38 CFR 21.5040 - Basic eligibility.

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§ 21.5040 Basic eligibility.
(a) Individuals not on active duty. Whether an individual has basic eligibility under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 32 for educational assistance depends upon when he or she entered the military service, the length of that service, and the character of that service.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3202).
(b) Service requirements for all individuals not on active duty.
(1) An individual not on active duty:
(i) Must have entered the military service after December 31, 1976, and before July 1, 1985;
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3202, Pub. L. 99-576)
(ii) Must not have and except as provided in paragraph (g) of this section must not have had basic eligibility under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 34;
(iii) Must have received an unconditional discharge or release under conditions other than dishonorable from any period of service upon which eligibility is based;
(iv) Must either have:
(A) Served on active duty for a least 181 continuous days, or
(B) Been discharged or released from active duty for a service-connected disability.
(2) The Department of Veterans Affairs will consider that the veteran has an unconditional discharge or release if:
(i) The individual was eligible for complete separation from active duty on the date a discharge or release was issued to him or her, or
(ii) The provisions of § 3.13(c) of this chapter are met.
(3) The provisions of § 3.12 of this chapter as to character of discharge and § 3.13 of this chapter as to conditional discharges are applicable.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3202)
(c) Additional active duty service requirements for some individuals not on active duty—Chapter 32.
(1) Unless exempted by paragraph (d) of this section, persons who originally enlist in a regular component of the Armed Forces after September 7, 1980, or who enter on active duty after October 16, 1981 (either as an enlisted member or an officer) to be eligible under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 32, must first complete the shorter of:
(i) 24 continuous months of active duty, or
(ii) The full period for which the individual was called or ordered to active duty.
(2) For the purpose of paragraph (c)(1) of this section the Department of Veterans Affairs considers that an enlisted person originally enlisted in a regular component of the Armed Forces on the date he or she entered on active duty even through he or she may have signed a delayed-entry contract on an earlier date.
(3) In computing time served for the purpose of this paragraph, the Department of Veterans Affairs will exclude any period during which the individual is not entitled to credit for service as specified in § 3.15 of this chapter. However, those periods will be included in determining if the service was continuous.
(d) Individuals exempt from additional active duty requirements.
(1) An individual who originally enlists in a regular component of the Armed Forces after September 7, 1980, or who enters on active duty after October 16, 1981 (either as an enlisted member or officer), will be eligible to receive benefits under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 32 based upon the ensuing period of active duty, and is exempt from the provisions of paragraph (c) of this section if he or she subsequently:
(i) Is discharged or released from active duty:
(A) Under 10 U.S.C. 1173 (hardship discharge), or
(B) Under 10 U.S.C. 1171 (early-out discharge), or
(C) For a disability incurred in or aggravated in line of duty; or
(ii) Is found by Department of Veterans Affairs to have a service-connected disability which gives the individual basic entitlement to disability compensation as described in § 3.4(b) of this chapter. Once the Department of Veterans Affairs makes this finding, the exemption will continue to apply even if the disability subsequently improves and becomes noncompensable.
(2) An individual who enters on a period of active duty after October 16, 1981, is also exempt from the provisions of paragraph (c) of this section if he or she:
(i) Previously completed a continuous period of active duty of at least 24 months, or
(ii) Was discharged or released from a previous period of active duty under 10 U.S.C. 1171 (early-out discharge).
(3) In computing time served for the purpose of this paragraph, the Department of Veterans Affairs will exclude any period during which the individual is not entitled to credit for service as specified in § 3.15 of this chapter. However, those periods will be included in determining if the service was continuous.
(e) Savings provision. An individual may become a participant and establish basic eligibility under the provisions of this section based upon a period of active duty service which began before October 16, 1981. He or she would not lose the basic eligibility based upon that period of service if, following a release from active duty, the individual reenters on active duty after October 16, 1981, and fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (c) of this section or qualify for an exemption under paragraph (d) of this section. He or she will receive a refund of any contributions he or she may make to the fund during the second period of active duty. See § 21.5065.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3202, 5303A)
(f) Individuals on active duty. To establish basic eligibility under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 32 for educational assistance an individual on active duty:
(1) Must have entered into military service after December 31, 1976, and before July 1, 1985.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3202, Pub. L. 96-466, Pub. L. 99-576)
(2) Must have served on active duty for a period of 181 or more continuous days after December 31, 1976, and
(3) If not enrolled in a course, courses or a program of education leading to a secondary school diploma or equivalency certificate, must have completed the lesser of the following two periods of active duty:
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3231(b))
(i) The individual's first obligated period of active duty which began after December 31, 1976, or
(ii) The individual's period of active duty which began after December 31, 1976, and which is 6 years in length,
(4) If enrolled in a course, courses or a program of education leading to a seondary school diploma or equivalency certificate, the individual:
(i) Must be an enlisted member of the Armed Forces,
(ii) Must be a participant
(iii) Must be training during the last 6 months of his or her first period of active duty, or any time thereafter, and
(5) If he or she originally enlisted after September 7, 1980, must have completed at least 24 months of his or her original enlistment
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3231(b), 10 U.S.C. 977)
(g) Election to receive educational assistance allowance under 38 U.S.C. chapter 32 instead of 10 U.S.C. chapter 1606. An individual who serves in the Selected Reserves may not receive credit for that service under both 38 U.S.C. Chapter 32 and 10 U.S.C. Chapter 1606. If he or she wishes to receive educational assistance based upon this service, the veteran must elect the chapter under which he or she will receive benefits.
(1) This election must be in writing and submitted to VA.
(2) If a veteran elects to receive educational assistance under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 32, and negotiates an educational assistance check which is based upon the period of service for which the election was made, the election is irrevocable. Negotiation of an educational assistance check provided under either 38 U.S.C. chapter 32 or 10 U.S.C. chapter 1606, but based upon a period of service which preceded the period for which an election was made, will not serve to make the election irrevocable.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3221(f); Pub. L. 101-237)
[48 FR 36577, Aug. 12, 1983, as amended at 51 FR 12852, Apr. 16, 1986; 53 FR 34496, Sept. 7, 1988; 57 FR 38614, Aug. 26, 1992; 61 FR 20728, May 8, 1996; 61 FR 29029, June 7, 1996]

Title 38 published on 2014-07-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 10 - ARMED FORCES
U.S. Code: Title 38 - VETERANS’ BENEFITS

§ 101 - Definitions

§ 501 - Rules and regulations

§ 512 - Delegation of authority; assignment of functions and duties

§ 1151 note - Benefits for persons disabled by treatment or vocational rehabilitation

§ 1163 - Trial work periods and vocational rehabilitation for certain veterans with total disability ratings

§ 1501 - Definitions

§ 1502 - Determinations with respect to disability

§ 1503 - Determinations with respect to annual income

§ 1504 - Persons heretofore having a pensionable status

§ 1505 - Payment of pension during confinement in penal institutions

§ 1506 - Resource reports and overpayment adjustments

§ 1507 - Disappearance

§ 1508 - Frequency of payment of pension benefits

§ 1802 - Spina bifida conditions covered

§ 1803 - Health care

§ 1804 - Vocational training and rehabilitation

§ 1805 - Monetary allowance

§ 1806 - Repealed.

§ 3001 - Purposes

§ 3002 - Definitions

§ 3011 - Basic educational assistance entitlement for service on active duty

§ 3012 - Basic educational assistance entitlement for service in the Selected Reserve

§ 3013 - Duration of basic educational assistance

§ 3014 - Payment of basic educational assistance

§ 3014A - Accelerated payment of basic educational assistance for education leading to employment in high technology occupation in high technology industry

§ 3015 - Amount of basic educational assistance

§ 3016 - Inservice enrollment in a program of education

§ 3017 - Death benefit

§ 3018 - Opportunity for certain active-duty personnel to withdraw election not to enroll

§ 3018A - Opportunity for certain active-duty personnel to enroll before being involuntarily separated from service

§ 3018B - Opportunity for certain persons to enroll

§ 3018C - Opportunity for certain VEAP participants to enroll

§ 3019 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3020 - Authority to transfer unused education benefits to family members for career service members

§ 3021 - Supplemental educational assistance for additional service

§ 3022 - Amount of supplemental educational assistance

§ 3023 - Payment of supplemental educational assistance under this subchapter

§ 3031 - Time limitation for use of eligibility and entitlement

§ 3032 - Limitations on educational assistance for certain individuals

§ 3033 - Bar to duplication of educational assistance benefits

§ 3034 - Program administration

§ 3035 - Allocation of administration and of program costs

§ 3036 - Repealed.

§ 3100 - Purposes

§ 3101 - Definitions

§ 3102 - Basic entitlement

§ 3103 - Periods of eligibility

§ 3104 - Scope of services and assistance

§ 3105 - Duration of rehabilitation programs

§ 3106 - Initial and extended evaluations; determinations regarding serious employment handicap

§ 3107 - Individualized vocational rehabilitation plan

§ 3108 - Allowances

§ 3109 - Entitlement to independent living services and assistance

§ 3110 - Leaves of absence

§ 3111 - Regulations to promote satisfactory conduct and cooperation

§ 3112 - Revolving fund loans

§ 3113 - Vocational rehabilitation for hospitalized members of the Armed Forces and veterans

§ 3114 - Vocational rehabilitation outside the United States

§ 3115 - Rehabilitation resources

§ 3116 - Promotion of employment and training opportunities

§ 3117 - Employment assistance

§ 3118 - Personnel training, development, and qualifications

§ 3119 - Rehabilitation research and special projects

§ 3120 - Program of independent living services and assistance

§ 3121 - Veterans’ Advisory Committee on Rehabilitation

§ 3122 - Longitudinal study of vocational rehabilitation programs

§ 3201 - Purpose

§ 3202 - Definitions

§ 3221 - Eligibility

§ 3222 - Contributions; matching fund

§ 3223 - Refunds of contributions upon disenrollment

§ 3224 - Death of participant

§ 3225 - Discharge or release under conditions which would bar the use of benefits

§ 3231 - Entitlement; loan eligibility

§ 3232 - Duration; limitations

§ 3233 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training

§ 3234 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3241 - Requirements

§ 3242 - Vacant]

§ 3243 - Deposits; reports

§ 3301 - Definitions

§ 3311 - Educational assistance for service in the Armed Forces commencing on or after September 11, 2001: entitlement

§ 3312 - Educational assistance: duration

§ 3313 - Educational assistance: amount; payment

§ 3314 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3315 - Licensure and certification tests

§ 3315A - National tests

§ 3316 - Supplemental educational assistance: members with critical skills or specialty; members serving additional service

§ 3317 - Public-private contributions for additional educational assistance

§ 3318 - Additional assistance: relocation or travel assistance for individual relocating or traveling significant distance for pursuit of a program of education

§ 3319 - Authority to transfer unused education benefits to family members

§ 3321 - Time limitation for use of and eligibility for entitlement

§ 3322 - Bar to duplication of educational assistance benefits

§ 3323 - Administration

§ 3324 - Allocation of administration and costs

§ 3451 - Purpose

§ 3452 - Definitions

§ 3461 - Eligibility; entitlement; duration

§ 3462 - Time limitations for completing a program of education

§ 3463 - Vacant]

§ 3470 - Selection of program

§ 3471 - Applications; approval

§ 3472 - Vacant]

§ 3473 - Repealed.

§ 3474 - Discontinuance for unsatisfactory conduct or progress

§ 3475 - Vacant]

§ 3476 - Education outside the United States

§ 3477, 3478 - Vacant]

§ 3481 - Educational assistance allowance

§ 3482 - Computation of educational assistance allowances

§ 3482A - Vacant]

§ 3483 - Approval of courses

§ 3484 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training; correspondence courses

§ 3485 - Work-study allowance

§ 3486, 3487 - Vacant]

§ 3490 - Purpose

§ 3491 - Elementary and secondary education and preparatory educational assistance

§ 3492 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3493 - Effect on educational entitlement

§ 3495 to 3498 - Vacant]

§ 3500 - Purpose

§ 3501 - Definitions

§ 3510 - Eligibility and entitlement generally

§ 3511 - Duration of educational assistance

§ 3512 - Periods of eligibility

§ 3513 - Application

§ 3514 - Processing of applications

§ 3520 - Educational and vocational counseling

§ 3521 - Approval of application

§ 3522 - Vacant]

§ 3523 - Disapproval of enrollment in certain courses

§ 3524 - Discontinuance for unsatisfactory progress

§ 3525, 3526 - Vacant]

§ 3531 - Educational assistance allowance

§ 3532 - Computation of educational assistance allowance

§ 3533 - Special assistance for the educationally disadvantaged

§ 3534 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training; correspondence courses

§ 3535 - Approval of courses

§ 3536 - Specialized vocational training courses

§ 3537 - Work-study allowance

§ 3538 - Vacant]

§ 3540 - Purpose

§ 3541 - Entitlement to special restorative training

§ 3542 - Special training allowance

§ 3543 - Special administrative provisions

§ 3561 - Authority and duties of Secretary

§ 3562 - Nonduplication of benefits

§ 3563 - Notification of eligibility

§ 3564 - Annual adjustment of amounts of educational assistance

§ 3565 - Children of certain Philippine veterans

§ 3566 - Definitions

§ 3670 - Scope of approval

§ 3671 - Designation

§ 3672 - Approval of courses

§ 3673 - Approval activities: cooperation and coordination of activities

§ 3674 - Reimbursement of expenses

§ 3674A - Evaluations of agency performance; qualifications and performance of agency personnel

§ 3675 - Approval of accredited courses

§ 3676 - Approval of nonaccredited courses

§ 3677 - Approval of training on the job

§ 3678 - Notice of approval of courses

§ 3679 - Disapproval of courses

§ 3680 - Payment of educational assistance or subsistence allowances

§ 3680A - Disapproval of enrollment in certain courses

§ 3681 - Limitations on educational assistance

§ 3682 - Control by agencies of the United States

§ 3683 - Conflicting interests

§ 3684 - Reports by veterans, eligible persons, and institutions; reporting fee

§ 3684A - Procedures relating to computer matching program

§ 3685 - Overpayments to eligible persons or veterans

§ 3686 - Correspondence courses

§ 3687 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training

§ 3688 - Measurement of courses

§ 3689 - Approval requirements for licensing and certification testing

§ 3690 - Overcharges by educational institutions; discontinuance of allowances; examination of records; false or misleading statements

§ 3691 - Change of program

§ 3692 - Advisory committee

§ 3693 - Compliance surveys

§ 3694 - Use of other Federal agencies

§ 3695 - Limitation on period of assistance under two or more programs

§ 3696 - Limitation on certain advertising, sales, and enrollment practices

§ 3697 - Funding of contract educational and vocational counseling

§ 3697A - Educational and vocational counseling

§ 3698 - Comprehensive policy on providing education information to veterans

38 U.S. Code § 3698 - Comprehensive policy on providing education information to veterans

§ 5100 - Definition of “claimant”

§ 5101 - Claims and forms

§ 5102 - Application forms furnished upon request; notice to claimants of incomplete applications

§ 5103 - Notice to claimants of required information and evidence

§ 5103A - Duty to assist claimants

§ 5104 - Decisions and notices of decisions

§ 5105 - Joint applications for social security and dependency and indemnity compensation

§ 5106 - Furnishing of information by other agencies

§ 5107 - Claimant responsibility; benefit of the doubt

§ 5108 - Reopening disallowed claims

§ 5109 - Independent medical opinions

§ 5109A - Revision of decisions on grounds of clear and unmistakable error

§ 5109B - Expedited treatment of remanded claims

§ 5303A - Minimum active-duty service requirement

U.S. Code: Title 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
Statutes at Large
Public Laws