38 CFR 21.4009 - Waiver or recovery of overpayments.

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§ 21.4009 Waiver or recovery of overpayments.
For the purposes of this section, “educational institution” includes an organization or entity offering licensing or certification tests.
(a) General.
(1) The amount of the overpayment of educational assistance allowance or special training allowance paid to a veteran or eligible person constitutes a liability of that veteran or eligible person.
(2) The amount of the overpayment of educational assistance allowance or special training allowance paid to a veteran or eligible person constitutes a liability of the education institution if the Department of Veterans Affairs determines that the overpayment was made as the result of willful or negligent:
(i) Failure of the educational institution to report, as required by §§ 21.4203 and 21.4204, discontinuance or interruption of a course by a veteran, reservist or eligible person, or
(ii) False certification by the educational institution.
(3) If it appears that the falsity or misrepresentation was deliberate, the Department of Veterans Affairs may not pursue administrative collection pending a determination whether the matter should be referred to the Department of Justice for possible civil or criminal action. However, the Department of Veterans Affairs may recover the amount of the overpayment from the educational institution by administrative collection procedure when the Department of Veterans Affairs determines the false certification or misrepresentation resulted from an administrative error or a misstatement of fact and that no criminal or civil action is warranted.
(4) If the Department of Veterans Affairs recovers any part of the overpayment from the educational institution, it may reimburse the educational institution, if the Department of Veterans Affairs subsequently collects the overpayment from a veteran or eligible person. The reimbursement—
(i) Will be made when the total amount collected from the educational institution and from the veterans and eligible persons (less any amount applied toward marshal fees, court costs, administrative cost of collection and interest) exceeds the total amount for which the educational institution is liable, and
(ii) Will be equal to the excess.
(5) This paragraph does not preclude the imposition of any civil or criminal liability under this or any other law.
(b) Reporting.
(1) If a school is required to make periodic or other certifications, the Department of Veterans Affairs may consider the following in determining whether a school is potentially liable for an overpayment:
(i) The school's failure to report, or to report timely facts which resulted in an overpayment, or
(ii) The school's submission of an incorrect certification as to fact.
(2) In either instance the Department of Veterans Affairs will consider other pertinent factors such as:
(i) Allowing for occasional clerical error or occasional administrative error:
(ii) The school's past reliability in reporting;
(iii) The adequacy of the school's reporting system; and
(iv) The extent of noncompliance with reporting requirements.
(c) Committee on School Liability.
(1) Each VA Regional Processing Office shall have a Committee on School Liability. For the purposes of this section, the Manila Regional Office is considered the VA Regional Processing Office of jurisdiction for educational institutions located in the Philippines.
(2) The Secretary delegates to each Committee on School Liability, and to any panel that the chairperson of the Committee may designate and draw from the Committee, the authority to find whether an educational institution is liable for an overpayment.
(d) Initial decision.
(1) The Education Officer of the VA Regional Processing Office of jurisdiction, or the Service Center Manager when the Manila Regional Office is considered the VA Regional Processing Office of jurisdiction, will decide whether there is evidence that would warrant a finding that an educational institution is potentially liable for an overpayment.
(2) Following each finding of potential liability, the Finance Officer of the VA Regional Processing Office of jurisdiction will notify the educational institution in writing of VA's intent to apply the liability provisions of paragraph (a) of this section. The notice will—
(i) Identify the students who were overpaid;
(ii) Identify the veterans and eligible persons who took the licensing or certification test and were overpaid;
(iii) Set out in the case of each student, or in the case of each veteran or eligible person who took the test, the educational institution's actions or omissions which resulted in the finding that the educational institution was potentially liable for the overpayment; and
(iv) State that VA will determine liability on the basis of the evidence of record unless the VA Regional Processing Office of jurisdiction receives additional evidence or a request for a hearing within 30 days of the date the educational institution received the notice.
(e) Hearings. An educational institution is entitled to a hearing before a panel drawn from the Committee on School Liability before a decision is made as to whether it is liable for an overpayment. Every hearing will be preceded by a prehearing conference unless the conference is waived by the educational institution. The Committee on School Liability will consider all evidence and testimony presented at the hearing.
(f) Extent of liability. Waiver of collection of an overpayment as to a veteran, reservist, or eligible person will not relieve the educational institution of liability for the overpayment. Recovery in whole or in part from the veteran, reservist, or eligible person will limit such liability accordingly. If an overpayment has been recovered from the educational institution and the veteran, reservist, or eligible person subsequently repays the amount in whole or in part, the amount repaid will be reimbursed to the educational institution.
(g) Notice to educational institution. The educational institution shall be notified in writing of the decision of the Committee on School Liability. If the educational institution is found liable for an overpayment, the educational institution also will be notified of the right to appeal the decision to the Central Office School Liability Appeals Board within 60 days from the date of the letter to the educational institution containing notice of the decision. The 60-day time limit may be extended to 90 days at the discretion of the chairperson of the Committee on School Liability. The appeal must be in writing setting forth fully the alleged errors of fact and law. If an appeal is not received within the 60-day time limit, the Committee decision is final.
(h) Appeals. An appeal will be forwarded to Central Office where it will be considered by the School Liability Appeals Board. The Board's decision will serve as authority for instituting collection proceedings, if appropriate, or for discontinuing collection proceedings instituted on the basis of the original decision of the Committee on School Liability in any case where the Board reverses a decision made by the Committee that the educational institution is liable.
(i) Review. Review by the School Liability Appeals Board is limited to the issues raised by the educational institution and shall be on the record and not de novo in character. The Board may affirm, modify or reverse a decision of the Committee on School Liability or may remand an appeal for further consideration by the appropriate Committee on School Liability. If new and material evidence is discovered while the School Liability Appeals Board is considering a case, the Board may remand the case to the appropriate Committee on School Liability.
(j) Finality of decisions. The School Liability Appeals Board has authority to act for the Secretary in deciding appeals concerning an educational institution's liability for an overpayment. There is no right of additional administrative appeal of a decision of the School Liability Appeals Board.
[32 FR 4533, Mar. 25, 1967, as amended at 44 FR 15492, Mar. 14, 1979; 48 FR 37976, Aug. 22, 1983; 49 FR 35630, Sept. 11, 1984; 51 FR 16316, May 2, 1986; 61 FR 20728, May 8, 1996; 61 FR 26112, May 24, 1996; 62 FR 55760, Oct. 28, 1997; 71 FR 28586, May 17, 2006; 72 FR 16968, Apr. 5, 2007; 74 FR 14666, Mar. 31, 2009]

Title 38 published on 2013-07-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 38.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-03-24; vol. 79 # 56 - Monday, March 24, 2014
    1. 79 FR 15920 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program: Changes Related to the Honoring America's Veterans and Caring for Camp Lejeune Families Act of 2012
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS
      Final rule.
      Effective Date: This final rule is effective March 24, 2014. Applicability Date: In accordance with the amended statutory provision of 38 U.S.C. 3108(a)(2), this final rule pertains to all awards of employment adjustment allowance processed on or after August 6, 2013.
      38 CFR Part 21

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 10 - ARMED FORCES
U.S. Code: Title 38 - VETERANS’ BENEFITS

§ 101 - Definitions

§ 501 - Rules and regulations

§ 512 - Delegation of authority; assignment of functions and duties

§ 1151 note - Benefits for persons disabled by treatment or vocational rehabilitation

§ 1163 - Trial work periods and vocational rehabilitation for certain veterans with total disability ratings

§ 1501 - Definitions

§ 1502 - Determinations with respect to disability

§ 1503 - Determinations with respect to annual income

§ 1504 - Persons heretofore having a pensionable status

§ 1505 - Payment of pension during confinement in penal institutions

§ 1506 - Resource reports and overpayment adjustments

§ 1507 - Disappearance

§ 1508 - Frequency of payment of pension benefits

§ 1802 - Spina bifida conditions covered

§ 1803 - Health care

§ 1804 - Vocational training and rehabilitation

§ 1805 - Monetary allowance

§ 1806 - Repealed.

§ 3001 - Purposes

§ 3002 - Definitions

§ 3011 - Basic educational assistance entitlement for service on active duty

§ 3012 - Basic educational assistance entitlement for service in the Selected Reserve

§ 3013 - Duration of basic educational assistance

§ 3014 - Payment of basic educational assistance

§ 3014A - Accelerated payment of basic educational assistance for education leading to employment in high technology occupation in high technology industry

§ 3015 - Amount of basic educational assistance

§ 3016 - Inservice enrollment in a program of education

§ 3017 - Death benefit

§ 3018 - Opportunity for certain active-duty personnel to withdraw election not to enroll

§ 3018A - Opportunity for certain active-duty personnel to enroll before being involuntarily separated from service

§ 3018B - Opportunity for certain persons to enroll

§ 3018C - Opportunity for certain VEAP participants to enroll

§ 3019 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3020 - Authority to transfer unused education benefits to family members for career service members

§ 3021 - Supplemental educational assistance for additional service

§ 3022 - Amount of supplemental educational assistance

§ 3023 - Payment of supplemental educational assistance under this subchapter

§ 3031 - Time limitation for use of eligibility and entitlement

§ 3032 - Limitations on educational assistance for certain individuals

§ 3033 - Bar to duplication of educational assistance benefits

§ 3034 - Program administration

§ 3035 - Allocation of administration and of program costs

§ 3036 - Repealed.

§ 3100 - Purposes

§ 3101 - Definitions

§ 3102 - Basic entitlement

§ 3103 - Periods of eligibility

§ 3104 - Scope of services and assistance

§ 3105 - Duration of rehabilitation programs

§ 3106 - Initial and extended evaluations; determinations regarding serious employment handicap

§ 3107 - Individualized vocational rehabilitation plan

§ 3108 - Allowances

§ 3109 - Entitlement to independent living services and assistance

§ 3110 - Leaves of absence

§ 3111 - Regulations to promote satisfactory conduct and cooperation

§ 3112 - Revolving fund loans

§ 3113 - Vocational rehabilitation for hospitalized members of the Armed Forces and veterans

§ 3114 - Vocational rehabilitation outside the United States

§ 3115 - Rehabilitation resources

§ 3116 - Promotion of employment and training opportunities

§ 3117 - Employment assistance

§ 3118 - Personnel training, development, and qualifications

§ 3119 - Rehabilitation research and special projects

§ 3120 - Program of independent living services and assistance

§ 3121 - Veterans’ Advisory Committee on Rehabilitation

§ 3122 - Longitudinal study of vocational rehabilitation programs

§ 3201 - Purpose

§ 3202 - Definitions

§ 3221 - Eligibility

§ 3222 - Contributions; matching fund

§ 3223 - Refunds of contributions upon disenrollment

§ 3224 - Death of participant

§ 3225 - Discharge or release under conditions which would bar the use of benefits

§ 3231 - Entitlement; loan eligibility

§ 3232 - Duration; limitations

§ 3233 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training

§ 3234 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3241 - Requirements

§ 3242 - Vacant]

§ 3243 - Deposits; reports

§ 3301 - Definitions

§ 3311 - Educational assistance for service in the Armed Forces commencing on or after September 11, 2001: entitlement

§ 3312 - Educational assistance: duration

§ 3313 - Educational assistance: amount; payment

§ 3314 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3315 - Licensure and certification tests

§ 3315A - National tests

§ 3316 - Supplemental educational assistance: members with critical skills or specialty; members serving additional service

§ 3317 - Public-private contributions for additional educational assistance

§ 3318 - Additional assistance: relocation or travel assistance for individual relocating or traveling significant distance for pursuit of a program of education

§ 3319 - Authority to transfer unused education benefits to family members

§ 3321 - Time limitation for use of and eligibility for entitlement

§ 3322 - Bar to duplication of educational assistance benefits

§ 3323 - Administration

§ 3324 - Allocation of administration and costs

§ 3451 - Purpose

§ 3452 - Definitions

§ 3461 - Eligibility; entitlement; duration

§ 3462 - Time limitations for completing a program of education

§ 3463 - Vacant]

§ 3470 - Selection of program

§ 3471 - Applications; approval

§ 3472 - Vacant]

§ 3473 - Repealed.

§ 3474 - Discontinuance for unsatisfactory conduct or progress

§ 3475 - Vacant]

§ 3476 - Education outside the United States

§ 3477, 3478 - Vacant]

§ 3481 - Educational assistance allowance

§ 3482 - Computation of educational assistance allowances

§ 3482A - Vacant]

§ 3483 - Approval of courses

§ 3484 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training; correspondence courses

§ 3485 - Work-study allowance

§ 3486, 3487 - Vacant]

§ 3490 - Purpose

§ 3491 - Elementary and secondary education and preparatory educational assistance

§ 3492 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3493 - Effect on educational entitlement

§ 3495 to 3498 - Vacant]

§ 3500 - Purpose

§ 3501 - Definitions

§ 3510 - Eligibility and entitlement generally

§ 3511 - Duration of educational assistance

§ 3512 - Periods of eligibility

§ 3513 - Application

§ 3514 - Processing of applications

§ 3520 - Educational and vocational counseling

§ 3521 - Approval of application

§ 3522 - Vacant]

§ 3523 - Disapproval of enrollment in certain courses

§ 3524 - Discontinuance for unsatisfactory progress

§ 3525, 3526 - Vacant]

§ 3531 - Educational assistance allowance

§ 3532 - Computation of educational assistance allowance

§ 3533 - Special assistance for the educationally disadvantaged

§ 3534 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training; correspondence courses

§ 3535 - Approval of courses

§ 3536 - Specialized vocational training courses

§ 3537 - Work-study allowance

§ 3538 - Vacant]

§ 3540 - Purpose

§ 3541 - Entitlement to special restorative training

§ 3542 - Special training allowance

§ 3543 - Special administrative provisions

§ 3561 - Authority and duties of Secretary

§ 3562 - Nonduplication of benefits

§ 3563 - Notification of eligibility

§ 3564 - Annual adjustment of amounts of educational assistance

§ 3565 - Children of certain Philippine veterans

§ 3566 - Definitions

§ 3670 - Scope of approval

§ 3671 - Designation

§ 3672 - Approval of courses

§ 3673 - Approval activities: cooperation and coordination of activities

§ 3674 - Reimbursement of expenses

§ 3674A - Evaluations of agency performance; qualifications and performance of agency personnel

§ 3675 - Approval of accredited courses

§ 3676 - Approval of nonaccredited courses

§ 3677 - Approval of training on the job

§ 3678 - Notice of approval of courses

§ 3679 - Disapproval of courses

§ 3680 - Payment of educational assistance or subsistence allowances

§ 3680A - Disapproval of enrollment in certain courses

§ 3681 - Limitations on educational assistance

§ 3682 - Control by agencies of the United States

§ 3683 - Conflicting interests

§ 3684 - Reports by veterans, eligible persons, and institutions; reporting fee

§ 3684A - Procedures relating to computer matching program

§ 3685 - Overpayments to eligible persons or veterans

§ 3686 - Correspondence courses

§ 3687 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training

§ 3688 - Measurement of courses

§ 3689 - Approval requirements for licensing and certification testing

§ 3690 - Overcharges by educational institutions; discontinuance of allowances; examination of records; false or misleading statements

§ 3691 - Change of program

§ 3692 - Advisory committee

§ 3693 - Compliance surveys

§ 3694 - Use of other Federal agencies

§ 3695 - Limitation on period of assistance under two or more programs

§ 3696 - Limitation on certain advertising, sales, and enrollment practices

§ 3697 - Funding of contract educational and vocational counseling

§ 3697A - Educational and vocational counseling

§ 3698 - Comprehensive policy on providing education information to veterans

38 U.S. Code § 3698 - Comprehensive policy on providing education information to veterans

§ 5100 - Definition of “claimant”

§ 5101 - Claims and forms

§ 5102 - Application forms furnished upon request; notice to claimants of incomplete applications

§ 5103 - Notice to claimants of required information and evidence

§ 5103A - Duty to assist claimants

§ 5104 - Decisions and notices of decisions

§ 5105 - Joint applications for social security and dependency and indemnity compensation

§ 5106 - Furnishing of information by other agencies

§ 5107 - Claimant responsibility; benefit of the doubt

§ 5108 - Reopening disallowed claims

§ 5109 - Independent medical opinions

§ 5109A - Revision of decisions on grounds of clear and unmistakable error

§ 5109B - Expedited treatment of remanded claims

§ 5303A - Minimum active-duty service requirement

U.S. Code: Title 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
Statutes at Large
Public Laws

Title 38 published on 2013-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 38 CFR 21 after this date.

  • 2014-03-24; vol. 79 # 56 - Monday, March 24, 2014
    1. 79 FR 15920 - Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program: Changes Related to the Honoring America's Veterans and Caring for Camp Lejeune Families Act of 2012
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS
      Final rule.
      Effective Date: This final rule is effective March 24, 2014. Applicability Date: In accordance with the amended statutory provision of 38 U.S.C. 3108(a)(2), this final rule pertains to all awards of employment adjustment allowance processed on or after August 6, 2013.
      38 CFR Part 21