40 CFR 146.13 - Operating, monitoring and reporting requirements.
(1) Except during stimulation injection pressure at the wellhead shall not exceed a maximum which shall be calculated so as to assure that the pressure in the injection zone during injection does not initiate new fractures or propagate existing fractures in the injection zone. In no case shall injection pressure initiate fractures in the confining zone or cause the movement of injection or formation fluids into an underground source of drinking water.
(2) Injection between the outermost casing protecting underground sources of drinking water and the well bore is prohibited.
(3) Unless an alternative to a packer has been approved under § 146.12(c), the annulus between the tubing and the long string of casings shall be filled with a fluid approved by the Director and a pressure, also approved by the Director, shall be maintained on the annulus.
(1) The analysis of the injected fluids with sufficient frequency to yield representative data of their characteristics;
(2) Installation and use of continuous recording devices to monitor injection pressure, flow rate and volume, and the pressure on the annulus between the tubing and the long string of casing;
(3) A demonstration of mechanical integrity pursuant to § 146.8 at least once every five years during the life of the well; and
(4) The type, number and location of wells within the area of review to be used to monitor any migration of fluids into and pressure in the underground sources of drinking water, the parameters to be measured and the frequency of monitoring.
(ii) Monthly average, maximum and minimum values for injection pressure, flow rate and volume, and annular pressure; and
(ii) Any other test of the injection well conducted by the permittee if required by the Director; and
(1) Based on a site-specific assessment of the potential for fluid movement from the well or injection zone and on the potential value of monitoring wells to detect such movement, the Director shall require the owner or operator to develop a monitoring program. At a minimum, the Director shall require monitoring of the pressure buildup in the injection zone annually, including at a minimum, a shut down of the well for a time sufficient to conduct a valid observation of the pressure fall-off curve.
(i) Continuous monitoring for pressure changes in the first aquifer overlying the confining zone. When such a well is installed, the owner or operator shall, on a quarterly basis, sample the aquifer and analyze for constituents specified by the Director;
(ii) The use of indirect, geophysical techniques to determine the position of the waste front, the water quality in a formation designated by the Director, or to provide other site specific data;
(iii) Periodic monitoring of the ground water quality in the first aquifer overlying the injection zone;
(v) Any additional monitoring necessary to determine whether fluids are moving into or between USDWs.
[45 FR 42500, June 24, 1980, as amended at 46 FR 43162, Aug. 27, 1981; 47 FR 32129, July 26, 1982; 53 FR 28148, July 26, 1988]
Title 40 published on 2013-07-01
no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.