27 CFR 70.163 - Surrender of property subject to levy.

§ 70.163 Surrender of property subject to levy.
(a) Requirement—
(1) In general. Except as otherwise provided in 26 U.S.C. 6332, relating to levy in the case of banks or life insurance and endowment contracts, any person in possession of (or obligated with respect to) property or rights to property subject to levy and upon which a levy has been made shall, upon demand of the officer who made the levy, surrender the property or rights (or discharge the obligation) to the officer who made the levy, except that part of the property or rights (or obligation) which, at the time of the demand, is actually or constructively under the jurisdiction of a court because of an attachment or execution under any judicial process.
(2) Property held by banks.
(i) Any bank shall surrender any deposits (including interest thereon) in such bank only after 21 days after service of levy.
(ii) Notwithstanding paragraph (a)(1) of this section, if a levy has been made upon property or rights to property subject to levy which a bank engaged in the banking business in the United States or a possession of the United States is in possession of (or obligated with respect to), an appropriate TTB officer shall not enforce the levy with respect to any deposits held in an office of the bank outside the United States or a possession of the United States, unless the notice of levy specifies that such officer intends to reach such deposits. The notice of levy must not specify that such officer intends to reach such deposits unless that officer making such levy believes:
(A) That the taxpayer is within the jurisdiction of a U.S. court at the time the levy is made and that the bank is in possession of (or obligated with respect to) deposits of the taxpayer in an office of the bank outside the United States or a possession of the United States; or
(B) That the taxpayer is not within the jurisdiction of a U.S. court a the time the levy is made, that the bank is in possession of (or obligated with respect to) deposits of the taxpayer in an office outside the United States or a possession of the United States, and that such deposits consist, in whole or in part, of funds transferred from the United States or a possession of the United States in order to hinder or delay the collection of a tax imposed by provisions of 26 U.S.C. enforced and administered by the Bureau.
(b) Enforcement of levy—
(1) Extent of personal liability. Any person who, upon demand of the appropriate TTB officer, fails or refuses to surrender any property or right to property subject to levy is liable in his/her own person and estate in a sum equal to the value of the property or rights not so surrendered, together with costs and interests. The liability, however, may not exceed the amount of the taxes for the collection of which the levy was made. Interest is to be computed at the annual rate referred to in regulations under 26 U.S.C. 6221 from the date of the levy, or, in the case of a continuing levy on salary or wages (see 26 U.S.C. 6331(e)), from the date the person would otherwise have been obligated to pay over the wages or salary to the taxpayer. Any amount recovered, other than cost, will be credited against the tax liability for the collection of which the levy was made.
(2) Penalty for violation. In addition to the personal liability described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, any person who is required to surrender property or rights to property and who fails or refuses to surrender them without reasonable cause is liable for a penalty equal to 50 percent of the amount recoverable under 26 U.S.C. 6332(d)(2). No part of the penalty described in this subparagraph shall be credited against the tax liability for the collection of which the levy was made. The penalty described in this subparagraph is not applicable in cases where a bona fide dispute exists concerning the amount of the property to be surrendered pursuant to a levy or concerning the legal effectiveness of the levy. However, if a court in a later enforcement suit sustains the levy, then reasonable cause would usually not exist to refuse to honor a later levy made under similar circumstances.
(c) Effect of honoring levy. Any person in possession of, or obligated with respect to, property or rights to property subject to levy and upon which a levy has been made who, upon demand by the appropriate TTB officer, surrenders the property or rights to property, or discharges the obligation, to that officer, or who pays a liability described in paragraph (b)(1) of this section, is discharged from any obligation or liability to the delinquent taxpayer with respect to the property or rights to property arising from the surrender or payment. If an insuring organization satisfies a levy with respect to a life insurance or endowment contract in accordance with § 70.164 of this part, the insuring organization is discharged from any obligation or liability to any beneficiaries of the contract arising from the surrender or payment. Also, it is discharged from any obligation or liability to the insured or other owner. Any person who mistakenly surrenders to the United States property or rights to property not properly subject to levy is not relieved from liability to a third party who owns the property. The owners of mistakenly surrendered property may, however, secure from the United States the administrative relief provided for in 26 U.S.C. 6343(b) or may bring suit to recover the property under 26 U.S.C. 7426.
(d) Person defined. In addition to the definition given in § 70.11 of this part, the term “person,” as used in 26 U.S.C.A 6332(a) and this section, includes an officer or employee of a corporation or a member or employee of a partnership, who is under a duty to surrender the property or rights to property or to discharge the obligation. In the case of a levy upon the salary or wages of an officer, employee, or elected or appointed official of the United States, the District of Columbia, or any agency or instrumentality of either, the term “person” includes the officer or employee of the United States, of the District of Columbia, or of such agency or instrumentality who is under a duty to discharge the obligation. As to the officer or employee who is under such duty, see § 70.161(a)(4)(i) of this part.
[T.D. ATF-6, 38 FR 32445, Nov. 26, 1973, as amended by T.D. ATF-450, 66 FR 29026, May 29, 2001]

Title 27 published on 2014-04-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE

§ 4181 - Imposition of tax

§ 4182 - Exemptions

§ 5123 - Preservation and inspection of records, and entry of premises for inspection

§ 5203 - Entry and examination of premises

§ 5207 - Records and reports

§ 5275 - Records and reports

§ 5367 - Records

§ 5415 - Records and returns

§ 5504 - Operation

§ 5555 - Records, statements, and returns

§ 5684 - Penalties relating to the payment and collection of liquor taxes

§ 5741 - Records to be maintained

§ 5761 - Civil penalties

§ 5802 - Registration of importers, manufacturers, and dealers

§ 6020 - Returns prepared for or executed by Secretary

§ 6021 - Listing by Secretary of taxable objects owned by nonresidents of internal revenue districts

§ 6064 - Signature presumed authentic

§ 6102 - Computations on returns or other documents

§ 6155 - Payment on notice and demand

§ 6159 - Agreements for payment of tax liability in installments

§ 6201 - Assessment authority

§ 6203 - Method of assessment

§ 6204 - Supplemental assessments

§ 6301 - Collection authority

§ 6303 - Notice and demand for tax

§ 6311 - Payment of tax by commercially acceptable means

§ 6313 - Fractional parts of a cent

§ 6314 - Receipt for taxes

§ 6321 - Lien for taxes

§ 6323 - Validity and priority against certain persons

§ 6325 - Release of lien or discharge of property

§ 6326 - Administrative appeal of liens

§ 6331 - Levy and distraint

§ 6332 - Surrender of property subject to levy

§ 6333 - Production of books

§ 6334 - Property exempt from levy

§ 6335 - Sale of seized property

§ 6336 - Sale of perishable goods

§ 6337 - Redemption of property

§ 6338 - Certificate of sale; deed of real property

§ 6339 - Legal effect of certificate of sale of personal property and deed of real property

§ 6340 - Records of sale

§ 6341 - Expense of levy and sale

§ 6342 - Application of proceeds of levy

§ 6343 - Authority to release levy and return property

§ 6401 - Amounts treated as overpayments

§ 6402 - Authority to make credits or refunds

§ 6403 - Overpayment of installment

§ 6404 - Abatements

§ 6407 - Date of allowance of refund or credit

§ 6416 - Certain taxes on sales and services

§ 6423 - Conditions to allowance in the case of alcohol and tobacco taxes

§ 6501 - Limitations on assessment and collection

§ 6502 - Collection after assessment

§ 6503 - Suspension of running of period of limitation

§ 6511 - Limitations on credit or refund

§ 6513 - Time return deemed filed and tax considered paid

§ 6514 - Credits or refunds after period of limitation

§ 6532 - Periods of limitation on suits

§ 6601 - Interest on underpayment, nonpayment, or extensions of time for payment, of tax

§ 6602 - Interest on erroneous refund recoverable by suit

§ 6611 - Interest on overpayments

§ 6621 - Determination of rate of interest

§ 6622 - Interest compounded daily

§ 6651 - Failure to file tax return or to pay tax

§ 6653 - Failure to pay stamp tax

§ 6656 - Failure to make deposit of taxes

§ 6657 - Bad checks

§ 6658 - Coordination with title 11

§ 6665 - Applicable rules

§ 6671 - Rules for application of assessable penalties

§ 6672 - Failure to collect and pay over tax, or attempt to evade or defeat tax

§ 6701 - Penalties for aiding and abetting understatement of tax liability

§ 6723 - Failure to comply with other information reporting requirements

§ 6801 - Authority for establishment, alteration, and distribution

§ 6862 - Jeopardy assessment of taxes other than income, estate, gift, and certain excise taxes

§ 6863 - Stay of collection of jeopardy assessments

§ 6901 - Transferred assets

§ 7011 - Registration—persons paying a special tax

§ 7101 - Form of bonds

§ 7102 - Single bond in lieu of multiple bonds

§ 7121 - Closing agreements

§ 7122 - Compromises

§ 7207 - Fraudulent returns, statements, or other documents

§ 7209 - Unauthorized use or sale of stamps

§ 7214 - Offenses by officers and employees of the United States

§ 7304 - Penalty for fraudulently claiming drawback

§ 7401 - Authorization

§ 7403 - Action to enforce lien or to subject property to payment of tax

§ 7406 - Disposition of judgments and moneys recovered

§ 7423 - Repayments to officers or employees

§ 7424 - Intervention

§ 7425 - Discharge of liens

§ 7426 - Civil actions by persons other than taxpayers

§ 7429 - Review of jeopardy levy or assessment procedures

§ 7430 - Awarding of costs and certain fees

§ 7432 - Civil damages for failure to release lien

§ 7502 - Timely mailing treated as timely filing and paying

§ 7503 - Time for performance of acts where last day falls on Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday

§ 7505 - Sale of personal property acquired by the United States

§ 7506 - Administration of real estate acquired by the United States

§ 7513 - Reproduction of returns and other documents

§ 7601 - Canvass of districts for taxable persons and objects

§ 7602 - Examination of books and witnesses

§ 7603 - Service of summons

§ 7604 - Enforcement of summons

§ 7605 - Time and place of examination

§ 7606 - Entry of premises for examination of taxable objects

§ 7608 - Authority of internal revenue enforcement officers

§ 7609 - Special procedures for third-party summonses

§ 7610 - Fees and costs for witnesses

§ 7622 - Authority to administer oaths and certify

§ 7623 - Expenses of detection of underpayments and fraud, etc.

§ 7653 - Shipments from the United States

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations