. Also, assume that in each case the taxpayer retired only after he had been absent from work for at least 30 days on account of personal injuries or sickness:
Example 1.
A, a calendar year taxpayer, retired because of disability on January 1, 1968, his 58th birthday, receiving $80 per week ($4,160 per year) under a plan which qualifies as a wage continuation plan under section 105(d) and § 1.105-4. Under the plan, A's initial retirement age is age 60 (January 1, 1970), and his mandatory retirement age is 65 (January 1, 1975). A's consideration for the contract was $10,000. For payments received in 1968 and 1969 A excluded the entire amount under section 105(d). Payments received with respect to periods after A's initial retirement age (January 1, 1970) were excluded under section 72(d) until his entire $10,000 consideration for his contract had been excluded. Thus, A applied section 72(d) to exclude $4,160 each year for taxable years 1970 and 1971, and $1,680 ($10,000−($4,160 $4,160)) for 1972. In late 1974 A realized that he was entitled to treat the full amount received under his annuity as excludable under section 105(d) rather than section 72 for the taxable years 1970 through 1974. Consequently, A filed amended returns for 1972 and 1973 excluding an additional $2,480 ($4,160−$1,680) and $4,160, respectively, claiming refunds based upon such additional exclusions. Moreover, A's annuity starting date is January 1, 1975 (A's mandatory retirement age), and he excludes under section 72(d) for 1975, 1976, and 1977, $4,160, $4,160 and $1,680 ($10,000−($4,160 $4,160)), respectively.
Example 2.
B, a calendar year taxpayer retired because of disability, July 1, 1970, on his 58th birthday, receiving $1,000 per month under a plan which qualifies as a wage continuation plan for purposes of section 105(d) and § 1.105-4. Under the plan, B's initial retirement age is age 60 (July 1, 1972), and his mandatory retirement age is 65 (July 1, 1977). B's consideration for the contract was $25,000. For payments received in 1970 and 1971 B excluded under section 105(d) $2,600 and $5,200, respectively, of the $6,000 (6×$1,000) and $12,000 (12×$1,000) received under the plan. For the period January 1, 1972, through June 30, 1972, B excluded an additional $2,600 under section 105(d). For the period July 1, 1972, through December 31, 1972, B excluded under section 72(d)(1) the entire $6,000 in payments received under the plan. Similarly, under section 72(d)(1), B excluded the entire $12,000 in payments received under the plan in 1973, and in 1974 B excluded the remaining $7,000 of his annuity basis. In 1975, B realized that he will be entitled to take full advantage of the exclusion under section 105(d) for periods through June 30, 1977, when he would reach age 65. B need not file amended returns for 1972, 1973, and 1974, even though the amounts he excluded under section 72(d) (exceeded the amount he was entitled to exclude under section 105(d)). He must, however, recompute the amount that will be treated as his investment in his annuity contract. Thus, on July 1, 1977, B's annuity starting date, his investment in his annuity contract would be $13,000, recomputed as follows:
B's original investment $25,000
Less amounts excluded under section 72 to the extent they exceed amounts that would have been excludable during the same period under section 105(d):
1972 ($6,000−2,600) 3,400
1973 ($12,000−5,200) 6,800
1974 ($7,000−5,200) 1,800
Total 12,000
B's recomputed investment in his annuity contract $13,000
Example 3.
Assume the same facts as in example (2) except that B's investment in his annuity contract is $37,000, and he excluded under section 72(b) 16.9 percent, or $2,028, of the $12,000 received per year. Thus, for the period July 1, 1972, through December 31, 1972, B excluded under section 72(b) $1,014 (16.9 percent of $6,000), and $2,028 in both 1973 and 1974. B files amended returns for 1972, 1973 and 1974 claiming the exclusion under section 105(d). Thus, B restored to income $1,014 for 1972, and $2,028 for both 1973 and 1974, claiming $2,600 ($5,200−$2,600) exclusion under section 105(d) for 1972 and a $5,200 exclusion in both 1973 and 1974. Thus, for 1972 B is entitled to an additional exclusion of $1,586 ($2,600−$1,014), and, for both 1973 and 1974, an additional exclusion of $3,172 ($5,200−$2,028). On July 1, 1977, B's investment in the contract is $37,000.
Example 4.
C, a calendar year taxpayer, retired because of disability on January 1, 1965, his 58th birthday, receiving payments of $500 per month under a plan which qualifies as a wage continuation plan for purposes of section 105(d) and § 1.105-4. C had contributed $18,000 toward the cost of his annuity contract. Under the plan, C's initial retirement age is age 60 (January 1, 1967) and C's mandatory retirement age is age 70 (January 1, 1977). For taxable years 1965 and 1966 C excluded from gross income under section 105(d) $5,200 of the $6,000 (12×$500) he received from his employer as wage continuation benefits. On January 1, 1967, C began excluding all of the benefits C received in accordance with the rules of section 72(d). Thus, for 1967, 1968 and 1969, C excluded 100 percent of the annuity payments. For his taxable years 1970 through 1973, C included in his gross income all annuity payments. In 1974, C realized that he will be entitled to use the exclusion under section 105(d) through December 31, 1976 (until he reaches age 70). In 1974, C filed a timely claim for refund for his taxable years 1971, 1972, and 1973 (refunds for taxable year 1970 and prior years were barred by the statute of limitations), and continues to claim the exclusion under section 105(d) for 1974, 1975, and 1976. For 1977, C treats January 1, 1977, as the annuity starting date, and treats $15,600 as the investment in the contract. The $15,600 represents the $18,000 original investment in the contract reduced by the excess, $2,400, of the amount excluded under section 72 for 1967, 1968 and 1969 ($18,000) over the amount excludable under section 105(d) ($5,200×3) for such years.
Example 5.
(i) D, a calendar year taxpayer, retired because of disability on June 30, 1965, receiving $100 per month under a plan which qualifies as a wage continuation plan for purposes of section 105(d) and § 1.105-4. Under the plan, the initial retirement age of D, whose birthday is January 1, is age 60 (January 1, 1967), and D's mandatory retirement age is age 70 (January 1, 1977). D had contributed $6,000 toward the cost of the annuity contract under such plan. For 1965 and 1966, D excluded under section 105(d) the entire amount received under the plan ($1600 and $1,200 respectively). For 1967 through 1973, D excluded $330 per year under section 72(b), or 27.5 percent of the $1,200 payment received under the plan per year.
(ii) In 1974, D realized that he will be entitled to use the exclusion provided in section 105(d) up until January 1, 1977, when he reaches his mandatory retirement age, and that he improperly applied section 72 to payments received in the years 1967 through 1973. In 1974, D filed a timely claim for refund with respect to the section 105(d) wage continuation benefits, for 1971, 1972 and 1973 (refunds for taxable year 1970 and prior years were barred by the statute of limitations), and continues to claim the section 105(d) exclusion for 1974, 1975 and 1976. D is entitled to an additional exclusion of $870 ($1,200−$330) for each of the years 1971, 1972 and 1973.
(iii) Upon reaching mandatory retirement age on January 1, 1977, D treats such date as the annuity starting date, and treats $6,000 as the investment in the contract. The investment in the contract is not reduced, because the amount excluded under section 72(b) for 1967 through 1970 ($330 per year) does not exceed the amount excludable under section 105(d) ($1,200 per year), and the $330 per year excluded for 1971, 1972, and 1973 were restored to the investment in the contract. Therefore, assuming that D would be entitled to exclude 41.3 percent of the payments under the plan if the annuity starting date is January 1, 1977, D would be entitled to exclude $495.60 (41.3 percent of $1,200) per annum.
Example 6.
Assume the facts stated in example (5) except that D's investment in his annuity contract is $100,000 and he received payments equaling $10,000 per year. Assume also, that D had excluded under section 72(b) 54.9 percent of the payments received under the plan through 1974. Consequently, he excluded $5,490 (54.9 percent of $10,000) from his gross income for the years 1967 through 1974. D need not file amended returns for 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974, even though the amount he excluded under section 72(b) exceeded the amounts he was entitled to exclude under section 105(d). He must, however, recompute the amount that will be treated as his investment in his annuity contract. Thus, on January 1, 1977, D's annuity starting date, his investment in his annuity contract would be $97,680. This figure represents the original investment ($100,000) reduced by the amount excluded under section 72(b) for the years 1967-1974 (8×$5,490 = $43,920) over the amount properly excludable during those years under section 105(d) ($5,200×8 = $41,600).
Example 7.
Assume the same facts as in example (6) except that D's mandatory retirement age is 63 (January 1, 1970). D would redetermine his exclusion ratio for purposes of section 72(b) as of January 1, 1970, since D's mandatory retirement age is D's annuity starting date. D would treat $99,130 as his investment in his annuity contract as of such date for purposes of section 72(b). Assuming refunds for 1970 and prior taxable years were barred by the statute of limitations, the $99,130 represents the original investment of $100,000 reduced by the excess of the amount excluded under section 72(b) for 1967, 1968, and 1969 ($5,490×3 = $16,470) over the amount otherwise excludable during those years under section 105(d) ($5,200×3 = $15,600). Therefore, assuming that D would be entitled to exclude 61.2 of the payments received under the plan if the annuity starting date is January 1, 1970, D would be entitled to exclude $6,120 (61.2 percent of the $10,000 received under the plan) per annum for 1971 and subsequent years. However, D is not entitled to exclude the additional $630 ($6,120−$5,490) for 1970, because credit or refund for 1970 and prior years is barred by the statute of limitations.
[T.D. 6500, 25 FR 11402, Nov. 26, 1960, as amended by T.D. 6676, 28 FR 10135, Sept. 17, 1963; T.D. 6722, 29 FR 5069, Apr. 14, 1964; T.D. 6770, 29 FR 15366, Nov. 17, 1964; T.D. 7352, 40 FR 16664, Apr. 14, 1975]

Title 26 published on 2013-04-01

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  • 2014-11-18; vol. 79 # 222 - Tuesday, November 18, 2014
    1. 79 FR 68619 - Regulations Relating to Information Reporting by Foreign Financial Institutions and Withholding on Certain Payments to Foreign Financial Institutions and Other Foreign Entities; Correction
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      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Correcting amendment.
      Effective Date: This correction is effective on November 18, 2014. Applicability Date: This correction is applicable beginning March 6, 2014.
      26 CFR Part 1

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE

§ 1 - Tax imposed

§ 21 - Expenses for household and dependent care services necessary for gainful employment

§ 23 - Adoption expenses

§ 25 - Interest on certain home mortgages

§ 25A - Hope and Lifetime Learning credits

§ 28

§ 30 - Certain plug-in electric vehicles

§ 36B - Refundable credit for coverage under a qualified health plan

§ 38 - General business credit

§ 40 - Alcohol, etc., used as fuel

§ 41 - Credit for increasing research activities

§ 42 - Low-income housing credit

§ 43 - Enhanced oil recovery credit

§ 45D - New markets tax credit

§ 46 - Amount of credit

§ 47 - Rehabilitation credit

§ 52 - Special rules

§ 56 - Adjustments in computing alternative minimum taxable income

§ 58 - Denial of certain losses

§ 61 - Gross income defined

§ 62 - Adjusted gross income defined

§ 66 - Treatment of community income

§ 67 - 2-percent floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions

§ 72 - Annuities; certain proceeds of endowment and life insurance contracts

§ 101 - Certain death benefits

§ 103 - Interest on State and local bonds

§ 103A - Repealed.

§ 108 - Income from discharge of indebtedness

§ 110 - Qualified lessee construction allowances for short-term leases

§ 129 - Dependent care assistance programs

§ 132 - Certain fringe benefits

§ 148 - Arbitrage

§ 149 - Bonds must be registered to be tax exempt; other requirements

§ 150 - Definitions and special rules

§ 152 - Dependent defined

§ 162 - Trade or business expenses

§ 163 - Interest

§ 165 - Losses

§ 166 - Bad debts

§ 168 - Accelerated cost recovery system

§ 170 - Charitable, etc., contributions and gifts

§ 171 - Amortizable bond premium

§ 179 - Election to expense certain depreciable business assets

§ 179A - Deduction for clean-fuel vehicles and certain refueling property

§ 197 - Amortization of goodwill and certain other intangibles

§ 199 - Income attributable to domestic production activities

§ 216 - Deduction of taxes, interest, and business depreciation by cooperative housing corporation tenant-stockholder

§ 221 - Interest on education loans

§ 263A - Capitalization and inclusion in inventory costs of certain expenses

§ 267 - Losses, expenses, and interest with respect to transactions between related taxpayers

§ 274 - Disallowance of certain entertainment, etc., expenses

§ 280C - Certain expenses for which credits are allowable

§ 280F - Limitation on depreciation for luxury automobiles; limitation where certain property used for personal purposes

§ 280G - Golden parachute payments

§ 301 - Distributions of property

§ 304 - Redemption through use of related corporations

§ 305 - Distributions of stock and stock rights

§ 324

§ 336 - Gain or loss recognized on property distributed in complete liquidation

§ 337 - Nonrecognition for property distributed to parent in complete liquidation of subsidiary

§ 338 - Certain stock purchases treated as asset acquisitions

§ 351 - Transfer to corporation controlled by transferor

§ 355 - Distribution of stock and securities of a controlled corporation

§ 357 - Assumption of liability

§ 358 - Basis to distributees

§ 362 - Basis to corporations

§ 367 - Foreign corporations

§ 382 - Limitation on net operating loss carryforwards and certain built-in losses following ownership change

§ 383 - Special limitations on certain excess credits, etc.

§ 401 - Qualified pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans

§ 401 note - Qualified pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans

§ 402A - Optional treatment of elective deferrals as Roth contributions

§ 403 - Taxation of employee annuities

§ 404 - Deduction for contributions of an employer to an employees’ trust or annuity plan and compensation under a deferred-payment plan

§ 408 - Individual retirement accounts

§ 408A - Roth IRAs

§ 409 - Qualifications for tax credit employee stock ownership plans

§ 410 - Minimum participation standards

§ 411 - Minimum vesting standards

§ 414 - Definitions and special rules

§ 417 - Definitions and special rules for purposes of minimum survivor annuity requirements

§ 419A - Qualified asset account; limitation on additions to account

§ 420 - Transfers of excess pension assets to retiree health accounts

§ 441 - Period for computation of taxable income

§ 442 - Change of annual accounting period

§ 444 - Election of taxable year other than required taxable year

§ 446 - General rule for methods of accounting

§ 453 - Installment method

§ 453A - Special rules for nondealers

§ 458 - Magazines, paperbacks, and records returned after the close of the taxable year

§ 460 - Special rules for long-term contracts

§ 461 - General rule for taxable year of deduction

§ 465 - Deductions limited to amount at risk

§ 466 - Repealed.

§ 467 - Certain payments for the use of property or services

§ 468A - Special rules for nuclear decommissioning costs

§ 468B - Special rules for designated settlement funds

§ 469 - Passive activity losses and credits limited

§ 471 - General rule for inventories

§ 472 - Last-in, first-out inventories

§ 475 - Mark to market accounting method for dealers in securities

§ 481 - Adjustments required by changes in method of accounting

§ 482 - Allocation of income and deductions among taxpayers

§ 483 - Interest on certain deferred payments

§ 493

§ 504 - Status after organization ceases to qualify for exemption under

§ 514 - Unrelated debt-financed income

§ 527 - Political organizations

§ 585 - Reserves for losses on loans of banks

§ 597 - Treatment of transactions in which Federal financial assistance provided

§ 642 - Special rules for credits and deductions

§ 643 - Definitions applicable to subparts A, B, C, and D

§ 645 - Certain revocable trusts treated as part of estate

§ 663 - Special rules applicable to

§ 664 - Charitable remainder trusts

§ 672 - Definitions and rules

§ 679 - Foreign trusts having one or more United States beneficiaries

§ 701 - Partners, not partnership, subject to tax

§ 702 - Income and credits of partner

§ 703 - Partnership computations

§ 704 - Partner’s distributive share

§ 705 - Determination of basis of partner’s interest

§ 706 - Taxable years of partner and partnership

§ 707 - Transactions between partner and partnership

§ 708 - Continuation of partnership

§ 709 - Treatment of organization and syndication fees

§ 721 - Nonrecognition of gain or loss on contribution

§ 722 - Basis of contributing partner’s interest

§ 723 - Basis of property contributed to partnership

§ 724 - Character of gain or loss on contributed unrealized receivables, inventory items, and capital loss property

§ 731 - Extent of recognition of gain or loss on distribution

§ 732 - Basis of distributed property other than money

§ 733 - Basis of distributee partner’s interest

§ 734 - Adjustment to basis of undistributed partnership property where

§ 735 - Character of gain or loss on disposition of distributed property

§ 736 - Payments to a retiring partner or a deceased partner’s successor in interest

§ 737 - Recognition of precontribution gain in case of certain distributions to contributing partner

§ 741 - Recognition and character of gain or loss on sale or exchange

§ 742 - Basis of transferee partner’s interest

§ 743 - Special rules where

§ 751 - Unrealized receivables and inventory items

§ 752 - Treatment of certain liabilities

§ 753 - Partner receiving income in respect of decedent

§ 754 - Manner of electing optional adjustment to basis of partnership property

§ 755 - Rules for allocation of basis

§ 761 - Terms defined

§ 809 - Repealed.

§ 817A - Special rules for modified guaranteed contracts

§ 832 - Insurance company taxable income

§ 845 - Certain reinsurance agreements

§ 846 - Discounted unpaid losses defined

§ 848 - Capitalization of certain policy acquisition expenses

§ 852 - Taxation of regulated investment companies and their shareholders

§ 860E - Treatment of income in excess of daily accruals on residual interests

§ 860G - Other definitions and special rules

§ 863 - Special rules for determining source

§ 864 - Definitions and special rules

§ 865 - Source rules for personal property sales

§ 874 - Allowance of deductions and credits

§ 882 - Tax on income of foreign corporations connected with United States business

§ 883 - Exclusions from gross income

§ 884 - Branch profits tax

§ 892 - Income of foreign governments and of international organizations

§ 894 - Income affected by treaty

§ 897 - Disposition of investment in United States real property

§ 901 - Taxes of foreign countries and of possessions of United States

§ 902 - Deemed paid credit where domestic corporation owns 10 percent or more of voting stock of foreign corporation

§ 904 - Limitation on credit

§ 907 - Special rules in case of foreign oil and gas income

§ 911 - Citizens or residents of the United States living abroad

§ 924

§ 925

§ 927 - Repealed.

§ 934 - Limitation on reduction in income tax liability incurred to the Virgin Islands

§ 936 - Puerto Rico and possession tax credit

§ 937 - Residence and source rules involving possessions

§ 954 - Foreign base company income

§ 956 - Investment of earnings in United States property

§ 957 - Controlled foreign corporations; United States persons

§ 960 - Special rules for foreign tax credit

§ 963 - Repealed.

§ 985 - Functional currency

§ 987 - Branch transactions

§ 988 - Treatment of certain foreign currency transactions

§ 989 - Other definitions and special rules

§ 1017 - Discharge of indebtedness

§ 1032 - Exchange of stock for property

§ 1059 - Corporate shareholder’s basis in stock reduced by nontaxed portion of extraordinary dividends

§ 1060 - Special allocation rules for certain asset acquisitions

§ 1092 - Straddles

§ 1202 - Partial exclusion for gain from certain small business stock

§ 1221 - Capital asset defined

§ 1244 - Losses on small business stock

§ 1248 - Gain from certain sales or exchanges of stock in certain foreign corporations

§ 1254 - Gain from disposition of interest in oil, gas, geothermal, or other mineral properties

§ 1275 - Other definitions and special rules

§ 1286 - Tax treatment of stripped bonds

§ 1291 - Interest on tax deferral

§ 1293 - Current taxation of income from qualified electing funds

§ 1294 - Election to extend time for payment of tax on undistributed earnings

§ 1295 - Qualified electing fund

§ 1296 - Election of mark to market for marketable stock

§ 1297 - Passive foreign investment company

§ 1298 - Special rules

§ 1301 - Averaging of farm income

§ 1361 - S corporation defined

§ 1368 - Distributions

§ 1374 - Tax imposed on certain built-in gains

§ 1377 - Definitions and special rule

§ 1378 - Taxable year of S corporation

§ 1397D - Qualified zone property defined

§ 1397E - Credit to holders of qualified zone academy bonds

§ 1402 - Definitions

§ 1441 - Withholding of tax on nonresident aliens

§ 1443 - Foreign tax-exempt organizations

§ 1445 - Withholding of tax on dispositions of United States real property interests

§ 1471 - Withholdable payments to foreign financial institutions

§ 1472 - Withholdable payments to other foreign entities

§ 1473 - Definitions

§ 1474 - Special rules

§ 1502 - Regulations

§ 1503 - Computation and payment of tax

§ 1504 - Definitions

§ 1561 - Limitations on certain multiple tax benefits in the case of certain controlled corporations

§ 3401 - Definitions

§ 5000 - Certain group health plans

§ 5000A - Requirement to maintain minimum essential coverage

§ 6001 - Notice or regulations requiring records, statements, and special returns

§ 6011 - General requirement of return, statement, or list

§ 6015 - Relief from joint and several liability on joint return

§ 6033 - Returns by exempt organizations

§ 6035 - Repealed.

§ 6038 - Information reporting with respect to certain foreign corporations and partnerships

§ 6038A - Information with respect to certain foreign-owned corporations

§ 6038B - Notice of certain transfers to foreign persons

§ 6038D - Information with respect to foreign financial assets

§ 6039I - Returns and records with respect to employer-owned life insurance contracts

§ 6041 - Information at source

§ 6043 - Liquidating, etc., transactions

§ 6045 - Returns of brokers

§ 6046A - Returns as to interests in foreign partnerships

§ 6049 - Returns regarding payments of interest

§ 6050E - State and local income tax refunds

§ 6050H - Returns relating to mortgage interest received in trade or business from individuals

26 U.S. Code § 5521 to 5523 - Repealed.

§ 6050K - Returns relating to exchanges of certain partnership interests

§ 6050M - Returns relating to persons receiving contracts from Federal executive agencies

§ 6050P - Returns relating to the cancellation of indebtedness by certain entities

§ 6050S - Returns relating to higher education tuition and related expenses

§ 6060 - Information returns of tax return preparers

§ 6061 - Signing of returns and other documents

§ 6065 - Verification of returns

§ 6081 - Extension of time for filing returns

§ 6103 - Confidentiality and disclosure of returns and return information

§ 6109 - Identifying numbers

§ 6302 - Mode or time of collection

§ 6402 - Authority to make credits or refunds

§ 6411 - Tentative carryback and refund adjustments

§ 6655 - Failure by corporation to pay estimated income tax

§ 6662 - Imposition of accuracy-related penalty on underpayments

§ 6695 - Other assessable penalties with respect to the preparation of tax returns for other persons

§ 6851 - Termination assessments of income tax

§ 7520 - Valuation tables

§ 7654 - Coordination of United States and certain possession individual income taxes

§ 7701 - Definitions

§ 7702 - Life insurance contract defined

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations

§ 7872 - Treatment of loans with below-market interest rates

§ 7874 - Rules relating to expatriated entities and their foreign parents

U.S. Code: Title 29 - LABOR
Statutes at Large
Public Laws
Presidential Documents

Reorganization ... 1978 Plan No. 4

Title 26 published on 2013-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 26 CFR 1 after this date.

  • 2014-11-18; vol. 79 # 222 - Tuesday, November 18, 2014
    1. 79 FR 68619 - Regulations Relating to Information Reporting by Foreign Financial Institutions and Withholding on Certain Payments to Foreign Financial Institutions and Other Foreign Entities; Correction
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Correcting amendment.
      Effective Date: This correction is effective on November 18, 2014. Applicability Date: This correction is applicable beginning March 6, 2014.
      26 CFR Part 1