26 CFR 31.3406-0 - Outline of the backup withholding regulations.

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§ 31.3406-0 Outline of the backup withholding regulations.
This section lists paragraphs contained in §§ 31.3406(a)-1 through 31.3406(i)-1.
§ 31.3406(a)-1Backup withholding requirement on reportable payments.
(a) Overview.
(b) Conditions that invoke the backup withholding requirement.
(1) Conditions applicable to all reportable payments.
(2) Conditions applicable only to reportable interest or dividend payments.
(c) Exceptions.
(d) Cross references.
§ 31.3406(a)-2Definition of payors obligated to backup withhold.
(a) In general.
(b) Persons treated as payors.
(c) Persons not treated as payors.
(d) Effective date.
§ 31.3406(a)-3Scope and extent of accounts subject to backup withholding.
§ 31.3406(a)-4Time when payments are considered to be paid and subject to backup withholding.
(a) Timing.
(1) In general.
(2) Special rules for dividends.
(b) Amounts reportable under section 6045.
(1) In general.
(2) Special rule for interest accrued on bonds.
(c) Middlemen.
(1) In general.
(2) Special rule for common trust funds.
(3) Special rule for certain grantor trusts.
§ 31.3406(b)(2)-1Reportable interest payment.
(a) Interest subject to backup withholding.
(1) In general.
(2) Special rule for tax-exempt interest.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
(1) In general.
(2) Special rule to adjust for premature withdrawal penalty.
§ 31.3406(b)(2)-2Original issue discount.
(a) Original issue discount subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding and time when backup withholding is imposed with respect to short-term obligations.
(c) Transferred short-term obligations.
(1) Subsequent holder may establish purchase price.
(2) Subsequent holder unable (or not permitted) to establish purchase price.
(3) Transferred obligation.
(d) Amount subject to backup withholding and time when backup withholding is imposed with respect to long-term obligations.
(1) No cash payments prior to maturity.
(2) Registered long-term obligations with cash payments prior to maturity.
(3) Transferred registered long-term obligations with payments prior to maturity.
(e) Bearer long-term obligations.
(1) Payments prior to maturity.
(2) Payments at maturity.
§ 31.3406(b)(2)-3Window transactions.
(a) Requirement to backup withhold.
(b) Window transaction defined.
(c) Manner of furnishing taxpayer identification number in the case of a window transaction.
§ 31.3406(b)(2)-4Reportable dividend payment.
(a) Dividends subject to backup withholding.
(b) Dividends not subject to backup withholding.
(c) Amount subject to backup withholding.
(1) In general.
(2) Reasonable estimate of amount of dividend subject to backup withholding.
(3) Reinvested dividends.
§ 31.3406(b)(2)-5Reportable patronage dividend payment.
(a) Patronage dividends subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
(1) Failure to provide taxpayer identification number or notification of incorrect taxpayer identification number.
(2) Notified payee underreporting or payee certification failure.
§ 31.3406(b)(3)-1Reportable payments of rents, commissions, nonemployee compensation, etc.
(a) Section 6041 and 6041A(a) payments subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
(1) In general.
(2) Net commissions.
(3) Payments aggregating $600 or more for the calendar year.
§ 31.3406(b)(3)-2Reportable barter exchanges and gross proceeds of sales of securities or commodities by brokers.
(a) Transactions subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
(1) In general.
(2) Forward contracts, including foreign currency contracts, and regulated futures contracts.
(3) Security sales made through a margin account.
(4) Security short sales.
(5) Fractional shares.
§ 31.3406(b)(3)-3Reportable payments by certain fishing boat operators.
(a) Payments subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
§ 31.3406(b)(3)-4Reportable payments of royalties.
(a) Royalty payments subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
§ 31.3406(b)(3)-5Reportable payments of payment card and third party network transactions.
(a) Payment card and third party network transactions subject to backup withholding.
(b) Amount subject to backup withholding.
(c) Time when payments are considered to be subject to backup withholding.
(d) Backup withholding from an alternate source.
(e) Effective/applicability date.
§ 31.3406(b)(4)-1Exemption for certain minimal payments.
(a) In general.
(b) Manner of making the election.
(c) How to annualize.
(1) In general.
(2) Special aggregation rule for reportable interest and dividends.
(d) Exception for window transactions and original issue discount.
§ 31.3406(c)-1Notified payee underreporting of reportable interest or dividend payments.
(a) Overview.
(b) Definitions.
(1) Notified payee underreporting.
(2) Payee underreporting.
(c) Notice to payors regarding backup withholding due to notified payee underreporting.
(1) In general.
(2) Additional requirements for payors that are also brokers.
(3) Payor identification of accounts of the payee subject to backup withholding due to notified payee underreporting.
(d) Notice from payors of backup withholding due to notified payee underreporting.
(1) In general.
(2) Procedures.
(e) Period during which backup withholding is required.
(1) In general.
(2) Stop withholding.
(3) Dormant accounts.
(f) Notice to payees from the Internal Revenue Service.
(1) Notice period.
(2) Payee subject to backup withholding.
(3) Disclosure of names of payors and brokers.
(4) Backup withholding certification.
(g) Determination by the Internal Revenue Service that backup withholding should not start or should be stopped.
(1) In general.
(2) Date notice to stop backup withholding will be provided.
(3) Grounds for determination.
(4) No underreporting.
(5) Correcting any payee underreporting.
(6) Undue hardship.
(7) Bona fide dispute.
(h) Payees filing a joint return.
(1) In general.
(2) Exceptions.
(i) [Reserved.]
(j) Penalties.
§ 31.3406(d)-1Manner required for furnishing a taxpayer identification number.
(a) Requirement to backup withhold.
(b) Reportable interest or dividend account.
(1) Manner required for furnishing a taxpayer identification number with respect to a pre-1984 account or instrument.
(2) Determination of pre-1984 account or instrument.
(3) Manner required for furnishing a taxpayer identification number with respect to an account or instrument that is not a pre-1984 account.
(4) Special rule with respect to the acquisition of a readily tradable instrument in a transaction between certain parties acting without the assistance of a broker.
(c) Brokerage account.
(1) Manner required for furnishing a taxpayer identification number with respect to a brokerage relationship that is not a post-1983 brokerage account.
(2) Manner required for furnishing a taxpayer identification number with respect to a post-1983 brokerage account.
(d) Rents, commissions, nonemployee compensation, and certain fishing boat operators, etc.—Manner required for furnishing a taxpayer identification number.
§ 31.3406(d)-2Payee certification failure.
(a) Requirement to backup withhold.
(b) Exceptions.
§ 31.3406(d)-3Special 30-day rules for certain reportable payments.
(a) Accounts or readily tradable instruments acquired directly from the payor (including a broker who holds an instrument in street name) by electronic transmission or by mail.
(b) Sale of an instrument for a customer by electronic transmission or by mail.
(c) Application to foreign payees.
§ 31.3406(d)-4Special rules for readily tradable instruments acquired through a broker.
(a) Readily tradable instruments acquired through post-1983 brokerage accounts with a broker who is not a payor.
(1) In general.
(2) Additional requirements.
(3) Transactions entered into through a brokerage account that is not a post-1983 brokerage account.
(4) Payor must notify payee.
(b) Notices.
(1) Form of notice by broker to payor.
(2) Form of notice by payor to payee.
(c) Payor's reliance on information from broker.
(1) In general.
(2) Amount subject to backup withholding.
§ 31.3406(d)-5Backup withholding when the Service or a broker notifies the payor to withhold because the payee's taxpayer identification number is incorrect.
(a) Overview.
(b) Definitions and special rules.
(1) Definition of an incorrect name/TIN combination.
(2) Definition of account.
(3) Definition of business day.
(4) Certain exceptions.
(c) Notice regarding an incorrect name/TIN combination.
(1) In general.
(2) Additional requirements for payors that are also brokers.
(3) Payor identification of the account or accounts of the payee that have the incorrect taxpayer identification number.
(4) Special rule for joint accounts.
(5) Date of receipt.
(d) Notice from payors of backup withholding due to an incorrect name/TIN combination.
(1) In general.
(2) Procedures.
(e) Period during which backup withholding is required due to notification of an incorrect name/TIN combination.
(1) In general.
(2) Grace periods.
(3) Dormant accounts.
(f) Manner required for payee to furnish certified taxpayer identification number.
(g) Receipt of two notices within a 3-year period.
(1) In general.
(2) Notice to payee who has provided two incorrect name/TIN combinations within 3 calendar years.
(3) Period during which backup withholding is required due to a second notice of an incorrect name/TIN combination within 3 calendar years.
(4) Receipt of two notices in one calendar year.
(5) Notification from the Social Security Administration (or the Internal Revenue Service) validating a name/TIN combination.
(h) Payors must use newly provided certified number.
(i) Effective date.
(j) Examples.
§ 31.3406(e)-1Period during which backup withholding is required.
(a) In general.
(b) Failure to furnish a taxpayer identification number in the manner required.
(1) Start withholding.
(2) Stop withholding.
(c) Notification of an incorrect taxpayer identification number.
(d) Notified payee underreporting.
(e) Payee certification failure.
(1) Start withholding.
(2) Stop withholding.
(f) Rule for determining when the payor receives a taxpayer identification number or certificate from a payee.
§ 31.3406(f)-1Confidentiality of information.
(a) Confidentiality and liability for violation.
(b) Permissible use of information.
(1) In general.
(2) Window transactions.
(c) Specific restrictions on the use of information.
§ 31.3406(g)-1Exception for payments to certain payees and certain other payments.
(a) Exempt recipients.
(1) In general.
(2) Nonexclusive list.
(b) Determination of whether a person is described in paragraph (a)(1) of this section.
(c) Prepaid or advance premium life-insurance contracts.
(d) Reportable payments made to Canadian nonresident alien individuals.
(e) Certain reportable payments made outside the United States by foreign persons, foreign offices of United States banks and brokers, and others.
(f) Special rule for certain payment card transactions.
§ 31.3406(g)-2Exception for reportable payments for which backup withholding is otherwise required.
(a) In general.
(b) Payment of wages.
(c) Distribution from a pension, annuity, or other plan of deferred compensation.
(d) Gambling winnings.
(1) In general.
(2) Definition of a reportable gambling winning and determination of amount subject to backup withholding.
(3) Special rules.
(e) Certain real estate transactions.
(f) Certain payments after an acquisition of accounts or instruments.
(g) Certain gross proceeds.
§ 31.3406(g)-3Exemption while payee is waiting for a taxpayer identification number.
(a) In general.
(1) Backup withholding not required for 60 days.
(2) Reserve method.
(3) Alternative rule; 7-day grace period.
(b) Special rule for readily tradable instruments.
(c) Exceptions.
(1) In general.
(2) Special rule for amounts subject to reporting under section 6045 other than proceeds of redemptions of bearer obligations.
(d) Awaiting-TIN certificate.
(e) Form for awaiting-TIN certificate.
§ 31.3406(h)-1Definitions.
(a) In general.
(b) Taxpayer identification number.
(1) In general.
(2) Obviously incorrect number.
(c) Broker.
(d) Readily tradable instrument.
(e) Day.
(f) Business day.
§ 31.3406(h)-2Special rules.
(a) Joint accounts.
(1) Relevant name and taxpayer identification number combination.
(2) Optional rule for accounts subject to backup withholding under section 3406(a)(1)(B) or (C) where the names are switched.
(3) Joint foreign payees.
(b) Backup withholding from an alternative source.
(1) In general.
(2) Exceptions for payments made in property.
(c) Trusts.
(d) Adjustment of prior withholding by middleman.
(e) Conversion of amounts paid in foreign currency into United States dollars.
(1) Convertible foreign currency.
(2) Nonconvertible foreign currency. [Reserved]
(f) Coordination with other sections.
(g) Tax liabilities and penalties.
(h) To whom payor is liable for amount withheld.
§ 31.3406(h)-3Certificates.
(a) Prescribed form to furnish information under penalties of perjury.
(1) In general.
(2) Use of a single or multiple Forms W-9 for accounts of the same payee.
(b) Prescribed form to furnish a noncertified taxpayer identification number.
(c) Forms prepared by payors or brokers.
(1) Substitute forms; in general.
(2) Form for exempt recipient.
(d) Special rule for brokers.
(e) Reasonable reliance on certificate.
(1) In general.
(2) Circumstances establishing reasonable reliance.
(f) Who may sign certificate.
(1) In general.
(2) Notified payee underreporting.
(g) Retention of certificates.
(1) Accounts or instruments that are not pre-1984 accounts and brokerage relationships that are post-1983 brokerage accounts.
(2) Accounts or instruments that are pre-1984 accounts and brokerage relationships that are not post-1983 brokerage accounts.
(h) Cross references.
§ 31.3406(i)-1Effective date.
[T.D. 8637, 60 FR 66112, Dec. 21, 1995, as amended by T.D. 8734, 62 FR 53493, Oct. 14, 1997; T.D. 9010, 67 FR 48759, July 26, 2002; T.D. 9496, 75 FR 49834, Aug. 16, 2010]

Title 26 published on 2013-04-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 26.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-09-16; vol. 79 # 179 - Tuesday, September 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 55362 - Authority for Voluntary Withholding on Other Payments
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations.
      Effective Date: These regulations are effective on September 16, 2014. Applicability Date: For date of applicability, see § 31.3402(p)-1(d).
      26 CFR Part 31

Title 26 published on 2013-04-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 26 CFR 31 after this date.

  • 2014-09-16; vol. 79 # 179 - Tuesday, September 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 55362 - Authority for Voluntary Withholding on Other Payments
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Final regulations and removal of temporary regulations.
      Effective Date: These regulations are effective on September 16, 2014. Applicability Date: For date of applicability, see § 31.3402(p)-1(d).
      26 CFR Part 31