27 CFR 24.182 - Use of acid to correct natural deficiencies.

§ 24.182 Use of acid to correct natural deficiencies.
(a) General. Acids of the kinds occurring in grapes or other fruit (including berries) may be added within the limitations of § 24.246 to juice or wine in order to correct natural deficiencies; however, no acid may be added to juice or wine which is ameliorated to correct natural deficiencies except that in the production of grape wine, tartaric acid may be used to reduce the pH of the juice or wine. If tartaric acid is used to correct the pH of grape juice or wine, the fixed acid level of the juice shall be measured prior to the addition of any tartaric acid to determine the maximum quantity of ameliorating material allowed. In addition, when using tartaric acid to reduce the pH of ameliorated grape juice or wine, the pH cannot be reduced below 3.0.
(b) Grape wine. Tartaric acid or malic acid, or a combination of tartaric acid and malic acid, may be added prior to or during fermentation, to grapes or juice from grapes. In addition, after fermentation is completed, citric acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, lactic acid or tartaric acid, or a combination of two or more of these acids, may be added to correct natural deficiencies. However, the use of these acids, either prior to, during or after fermentation, may not increase the fixed acid level of the finished wine (calculated as tartaric acid) above 9.0 grams per liter. In cases where the wine contains 8.0 or more grams of total solids per 100 milliliters of wine, acids may be added to the extent that the finished wine does not contain more than 11.0 grams per liter of fixed acid (calculated as tartaric acid).
(c) Fruit wine. Only citric acid may be added to citrus fruit, juice or wine, only malic acid may be added to apples, apple juice or wine, and only citric acid or malic acid may be added to other fruit (including berries) or to juice or wine derived from other fruit (including berries) to correct natural deficiencies to 9.0 grams per liter of finished wine; however, if the wine contains 8.0 or more grams of total solids per 100 milliliters of wine, acids may be added to correct natural deficiencies to the extent that the finished wine does not contain more than 11.0 grams per liter of fixed acid (calculated as malic acid for apples and citric acid for other fruit (including berries).
(d) Other use of acid. A winemaker desiring to use an acid other than the acids allowed in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section to correct natural deficiencies shall follow the procedure prescribed in § 24.250. A winemaker desiring to use acid to stabilize standard wine shall follow the requirements prescribed by § 24.244.
(Sec. 201, Pub. L. 85-859, 72 Stat. 1383, as amended (26 U.S.C. 5382))
[T.D. ATF-299, 55 FR 24989, June 19, 1990, as amended by T.D. ATF-312, 56 FR 31078, July 9, 1991; T.D. ATF-350, 58 FR 52230, Oct. 7, 1993]

Title 27 published on 2014-04-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE

§ 5001 - Imposition, rate, and attachment of tax

§ 5008 - Abatement, remission, refund, and allowance for loss or destruction of distilled spirits

§ 5041 - Imposition and rate of tax

§ 5042 - Exemption from tax

§ 5044 - Refund of tax on wine

§ 5061 - Method of collecting tax

§ 5062 - Refund and drawback in case of exportation

§ 5121 - Recordkeeping by wholesale dealers

§ 5122 - Recordkeeping by retail dealers

§ 5123 - Preservation and inspection of records, and entry of premises for inspection

§ 5124 - Registration by dealers

§ 5173 - Bonds

§ 5206 - Containers

§ 5214 - Withdrawal of distilled spirits from bonded premises free of tax or without payment of tax

§ 5215 - Return of tax determined distilled spirits to bonded premises

§ 5351 - Bonded wine cellar

§ 5353 - Bonded wine warehouse

§ 5354 - Bond

§ 5356 - Application

§ 5357 - Premises

§ 5361 - Bonded wine cellar operations

§ 5362 - Removals of wine from bonded wine cellars

§ 5364 - Wine imported in bulk

§ 5365 - Segregation of operations

§ 5366 - Supervision

§ 5367 - Records

§ 5368 - Gauging and marking

§ 5369 - Inventories

§ 5370 - Losses

§ 5371 - Insurance coverage, etc.

§ 5372 - Sampling

§ 5373 - Wine spirits

§ 5381 - Natural wine

§ 5382 - Cellar treatment of natural wine

§ 5383 - Amelioration and sweetening limitations for natural grape wines

§ 5384 - Amelioration and sweetening limitations for natural fruit and berry wines

§ 5385 - Specially sweetened natural wines

§ 5386 - Special natural wines

§ 5387 - Agricultural wines

§ 5388 - Designation of wines

§ 5391 - Exemption from distilled spirits taxes

§ 5392 - Definitions

§ 5511 - Establishment and operation

§ 5551 - General provisions relating to bonds

§ 5552 - Installation of meters, tanks, and other apparatus

§ 5661 - Penalty and forfeiture for violation of laws and regulations relating to wine

§ 5662 - Penalty for alteration of wine labels

§ 5684 - Penalties relating to the payment and collection of liquor taxes

§ 6065 - Verification of returns

§ 6091 - Place for filing returns or other documents

§ 6109 - Identifying numbers

§ 6301 - Collection authority

§ 6302 - Mode or time of collection

§ 6311 - Payment of tax by commercially acceptable means

§ 6651 - Failure to file tax return or to pay tax

§ 6676 - Erroneous claim for refund or credit

§ 7302 - Property used in violation of internal revenue laws

§ 7342 - Penalty for refusal to permit entry or examination

§ 7502 - Timely mailing treated as timely filing and paying

§ 7503 - Time for performance of acts where last day falls on Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday

§ 7606 - Entry of premises for examination of taxable objects

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations

§ 7851 - Applicability of revenue laws

U.S. Code: Title 31 - MONEY AND FINANCE