40 CFR 158.660 - Nontarget plant protection data requirements table.

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§ 158.660 Nontarget plant protection data requirements table.
(a) General. Sections 158.100 through158.130 describe how to use this table to determine the nontarget plant data requirements for a particular pesticide product. Notes that apply to an individual test and include specific conditions, qualifications, or exceptions to the designated test are listed in paragraph (e) of this section.
(b) Use patterns.
(1) The terrestrial use pattern includes products classified under the general use patterns of terrestrial food crop, terrestrial feed crop, and terrestrial nonfood. The aquatic use pattern includes only the general use patterns of aquatic food crops and aquatic nonfood.
(2) Data are also required for the general use patterns of forestry use and residential outdoor use.
(c) Key. R=Required; CR=Conditionally required; NR=Not required; TGAI=Technical grade of the active ingredient; TEP=Typical end-use product.
(d) Table. The following table shows the nontarget plant protection data requirements. The table notes are shown in paragraph (e) of this section.
Table—Nontarget Plant Protection Data Requirements
Guideline Number Data Requirement Use Pattern Test substance Test Note No.
Terrestrial Aquatic Forestry and Residential Outdoor
Nontarget Area Phytotoxicity - Tier I
850.4100 Seedling emergence R R R TEP 1, 2, 7
850.4150 Vegetative vigor R R R TEP 1, 2, 3, 7
850.4400850.5400 Aquatic plant growth (algal and aquatic vascular plant toxicity) R R R TEP or TGAI 1, 2, 7
Nontarget Area Phytotoxicity - Tier II
850.4100 Seedling emergence CR CR CR TEP 1, 4, 5, 7
850.4150 Vegetative vigor CR CR CR TEP 1, 3, 4, 5, 7
850.4400850.5400 Aquatic plant growth (algal and aquatic vascular plant toxicity) CR CR CR TEP or TGAI 1, 4, 6, 7
Nontarget Area Phytotoxicity - Tier III
850.4300 Terrestrial field CR CR CR TEP 1, 7, 8, 10
850.4450 Aquatic field CR CR CR TEP 1, 7, 8, 10
Target Area Phytotoxicity
850.4025 Target area phytotoxicity CR CR CR TEP 1, 7, 9, 10
(e) Test notes. The following test notes apply to the table in paragraph (d) of this section.
1. Not required for contained pesticide treatments such as bait boxes and pheromone traps unless adverse effects reports are received by the Agency.
2. Not required for known phytotoxicants.
3. Generally not required for granular formulations. May be requested on a case-by-case basis.
4. Required for known phytotoxicants such as herbicides, desiccants and defoliants.
5. Required if a tested terrestrial species exhibits a 25 percent or greater detrimental effect in the Tier I study. When Tier II testing is required, the test species should be the species that showed detrimental effects in the Tier I testing.
6. Required if the tested aquatic species exhibits a 50 percent or greater detrimental effect in the Tier I study. When Tier II testing is required, the test species should be the species that showed detrimental effects in the tier I testing.
7. Not required for aquatic residential uses.
8. Environmental chemistry methods used to generate data must include the results of a successful confirmatory method trial by an independent laboratory.
9. Tests are required on a case-by-case basis based on the results of lower tier phytotoxicity studies, adverse incident reports, intended use pattern, and environmental fate characteristics that indicate potential exposure.
10. Registrants must consult with the Agency on appropriate test protocols prior to designing the study.

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

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United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 7 - AGRICULTURE
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS