26 CFR 31.3402(k)-1 - Special rule for tips.

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§ 31.3402(k)-1 Special rule for tips.
(a) Withholding of income tax in respect of tips—
(1) In general. Subject to the limitations set forth in paragraph (a)(2) of this section, an employer is required to deduct and withhold from each of his employees tax in respect of those tips received by the employee which constitute wages. (For provisions relating to the treatment of tips as wages, see §§ 3401(a)(16) and 3401(f).) The employer shall make the withholding by deducting or causing to be deducted the amount of the tax from wages (exclusive of tips) which are under the control of the employer or other funds turned over by the employee to the employer (see paragraph (a)(3) of this section). For purposes of this section the terms “wages (exclusive of tips) which are under the control of the employer” means, with respect to a payment of wages, an amount equal to wages as defined in section 3401(a) except that tips and noncash remuneration which are wages are not included, less the sum of—
(i) The tax under section 3101 required to be collected by the employer in respect of wages as defined in section 3121(a) (exclusive of tips);
(ii) The tax under section 3402 required to be collected by the employer in respect of wages as defined in section 3401(a) (exclusive of tips); and
(iii) The amount of taxes imposed on the remuneration of an employee withheld by the employer pursuant to State and local law (including amounts withheld under an agreement between the employer and the employee pursuant to such law) except that the amount of taxes taken into account in this subdivision shall not include any amount attributable to tips.
(2) Limitations. An employer is required to deduct and withhold the tax on tips which constitute wages only in respect of those tips which are reported by the employee to the employer in a written statement furnished to the employer pursuant to section 6053(a). The employer is responsible for the collection of the tax on tips reported to him only to the extent that the emloyer can, during the period beginning at the time the written statement is submitted to him and ending at the close of the calendar year in which the statement was submitted, collect the tax by deducting it or causing it to be deducted as provided in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph.
(3) Furnishing of funds to employer. If the amount of the tax in respect of tips reported by the employee to the employer in a written statement furnished pursuant to section 6053(a) exceeds the wages (exclusive of tips) which are under the control of the employer from which the employer is required to withhold the tax in respect of such tips, the employee may furnish to the employer, within the period specified in subparagraph (2) of this paragraph, an amount of money equal to the amount of such excess.
(b) Less than $20 of tips. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, if an employee furnishes to his employer a written statement—
(1) Covering a period of less than 1 month, and
(2) The statement is furnished to the employer prior to the close of the 10th day of the month following the month in which the tips were actually received by the employee, and
(3) The aggregate amount of tips reported in the statement and in all other statements previously furnished by the employee covering periods within the same month is less than $20, and such statements, collectively, do not cover the entire month,
the employer may deduct amounts equivalent to the tax on such tips from wages (exclusive of tips) which are under the control of the employer or other funds turned over by the employee to the employer. For provisions relating to the repayment to an employee, or other disposition, of amounts deducted from an employee's remuneration in excess of the correct amount of tax, see § 31.6413(a)-1. (As to the exclusion from wages of tips of less than $20, see § 31.3401(a)(16)-1.)
(c) Priority of tax collection—
(1) In general. In the case of a payment of wages (exclusive of tips), the employer shall deduct or cause to be deducted in the following order:
(i) The tax under section 3101 and the tax under section 3402 with respect to such payment of wages.
(ii) Any tax under section 3101 which, at the time of payment of the wages, the employer is required to collect—
(a) In respect of tips reported by the employee to the employer in a written statement furnished to the employer pursuant to section 6053(a), or
(b) By reason of the employer's election to make collection of the tax under section 3101 in respect of tips on an estimated basis,
but which has not been collected by the employer and which cannot be deducted from funds turned over by the employee to the employer for such purpose. (See § 31.3102-3, relating to collection of, and liability for, employee tax on tips.)
(iii) Any tax under section 3402 which, at the time of the payment of the wages, the employer is required to collect—
(a) In respect of tips reported by the employee to the employer in a written statement furnished to the employer pursuant to section 6053(a), or
(b) By reason of the employer's election to make collection of the tax under section 3402 in respect of tips on an estimated basis,
but which has not been collected by the employer and which cannot be deducted from funds turned over by the employee to the employer for such purpose. For provisions relating to the witholding of tax on the basis of average estimated tips, see paragraph (b) of § 31.3402(h)(1)-1.
(2) Examples. The application of paragraph (b)(1) of this section may be illustrated by the following examples (The amounts used in the following examples are intended for illustrative purposes and do not necessarily reflect currently effective rates or amounts.):
Example 1.
W is a waiter employed by R restaurant. W's principal remuneration for his services is in the form of tips received from patrons of R; however, he also receives a salary from R of $40 per week, which is paid to him every Friday. W is a member of a labor union which has a contract with R pursuant to which R is to collect dues for the union by withholding from the wages of its employees at the rate of $1 per week. In addition to the taxes required to be withheld under the Internal Revenue Code, W's wages are subject to withholding of a state income tax imposed upon both his regular wage and his tips received and reported to R.
On Monday of a given week W furnishes a written statement to R pursuant to section 6053(a) in which he reports the receipt of $160 in tips. The $40 wage to be paid to W on Friday of the same week is subject to the following items of withholding:
Taxes with respect to regular wage Taxes with respect to tips Total
Section 3101 (F.I.C.A.) $1.76 $7.04 $8.80
Section 3402 (income tax at source) 5.65 28.30 33.95
State income tax 1.20 4.80 6.00
Union dues 1.00
Total 49.75
W does not turn over any funds to R. R should satisfy the taxes imposed by sections 3101 and 3402 out of W's $40 wage as follows: The taxes imposed with respect to the regular wage (a total of $74l) should be satisfied first. The taxes imposed with respect to tips are to be withheld only out of “wages (exclusive of tips) which are under the control of the employer” as that phrase is defined in §§ 31.3102-3(a)(1) and 31.3402(k)-1(a)(1). The amount of such wages under the control of employer in this example is $31.39, or $40, less the amounts applied in satisfaction of the Federal and State withholding taxes imposed with respect to the regular $40 wage ($8.61). This $31.39 is applied first in satisfaction of the tax under section 3101 with respect to tips ($7.04) in the balance of $24.35 is applied in partial satisfaction of the withholding of income tax at source under section 3402 with respect to tips. The amount of the tax with respect to tips under section 3402 which remains unsatisfied ($3.95) should be withheld from wages under the control of the employer the following week.
Example 2.
During the week following the week dealt with in example 1, W furnishes a written statement to R pursuant to withholding:
Taxes with respect to regular wage Taxes with respect to tips Total
Section 3101 (F.I.C.A.) $1.76 $5.72 $7.48
Section 3402 (Income tax at source):
Current week 5.65 22.30 27.95
Carryover from prior week 3.95 3.95
State income tax 1.20 3.90 5.10
Union dues 1.00
Garnishment 10.00
Total 55.48
As in example 1, the amount of “wages (exclusive of tips) which are under the control of the employer” is $31.39. This amount is applied first in satisfaction of the tax under section 3101 with respect to tips ($5.72) and the balance is applied in partial satisfaction of the withholding of income tax at source under section 3402 with respect to tips (a total of $26.25), including that portion of the amount required to be withheld from the prior week's wages which remained unsatisfied. The amount of the tax with respect to tips under section 3402 which remains unsatisfied ($0.58) should be withheld from wages under the control of the employer the following week.
[T.D. 7001, 34 FR 1002, Jan. 23, 1969, as amended by T.D. 7053, 35 FR 11628, July 21, 1970]

Title 26 published on 2013-04-01

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  • 2014-03-31; vol. 79 # 61 - Monday, March 31, 2014
    1. 79 FR 17860 - Designation of Payor To Perform Acts Required of an Employer
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      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Final regulations.
      Effective date: These final regulations are effective on March 31, 2014. Applicability date: For dates of applicability, see § 31.3504-2(f) of these regulations.
      26 CFR Part 31

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Title 26 published on 2013-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 26 CFR 31 after this date.

  • 2014-03-31; vol. 79 # 61 - Monday, March 31, 2014
    1. 79 FR 17860 - Designation of Payor To Perform Acts Required of an Employer
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Final regulations.
      Effective date: These final regulations are effective on March 31, 2014. Applicability date: For dates of applicability, see § 31.3504-2(f) of these regulations.
      26 CFR Part 31