40 CFR 51.121 - Findings and requirements for submission of State implementation plan revisions relating to emissions of oxides of nitrogen.

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§ 51.121 Findings and requirements for submission of State implementation plan revisions relating to emissions of oxides of nitrogen.
(a)
(1) The Administrator finds that the State implementation plan (SIP) for each jurisdiction listed in paragraph (c) of this section is substantially inadequate to comply with the requirements of section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) of the Clean Air Act (CAA), 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2)(D)(i)(I), because the SIP does not include adequate provisions to prohibit sources and other activities from emitting nitrogen oxides (“NOX”) in amounts that will contribute significantly to nonattainment in one or more other States with respect to the 1-hour ozone national ambient air quality standards (NAAQS). Each of the jurisdictions listed in paragraph (c) of this section must submit to EPA a SIP revision that cures the inadequacy.
(2) Under section 110(a)(1) of the CAA, 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(1), the Administrator determines that each jurisdiction listed in paragraph (c) of this section must submit a SIP revision to comply with the requirements of section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I), 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2)(D)(i)(I), through the adoption of adequate provisions prohibiting sources and other activities from emitting NOX in amounts that will contribute significantly to nonattainment in, or interfere with maintenance by, one or more other States with respect to the 8-hour ozone NAAQS.
(3)
(i) For purposes of this section, the term “Phase I SIP Submission” means those SIP revisions submitted by States on or before October 30, 2000 in compliance with paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section. A State's Phase I SIP submission may include portions of the NOX budget, under paragraph (e)(3) of this section, that a State is required to include in a Phase II SIP submission.
(ii) For purposes of this section, the term “Phase II SIP Submission” means those SIP revisions that must be submitted by a State in compliance with paragraph (b)(1)(ii) of this section and which includes portions of the NOX budget under paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
(b)
(1) For each jurisdiction listed in paragraph (c) of this section, the SIP revision required under paragraph (a) of this section will contain adequate provisions, for purposes of complying with section 110(a)(2)(D)(i)(I) of the CAA, 42 U.S.C. 7410(a)(2)(D)(i)(I), only if the SIP revision:
(i) Contains control measures adequate to prohibit emissions of NOX that would otherwise be projected, in accordance with paragraph (g) of this section, to cause the jurisdiction's overall NOX emissions to be in excess of the budget for that jurisdiction described in paragraph (e) of this section (except as provided in paragraph (b)(2) of this section),
(ii) Requires full implementation of all such control measures by no later than May 31, 2004 for the sources covered by a Phase I SIP submission and May 1, 2007 for the sources covered by a Phase II SIP submission.
(iii) Meets the other requirements of this section. The SIP revision's compliance with the requirement of paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section shall be considered compliance with the jurisdiction's budget for purposes of this section.
(2) The requirements of paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section shall be deemed satisfied, for the portion of the budget covered by an interstate trading program, if the SIP revision:
(i) Contains provisions for an interstate trading program that EPA determines will, in conjunction with interstate trading programs for one or more other jurisdictions, prohibit NOX emissions in excess of the sum of the portion of the budgets covered by the trading programs for those jurisdictions; and
(ii) Conforms to the following criteria:
(A) Emissions reductions used to demonstrate compliance with the revision must occur during the ozone season.
(B) Emissions reductions occurring prior to the first year in which any sources covered by Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section may be used by a source to demonstrate compliance with the SIP revision for the first and second ozone seasons in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to such control measures, provided the SIPs provisions regarding such use comply with the requirements of paragraph (e)(4) of this section.
(C) Emissions reductions credits or emissions allowances held by a source or other person following the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section or any ozone season thereafter that are not required to demonstrate compliance with the SIP for the relevant ozone season may be banked and used to demonstrate compliance with the SIP in a subsequent ozone season.
(D) Early reductions created according to the provisions in paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(B) of this section and used in the first ozone season in which any sources covered by Phase I or Phase II submissions are subject to the control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section are not subject to the flow control provisions set forth in paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(E) of this section.
(E) Starting with the second ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section, the SIP shall include provisions to limit the use of banked emissions reductions credits or emissions allowances beyond a predetermined amount as calculated by one of the following approaches:
(1) Following the determination of compliance after each ozone season, if the total number of emissions reduction credits or banked allowances held by sources or other persons subject to the trading program exceeds 10 percent of the sum of the allowable ozone season NOX emissions for all sources subject to the trading program, then all banked allowances used for compliance for the following ozone season shall be subject to the following:
(i) A ratio will be established according to the following formula: (0.10) × (the sum of the allowable ozone season NOX emissions for all sources subject to the trading program) ÷ (the total number of banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances held by all sources or other persons subject to the trading program).
(ii) The ratio, determined using the formula specified in paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(E)(1)(i) of this section, will be multiplied by the number of banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances held in each account at the time of compliance determination. The resulting product is the number of banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances in the account which can be used in the current year's ozone season at a rate of 1 credit or allowance for every 1 ton of emissions. The SIP shall specify that banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances in excess of the resulting product either may not be used for compliance, or may only be used for compliance at a rate no less than 2 credits or allowances for every 1 ton of emissions.
(2) At the time of compliance determination for each ozone season, if the total number of banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances held by a source subject to the trading program exceeds 10 percent of the source's allowable ozone season NOX emissions, all banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances used for compliance in such ozone season by the source shall be subject to the following:
(i) The source may use an amount of banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances not greater than 10 percent of the source's allowable ozone season NOX emissions for compliance at a rate of 1 credit or allowance for every 1 ton of emissions.
(ii) The SIP shall specify that banked emissions reduction credits or emissions allowances in excess of 10 percent of the source's allowable ozone season NOX emissions may not be used for compliance, or may only be used for compliance at a rate no less than 2 credits or allowances for every 1 ton of emissions.
(c) The following jurisdictions (hereinafter referred to as “States”) are subject to the requirement of this section:
(1) With respect to the 1-hour ozone NAAQS: Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia.
(2) With respect to the 1-hour ozone NAAQS, the portions of Missouri, Michigan, and Alabama within the fine grid of the OTAG modeling domain. The fine grid is the area encompassed by a box with the following geographic coordinates: Southwest Corner, 92 degrees West longitude and 32 degrees North latitude; and Northeast Corner, 69.5 degrees West longitude and 44 degrees North latitude.
(d)
(1) The SIP submissions required under paragraph (a) of this section must be submitted to EPA by no later than October 30, 2000 for Phase I SIP submissions and no later than April 1, 2005 for Phase II SIP submissions.
(2) The State makes an official submission of its SIP revision to EPA only when:
(i) The submission conforms to the requirements of appendix V to this part; and
(ii) The State delivers five copies of the plan to the appropriate Regional Office, with a letter giving notice of such action.
(e)
(1) Except as provided in paragraph (e)(2)(ii) of this section, the NOX budget for a State listed in paragraph (c) of this section is defined as the total amount of NOX emissions from all sources in that State, as indicated in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section with respect to that State, which the State must demonstrate that it will not exceed in the 2007 ozone season pursuant to paragraph (g)(1) of this section.
(2)
(i) The State-by-State amounts of the NOX budget, expressed in tons, are as follows:
State Final budget Budget
Alabama 119,827
Connecticut 42,850
Delaware 22,862
District of Columbia 6,657
Illinois 271,091
Indiana 230,381
Kentucky 162,519
Maryland 81,947
Massachusetts 84,848
Michigan 190,908
Missouri 61,406
New Jersey 96,876
New York 240,322
North Carolina 165,306
Ohio 249,541
Pennsylvania 257,928
Rhode Island 9,378
South Carolina 123,496
Tennessee 198,286
Virginia 180,521
West Virginia 83,921
Total $3,031,527
(ii)
(A) For purposes of paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section, in the case of each State listed in paragraphs (e)(2)(ii)(B) through (E) of this section, the NOX budget is defined as the total amount of NOX emissions from all sources in the specified counties in that State, as indicated in paragraph (e)(2)(i) of this section with respect to the State, which the State must demonstrate that it will not exceed in the 2007 ozone season pursuant to paragraph (g)(1) of this section.
(B) In the case of Alabama, the counties are: Autauga, Bibb, Blount, Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Chilton, Clay, Cleburne, Colbert, Coosa, Cullman, Dallas, De Kalb, Elmore, Etowah, Fayette, Franklin, Greene, Hale, Jackson, Jefferson, Lamar, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Lee, Limestone, Macon, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Randolph, Russell, St. Clair, Shelby, Sumter, Talladega, Tallapoosa, Tuscaloosa, Walker, and Winston.
(C) [Reserved]
(D) In the case of Michigan, the counties are: Allegan, Barry, Bay, Berrien, Branch, Calhoun, Cass, Clinton, Eaton, Genesee, Gratiot, Hillsdale, Ingham, Ionia, Isabella, Jackson, Kalamazoo, Kent, Lapeer, Lenawee, Livingston, Macomb, Mecosta, Midland, Monroe, Montcalm, Muskegon, Newaygo, Oakland, Oceana, Ottawa, Saginaw, St. Clair, St. Joseph, Sanilac, Shiawassee, Tuscola, Van Buren, Washtenaw, and Wayne.
(E) In the case of Missouri, the counties are: Bollinger, Butler, Cape Girardeau, Carter, Clark, Crawford, Dent, Dunklin, Franklin, Gasconade, Iron, Jefferson, Lewis, Lincoln, Madison, Marion, Mississippi, Montgomery, New Madrid, Oregon, Pemiscot, Perry, Pike, Ralls, Reynolds, Ripley, St. Charles, St. Genevieve, St. Francois, St. Louis, St. Louis City, Scott, Shannon, Stoddard, Warren, Washington, and Wayne.
(3) The State-by-State amounts of the portion of the NOX budget provided in paragraph (e)(1) of this section, expressed in tons, that the States may include in a Phase II SIP submission are as follows:
State Phase II incremental budget
Alabama 4,968
Connecticut 41
Delaware 660
District of Columbia 1
Illinois 7,055
Indiana 4,244
Kentucky 2,556
Maryland 780
Massachusetts 1,023
Michigan 1,033
New Jersey −994
New York 1,659
North Carolina 6,026
Ohio 2,741
Pennsylvania 10,230
Rhode Island 192
South Carolina 4,260
Tennessee 2,877
Virginia 6,168
West Virginia 1,124
Total 56,644
(4)
(i) Notwithstanding the State's obligation to comply with the budgets set forth in paragraph (e)(2) of this section, a SIP revision may allow sources required by the revision to implement NOX emission control measures to demonstrate compliance in the first and second ozone seasons in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section using credit issued from the State's compliance supplement pool, as set forth in paragraph (e)(4)(iii) of this section.
(ii) A source may not use credit from the compliance supplement pool to demonstrate compliance after the second ozone season in which any sources are covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission.
(iii) The State-by-State amounts of the compliance supplement pool are as follows:
State Compliancesupplement pool (tons of NOX)
Alabama 8,962
Connecticut 569
Delaware 168
District of Columbia 0
Illinois 17,688
Indiana 19,915
Kentucky 13,520
Maryland 3,882
Massachusetts 404
Michigan 9,907
Missouri 5,630
New Jersey 1,550
New York 2,764
North Carolina 10,737
Ohio 22,301
Pennsylvania 15,763
Rhode Island 15
South Carolina 5,344
Tennessee 10,565
Virginia 5,504
West Virginia 16,709
Total 182,625
(iv) The SIP revision may provide for the distribution of the compliance supplement pool to sources that are required to implement control measures using one or both of the following two mechanisms:
(A) The State may issue some or all of the compliance supplement pool to sources that implement emissions reductions during the ozone season beyond all applicable requirements in the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section.
(1) The State shall complete the issuance process by no later than the commencement of the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section.
(2) The emissions reduction may not be required by the State's SIP or be otherwise required by the CAA.
(3) The emissions reductions must be verified by the source as actually having occurred during an ozone season between September 30, 1999 and the commencement of the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section.
(4) The emissions reduction must be quantified according to procedures set forth in the SIP revision and approved by EPA. Emissions reductions implemented by sources serving electric generators with a nameplate capacity greater than 25 MWe, or boilers, combustion turbines or combined cycle units with a maximum design heat input greater than 250 mmBtu/hr, must be quantified according to the requirements in paragraph (i)(4) of this section.
(5) If the SIP revision contains approved provisions for an emissions trading program, sources that receive credit according to the requirements of this paragraph may trade the credit to other sources or persons according to the provisions in the trading program.
(B) The State may issue some or all of the compliance supplement pool to sources that demonstrate a need for an extension of the earliest date on which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section according to the following provisions:
(1) The State shall initiate the issuance process by the later date of September 30 before the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section or after the State issues credit according to the procedures in paragraph (e)(4)(iv)(A) of this section.
(2) The State shall complete the issuance process by no later than the commencement of the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section.
(3) The State shall issue credit to a source only if the source demonstrates the following:
(i) For a source used to generate electricity, compliance with the SIP revision's applicable control measures by the commencement of the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section, would create undue risk for the reliability of the electricity supply. This demonstration must include a showing that it would not be feasible to import electricity from other electricity generation systems during the installation of control technologies necessary to comply with the SIP revision.
(ii) For a source not used to generate electricity, compliance with the SIP revision's applicable control measures by the commencement of the first ozone season in which any sources covered by a Phase I or Phase II SIP submission are subject to control measures under paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section would create undue risk for the source or its associated industry to a degree that is comparable to the risk described in paragraph (e)(4)(iv)(B)(3)(i) of this section.
(iii) For a source subject to an approved SIP revision that allows for early reduction credits in accordance with paragraph (e)(4)(iv)(A) of this section, it was not possible for the source to comply with applicable control measures by generating early reduction credits or acquiring early reduction credits from other sources.
(iv) For a source subject to an approved emissions trading program, it was not possible to comply with applicable control measures by acquiring sufficient credit from other sources or persons subject to the emissions trading program.
(4) The State shall ensure the public an opportunity, through a public hearing process, to comment on the appropriateness of allocating compliance supplement pool credits to a source under paragraph (e)(3)(iv)(B) of this section.
(5) If, no later than February 22, 1999, any member of the public requests revisions to the source-specific data and vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and nonroad mobile growth rates, VMT distribution by vehicle class, average speed by roadway type, inspection and maintenance program parameters, and other input parameters used to establish the State budgets set forth in paragraph (e)(2) of this section or the 2007 baseline sub-inventory information set forth in paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section, then EPA will act on that request no later than April 23, 1999 provided:
(i) The request is submitted in electronic format;
(ii) Information is provided to corroborate and justify the need for the requested modification;
(iii) The request includes the following data information regarding any electricity-generating source at issue:
(A) Federal Information Placement System (FIPS) State Code;
(B) FIPS County Code;
(C) Plant name;
(D) Plant ID numbers (ORIS code preferred, State agency tracking number also or otherwise);
(E) Unit ID numbers (a unit is a boiler or other combustion device);
(F) Unit type;
(G) Primary fuel on a heat input basis;
(H) Maximum rated heat input capacity of unit;
(I) Nameplate capacity of the largest generator the unit serves;
(J) Ozone season heat inputs for the years 1995 and 1996;
(K) 1996 (or most recent) average NOX rate for the ozone season;
(L) Latitude and longitude coordinates;
(M) Stack parameter information ;
(N) Operating parameter information;
(O) Identification of specific change to the inventory; and
(P) Reason for the change;
(iv) The request includes the following data information regarding any non-electricity generating point source at issue:
(A) FIPS State Code;
(B) FIPS County Code;
(C) Plant name;
(D) Facility primary standard industrial classification code (SIC);
(E) Plant ID numbers (NEDS, AIRS/AFS, and State agency tracking number also or otherwise);
(F) Unit ID numbers (a unit is a boiler or other combustion device);
(G) Primary source classification code (SCC);
(H) Maximum rated heat input capacity of unit;
(I) 1995 ozone season or typical ozone season daily NOX emissions;
(J) 1995 existing NOX control efficiency;
(K) Latitude and longitude coordinates;
(L) Stack parameter information;
(M) Operating parameter information;
(N) Identification of specific change to the inventory; and
(O) Reason for the change;
(v) The request includes the following data information regarding any stationary area source or nonroad mobile source at issue:
(A) FIPS State Code;
(B) FIPS County Code;
(C) Primary source classification code (SCC);
(D) 1995 ozone season or typical ozone season daily NOX emissions;
(E) 1995 existing NOX control efficiency;
(F) Identification of specific change to the inventory; and
(G) Reason for the change;
(vi) The request includes the following data information regarding any highway mobile source at issue:
(A) FIPS State Code;
(B) FIPS County Code;
(C) Primary source classification code (SCC) or vehicle type;
(D) 1995 ozone season or typical ozone season daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT);
(E) 1995 existing NOX control programs;
(F) identification of specific change to the inventory; and
(G) reason for the change.
(f) Each SIP revision must set forth control measures to meet the NOX budget in accordance with paragraph (b)(1)(i) of this section, which include the following:
(1) A description of enforcement methods including, but not limited to:
(i) Procedures for monitoring compliance with each of the selected control measures;
(ii) Procedures for handling violations; and
(iii) A designation of agency responsibility for enforcement of implementation.
(2) Should a State elect to impose control measures on fossil fuel-fired NOX sources serving electric generators with a nameplate capacity greater than 25 MWe or boilers, combustion turbines or combined cycle units with a maximum design heat input greater than 250 mmBtu/hr as a means of meeting its NOX budget, then those measures must:
(i)
(A) Impose a NOX mass emissions cap on each source;
(B) Impose a NOX emissions rate limit on each source and assume maximum operating capacity for every such source for purposes of estimating mass NOX emissions; or
(C) Impose any other regulatory requirement which the State has demonstrated to EPA provides equivalent or greater assurance than options in paragraphs (f)(2)(i)(A) or (f)(2)(i)(B) of this section that the State will comply with its NOX budget in the 2007 ozone season; and
(ii) Impose enforceable mechanisms, in accordance with paragraphs (b)(1) (i) and (ii) of this section, to assure that collectively all such sources, including new or modified units, will not exceed in the 2007 ozone season the total NOX emissions projected for such sources by the State pursuant to paragraph (g) of this section.
(3) For purposes of paragraph (f)(2) of this section, the term “fossil fuel-fired” means, with regard to a NOX source:
(i) The combustion of fossil fuel, alone or in combination with any other fuel, where fossil fuel actually combusted comprises more than 50 percent of the annual heat input on a Btu basis during any year starting in 1995 or, if a NOX source had no heat input starting in 1995, during the last year of operation of the NOX source prior to 1995; or
(ii) The combustion of fossil fuel, alone or in combination with any other fuel, where fossil fuel is projected to comprise more than 50 percent of the annual heat input on a Btu basis during any year; provided that the NOX source shall be “fossil fuel-fired” as of the date, during such year, on which the NOX source begins combusting fossil fuel.
(g)
(1) Each SIP revision must demonstrate that the control measures contained in it are adequate to provide for the timely compliance with the State's NOX budget during the 2007 ozone season.
(2) The demonstration must include the following:
(i) Each revision must contain a detailed baseline inventory of NOX mass emissions from the following sources in the year 2007, absent the control measures specified in the SIP submission: electric generating units (EGU), non-electric generating units (non-EGU), area, nonroad and highway sources. The State must use the same baseline emissions inventory that EPA used in calculating the State's NOX budget, as set forth for the State in paragraph (g)(2)(ii) of this section, except that EPA may direct the State to use different baseline inventory information if the State fails to certify that it has implemented all of the control measures assumed in developing the baseline inventory.
(ii) The revised NOX emissions sub-inventories for each State, expressed in tons per ozone season, are as follows:
State EGU Non-EGU Area Nonroad Highway Total
Note to paragraph (g)(2)(ii): Totals may not sum due to rounding.
Alabama 29,022 43,415 28,762 20,146 51,274 172,619
Connecticut 2,652 5,216 4,821 10,736 19,424 42,849
Delaware 5,250 2,473 1,129 5,651 8,358 22,861
District of Columbia 207 282 830 3,135 2,204 6,658
Illinois 32,372 59,577 9,369 56,724 112,518 270,560
Indiana 47,731 47,363 29,070 26,494 79,307 229,965
Kentucky 36,503 25,669 31,807 15,025 53,268 162,272
Maryland 14,656 12,585 4,448 20,026 30,183 81,898
Massachusetts 15,146 10,298 11,048 20,166 28,190 84,848
Michigan 32,228 60,055 31,721 26,935 78,763 229,702
Missouri 24,216 21,602 7,341 20,829 51,615 125,603
New Jersey 10,250 15,464 12,431 23,565 35,166 96,876
New York 31,036 25,477 17,423 42,091 124,261 240,288
North Carolina 31,821 26,434 11,067 22,005 73,695 165,022
Ohio 48,990 40,194 21,860 43,380 94,850 249,274
Pennsylvania 47,469 70,132 17,842 30,571 91,578 257,592
Rhode Island 997 1,635 448 2,455 3,843 9,378
South Carolina 16,772 27,787 9,415 14,637 54,494 123,105
Tennessee 25,814 39,636 13,333 52,920 66,342 198,045
Virginia 17,187 35,216 27,738 27,859 72,195 180,195
West Virginia 26,859 20,238 5,459 10,433 20,844 83,833
Wisconsin 17,381 19,853 11,253 17,965 69,319 135,771
Total 544,961 640,317 321,827 540,215 1,310,466 3,357,786
(iii) Each revision must contain a summary of NOX mass emissions in 2007 projected to result from implementation of each of the control measures specified in the SIP submission and from all NOX sources together following implementation of all such control measures, compared to the baseline 2007 NOX emissions inventory for the State described in paragraph (g)(2)(i) of this section. The State must provide EPA with a summary of the computations, assumptions, and judgments used to determine the degree of reduction in projected 2007 NOX emissions that will be achieved from the implementation of the new control measures compared to the baseline emissions inventory.
(iv) Each revision must identify the sources of the data used in the projection of emissions.
(h) Each revision must comply with § 51.116 of this part (regarding data availability).
(i) Each revision must provide for monitoring the status of compliance with any control measures adopted to meet the NOX budget. Specifically, the revision must meet the following requirements:
(1) The revision must provide for legally enforceable procedures for requiring owners or operators of stationary sources to maintain records of and periodically report to the State:
(i) Information on the amount of NOX emissions from the stationary sources; and
(ii) Other information as may be necessary to enable the State to determine whether the sources are in compliance with applicable portions of the control measures;
(2) The revision must comply with § 51.212 of this part (regarding testing, inspection, enforcement, and complaints);
(3) If the revision contains any transportation control measures, then the revision must comply with § 51.213 of this part (regarding transportation control measures);
(4) If the revision contains measures to control fossil fuel-fired NOX sources serving electric generators with a nameplate capacity greater than 25 MWe or boilers, combustion turbines or combined cycle units with a maximum design heat input greater than 250 mmBtu/hr, then the revision must require such sources to comply with the monitoring provisions of part 75, subpart H.
(5) For purposes of paragraph (i)(4) of this section, the term “fossil fuel-fired” means, with regard to a NOX source:
(i) The combustion of fossil fuel, alone or in combination with any other fuel, where fossil fuel actually combusted comprises more than 50 percent of the annual heat input on a Btu basis during any year starting in 1995 or, if a NOX source had no heat input starting in 1995, during the last year of operation of the NOX source prior to 1995; or
(ii) The combustion of fossil fuel, alone or in combination with any other fuel, where fossil fuel is projected to comprise more than 50 percent of the annual heat input on a Btu basis during any year, provided that the NOX source shall be “fossil fuel-fired” as of the date, during such year, on which the NOX source begins combusting fossil fuel.
(j) Each revision must show that the State has legal authority to carry out the revision, including authority to:
(1) Adopt emissions standards and limitations and any other measures necessary for attainment and maintenance of the State's NOX budget specified in paragraph (e) of this section;
(2) Enforce applicable laws, regulations, and standards, and seek injunctive relief;
(3) Obtain information necessary to determine whether air pollution sources are in compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and standards, including authority to require recordkeeping and to make inspections and conduct tests of air pollution sources;
(4) Require owners or operators of stationary sources to install, maintain, and use emissions monitoring devices and to make periodic reports to the State on the nature and amounts of emissions from such stationary sources; also authority for the State to make such data available to the public as reported and as correlated with any applicable emissions standards or limitations.
(k)
(1) The provisions of law or regulation which the State determines provide the authorities required under this section must be specifically identified, and copies of such laws or regulations must be submitted with the SIP revision.
(2) Legal authority adequate to fulfill the requirements of paragraphs (j)(3) and (4) of this section may be delegated to the State under section 114 of the CAA.
(l)
(1) A revision may assign legal authority to local agencies in accordance with § 51.232 of this part.
(2) Each revision must comply with § 51.240 of this part (regarding general plan requirements).
(m) Each revision must comply with § 51.280 of this part (regarding resources).
(n) For purposes of the SIP revisions required by this section, EPA may make a finding as applicable under section 179(a)(1)-(4) of the CAA, 42 U.S.C. 7509(a)(1)-(4), starting the sanctions process set forth in section 179(a) of the CAA. Any such finding will be deemed a finding under § 52.31(c) of this part and sanctions will be imposed in accordance with the order of sanctions and the terms for such sanctions established in § 52.31 of this part.
(o) Each revision must provide for State compliance with the reporting requirements set forth in § 51.122 of this part.
(p)
(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if a State adopts regulations substantively identical to 40 CFR part 96 (the model NOX budget trading program for SIPs), incorporates such part by reference into its regulations, or adopts regulations that differ substantively from such part only as set forth in paragraph (p)(2) of this section, then that portion of the State's SIP revision is automatically approved as satisfying the same portion of the State's NOX emission reduction obligations as the State projects such regulations will satisfy, provided that:
(i) The State has the legal authority to take such action and to implement its responsibilities under such regulations, and
(ii) The SIP revision accurately reflects the NOX emissions reductions to be expected from the State's implementation of such regulations.
(2) If a State adopts an emissions trading program that differs substantively from 40 CFR part 96 in only the following respects, then such portion of the State's SIP revision is approved as set forth in paragraph (p)(1) of this section:
(i) The State may expand the applicability provisions of the trading program to include units (as defined in 40 CFR 96.2) that are smaller than the size criteria thresholds set forth in 40 CFR 96.4(a);
(ii) The State may decline to adopt the exemption provisions set forth in 40 CFR 96.4(b);
(iii) The State may decline to adopt the opt-in provisions set forth in subpart I of 40 CFR part 96;
(iv) The State may decline to adopt the allocation provisions set forth in subpart E of 40 CFR part 96 and may instead adopt any methodology for allocating NOX allowances to individual sources, provided that:
(A) The State's methodology does not allow the State to allocate NOX allowances in excess of the total amount of NOX emissions which the State has assigned to its trading program; and
(B) The State's methodology conforms with the timing requirements for submission of allocations to the Administrator set forth in 40 CFR 96.41; and
(v) The State may decline to adopt the early reduction credit provisions set forth in 40 CFR 96.55(c) and may instead adopt any methodology for issuing credit from the State's compliance supplement pool that complies with paragraph (e)(3) of this section.
(3) If a State adopts an emissions trading program that differs substantively from 40 CFR part 96 other than as set forth in paragraph (p)(2) of this section, then such portion of the State's SIP revision is not automatically approved as set forth in paragraph (p)(1) of this section but will be reviewed by the Administrator for approvability in accordance with the other provisions of this section.
(q) Stay of Findings of Significant Contribution with respect to the 8-hour standard. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this subpart, the effectiveness of paragraph (a)(2) of this section is stayed.
(r)
(1) Notwithstanding any provisions of paragraph (p) of this section, subparts A through I of part 96 of this chapter, and any State's SIP to the contrary, the Administrator will not carry out any of the functions set forth for the Administrator in subparts A through I of part 96 of this chapter, or in any emissions trading program in a State's SIP approved under paragraph (p) of this section, with regard to any ozone season that occurs after September 30, 2008.
(2) Except as provided in § 51.123(bb) with regard to an ozone season that occurs before January 1, 2012, a State whose SIP is approved as meeting the requirements of this section and that includes an emissions trading program approved under paragraph (p) of this section must revise the SIP to adopt control measures that satisfy the same portion of the State's NOX emission reduction requirements under this section as the State projected such emissions trading program would satisfy.
[63 FR 57491, Oct. 27, 1998, as amended at 63 FR 71225, Dec. 24, 1998; 64 FR 26305, May 14, 1999; 65 FR 11230, Mar. 2, 2000; 65 FR 56251, Sept. 18, 2000; 69 FR 21642, Apr. 21, 2004; 70 FR 25317, May 12, 2005; 70 FR 51597, Aug. 31, 2005; 73 FR 21538, Apr. 22, 2008; 76 FR 48353, Aug. 8, 2011]

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 40.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-12-03; vol. 79 # 232 - Wednesday, December 3, 2014
    1. 79 FR 71663 - Rulemaking To Amend Dates in Federal Implementation Plans Addressing Interstate Transport of Ozone and Fine Particulate Matter
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Interim final rule with request for comment.
      This final rule is effective on December 3, 2014. The EPA will consider comments on this interim final rule received on or before February 2, 2015.
      40 CFR Parts 51, 52, and 97

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 23 - HIGHWAYS
U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

§ 7401 - Congressional findings and declaration of purpose

§ 7402 - Cooperative activities

§ 7403 - Research, investigation, training, and other activities

§ 7404 - Research relating to fuels and vehicles

§ 7405 - Grants for support of air pollution planning and control programs

§ 7406 - Interstate air quality agencies; program cost limitations

§ 7407 - Air quality control regions

§ 7408 - Air quality criteria and control techniques

§ 7409 - National primary and secondary ambient air quality standards

§ 7410 - State implementation plans for national primary and secondary ambient air quality standards

§ 7411 - Standards of performance for new stationary sources

§ 7412 - Hazardous air pollutants

§ 7413 - Federal enforcement

§ 7414 - Recordkeeping, inspections, monitoring, and entry

§ 7415 - International air pollution

§ 7416 - Retention of State authority

§ 7417 - Advisory committees

§ 7418 - Control of pollution from Federal facilities

§ 7419 - Primary nonferrous smelter orders

§ 7420 - Noncompliance penalty

§ 7421 - Consultation

§ 7422 - Listing of certain unregulated pollutants

§ 7423 - Stack heights

§ 7424 - Assurance of adequacy of State plans

§ 7425 - Measures to prevent economic disruption or unemployment

§ 7426 - Interstate pollution abatement

§ 7427 - Public notification

§ 7428 - State boards

§ 7429 - Solid waste combustion

§ 7430 - Emission factors

§ 7431 - Land use authority

§ 7450 to 7459 - Repealed.

§ 7470 - Congressional declaration of purpose

§ 7471 - Plan requirements

§ 7472 - Initial classifications

§ 7473 - Increments and ceilings

§ 7474 - Area redesignation

§ 7475 - Preconstruction requirements

§ 7476 - Other pollutants

§ 7477 - Enforcement

§ 7478 - Period before plan approval

§ 7479 - Definitions

§ 7491 - Visibility protection for Federal class I areas

§ 7492 - Visibility

§ 7501 - Definitions

§ 7502 - Nonattainment plan provisions in general

§ 7503 - Permit requirements

§ 7504 - Planning procedures

§ 7505 - Environmental Protection Agency grants

§ 7505a - Maintenance plans

§ 7506 - Limitations on certain Federal assistance

§ 7506a - Interstate transport commissions

§ 7507 - New motor vehicle emission standards in nonattainment areas

§ 7508 - Guidance documents

§ 7509 - Sanctions and consequences of failure to attain

§ 7509a - International border areas

§ 7511 - Classifications and attainment dates

§ 7511a - Plan submissions and requirements

§ 7511b - Federal ozone measures

§ 7511c - Control of interstate ozone air pollution

§ 7511d - Enforcement for Severe and Extreme ozone nonattainment areas for failure to attain

§ 7511e - Transitional areas

§ 7511f - NO

§ 7512 - Classification and attainment dates

§ 7512a - Plan submissions and requirements

§ 7513 - Classifications and attainment dates

§ 7513a - Plan provisions and schedules for plan submissions

§ 7513b - Issuance of RACM and BACM guidance

§ 7514 - Plan submission deadlines

§ 7514a - Attainment dates

§ 7515 - General savings clause

§ 7521 - Emission standards for new motor vehicles or new motor vehicle engines

§ 7522 - Prohibited acts

§ 7523 - Actions to restrain violations

§ 7524 - Civil penalties

§ 7525 - Motor vehicle and motor vehicle engine compliance testing and certification

§ 7541 - Compliance by vehicles and engines in actual use

§ 7542 - Information collection

§ 7543 - State standards

§ 7544 - State grants

§ 7545 - Regulation of fuels

§ 7546 - Renewable fuel

§ 7547 - Nonroad engines and vehicles

§ 7548 - Study of particulate emissions from motor vehicles

§ 7549 - High altitude performance adjustments

§ 7550 - Definitions

§ 7551 - Omitted

§ 7552 - Motor vehicle compliance program fees

§ 7553 - Prohibition on production of engines requiring leaded gasoline

§ 7554 - Urban bus standards

§ 7571 - Establishment of standards

§ 7572 - Enforcement of standards

§ 7573 - State standards and controls

§ 7574 - Definitions

§ 7581 - Definitions

§ 7582 - Requirements applicable to clean-fuel vehicles

§ 7583 - Standards for light-duty clean-fuel vehicles

§ 7584 - Administration and enforcement as per California standards

§ 7585 - Standards for heavy-duty clean-fuel vehicles (GVWR above 8,500 up to 26,000 lbs.)

§ 7586 - Centrally fueled fleets

§ 7587 - Vehicle conversions

§ 7588 - Federal agency fleets

§ 7589 - California pilot test program

§ 7590 - General provisions

§ 7601 - Administration

§ 7602 - Definitions

§ 7603 - Emergency powers

§ 7604 - Citizen suits

§ 7605 - Representation in litigation

§ 7606 - Federal procurement

§ 7607 - Administrative proceedings and judicial review

§ 7608 - Mandatory licensing

§ 7609 - Policy review

§ 7610 - Other authority

§ 7611 - Records and audit

§ 7612 - Economic impact analyses

§ 7613 - Repealed.

§ 7614 - Labor standards

§ 7615 - Separability

§ 7616 - Sewage treatment grants

§ 7617 - Economic impact assessment

§ 7618 - Repealed.

§ 7619 - Air quality monitoring

§ 7620 - Standardized air quality modeling

§ 7621 - Employment effects

§ 7622 - Employee protection

§ 7623 - Repealed.

§ 7624 - Cost of vapor recovery equipment

§ 7625 - Vapor recovery for small business marketers of petroleum products

42 U.S. Code § 7450 to 7459 - Repealed.

§ 7625a - Statutory construction

§ 7626 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 7627 - Air pollution from Outer Continental Shelf activities

§ 7628 - Demonstration grant program for local governments

§ 7641 - Noise abatement

§ 7642 - Authorization of appropriations

§ 7651 - Findings and purposes

§ 7651a - Definitions

§ 7651b - Sulfur dioxide allowance program for existing and new units

§ 7651c - Phase I sulfur dioxide requirements

§ 7651d - Phase II sulfur dioxide requirements

§ 7651e - Allowances for States with emissions rates at or below 0.80 lbs/mmBtu

§ 7651f - Nitrogen oxides emission reduction program

§ 7651g - Permits and compliance plans

§ 7651h - Repowered sources

§ 7651i - Election for additional sources

§ 7651j - Excess emissions penalty

§ 7651k - Monitoring, reporting, and recordkeeping requirements

42 U.S. Code § -

§ 7651m - Enforcement

§ 7651n - Clean coal technology regulatory incentives

42 U.S. Code § -

§ 7661 - Definitions

§ 7661a - Permit programs

§ 7661b - Permit applications

§ 7661c - Permit requirements and conditions

§ 7661d - Notification to Administrator and contiguous States

§ 7661e - Other authorities

§ 7661f - Small business stationary source technical and environmental compliance assistance program

§ 7671 - Definitions

§ 7671a - Listing of class I and class II substances

§ 7671b - Monitoring and reporting requirements

§ 7671c - Phase-out of production and consumption of class I substances

§ 7671d - Phase-out of production and consumption of class II substances

§ 7671e - Accelerated schedule

§ 7671f - Exchange authority

§ 7671g - National recycling and emission reduction program

§ 7671h - Servicing of motor vehicle air conditioners

§ 7671i - Nonessential products containing chlorofluorocarbons

§ 7671j - Labeling

§ 7671k - Safe alternatives policy

42 U.S. Code § -

§ 7671m - Relationship to other laws

§ 7671n - Authority of Administrator

42 U.S. Code § -

§ 7671p - International cooperation

§ 7671q - Miscellaneous provisions

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR 51 after this date.

  • 2014-12-03; vol. 79 # 232 - Wednesday, December 3, 2014
    1. 79 FR 71663 - Rulemaking To Amend Dates in Federal Implementation Plans Addressing Interstate Transport of Ozone and Fine Particulate Matter
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Interim final rule with request for comment.
      This final rule is effective on December 3, 2014. The EPA will consider comments on this interim final rule received on or before February 2, 2015.
      40 CFR Parts 51, 52, and 97