27 CFR 70.96 - Failure to file tax return or to pay tax.

§ 70.96 Failure to file tax return or to pay tax.
(a) Addition to the tax—
(1) Failure to file tax return. In the case of failure to file a return required under authority of:
(i) Title 26 U.S.C. 61, relating to returns and records;
(ii) Title 26 U.S.C. 51, relating to distilled spirits, wines and beer;
(iii) Title 26 U.S.C. 52, relating to tobacco products, and cigarette papers and tubes; or
(iv) Title 26 U.S.C. 53, relating to machine guns, destructive devices, and certain other firearms; and the regulations thereunder, on or before the date prescribed for filing (determined with regard to any extension of time for such filing), there shall be added to the tax required to be shown on the return the amount specified below unless the failure to file the return within the prescribed time is shown to the satisfaction of the appropriate TTB officer to be due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. The amount to be added to the tax is 5 percent therof if the failure is not for more than one month, with an additional 5 percent for each additional month or fraction thereof during which the failure continues, but not to exceed 25 percent in the aggregate. The amount of any addition under paragraph (a)(1) of this section shall be reduced by the amount of the addition under paragraph (a)(2) of this section for any month to which an addition to tax applies under both paragraphs (a)(1) and (a)(2) of this section.
(2) Failure to pay tax shown on return. In case of failure to pay the amount shown as tax on any return required to be filed after December 31, 1969 (without regard to any extension of time for filing thereof), specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, on or before the date prescribed for payment of such tax (determined with regard to any extension of time for payment), there shall be added to the tax shown on the return the amount specified below unless the failure to pay the tax within the prescribed time is shown to the satisfaction of the appropriate TTB officer to be due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. The amount to be added to the tax is 0.5 percent of the amount of tax shown on the return if the failure is for not more than 1 month, with an additional 0.5 percent for each additional month or fraction thereof during which the failure continues, but not to exceed 25 percent in the aggregate.
(3) Failure to pay tax not shown on return. In case of failure to pay any amount in respect of any tax required to be shown on a return specified in paragraph (a)(1) of this section, which is not so shown (including an assessment made pursuant to 26 U.S.C. 6213(b)) within 10 days from the date of the notice and demand therefor, there shall be added to the amount shown in the notice and demand the amount specified below unless the failure to pay the tax within the prescribed time is shown to the satisfaction of the appropriate TTB officer to be due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect. The amount to be added to the tax is 0.5 percent of the amount stated in the notice and demand if the failure is for not more than one month, with an additional 0.5 percent for each additional month or fraction thereof during which the failure continues, but not to exceed 25 percent in the aggregate. The maximum amount of the addition permitted under this subparagraph shall be reduced by the amount of the addition under paragraph (a)(1) of this section, which is attributable to the tax for which the notice and demand is made and which is not paid within 10 days from the date of notice and demand. The preceding sentence applies to amounts assessed on or before December 31, 1986.
(4) Increases in penalties in certain cases. For increases in penalties for failure to file a return or pay tax in certain cases, see 26 U.S.C. 6651(d) or (f).
(b) Month defined.
(1) If the date prescribed for filing the return or paying tax is the last day of a calendar month, each succeeding calendar month or fraction thereof during which the failure to file or pay tax continues shall constitute a month for purposes of section 6651.
(2) If the date prescribed for filing the return or paying tax is a date other than the last day of a calendar month, the period which terminates with the date numerically corresponding thereto in the succeeding calendar month and each such successive period shall constitute a month for purposes of section 6651. If, in the month of February, there is no date corresponding to the date prescribed for filing the return or paying tax, the period from such date in January through the last day of February shall constitute a month for purposes of section 6651. Thus, if a return is due on January 30, the first month shall end on February 28 (or 29 if a leap year), and the succeeding months shall end on March 30, April 30, etc.
(3) If a return is not timely filed or tax is not timely paid, the fact that the date prescribed for filing the return or paying tax, or the corresponding date in any succeeding calendar month, falls on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday is immaterial in determining the number of months for which the addition to the tax under section 6651 applies.
(c) Showing of reasonable cause. A taxpayer who wishes to avoid the addition to the tax for failure to file a tax return or pay tax must make an affirmative showing of all facts alleged as a reasonable cause for the taxpayers failure to file such return or pay such tax on time in the form of a written statement containing a declaration that it is made under penalties of perjury. Such statement should be filed with the appropriate TTB officer. In addition, where special tax returns are delivered to an appropriate TTB officer, such statement may be delivered with the return. If the appropriate TTB officer determines that the delinquency was due to a reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, the addition to the tax will not be assessed. If the taxpayer exercised ordinary business care and prudence and was nevertheless unable to file the return within the prescribed time, then the delay is due to a reasonable cause. A failure to pay will be considered to be due to reasonable cause to the extent that the taxpayer has made a satisfactory showing that the taxpayer exercised ordinary business care and prudence in providing for payment of the tax liability and was nevertheless either unable to pay the tax or would suffer an undue hardship (as described in 26 CFR 1.6161-1(b)) if paid on the due date. In determining whether the taxpayer was unable to pay the tax in spite of the exercise of ordinary business care and prudence in providing for payment of a tax liability, consideration will be given to all the facts and circumstances of the taxpayer's financial situation, including the amount and nature of the taxpayer's expenditures in light of the income (or other amounts) the taxpayer could, at the time of such expenditures, reasonably expect to receive prior to the date prescribed for the payment of the tax. Thus, for example, a taxpayer who incurs lavish or extravagant living expenses in an amount such that the remainder of assets and anticipated income will be insufficient to pay the tax, has not exercised ordinary business care and prudence in providing for the payment of a tax liability. Further, a taxpayer who invests funds in speculative or illiquid assets has not exercised ordinary business care and prudence in providing for the payment of a tax liability unless, at the time of the investment, the remainder of the taxpayer's assets and estimated income will be sufficient to pay the tax or it can be reasonably foreseen that the speculative or illiquid investment made by the taxpayer can be utilized (by sale or as security for a loan) to realize sufficient funds to satisfy the tax liability. A taxpayer will be considered to have exercised ordinary business care and prudence if such taxpayer made reasonable efforts to conserve sufficient assets in marketable form to satisfy a tax liability and nevertheless was unable to pay all or a portion of the tax when it became due.
(d) Penalty imposed on net amount due—
(1) Credits against the tax. The amount of tax required to be shown on the return for purposes of section 6651(a)(1) and the amount shown as tax on the return for purposes of section 6651(a)(2) shall be reduced by the amount of any part of the tax which is paid on or before the date prescribed for payment of the tax and by the amount of any credit against the tax which may be claimed on the return.
(2) Partial payments.
(i) The amount of tax required to be shown on the return for purposes of section 6651(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code shall, for the purpose of computing the addition for any month, be reduced by the amount of any part of the tax which is paid after the date prescribed for payment and on or before the first day of such month, and
(ii) The amount of tax stated in the notice and demand for purposes of section 6651(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code shall, for the purpose of computing the addition for any month, be reduced by the amount of any part of the tax which is paid before the first day of such month.
(e) No addition to tax if fraud penalty assessed. No addition to the tax under section 6651 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be assessed with respect to an underpayment of tax if an addition to the tax for fraud is assessed with respect to the same underpayment under section 6653(b). See section 6653(d) of the Internal Revenue Code.
[T.D. ATF-251, 52 FR 19314, May 22, 1987, as amended by T.D ATF-301, 55 FR 47614, Nov. 14, 1990; T.D. ATF-353, 59 FR 2522, Jan. 18, 1994; T.D. ATF-450, 66 FR 29025, May 29, 2001; T.D. TTB-79, 74 FR 37424, July 28, 2009]

Title 27 published on 2014-04-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 5 - GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION AND EMPLOYEES
U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE

§ 4181 - Imposition of tax

§ 4182 - Exemptions

§ 5123 - Preservation and inspection of records, and entry of premises for inspection

§ 5203 - Entry and examination of premises

§ 5207 - Records and reports

§ 5275 - Records and reports

§ 5367 - Records

§ 5415 - Records and returns

§ 5504 - Operation

§ 5555 - Records, statements, and returns

§ 5684 - Penalties relating to the payment and collection of liquor taxes

§ 5741 - Records to be maintained

§ 5761 - Civil penalties

§ 5802 - Registration of importers, manufacturers, and dealers

§ 6020 - Returns prepared for or executed by Secretary

§ 6021 - Listing by Secretary of taxable objects owned by nonresidents of internal revenue districts

§ 6064 - Signature presumed authentic

§ 6102 - Computations on returns or other documents

§ 6155 - Payment on notice and demand

§ 6159 - Agreements for payment of tax liability in installments

§ 6201 - Assessment authority

§ 6203 - Method of assessment

§ 6204 - Supplemental assessments

§ 6301 - Collection authority

§ 6303 - Notice and demand for tax

§ 6311 - Payment of tax by commercially acceptable means

§ 6313 - Fractional parts of a cent

§ 6314 - Receipt for taxes

§ 6321 - Lien for taxes

§ 6323 - Validity and priority against certain persons

§ 6325 - Release of lien or discharge of property

§ 6326 - Administrative appeal of liens

§ 6331 - Levy and distraint

§ 6332 - Surrender of property subject to levy

§ 6333 - Production of books

§ 6334 - Property exempt from levy

§ 6335 - Sale of seized property

§ 6336 - Sale of perishable goods

§ 6337 - Redemption of property

§ 6338 - Certificate of sale; deed of real property

§ 6339 - Legal effect of certificate of sale of personal property and deed of real property

§ 6340 - Records of sale

§ 6341 - Expense of levy and sale

§ 6342 - Application of proceeds of levy

§ 6343 - Authority to release levy and return property

§ 6401 - Amounts treated as overpayments

§ 6402 - Authority to make credits or refunds

§ 6403 - Overpayment of installment

§ 6404 - Abatements

§ 6407 - Date of allowance of refund or credit

§ 6416 - Certain taxes on sales and services

§ 6423 - Conditions to allowance in the case of alcohol and tobacco taxes

§ 6501 - Limitations on assessment and collection

§ 6502 - Collection after assessment

§ 6503 - Suspension of running of period of limitation

§ 6511 - Limitations on credit or refund

§ 6513 - Time return deemed filed and tax considered paid

§ 6514 - Credits or refunds after period of limitation

§ 6532 - Periods of limitation on suits

§ 6601 - Interest on underpayment, nonpayment, or extensions of time for payment, of tax

§ 6602 - Interest on erroneous refund recoverable by suit

§ 6611 - Interest on overpayments

§ 6621 - Determination of rate of interest

§ 6622 - Interest compounded daily

§ 6651 - Failure to file tax return or to pay tax

§ 6653 - Failure to pay stamp tax

§ 6656 - Failure to make deposit of taxes

§ 6657 - Bad checks

§ 6658 - Coordination with title 11

§ 6665 - Applicable rules

§ 6671 - Rules for application of assessable penalties

§ 6672 - Failure to collect and pay over tax, or attempt to evade or defeat tax

§ 6701 - Penalties for aiding and abetting understatement of tax liability

§ 6723 - Failure to comply with other information reporting requirements

§ 6801 - Authority for establishment, alteration, and distribution

§ 6862 - Jeopardy assessment of taxes other than income, estate, gift, and certain excise taxes

§ 6863 - Stay of collection of jeopardy assessments

§ 6901 - Transferred assets

§ 7011 - Registration—persons paying a special tax

§ 7101 - Form of bonds

§ 7102 - Single bond in lieu of multiple bonds

§ 7121 - Closing agreements

§ 7122 - Compromises

§ 7207 - Fraudulent returns, statements, or other documents

§ 7209 - Unauthorized use or sale of stamps

§ 7214 - Offenses by officers and employees of the United States

§ 7304 - Penalty for fraudulently claiming drawback

§ 7401 - Authorization

§ 7403 - Action to enforce lien or to subject property to payment of tax

§ 7406 - Disposition of judgments and moneys recovered

§ 7423 - Repayments to officers or employees

§ 7424 - Intervention

§ 7425 - Discharge of liens

§ 7426 - Civil actions by persons other than taxpayers

§ 7429 - Review of jeopardy levy or assessment procedures

§ 7430 - Awarding of costs and certain fees

§ 7432 - Civil damages for failure to release lien

§ 7502 - Timely mailing treated as timely filing and paying

§ 7503 - Time for performance of acts where last day falls on Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday

§ 7505 - Sale of personal property acquired by the United States

§ 7506 - Administration of real estate acquired by the United States

§ 7513 - Reproduction of returns and other documents

§ 7601 - Canvass of districts for taxable persons and objects

§ 7602 - Examination of books and witnesses

§ 7603 - Service of summons

§ 7604 - Enforcement of summons

§ 7605 - Time and place of examination

§ 7606 - Entry of premises for examination of taxable objects

§ 7608 - Authority of internal revenue enforcement officers

§ 7609 - Special procedures for third-party summonses

§ 7610 - Fees and costs for witnesses

§ 7622 - Authority to administer oaths and certify

§ 7623 - Expenses of detection of underpayments and fraud, etc.

§ 7653 - Shipments from the United States

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations