38 CFR 21.7020 - Definitions.

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§ 21.7020 Definitions.
For the purposes of regulations from § 21.7000 through § 21.7499 and the payment of basic educational assistance and supplemental educational assistance under 38 U.S.C. chapter 30, the following definitions apply.
(a) Definitions of participants—
(1) Servicemember. The term servicemember means anyone who:
(i) Meets the eligibility requirements of § 21.7042 or § 21.7044, and
(ii) Is on active duty with the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Public Health Service or National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3016; Pub. L. 98-525)
(2) Veteran. The term veteran means anyone who—
(i) Meets the eligibility requirements of § 21.7042, § 21.7044, or § 21.7045, and
(ii) Is not on active duty. The term veteran includes an individual who is actively participating in the Selected Reserve.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3011, 3012; Pub. L. 98-525)
(b) Other definitions—
(1) Active duty.
(i) The term active duty means—
(A) Full-time duty in the Armed Forces, other than active duty for training,
(B) Full-time duty (other than for training purposes) as a commissioned officer of the Regular or Reserve Corps of the Public Health Service,
(C) Full-time duty as a commissioned officer of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and
(D) Authorized travel to or from such duty or service.
(ii) The term active duty does not include any period during which an individual:
(A) Was assigned full time by the Armed Forces to a civilian institution for a course of education which was substantially the same as established courses offered to civilians,
(B) Served as a cadet or midshipman at one of the service academies, or
(C) Served under the provisions of 10 U.S.C. 511(d) pursuant to an enlistment in the Army National Guard or the Air National Guard, or as a Reserve for service in the Army Reserve, Naval Reserve, Air Force Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, or Coast Guard Reserve.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 101(21), 3002(6); Pub. L. 98-525)
(iii) When referring to individuals who, before November 30, 1989, had never served on active duty (as that term is defined by § 3.6b of this title), the term “active duty” when used in this subpart includes full-time National Guard duty first performed after November 29, 1989, by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States in the servicemember's status as a member of the National Guard of a State for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing or training the National Guard.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(7); Pub. L. 101-510, sec. 563(b)) (Nov. 5, 1990)
(iv) When referring to individuals who, before June 30, 1985, had never served on active duty (as that term is defined by § 3.6(b) of this chapter) and who made the election described in § 21.7042(a)(7) or (b)(10), the term active duty when used in this subpart includes full-time National Guard duty under title 32, U.S. Code first performed after June 30, 1985, by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States for the purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training the National Guard.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(7); sec. 107, Pub. L. 104-275, 110 Stat. 3329-3330)
(2) Attendance The term attendance means the presence of a veteran or servicemember—
(i) In the class where the approved course is being taught in which he or she is enrolled, or
(ii) At a training establishment, or
(iii) Any other place of instruction, training or study designated by the educational institution or training establishment where the veteran or servicemember is enrolled and is pursuing a program of education.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(g))
(3) Audited course. The term audited course has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(i) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(a); Pub. L. -98-525)
(4) Basic educational assistance. The term basic educational assistance means a monetary benefit payable to all individuals who meet basic requirements for eligibility under chapter 30, title 38 U.S.C., for pursuit of a program of education.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(1); Pub. L. -98-525)
(5) Break in service.
(i) Except as provided in paragraph (b)(5)(ii) of this section, the term break in service means a period of more than 90 days between the date when an individual is released from active duty or otherwise receives a complete separation from active duty service and the date he or she reenters on active duty.
(ii) A period during which an individual is assigned full time by the Armed Forces to a civilian institution for a course of education substantially the same as established courses offered to civilians is not a break in service.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3011, 3021)
(6) Continuous active duty.
(i) The term continuous active duty means active duty served without interruption. An interruption in service will only be found when the individual receives a complete separation from active duty.
(ii) A period during which an individual on active duty is assigned full time by the Armed Forces to a civilian institution for a course of education substantially the same as established courses offered to civilians will not interrupt the continuity of the individual's active duty.
(iii) If an individual, during an obligated period of active-duty service, is separated from active duty to pursue a course of education at a service academy or a post-secondary school preparatory to enrollment at a service academy, no interruption in service will be found and the individual's service will be considered continuous active-duty service, provided he or she—
(A) Commences pursuit of a course of education at a service academy or post-secondary school,
(B) Fails to complete the course of education, and
(C) Immediately reenters on a period of active duty.
(iv) An individual who is discharged or released from active duty for a reason stated in paragraph (b)(6)(iv) of this section after serving not more than 12 months of an obligated period of active duty, and who subsequently reenlists or reenters on a period of active duty, will not be considered to have an interruption in service. Except as provided in paragraph (b)(6)(vi) of this section, the individual's service during the two periods will be considered continuous active-duty service for the aggregate length of the two service periods. However, the individual's discharge or release from the earlier obligated period of service must have been:
(A) For a service-connected disability;
(B) For hardship;
(C) For a medical condition which preexisted such active-duty service and is not service connected;
(D) For a physical or mental condition not characterized as a disability and not resulting from the individual's own willful misconduct which interfered with the individual's performance of duty as determined by the Secretary concerned; or
(E) Involuntary, for the convenience of the Government as a result of a reduction in force as determined by the Secretary concerned.
(v) VA will not consider an individual to have an interruption of service when he or she:
(A) Serves a period of active duty without interruption (without a complete separation from active duty), as an enlisted member or warrant officer;
(B) While serving on such active duty is assigned to officer training school; and
(C) Following successful completion of the officer training school is discharged to accept, without a break in service, a commission as an officer in the Armed Forces for a period of active duty.
(vi) If the second period of active-duty service referred to in paragraph (b)(6)(iv) or (b)(6)(v) of this section is of such nature or character that, when aggregated with the earlier period of service referred to in that paragraph, it would cause the individual to be divested of entitlement to educational assistance otherwise established by the earlier period of active duty, the two periods of service will not be aggregated and will not be considered a single period of continuous active duty.
(vii) Time lost will not be considered to interrupt the continuity of service. For the purpose of this section, “time lost” includes excess leave, noncreditable time and not-on-duty time.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3011, 3012)
(7) Cost of course. The term cost of course means the total cost for tuition and fees for a course which an educational institution charges to nonveterans whose circumstances are similar to veterans enrolled in the same course. Cost of course does not include the cost of supplies which the student is required to purchase at his or her own expense.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3032; Pub. L. 98-525)
(8) Deficiency course. The term deficiency course means any secondary level course or subject not previously completed satisfactorily which is specifically required for pursuit of a postsecondary program of education.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034; Pub. L. -98-525)
(9) Dependent. The term dependent means:
(i) A spouse as defined in § 3.50(a) of this chapter,
(ii) A child who meets the requirements of § 3.57 of this chapter, or
(iii) A parent who meets the requirements of § 3.59 of this chapter.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3015(d); Pub. L. -98-525)
(10) Divisions of the school year. The term divisions of the school year has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(b) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(a); Pub. L. -98-525)
(11) Drop-add period. The term drop-add period has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(1) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(a); Pub. L. 98-525)
(12) Educational assistance. The term educational assistance means basic educational assistance, supplemental educational assistance, and all additional amounts payable, commonly called kickers.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002; Pub. L. 98-525)
(13) Educational objective. An educational objective is one that leads to the awarding of a diploma, degree or certificate which reflects educational attainment.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(3), 3452(b); Pub. L. 98-525)
(14) Enrollment. The term enrollment has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(n) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(g); Pub. L. -98-525)
(15) Enrollment period. The term enrollment period has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(p) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(g); Pub. L. -98-525)
(16) Holiday vacation. The term holiday vacation means a customary, reasonable vacation period connected with a Federal or State legal holiday which is identified as a holiday vacation in the educational institution's approved literature. Generally, VA will interpret a reasonable period as not more than one calendar week at Christmas and one calendar week at New Year's and shorter periods of time in connection with other legal holidays.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680; Pub. L. 98-525)
(17) In residence on a standard quarter- or semester-hour basis. The term in residence on a standard quarter- or semester-hour basis has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(r) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3688(c); Pub. L. 98-525)
(18) Institution of higher learning. The term institution of higher learning has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(h) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3688; Pub. L. 98-525)
(19) Mitigating circumstances.
(i) The term mitigating circumstances means circumstances beyond the veteran's or servicemember's control which prevent him or her from continuously pursuing a program of education. The following circumstances are representative of those which VA considers to be mitigating. This list is not all-inclusive.
(A) An illness of the veteran or servicemember,
(B) An illness or death in the veteran's or servicemember's family,
(C) An unavoidable change in the veteran's conditions of employment,
(D) An unavoidable geographical transfer resulting from the veteran's employment,
(E) Immediate family or financial obligations beyond the control of the veteran which require him or her to suspend pursuit of the program of education to obtain employment.
(F) Discontinuance of the course by the educational institution,
(G) Unanticipated active duty for training,
(H) Unanticipated difficulties in caring for the veteran's or eligible person's child or children.
(ii) In the first instance of a withdrawal after May 31, 1989, from a course or courses for which the veteran received educational assistance under title 38, U.S. Code, VA will consider that mitigating circumstances exist with respect to courses totaling not more than six semester hours or the equivalent.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(a)(1); Pub. L. 100-689) (June 1, 1989)
(20) Nonpunitive grade. The term nonpunitive grade has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(j) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(a); Pub. L. 98-525)
(21) Normal commuting distance. The term normal commuting distance has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(m) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680; Pub. L. 98-525)
(22) Professional or vocational objective. A professional or vocational objective is one that leads to an occupation. It may include educational objectives essential to prepare for the chosen occupation. When a program consists of a series of courses not leading to an educational objective, these courses must be directed toward attainment of a designated professional or vocational objective.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(3); Pub. L. 98-525)
(23) Program of education. A program of education—
(i) Is any unit course or subject or combination of courses or subjects which is pursued by a veteran or servicemember at an educational institution, and which is required by the Secretary of the Small Business Administration as a condition to obtaining financial assistance under the provisions of 15 U.S.C. 636; or
(ii) Is a combination of subjects or unit courses pursued at an educational institution. The combination generally is accepted as necessary to meet requirements for a predetermined educational, professional or vocational objective. It may consist of subjects or courses which fulfill requirements for more than one objective if all objectives pursued are generally recognized as being related to a single career field;
(iii) Includes an approved full-time program of apprenticeship or of other on-job training;
(iv) Effective November 30, 1999, includes a preparatory course for a test that is required or used for admission to—
(A) An institution of higher education; or
(B) A graduate school; and
(v) Includes a licensing or certification test, the passing of which demonstrates an individual's possession of the knowledge or skill required to enter into, maintain, or advance in employment in a predetermined and identified vocation or profession, provided that VA or a State approving agency has approved the test and the licensing or credentialing organization or entity that offers the test as provided in 38 U.S.C. 3689.
(24) Punitive grade. The term punitive grade has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(k) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3680(a); Pub. L. 98-525)
(25) Pursuit.
(i) The term pursuit means to work, while enrolled, towards the objective of a program of education. This work must be in accordance with approved institutional policy and regulations, and applicable criteria of title 38 U.S.C.; must be necessary to reach the program's objective; and must be accomplished through—
(A) Resident courses (including teacher training courses and similar courses which VA considers to be resident training),
(B) Independent study courses,
(C) Correspondence courses,
(D) An apprenticeship or other on-job training program,
(E) A graduate program of research in absentia,
(F) Medical-dental internships and residencies, nursing courses and other medical-dental specialty courses,
(G) A flight training course beginning on or after September 30, 1990, or
(H) A licensing or certification test taken on or after March 1, 2001.
(ii) VA will consider a veteran who qualifies for payment during an interval between terms or school closing, or who qualifies for payment during a holiday vacation to be in pursuit of a program of education during the interval, school closing, or holiday vacation.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002, 3034, 3452, 3680(g), 3689; Pub. L. 98-525)
(26) Refresher course. The term “refresher course” means—
(i) Either a course at the elementary or secondary level to review or update material previously covered in a course that has been satisfactorily completed, or
(ii) A course which permits an individual to update knowledge and skills or be instructed in the technological advances which have occurred in the individual's field of employment during and since the period of the individual's active military service.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034(a))
(27) Remedial course. The term remedial course means a course designed to overcome a deficiency at the elementary or secondary level in a particular area of study, or a handicap, such as in speech.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 38 U.S.C. 3491(a)(2); Pub. L. 98-525)
(28) Secretary. The term Secretary means the Secretary of Defense with respect to members of the Armed Forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department, and the Secretary of Transportation with respect to the Coast Guard when it is not operating as a service in the Navy.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(5); Pub. L. 98-525)
(29) School, educational institution, institution. The terms school, educational institution, and institution mean—
(i) Any vocational school, correspondence school, business school, junior college, teachers' college, college, normal school, professional school, university or scientific or technical institution;
(ii) Any public or private elementary school or secondary school which offers courses for adults, provided that the courses lead to an objective other than an elementary school diploma, a high school diploma or their equivalents; and
(iii) An entity, other than an institution of higher learning, that provides training required for completion of a State-approved alternative teacher certification program.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(7); sec. 107, Pub. L. 104-275, 110 Stat. 3329-3330)
(30) School year. The term school year means generally a period of 2 semesters or 3 quarters which is not less than 30 nor more than 39 weeks in total length.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034; Pub. L. 98-525)
(31) Selected Reserve. The term Selected Reserve means the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve of any of the reserve components (including the Army National Guard of the United States and the Air National Guard of the United States) of the Armed Forces, as required to be maintained under section 268(b), 10 U.S.C.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(4); Pub. L. 98-525)
(32) Standard class session. The term standard class session has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(g) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034; 3688(c); Pub. L. 98-525)
(33) Standard college degree. The term standard college degree has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(e) of this part.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3688; Pub. L. 98-525)
(34) Supplemental educational assistance. The term supplemental educational assistance means a benefit payable to a veteran or servicemember as a supplement to his or her basic educational assistance for pursuit of a program of education under 38 U.S.C. ch. 30.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(2); Pub. L. 98-525)
(35) Established charge. The term established charge means the lesser of—
(i) The charge for the correspondence course or courses determined on the basis of the lowest extended time payment plan offered by the educational institution and approved by the appropriate State approving agency, or
(ii) The actual cost to the servicemember or veteran.
(36) Date of affirmance. The term date of affirmance means the date (after the expiration of ten days after a veteran or servicemember signs an enrollment agreement for a correspondence course), on which the veteran or servicemember signs and submits to VA a written agreement affirming the enrollment agreement.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3034, 3686)
(37) Training establishment. The term training establishment means any establishment providing apprentice or other training on-the-job, including those under the supervision of a college, university, any State department of education, any State apprenticeship agency, any State board of vocational education, any joint apprenticeship committee, the Bureau of Apprenticeship and Training established in accordance with 29 U.S.C. chapter 4C, or any agency of the Federal government authorized to supervise such training.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002, 3452)
(38) Disabling effects of chronic alcoholism.
(i) The term disabling effects of chronic alcoholism means alcohol-induced physical or mental disorders or both, such as habitual intoxication, withdrawal, delirium, amnesia, dementia, and other like manifestations of chronic alcoholism which, in the particular case—
(A) Have been medically diagnosed as manifestations of alcohol dependency or chronic alcohol abuse, and
(B) Are determined to have prevented commencement or completion of the affected individual's chosen program of education.
(ii) A diagnosis of alcoholism, chronic alcoholism, alcohol-dependency, chronic alcohol abuse, etc., in and of itself, does not satisfy the definition of this term.
(iii) Injury sustained by a veteran as a proximate and immediate result of activity undertaken by the veteran while physically or mentally unqualified to do so due to alcoholic intoxication is not considered a disabling effect of chronic alcoholism.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 105, 3031(d); Pub. L. 100-689) (Nov. 18, 1988)
(39) Cooperative course. The term cooperative course means a full-time program of education which consists of institutional courses and alternate phases of training in a business or industrial establishment with the training in the business of industrial establishment being strictly supplemental to the institutional portion.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002, 3482(a); Pub. L. 100-689) (Jan. 1, 1989)
(40) Open period. The term “open period” means a period of time beginning on December 1, 1988, and ending on June 30, 1989.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3018; Pub. L. 100-689) (Nov. 18, 1988)
(41) Persian Gulf War. The term “Persian Gulf War” means the period beginning on August 2, 1990, and ending on the date thereafter prescribed by Presidential proclamation or by law.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 101(33); Pub. L. 102-25)
(42) Continuously enrolled. The term continuously enrolled means being in an enrolled status at an educational institution for each day during the school year, and for consecutive school years. Continuity of enrollment is not broken by holiday vacations; vacation periods; periods during the school year between terms, quarters, or semesters; or by nonenrollment during periods of enrollment outside the school year (e.g., summer sessions).
(Authority: Sec. 313(b), Pub. L. 102-568, 106 Stat. 4333)
(43) Alternative teacher certification program. The term alternative teacher certification program, for the purposes of determining whether an entity offering such a program is a school, educational institution or institution as defined in paragraph (b)(29)(iii) of this section, means a program leading to a teacher's certificate that allows individuals with a bachelor's degree or graduate degree to obtain teacher certification without enrolling in an institution of higher learning.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3452(c))
(44) Date of election. The term date of election means:
(i) For an election that must be made in the form and manner determined by the Secretary of Defense, the date determined by the Secretary of Defense; and
(ii) For an election that must be submitted to VA, the date VA receives the written election.
(45) Institution of higher education. The term institution of higher education means either:
(i) An educational institution, located in a State, that—
(A) Admits as regular students only persons who have a high school diploma, or its recognized equivalent, or persons who are beyond the age of compulsory school attendance in the State in which the educational institution is located;
(B) Offers postsecondary level academic instruction that leads to an associate or baccalaureate degree; and
(C) Is empowered by the appropriate State education authority under State law to grant an associate or baccalaureate degree, or where there is no State law to authorize the granting of a degree, is accredited for associate or baccalaureate degree programs by a recognized accrediting agency; or
(ii) An educational institution, not located in a State, that—
(A) Offers a course leading to an undergraduate standard college degree or the equivalent; and
(B) Is recognized as an institution of higher education by the secretary of education (or comparable official) of the country or other jurisdiction in which the educational institution is located.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(3))
(46) Graduate school. The term graduate school means either:
(i) An educational institution, located in a State, that—
(A) Admits as regular students only persons who have a baccalaureate degree or the equivalent in work experience;
(B) Offers postsecondary level academic instruction that leads to a master's degree, doctorate, or professional degree; and
(C) Is empowered by the appropriate State education authority under State law to grant a master's degree, doctorate, or professional degree, or, where there is no State law to authorize the granting of a degree, is accredited for master's degree, doctorate, or professional degree programs by a recognized accrediting agency; or
(ii) An educational institution, not located in a State, that—
(A) Offers a course leading to a master's degree, doctorate, or professional degree; and
(B) Is recognized as an institution of higher education by the secretary of education (or comparable official) of the country or other jurisdiction in which the educational institution is located.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3002(3)).
(47) High technology industry. The term high technology industry has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(aa).
(48) Employment in a high technology industry. Employment in a high technology industry has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(bb).
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3014A)
(49) High technology occupation. The term high technology occupation has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(cc).
(50) Computer specialist. The term computer specialist has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(dd).
(51) Accelerated payment. An accelerated payment is a lump sum payment of a maximum of 60 percent of the charged tuition and fees for an individual's enrollment for a term, quarter, or semester in an approved program of education leading to employment in a high technology industry. In the case of a program of education not offered on a term, quarter, or semester basis, the accelerated payment is a lump sum payment of a maximum of 60 percent of the charged tuition and fees for the entire such program.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3014A)
(52) Certification test. The term certification test means a test that an individual must pass in order to receive a certificate that provides an affirmation of an individual's qualifications in a specified occupation.
(53) Licensing test. The term licensing test means a test offered by a State, local, or Federal agency, the passing of which is a means, or part of a means, to obtain a license. That license must be required by law in order for the individual to practice an occupation in the political jurisdiction of the agency offering the test.
(54) Organization or entity offering a licensing or certification test.
(i) The term organization or entity offering a licensing or certification test means:
(A) An organization or entity that causes a licensing test to be given and that will issue a license to an individual who passes the test;
(B) An organization or entity that causes a certification test to be given and that will issue a certificate to an individual who passes the test; or
(C) An organization or entity that administers a certification test for the organization or entity that will issue a certificate to an individual who passes the test, provided that the administering organization or entity can provide all required information and certifications under § 21.4268 to the State approving agency and to VA.
(ii) This term does not include:
(A) An organization or entity that develops and/or proctors a licensing or certification test, but does not issue the license or certificate; or
(B) An organization or entity that administers a test but does not issue the license or certificate, if that administering organization or entity cannot provide all required information and certifications under § 21.4268 to the State approving agency and to VA.
(55) Tuition assistance top-up. The term tuition assistance top-up means a payment of basic educational assistance to meet all or a portion of the charges of an educational institution for the education or training of a servicemember that are not met by the Secretary of the military department concerned under 10 U.S.C. 2007(a) or (c).
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3014(b))
(56) Fugitive felon. The term fugitive felon has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(kk).
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 5313B)
(57) Felony. The term felony has the same meaning as provided in § 21.4200(ll).
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 5313B)
(58) Transferor. The term transferor means an individual, who is—
(i) Entitled to educational assistance under the Montgomery GI Bill—Active Duty program based on his or her own active duty service; and
(ii) Approved by the service department to transfer a portion of his or her entitlement to his or her dependent or dependents.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3020)
(59) Transferee. The term transferee means an individual to whom entitlement has been transferred.
(Authority: 38 U.S.C. 3020)
[53 FR 1757, Jan. 22, 1988, as amended at 55 FR 28383, July 11, 1990; 56 FR 20130, May 2, 1991; 57 FR 15023, Apr. 24, 1992; 58 FR 26241, May 3, 1993; 59 FR 24051, May 10, 1994; 61 FR 6785, Feb. 22, 1996; 61 FR 29297, June 10, 1996; 62 FR 55761, Oct. 28, 1997; 64 FR 23772, May 4, 1999; 65 FR 5786, Feb. 7, 2000; 65 FR 67266, Nov. 9, 2000; 66 FR 39279, July 30, 2001; 68 FR 34328, June 9, 2003; 68 FR 35179, June 12, 2003; 70 FR 25787, May 16, 2005; 71 FR 75674, Dec. 18, 2006; 72 FR 16979, Apr. 5, 2007]

Title 38 published on 2014-07-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 10 - ARMED FORCES
U.S. Code: Title 38 - VETERANS’ BENEFITS

§ 101 - Definitions

§ 501 - Rules and regulations

§ 512 - Delegation of authority; assignment of functions and duties

§ 1151 note - Benefits for persons disabled by treatment or vocational rehabilitation

§ 1163 - Trial work periods and vocational rehabilitation for certain veterans with total disability ratings

§ 1501 - Definitions

§ 1502 - Determinations with respect to disability

§ 1503 - Determinations with respect to annual income

§ 1504 - Persons heretofore having a pensionable status

§ 1505 - Payment of pension during confinement in penal institutions

§ 1506 - Resource reports and overpayment adjustments

§ 1507 - Disappearance

§ 1508 - Frequency of payment of pension benefits

§ 1802 - Spina bifida conditions covered

§ 1803 - Health care

§ 1804 - Vocational training and rehabilitation

§ 1805 - Monetary allowance

§ 1806 - Repealed.

§ 3001 - Purposes

§ 3002 - Definitions

§ 3011 - Basic educational assistance entitlement for service on active duty

§ 3012 - Basic educational assistance entitlement for service in the Selected Reserve

§ 3013 - Duration of basic educational assistance

§ 3014 - Payment of basic educational assistance

§ 3014A - Accelerated payment of basic educational assistance for education leading to employment in high technology occupation in high technology industry

§ 3015 - Amount of basic educational assistance

§ 3016 - Inservice enrollment in a program of education

§ 3017 - Death benefit

§ 3018 - Opportunity for certain active-duty personnel to withdraw election not to enroll

§ 3018A - Opportunity for certain active-duty personnel to enroll before being involuntarily separated from service

§ 3018B - Opportunity for certain persons to enroll

§ 3018C - Opportunity for certain VEAP participants to enroll

§ 3019 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3020 - Authority to transfer unused education benefits to family members for career service members

§ 3021 - Supplemental educational assistance for additional service

§ 3022 - Amount of supplemental educational assistance

§ 3023 - Payment of supplemental educational assistance under this subchapter

§ 3031 - Time limitation for use of eligibility and entitlement

§ 3032 - Limitations on educational assistance for certain individuals

§ 3033 - Bar to duplication of educational assistance benefits

§ 3034 - Program administration

§ 3035 - Allocation of administration and of program costs

§ 3036 - Repealed.

§ 3100 - Purposes

§ 3101 - Definitions

§ 3102 - Basic entitlement

§ 3103 - Periods of eligibility

§ 3104 - Scope of services and assistance

§ 3105 - Duration of rehabilitation programs

§ 3106 - Initial and extended evaluations; determinations regarding serious employment handicap

§ 3107 - Individualized vocational rehabilitation plan

§ 3108 - Allowances

§ 3109 - Entitlement to independent living services and assistance

§ 3110 - Leaves of absence

§ 3111 - Regulations to promote satisfactory conduct and cooperation

§ 3112 - Revolving fund loans

§ 3113 - Vocational rehabilitation for hospitalized members of the Armed Forces and veterans

§ 3114 - Vocational rehabilitation outside the United States

§ 3115 - Rehabilitation resources

§ 3116 - Promotion of employment and training opportunities

§ 3117 - Employment assistance

§ 3118 - Personnel training, development, and qualifications

§ 3119 - Rehabilitation research and special projects

§ 3120 - Program of independent living services and assistance

§ 3121 - Veterans’ Advisory Committee on Rehabilitation

§ 3122 - Longitudinal study of vocational rehabilitation programs

§ 3201 - Purpose

§ 3202 - Definitions

§ 3221 - Eligibility

§ 3222 - Contributions; matching fund

§ 3223 - Refunds of contributions upon disenrollment

§ 3224 - Death of participant

§ 3225 - Discharge or release under conditions which would bar the use of benefits

§ 3231 - Entitlement; loan eligibility

§ 3232 - Duration; limitations

§ 3233 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training

§ 3234 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3241 - Requirements

§ 3242 - Vacant]

§ 3243 - Deposits; reports

§ 3301 - Definitions

§ 3311 - Educational assistance for service in the Armed Forces commencing on or after September 11, 2001: entitlement

§ 3312 - Educational assistance: duration

§ 3313 - Educational assistance: amount; payment

§ 3314 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3315 - Licensure and certification tests

§ 3315A - National tests

§ 3316 - Supplemental educational assistance: members with critical skills or specialty; members serving additional service

§ 3317 - Public-private contributions for additional educational assistance

§ 3318 - Additional assistance: relocation or travel assistance for individual relocating or traveling significant distance for pursuit of a program of education

§ 3319 - Authority to transfer unused education benefits to family members

§ 3321 - Time limitation for use of and eligibility for entitlement

§ 3322 - Bar to duplication of educational assistance benefits

§ 3323 - Administration

§ 3324 - Allocation of administration and costs

§ 3451 - Purpose

§ 3452 - Definitions

§ 3461 - Eligibility; entitlement; duration

§ 3462 - Time limitations for completing a program of education

§ 3463 - Vacant]

§ 3470 - Selection of program

§ 3471 - Applications; approval

§ 3472 - Vacant]

§ 3473 - Repealed.

§ 3474 - Discontinuance for unsatisfactory conduct or progress

§ 3475 - Vacant]

§ 3476 - Education outside the United States

§ 3477, 3478 - Vacant]

§ 3481 - Educational assistance allowance

§ 3482 - Computation of educational assistance allowances

§ 3482A - Vacant]

§ 3483 - Approval of courses

§ 3484 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training; correspondence courses

§ 3485 - Work-study allowance

§ 3486, 3487 - Vacant]

§ 3490 - Purpose

§ 3491 - Elementary and secondary education and preparatory educational assistance

§ 3492 - Tutorial assistance

§ 3493 - Effect on educational entitlement

§ 3495 to 3498 - Vacant]

§ 3500 - Purpose

§ 3501 - Definitions

§ 3510 - Eligibility and entitlement generally

§ 3511 - Duration of educational assistance

§ 3512 - Periods of eligibility

§ 3513 - Application

§ 3514 - Processing of applications

§ 3520 - Educational and vocational counseling

§ 3521 - Approval of application

§ 3522 - Vacant]

§ 3523 - Disapproval of enrollment in certain courses

§ 3524 - Discontinuance for unsatisfactory progress

§ 3525, 3526 - Vacant]

§ 3531 - Educational assistance allowance

§ 3532 - Computation of educational assistance allowance

§ 3533 - Special assistance for the educationally disadvantaged

§ 3534 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training; correspondence courses

§ 3535 - Approval of courses

§ 3536 - Specialized vocational training courses

§ 3537 - Work-study allowance

§ 3538 - Vacant]

§ 3540 - Purpose

§ 3541 - Entitlement to special restorative training

§ 3542 - Special training allowance

§ 3543 - Special administrative provisions

§ 3561 - Authority and duties of Secretary

§ 3562 - Nonduplication of benefits

§ 3563 - Notification of eligibility

§ 3564 - Annual adjustment of amounts of educational assistance

§ 3565 - Children of certain Philippine veterans

§ 3566 - Definitions

§ 3670 - Scope of approval

§ 3671 - Designation

§ 3672 - Approval of courses

§ 3673 - Approval activities: cooperation and coordination of activities

§ 3674 - Reimbursement of expenses

§ 3674A - Evaluations of agency performance; qualifications and performance of agency personnel

§ 3675 - Approval of accredited courses

§ 3676 - Approval of nonaccredited courses

§ 3677 - Approval of training on the job

§ 3678 - Notice of approval of courses

§ 3679 - Disapproval of courses

§ 3680 - Payment of educational assistance or subsistence allowances

§ 3680A - Disapproval of enrollment in certain courses

§ 3681 - Limitations on educational assistance

§ 3682 - Control by agencies of the United States

§ 3683 - Conflicting interests

§ 3684 - Reports by veterans, eligible persons, and institutions; reporting fee

§ 3684A - Procedures relating to computer matching program

§ 3685 - Overpayments to eligible persons or veterans

§ 3686 - Correspondence courses

§ 3687 - Apprenticeship or other on-job training

§ 3688 - Measurement of courses

§ 3689 - Approval requirements for licensing and certification testing

§ 3690 - Overcharges by educational institutions; discontinuance of allowances; examination of records; false or misleading statements

§ 3691 - Change of program

§ 3692 - Advisory committee

§ 3693 - Compliance surveys

§ 3694 - Use of other Federal agencies

§ 3695 - Limitation on period of assistance under two or more programs

§ 3696 - Limitation on certain advertising, sales, and enrollment practices

§ 3697 - Funding of contract educational and vocational counseling

§ 3697A - Educational and vocational counseling

§ 3698 - Comprehensive policy on providing education information to veterans

38 U.S. Code § 3698 - Comprehensive policy on providing education information to veterans

§ 5100 - Definition of “claimant”

§ 5101 - Claims and forms

§ 5102 - Application forms furnished upon request; notice to claimants of incomplete applications

§ 5103 - Notice to claimants of required information and evidence

§ 5103A - Duty to assist claimants

§ 5104 - Decisions and notices of decisions

§ 5105 - Joint applications for social security and dependency and indemnity compensation

§ 5106 - Furnishing of information by other agencies

§ 5107 - Claimant responsibility; benefit of the doubt

§ 5108 - Reopening disallowed claims

§ 5109 - Independent medical opinions

§ 5109A - Revision of decisions on grounds of clear and unmistakable error

§ 5109B - Expedited treatment of remanded claims

§ 5303A - Minimum active-duty service requirement

U.S. Code: Title 41 - PUBLIC CONTRACTS
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
Statutes at Large
Public Laws