40 CFR 191.12 - Definitions.

§ 191.12 Definitions.
Unless otherwise indicated in this subpart, all terms shall have the same meaning as in subpart A of this part.
Accessible environment means: (1) The atmosphere; (2) land surfaces; (3) surface waters; (4) oceans; and (5) all of the lithosphere that is beyond the controlled area.
Active institutional control means: (1) Controlling access to a disposal site by any means other than passive institutional controls; (2) performing maintenance operations or remedial actions at a site, (3) controlling or cleaning up releases from a site, or (4) monitoring parameters related to disposal system performance.
Annual committed effective dose means the committed effective dose resulting from one-year intake of radionuclides released plus the annual effective dose caused by direct radiation from facilities or activities subject to subparts B and C of this part.
Aquifer means an underground geological formation, group of formations, or part of a formation that is capable of yielding a significant amount of water to a well or spring.
Barrier means any material or structure that prevents or substantially delays movement of water or radionuclides toward the accessible environment. For example, a barrier may be a geologic structure, a canister, a waste form with physical and chemical characteristics that significantly decrease the mobility of radionuclides, or a material placed over and around waste, provided that the material or structure substantially delays movement of water or radionuclides.
Controlled area means: (1) A surface location, to be identified by passive institutional controls, that encompasses no more than 100 square kilometers and extends horizontally no more than five kilometers in any direction from the outer boundary of the original location of the radioactive wastes in a disposal system; and (2) the subsurface underlying such a surface location.
Disposal system means any combination of engineered and natural barriers that isolate spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste after disposal.
Dose equivalent means the product of absorbed dose and appropriate factors to account for differences in biological effectiveness due to the quality of radiation and its spatial distribution in the body; the unit of dose equivalent is the “rem” (“sievert” in SI units).
Effective dose means the sum over specified tissues of the products of the dose equivalent received following an exposure of, or an intake of radionuclides into, specified tissues of the body, multiplied by appropriate weighting factors. This allows the various tissue-specific health risks to be summed into an overall health risk. The method used to calculate effective dose is described in appendix B of this part.
Ground water means water below the land surface in a zone of saturation.
Heavy metal means all uranium, plutonium, or thorium placed into a nuclear reactor.
Implementing agency means:
(1) The Commission for facilities licensed by the Commission;
(2) The Agency for those implementation responsibilities for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, under this part, given to the Agency by the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Land Withdrawal Act (Pub. L. 102-579, 106 Stat. 4777) which, for the purposes of this part, are:
(i) Determinations by the Agency that the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant is in compliance with subpart A of this part;
(ii) Issuance of criteria for the certifications of compliance with subparts B and C of this part of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's compliance with subparts B and C of this part;
(iii) Certifications of compliance with subparts B and C of this part of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's compliance with subparts B and C of this part;
(iv) If the initial certification is made, periodic recertification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's continued compliance with subparts B and C of this part;
(v) Review and comment on performance assessment reports of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant; and
(vi) Concurrence by the Agency with the Department's determination under § 191.02(i) that certain wastes do not need the degree of isolation required by subparts B and C of this part; and
(3) The Department of Energy for any other disposal facility and all other implementation responsibilities for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, under this part, not given to the Agency.
International System of Units is the version of the metric system which has been established by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures and is administered in the United States by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The abbreviation for this system is “SI.”
Lithosphere means the solid part of the Earth below the surface, including any ground water contained within it.
Passive institutional control means: (1) Permanent markers placed at a disposal site, (2) public records and archives, (3) government ownership and regulations regarding land or resource use, and (4) other methods of preserving knowledge about the location, design, and contents of a disposal system.
Performance assessment means an analysis that: (1) Identifies the processes and events that might affect the disposal system; (2) examines the effects of these processes and events on the performance of the disposal system; and (3) estimates the cumulative releases of radionuclides, considering the associated uncertainties, caused by all significant processes and events. These estimates shall be incorporated into an overall probability distribution of cumulative release to the extent practicable.
Radioactive material means matter composed of or containing radionuclides, with radiological half-lives greater than 20 years, subject to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended.
SI unit means a unit of measure in the International System of Units.
Sievert is the SI unit of effective dose and is equal to 100 rem or one joule per kilogram. The abbreviation is “Sv.”
Undisturbed performance means the predicted behavior of a disposal system, including consideration of the uncertainties in predicted behavior, if the disposal system is not disrupted by human intrusion or the occurrence of unlikely natural events.
Waste, as used in this subpart, means any spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste isolated in a disposal system.
Waste form means the materials comprising the radioactive components of waste and any encapsulating or stabilizing matrix.
[50 FR 38084, Sept. 19, 1985, as amended at 58 FR 66414, Dec. 20, 1993]

Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
USC: Title 5a

§ App

U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

§ 2011 - Congressional declaration of policy

§ 2012 - Congressional findings

§ 2013 - Purpose of chapter

§ 2014 - Definitions

§ 2015 - Transfer of property

§ 2015a - Cold standby

§ 2015b - Scholarship and fellowship program

§ 2015c - Partnership program with institutions of higher education

§ 2016 - Repealed.

§ 2017 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 2017a - Omitted

42 U.S. Code § 1975e, 1975f - Omitted

§ 2017b - Omitted

§ 2018 - Agency jurisdiction

§ 2019 - Applicability of Federal Power Act

§ 2020 - Licensing of Government agencies

§ 2021 - Cooperation with States

§ 2021a - Storage or disposal facility planning

§ 2021b - Definitions

§ 2021c - Responsibilities for disposal of low-level radioactive waste

§ 2021d - Regional compacts for disposal of low-level radioactive waste

§ 2021e - Limited availability of certain regional disposal facilities during transition and licensing periods

§ 2021f - Emergency access

§ 2021g - Responsibilities of Department of Energy

§ 2021h - Alternative disposal methods

§ 2021i - Licensing review and approval

§ 2021j - Radioactive waste below regulatory concern

§ 2022 - Health and environmental standards for uranium mill tailings

§ 2023 - State authority to regulate radiation below level of regulatory concern of Nuclear Regulatory Commission

§ 2031, 2032 - Repealed.

§ 2033 - Principal office

§ 2034 - General Manager, Deputy and Assistant General Managers

§ 2035 - Divisions, offices, and positions

§ 2036 - Repealed.

§ 2037 - Repealed.

§ 2038 - Appointment of Army, Navy, or Air Force officer as Assistant General Manager for Military Application; Chairman of Military Liaison Committee; compensation

§ 2039 - Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards; composition; tenure; duties; compensation

§ 2040 - Fellowship program of Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards; selection of fellowships

§ 2051 - Research and development assistance

§ 2052 - Research by Commission

§ 2053 - Research for others; charges

§ 2061 - Production facilities

§ 2062 - Irradiation of materials

§ 2063 - Acquisition of production facilities

§ 2064 - Disposition of energy; regulation on sale

§ 2071 - Determination of other material as special nuclear material; Presidential assent; effective date

§ 2072 - Repealed.

§ 2073 - Domestic distribution of special nuclear material

§ 2074 - Foreign distribution of special nuclear material

§ 2075 - Acquisition of special nuclear material; payments; just compensation

§ 2076 - Guaranteed purchase prices

§ 2077 - Unauthorized dealings in special nuclear material

§ 2078 - Congressional review of guaranteed purchase price, guaranteed purchase price period, and criteria for waiver of charges

§ 2091 - Determination of source material

§ 2092 - License requirements for transfers

§ 2093 - Domestic distribution of source material

§ 2094 - Foreign distribution of source material

§ 2095 - Reports

§ 2096 - Acquisition of source material; payments

§ 2097 - Operations on lands belonging to United States

§ 2098 - Public and acquired lands

§ 2099 - Prohibitions against issuance of license

§ 2111 - Domestic distribution

§ 2112 - Foreign distribution of byproduct material

§ 2113 - Ownership and custody of certain byproduct material and disposal sites

§ 2114 - Authorities of Commission respecting certain byproduct material

§ 2121 - Authority of Commission

§ 2122 - Prohibitions governing atomic weapons

§ 2122a - Repealed.

§ 2123 - Transferred

§ 2131 - License required

§ 2132 - Utilization and production facilities for industrial or commercial purposes

§ 2133 - Commercial licenses

§ 2134 - Medical, industrial, and commercial licenses

§ 2135 - Antitrust provisions governing licenses

§ 2136 - Classes of facilities

§ 2137 - Operators’ licenses

§ 2138 - Suspension of licenses during war or national emergency

§ 2139 - Component and other parts of facilities

§ 2139a - Regulations implementing requirements relating to licensing for components and other parts of facilities

§ 2140 - Exclusions from license requirement

§ 2141 - Licensing by Nuclear Regulatory Commission of distribution of special nuclear material, source material, and byproduct material by Department of Energy

§ 2151 - Effect of international arrangements

§ 2152 - Policies contained in international arrangements

§ 2153 - Cooperation with other nations

§ 2153a - Approval for enrichment after export of source or special nuclear material; export of major critical components of enrichment facilities

§ 2153b - Export policies relating to peaceful nuclear activities and international nuclear trade

§ 2153c - Renegotiation of agreements for cooperation

§ 2153d - Authority to continue agreements for cooperation entered into prior to March 10, 1978

§ 2153e - Protection of environment

42 U.S. Code § 2031, 2032 - Repealed.

§ 2153f - Savings clause; Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act of 1978

§ 2154 - International atomic pool

§ 2155 - Export licensing procedures

§ 2155a - Regulations establishing Commission procedures covering grant, suspension, revocation, or amendment of nuclear export licenses or exemptions

§ 2156 - Criteria governing United States nuclear exports

§ 2156a - Regulations establishing levels of physical security to protect facilities and material

§ 2157 - Additional export criterion and procedures

§ 2158 - Conduct resulting in termination of nuclear exports

§ 2159 - Congressional review procedures

§ 2160 - Subsequent arrangements

§ 2160a - Review of Nuclear Proliferation Assessment Statements

§ 2160b - Authority to suspend nuclear cooperation with nations which have not ratified the Convention on the Physical Security of Nuclear Material

§ 2160c - Consultation with Department of Defense concerning certain exports and subsequent arrangements

§ 2160d - Further restrictions on exports

§ 2161 - Policy of Commission

§ 2162 - Classification and declassification of Restricted Data

§ 2163 - Access to Restricted Data

§ 2164 - International cooperation

§ 2165 - Security restrictions

§ 2166 - Applicability of other laws

§ 2167 - Safeguards information

§ 2168 - Dissemination of unclassified information

§ 2169 - Fingerprinting for criminal history record checks

§ 2181 - Inventions relating to atomic weapons, and filing of reports

§ 2182 - Inventions conceived during Commission contracts; ownership; waiver; hearings

§ 2183 - Nonmilitary utilization

§ 2184 - Injunctions; measure of damages

§ 2185 - Prior art

§ 2186 - Commission patent licenses

§ 2187 - Compensation, awards, and royalties

§ 2188 - Monopolistic use of patents

§ 2189 - Federally financed research

§ 2190 - Saving clause for prior patent applications

§ 2201 - General duties of Commission

§ 2201a - Use of firearms by security personnel

§ 2202 - Contracts

§ 2203 - Advisory committees

§ 2204 - Electric utility contracts; authority to enter into; cancellation; submission to Energy Committees

§ 2204a - Fission product contracts

§ 2205 - Contract practices

§ 2205a - Repealed.

§ 2206 - Comptroller General audit

§ 2207 - Claim settlements; reports to Congress

§ 2208 - Payments in lieu of taxes

§ 2209 - Subsidies

§ 2210 - Indemnification and limitation of liability

§ 2210a - Conflicts of interest relating to contracts and other arrangements

§ 2210b - Uranium supply

§ 2210c - Elimination of pension offset for certain rehired Federal retirees

§ 2210d - Security evaluations

§ 2210e - Design basis threat rulemaking

§ 2210f - Recruitment tools

§ 2210g - Expenses authorized to be paid by the Commission

§ 2210h - Radiation source protection

§ 2210i - Secure transfer of nuclear materials

§ 2211 - Payment of claims or judgments for damage resulting from nuclear incident involving nuclear reactor of United States warship; exception; terms and conditions

§ 2212 - Transferred

§ 2213 - Repealed.

§ 2214 - NRC user fees and annual charges

§ 2221 - Just compensation for requisitioned property

§ 2222 - Condemnation of real property

§ 2223 - Patent application disclosures

§ 2224 - Attorney General approval of title

§ 2231 - Applicability of administrative procedure provisions; definitions

§ 2232 - License applications

§ 2233 - Terms of licenses

§ 2234 - Inalienability of licenses

§ 2235 - Construction permits and operating licenses

§ 2236 - Revocation of licenses

§ 2237 - Modification of license

§ 2238 - Continued operation of facilities

§ 2239 - Hearings and judicial review

§ 2240 - Licensee incident reports as evidence

§ 2241 - Atomic safety and licensing boards; establishment; membership; functions; compensation

§ 2242 - Temporary operating license

§ 2243 - Licensing of uranium enrichment facilities

§ 2251 to 2257 - Repealed. Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 724, title I,

§ 2258 - Joint Committee on Atomic Energy abolished

§ 2259 - Information and assistance to Congressional committees

§ 2271 - General provisions

§ 2272 - Violation of specific sections

§ 2273 - Violation of sections

§ 2274 - Communication of Restricted Data

§ 2275 - Receipt of Restricted Data

§ 2276 - Tampering with Restricted Data

§ 2277 - Disclosure of Restricted Data

§ 2278 - Statute of limitations

§ 2278a - Trespass on Commission installations

§ 2278b - Photographing, etc., of Commission installations; penalty

§ 2279 - Applicability of other laws

§ 2280 - Injunction proceedings

§ 2281 - Contempt proceedings

§ 2282 - Civil penalties

§ 2282a - Civil monetary penalties for violation of Department of Energy safety regulations

§ 2282b - Civil monetary penalties for violations of Department of Energy regulations regarding security of classified or sensitive information or data

§ 2282c - Worker health and safety rules for Department of Energy nuclear facilities

§ 2283 - Protection of nuclear inspectors

§ 2284 - Sabotage of nuclear facilities or fuel

§ 2286 - Establishment

§ 2286a - Mission and functions of Board

§ 2286b - Powers of Board

§ 2286c - Responsibilities of Secretary of Energy

§ 2286d - Board recommendations

§ 2286e - Reports

§ 2286f - Judicial review

§ 2286g - “Department of Energy defense nuclear facility” defined

§ 2286h - Contract authority subject to appropriations

42 U.S. Code § 2251 to 2257 - Repealed. Aug. 1, 1946, ch. 724, title I,

§ 2286i - Annual authorization of appropriations

§ 2286j - Procurement of inspector general services

§ 2291 - Definitions

§ 2292 - Authorization of appropriations for research and development program; authority to enter into contracts; period of contracts; equivalent amounts for research and development program

§ 2293 - Omitted

§ 2294 - Authorization for sale or lease of uranium and plutonium; amounts; lien for nonpayment; uranium enrichment services

§ 2295 - Acquisition of nuclear materials

§ 2296 - Nonliability of United States; indemnification

§ 10101 - Definitions

§ 10102 - Separability

§ 10103 - Territories and possessions

§ 10104 - Ocean disposal

§ 10105 - Limitation on spending authority

§ 10106 - Protection of classified national security information

§ 10107 - Applicability to atomic energy defense activities

§ 10108 - Applicability to transportation

§ 10121 - State and affected Indian tribe participation in development of proposed repositories for defense waste

§ 10131 - Findings and purposes

§ 10132 - Recommendation of candidate sites for site characterization

§ 10133 - Site characterization

§ 10134 - Site approval and construction authorization

§ 10135 - Review of repository site selection

§ 10136 - Participation of States

§ 10137 - Consultation with States and affected Indian tribes

§ 10138 - Participation of Indian tribes

§ 10139 - Judicial review of agency actions

§ 10140 - Expedited authorizations

§ 10141 - Certain standards and criteria

§ 10142 - Disposal of spent nuclear fuel

§ 10143 - Title to material

§ 10144 - Consideration of effect of acquisition of water rights

§ 10145 - Termination of certain provisions

§ 10151 - Findings and purposes

§ 10152 - Available capacity for interim storage of spent nuclear fuel

§ 10153 - Interim at-reactor storage

§ 10154 - Licensing of facility expansions and transshipments

§ 10155 - Storage of spent nuclear fuel

§ 10156 - Interim Storage Fund

§ 10157 - Transportation

§ 10161 - Monitored retrievable storage

§ 10162 - Authorization of monitored retrievable storage

§ 10163 - Monitored Retrievable Storage Commission

§ 10164 - Survey

§ 10165 - Site selection

§ 10166 - Notice of disapproval

§ 10167 - Benefits agreement

§ 10168 - Construction authorization

§ 10169 - Financial assistance

§ 10171 - Financial arrangements for low-level radioactive waste site closure

§ 10172 - Selection of Yucca Mountain site

§ 10172a - Siting a second repository

§ 10173 - Benefits agreements

§ 10173a - Content of agreements

§ 10173b - Review Panel

§ 10173c - Termination

§ 10174 - Consideration in siting facilities

§ 10174a - Report

§ 10175 - Transportation

§ 10191 - Purpose

§ 10192 - Applicability

§ 10193 - Identification of sites

§ 10194 - Siting research and related activities

§ 10195 - Test and evaluation facility siting review and reports

§ 10196 - Federal agency actions

§ 10197 - Research and development on disposal of high-level radioactive waste

§ 10198 - Research and development on spent nuclear fuel

§ 10199 - Payments to States and Indian tribes

§ 10200 - Study of research and development needs for monitored retrievable storage proposal

§ 10201 - Judicial review

§ 10202 - Research on alternatives for permanent disposal of high-level radioactive waste

§ 10203 - Technical assistance to non-nuclear weapon states in field of spent fuel storage and disposal

§ 10204 - Subseabed disposal

§ 10221 - Mission plan

§ 10222 - Nuclear Waste Fund

§ 10223 - Alternative means of financing

§ 10224 - Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management

§ 10225 - Location of test and evaluation facility

§ 10226 - Nuclear Regulatory Commission training authorization

§ 10241 - “State” defined

§ 10242 - Office of Nuclear Waste Negotiator

§ 10243 - Duties of Negotiator

§ 10244 - Environmental assessment of sites

§ 10245 - Site characterization; licensing

§ 10246 - Monitored retrievable storage

§ 10247 - Environmental impact statement

§ 10248 - Administrative powers of Negotiator

§ 10249 - Cooperation of other departments and agencies

§ 10250 - Termination of Office

§ 10251 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 10261 - Definitions

§ 10262 - Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board

§ 10263 - Functions

§ 10264 - Investigatory powers

§ 10265 - Compensation of members

§ 10266 - Staff

§ 10267 - Support services

§ 10268 - Report

§ 10269 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 10270 - Termination of Board

Statutes at Large