40 CFR 141.62 - Maximum contaminant levels for inorganic contaminants.

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§ 141.62 Maximum contaminant levels for inorganic contaminants.
(a) [Reserved]
(b) The maximum contaminant levels for inorganic contaminants specified in paragraphs (b) (2)-(6), (b)(10), and (b) (11)-(16) of this section apply to community water systems and non-transient, non-community water systems. The maximum contaminant level specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section only applies to community water systems. The maximum contaminant levels specified in (b)(7), (b)(8), and (b)(9) of this section apply to community water systems; non-transient, non-community water systems; and transient non-community water systems.
Contaminant MCL (mg/l)
(1) Fluoride 4.0
(2) Asbestos 7 Million Fibers/liter (longer than 10 µm).
(3) Barium 2
(4) Cadmium 0.005
(5) Chromium 0.1
(6) Mercury 0.002
(7) Nitrate 10 (as Nitrogen)
(8) Nitrite 1 (as Nitrogen)
(9) Total Nitrate and Nitrite 10 (as Nitrogen)
(10) Selenium 0.05
(11) Antimony 0.006
(12) Beryllium 0.004
(13) Cyanide (as free Cyanide) 0.2
(14) [Reserved]
(15) Thallium 0.002
(16) Arsenic 0.010
(c) The Administrator, pursuant to section 1412 of the Act, hereby identifies the following as the best technology, treatment technique, or other means available for achieving compliance with the maximum contaminant levels for inorganic contaminants identified in paragraph (b) of this section, except fluoride:
BAT for Inorganic Compounds Listed in Section 141.62(b)
Chemical Name BAT(s)
1 BAT only if influent Hg concentrations ≤10µg/1.
2 BAT for Chromium III only.
3 BAT for Selenium IV only.
4 BATs for Arsenic V. Pre-oxidation may be required to convert Arsenic III to Arsenic V.
5 To obtain high removals, iron to arsenic ratio must be at least 20:1.
Antimony 2,7
Arsenic 4 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 9, 12 5
Asbestos 2,3,8
Barium 5,6,7,9
Beryllium 1,2,5,6,7
Cadmium 2,5,6,7
Chromium 2,5,6 2,7
Cyanide 5,7,13
Mercury 2 1,4,6 1,7 1
Nickel 5,6,7
Nitrate 5,7,9
Nitrite 5,7
Selenium 1,2 3,6,7,9
Thallium 1,5
Key to BATS in Table
1 = Activated Alumina
2 = Coagulation/Filtration (not BAT for systems < 500 service connections)
3 = Direct and Diatomite Filtration
4 = Granular Activated Carbon
5 = Ion Exchange
6 = Lime Softening (not BAT for systems <500 service connections)
7 = Reverse Osmosis
8 = Corrosion Control
9 = Electrodialysis
10 = Chlorine
11 = Ultraviolet
12 = Oxidation/Filtration
13 = Alkaline Chlorination (pH ≥8.5)
(d) The Administrator, pursuant to section 1412 of the Act, hereby identifies in the following table the affordable technology, treatment technique, or other means available to systems serving 10,000 persons or fewer for achieving compliance with the maximum contaminant level for arsenic:
Small System Compliance Technologies (SSCTs) 1 for Arsenic 2
Small system compliance technology Affordable for listed small system categories 3
1Section 1412(b)(4)(E)(ii) of SDWA specifies that SSCTs must be affordable and technically feasible for small systems.
2 SSCTs for Arsenic V. Pre-oxidation may be required to convert Arsenic III to Arsenic V.
3 The Act (ibid.) specifies three categories of small systems: (i) those serving 25 or more, but fewer than 501, (ii) those serving more than 500, but fewer than 3,301, and (iii) those serving more than 3,300, but fewer than 10,001.
4 When POU or POE devices are used for compliance, programs to ensure proper long-term operation, maintenance, and monitoring must be provided by the water system to ensure adequate performance.
5 Unlikely to be installed solely for arsenic removal. May require pH adjustment to optimal range if high removals are needed.
6 Technologies reject a large volume of water—may not be appropriate for areas where water quantity may be an issue.
7 To obtain high removals, iron to arsenic ratio must be at least 20:1.
Activated Alumina (centralized) All size categories.
Activated Alumina (Point-of-Use) 4 All size categories.
Coagulation/Filtration 5 501-3,300, 3,301-10,000.
Coagulation-assisted Microfiltration 501-3,300, 3,301-10,000.
Electrodialysis reversal 6 501-3,300, 3,301-10,000.
Enhanced coagulation/filtration All size categories
Enhanced lime softening (pH> 10.5) All size categories.
Ion Exchange All size categories.
Lime Softening 5 501-3,300, 3,301-10,000.
Oxidation/Filtration 7 All size categories.
Reverse Osmosis (centralized) 6 501-3,300, 3,301-10,000.
Reverse Osmosis (Point-of-Use) 4 All size categories.
[56 FR 3594, Jan. 30, 1991, as amended at 56 FR 30280, July 1, 1991; 57 FR 31847, July 17, 1992; 59 FR 34325, July 1, 1994; 60 FR 33932, June 29, 1995; 66 FR 7063, Jan. 22, 2001; 68 FR 14506, Mar. 25, 2003; 69 FR 38855, June 29, 2004]

Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

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  • 2014-02-26; vol. 79 # 38 - Wednesday, February 26, 2014
    1. 79 FR 10665 - National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Minor Corrections to the Revisions to the Total Coliform Rule
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Direct final rule.
      This rule is effective on April 28, 2014 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by March 28, 2014. If EPA receives adverse comment, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect. The incorporation by reference of certain material listed in the rule was approved by the Director of the Federal Register as of April 15, 2013.
      40 CFR Parts 141 and 142

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Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR 141 after this date.

  • 2014-05-29; vol. 79 # 103 - Thursday, May 29, 2014
    1. 79 FR 30787 - Notice of Public Meeting and Webinar: Revisions to the Unregulated Contaminant Monitoring Rule (UCMR 4) for Public Water Systems
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Notice of public meeting.
      The public meeting and webinar will be held on Wednesday, June 25, 2014, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Eastern Time. Persons wishing to attend the meeting in-person or on-line via the webinar must register by June 18, 2014, as described in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section.
      40 CFR Part 141