27 CFR 70.234 - Protection for obligatory disbursement agreements.

§ 70.234 Protection for obligatory disbursement agreements.
(a) In general. Even though a notice of a lien imposed by 26 U.S.C. 6321 is filed in accordance with § 70.148 of this part, the lien is not valid with respect to security interest which:
(1) Comes into existence after the tax lien filing,
(2) Is in qualified property covered by the terms of an obligatory disbursement agreement entered into before the tax lien filing, and
(3) Is protected under local law against a judgment lien arising, as of the time of tax lien filing, out of an unsecured obligation.
See § 70.143 (a) and (e) of this part for definitions of the terms “security interest” and “tax lien filing.” For purposes of this section, a judgment lien creditor as defined in § 70.143(g) of this part.
(b) Obligatory disbursement agreement. For purposes of this section, the term “obligatory disbursement agreement” means a written agreement, entered into by a person in the course of the person's trade or business, to make disbursements. An agreement is treated as an obligatory disbursement agreement only with respect to disbursements which are required to be made by reason of the intervention of the rights of a person other than the taxpayer. The obligation to pay must be conditioned upon an event beyond the control of the obligor. For example, the provisions of this section are applicable where an issuing bank obligates itself to honor drafts or other demands for payment on a letter of credit and a bank, in good faith, relies upon that letter of credit in making advances. The provisions of this section are also applicable, for example, where a bonding company obligates itself to make payments to indemnify against loss or liability and, under the terms of the bond, makes a payment with respect to a loss. The priority described in this section is not applicable, for example, in the case of an accommodation endorsement by an endorser who assumes the obligation other than in the course of the endorser's trade or business.
(c) Qualified property. Except as provided under paragraph (d) of this section, the term “qualified property,” for purposes of this section, means property subject to the lien imposed by 26 U.S.C. 6321 at the time of tax lien filing and, to the extent that the acquisition is directly traceable to the obligatory disbursement, property acquired by the taxpayer after tax lien filing.
(d) Special rule for surety agreements. Where the obligatory disbursement agreement is an agreement insuring the performance of a contract of the taxpayer and another person, the term “qualified property” shall be treated as also including:
(1) The proceeds of the contract the performance of which was insured, and
(2) If the contract the performance of which was insured is a contract to construct or improve real property, to produce goods, or to furnish services, any tangible personal property used by the taxpayer in the performance of the insured contract.
For example, a surety company which holds a security interest, arising from cash disbursements made after tax lien filing under a payment or performance bond on a real estate construction project, has priority over the tax lien with respect to the proceeds of the construction contract and, in addition, with respect to any tangible personal property used by the taxpayer in the construction project if its security interest in the tangible personal property is protected under local law against a judgment lien arising, as of the time the tax lien was filed, out of an unsecured obligation.
Limitations on Levies

Title 27 published on 2014-04-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE

§ 4181 - Imposition of tax

§ 4182 - Exemptions

§ 5123 - Preservation and inspection of records, and entry of premises for inspection

§ 5203 - Entry and examination of premises

§ 5207 - Records and reports

§ 5275 - Records and reports

§ 5367 - Records

§ 5415 - Records and returns

§ 5504 - Operation

§ 5555 - Records, statements, and returns

§ 5684 - Penalties relating to the payment and collection of liquor taxes

§ 5741 - Records to be maintained

§ 5761 - Civil penalties

§ 5802 - Registration of importers, manufacturers, and dealers

§ 6020 - Returns prepared for or executed by Secretary

§ 6021 - Listing by Secretary of taxable objects owned by nonresidents of internal revenue districts

§ 6064 - Signature presumed authentic

§ 6102 - Computations on returns or other documents

§ 6155 - Payment on notice and demand

§ 6159 - Agreements for payment of tax liability in installments

§ 6201 - Assessment authority

§ 6203 - Method of assessment

§ 6204 - Supplemental assessments

§ 6301 - Collection authority

§ 6303 - Notice and demand for tax

§ 6311 - Payment of tax by commercially acceptable means

§ 6313 - Fractional parts of a cent

§ 6314 - Receipt for taxes

§ 6321 - Lien for taxes

§ 6323 - Validity and priority against certain persons

§ 6325 - Release of lien or discharge of property

§ 6326 - Administrative appeal of liens

§ 6331 - Levy and distraint

§ 6332 - Surrender of property subject to levy

§ 6333 - Production of books

§ 6334 - Property exempt from levy

§ 6335 - Sale of seized property

§ 6336 - Sale of perishable goods

§ 6337 - Redemption of property

§ 6338 - Certificate of sale; deed of real property

§ 6339 - Legal effect of certificate of sale of personal property and deed of real property

§ 6340 - Records of sale

§ 6341 - Expense of levy and sale

§ 6342 - Application of proceeds of levy

§ 6343 - Authority to release levy and return property

§ 6401 - Amounts treated as overpayments

§ 6402 - Authority to make credits or refunds

§ 6403 - Overpayment of installment

§ 6404 - Abatements

§ 6407 - Date of allowance of refund or credit

§ 6416 - Certain taxes on sales and services

§ 6423 - Conditions to allowance in the case of alcohol and tobacco taxes

§ 6501 - Limitations on assessment and collection

§ 6502 - Collection after assessment

§ 6503 - Suspension of running of period of limitation

§ 6511 - Limitations on credit or refund

§ 6513 - Time return deemed filed and tax considered paid

§ 6514 - Credits or refunds after period of limitation

§ 6532 - Periods of limitation on suits

§ 6601 - Interest on underpayment, nonpayment, or extensions of time for payment, of tax

§ 6602 - Interest on erroneous refund recoverable by suit

§ 6611 - Interest on overpayments

§ 6621 - Determination of rate of interest

§ 6622 - Interest compounded daily

§ 6651 - Failure to file tax return or to pay tax

§ 6653 - Failure to pay stamp tax

§ 6656 - Failure to make deposit of taxes

§ 6657 - Bad checks

§ 6658 - Coordination with title 11

§ 6665 - Applicable rules

§ 6671 - Rules for application of assessable penalties

§ 6672 - Failure to collect and pay over tax, or attempt to evade or defeat tax

§ 6701 - Penalties for aiding and abetting understatement of tax liability

§ 6723 - Failure to comply with other information reporting requirements

§ 6801 - Authority for establishment, alteration, and distribution

§ 6862 - Jeopardy assessment of taxes other than income, estate, gift, and certain excise taxes

§ 6863 - Stay of collection of jeopardy assessments

§ 6901 - Transferred assets

§ 7011 - Registration—persons paying a special tax

§ 7101 - Form of bonds

§ 7102 - Single bond in lieu of multiple bonds

§ 7121 - Closing agreements

§ 7122 - Compromises

§ 7207 - Fraudulent returns, statements, or other documents

§ 7209 - Unauthorized use or sale of stamps

§ 7214 - Offenses by officers and employees of the United States

§ 7304 - Penalty for fraudulently claiming drawback

§ 7401 - Authorization

§ 7403 - Action to enforce lien or to subject property to payment of tax

§ 7406 - Disposition of judgments and moneys recovered

§ 7423 - Repayments to officers or employees

§ 7424 - Intervention

§ 7425 - Discharge of liens

§ 7426 - Civil actions by persons other than taxpayers

§ 7429 - Review of jeopardy levy or assessment procedures

§ 7430 - Awarding of costs and certain fees

§ 7432 - Civil damages for failure to release lien

§ 7502 - Timely mailing treated as timely filing and paying

§ 7503 - Time for performance of acts where last day falls on Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday

§ 7505 - Sale of personal property acquired by the United States

§ 7506 - Administration of real estate acquired by the United States

§ 7513 - Reproduction of returns and other documents

§ 7601 - Canvass of districts for taxable persons and objects

§ 7602 - Examination of books and witnesses

§ 7603 - Service of summons

§ 7604 - Enforcement of summons

§ 7605 - Time and place of examination

§ 7606 - Entry of premises for examination of taxable objects

§ 7608 - Authority of internal revenue enforcement officers

§ 7609 - Special procedures for third-party summonses

§ 7610 - Fees and costs for witnesses

§ 7622 - Authority to administer oaths and certify

§ 7623 - Expenses of detection of underpayments and fraud, etc.

§ 7653 - Shipments from the United States

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations