National Security Information.
(a) Purpose and scope.
The purpose of this section is to provide regulations implementing Executive Order 12356 National Security Information (hereinafter referred to as the Executive Order) which deals with the protection, handling and classification of national security information.
In this section, National Security Information means information on the national defense and foreign relations of the United States that has been determined under the Executive Order or prior Orders to require protection against unauthorized disclosure and has been so designated.
Derivative Classification means the carrying forward of a classification from one document to a newly created document that contains national security information which is in substance the same as information that is currently classified.
In the Custody of the Postal Service means any national security information transmitted to and held by the U.S. Postal Service for the information and use of postal officials. (This does not include any national security information in the U.S. Mails.)
(c) Responsibility and authority.
The Manager, Payroll Accounting and Records, serves as the USPS National Security Information Oversight Officer. This officer shall:
Conduct an active oversight program to ensure that the appropriate provisions of these regulations are complied with;
Chair a committee composed of the Manager, Payroll Accounting and Records; the Chief Postal Inspector (USPS Security Officer); the General Counsel; the Executive Assistant to the Postmaster General; and the Director, Operating Policies Office; or their designees, with authority to act on all suggestions and complaints concerning compliance by the Postal Service with the regulations in this part;
Ensure that appropriate and prompt corrective action is taken whenever a postal employee knowingly, willfully and without authorization:
Discloses national security information properly classified under the Executive order, or prior orders,
Compromises properly classified information through negligence, or
Violates any provisions of these regulations or procedures;
Establish, staff, and direct activities for controlling documents containing national security information at USPS Headquarters and to provide functional direction to the field.
In conjunction with the USPS Security Officer, prepare and issue instructions for the control, protection, and derivative classification of national security information in the custody of, and use by, the Postal Service. These instructions shall include requirements that:
A demonstrable need for access to national security information is established before requesting the initiation of administrative clearance procedures;
Ensure that the number of people granted access to national security information is reduced to and maintained at the minimum number consistent with operational requirements and needs;
Establish, staff and direct activities for controlling documents containing national security information at USPS Headquarters and provide functional direction to each Regional Records Control Officer;
As part of the overall program implementation, develop a training program to familiarize appropriate postal employees of the requirements for control, protection and classification; and
Report to the USPS Security Officer any incidents of possible loss or compromise of national security information.
The USPS Security Officer (the Chief Postal Inspector) shall:
Provide technical guidance to the Manager, Payroll Accounting and Records in implementing the national security information program;
Conduct investigations into reported program violations or loss or possible compromise of national security information and report any actual loss or compromise to the originating agency;
Periodically conduct an audit of the USPS national security information program;
Process requests for sensitive clearances; conduct the appropriate investigations and grant or deny a sensitive clearance to postal employees having an official “need to know” national security information; and
Report to the Attorney General any evidence of possible violations of federal criminal law by a USPS employee and of possible violations by any other person of those federal criminal laws.
All postal employees who have access to national security information shall:
Sign a nondisclosure agreement;
Be familiar with and follow all Program regulations and instructions;
Actively protect and be accountable for all national security information entrusted to their care;
Disclose national security information only to another individual who is authorized access;
Immediately report to the Manager, Payroll Accounting and Records and the USPS Security Officer any suspected or actual loss or compromise of national security information; and
Be subject to administrative sanctions should requirements (ii) through (v) not be followed.
(d) Derivative classification.
When applying derivative classifications to documents created by the Postal Service, the Postal Service shall:
Respect original classification decisions;
Verify the information's current level of classification so far as practicable before applying the markings; and
Carry forward to any newly created documents the assigned dates or events for declassification or review and any additional authorized markings in accordance with section 2 of the Executive order.
(e) General provisions—
National security information received by the U.S. Postal Service shall not be further disseminated to any other agency without the consent of the originating agency.
Classified documents no longer needed by the Postal Service shall be either properly destroyed or returned to the originating agency.
Freedom of Information Act or mandatory review requests.
Requests for classified documents made under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and mandatory review requests (requests under Section 3-501 of the Executive Order for the declassification and release of information), including requests by the news media, should be submitted to: Manager, Records Office, U.S. Postal Service, 475 L'Enfant Plaza, SW., Washington, DC 20260.
In response to an FOIA request or a mandatory review request, the Postal Service shall not refuse to confirm the existence or non-existence of a document, unless the fact of its existence or non-existence would itself be classifiable.
The Postal Service shall forward all FOIA and mandatory review requests for national security information in its custody (including that within records derivatively classified by the USPS) to the originating agency for review unless the agency objects on the grounds that its association with the information requires protection. The requester shall be notified that:
The request was referred; and
The originating agency will provide a direct response.
(4) Research requests.
Requests from historical researchers for access to national security information shall be referred to the originating agency.
39 U.S.C. 401
(2), (10), 404(a)(7))
[44 FR 51224, Aug. 31, 1979, as amended at 45 FR 30069, May 7, 1980; 49 FR 22476, May 30, 1984; 60 FR 57345, 57346, Nov. 15, 1995; 64 FR 41291, July 30, 1999; 68 FR 56560, Oct. 1, 2003]