40 CFR 60.433 - Performance test and compliance provisions.

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§ 60.433 Performance test and compliance provisions.
(a) The owner or operator of any affected facility (or facilities) shall conduct performance tests in accordance with § 60.8, under the following conditions:
(1) The performance averaging period for each test is 30 consecutive calendar days and not an average of three separate runs as prescribed under § 60.8(f).
(2) Except as provided under paragraphs (f) and (g) of this section, if affected facilities routinely share the same raw ink storage/handling system with existing facilities, then temporary measurement procedures for segregating the raw inks, related coatings, VOC solvent, and water used at the affected facilities must be employed during the test. For this case, an overall emission percentage for the combined facilities as well as for only the affected facilities must be calculated during the test.
(3) For the purpose of measuring bulk storage tank quantities of each color of raw ink and each related coating used, the owner or operator of any affected facility shall install, calibrate, maintain, and continuously operate during the test one or more:
(i) Non-resettable totalizer metering device(s) for indicating the cumulative liquid volumes used at each affected facility; or
(ii) Segregated storage tanks for each affected facility to allow determination of the liquid quantities used by measuring devices other than the press meters required under item (i) of this article; or
(iii) Storage tanks to serve more than one facility with the liquid quantities used determined by measuring devices other than press meters, if facilities are combined as decribed under paragraph (d), (f), or (g) of this section.
(4) The owner or operator may choose to install an automatic temperature compensator with any liquid metering device used to measure the raw inks, related coatings, water, or VOC solvent used, or VOC solvent recovered.
(5) Records of the measured amounts used at the affected facility and the liquid temperature at which the amounts were measured are maintained for each shipment of all purchased material on at least a weekly basis for:
(i) The raw inks and related coatings used;
(ii) The VOC and water content of each raw ink and related coating used as determined according to § 60.435;
(iii) The VOC solvent and water added to the inks used;
(iv) The VOC solvent used as a cleaning agent; and
(v) The VOC solvent recovered.
(6) The density variations with temperature of the raw inks, related coatings, VOC solvents used, and VOC solvent recovered are determined by the methods stipulated in § 60.435(d).
(7) The calculated emission percentage may be reported as rounded-off to the nearest whole number.
(8) Printing press startups and shutdowns are not included in the exemption provisions under § 60.8(c). Frequent periods of press startups and shutdowns are normal operations and constitute representative conditions for the purpose of a performance test.
(b) If an affected facility uses waterborne ink systems or a combination of waterborne and solvent-borne ink systems with a solvent recovery system, compliance is determined by the following procedures, except as provided in paragraphs (d), (e), (f), and (g) of this section:
(1) The mass of VOC in the solvent-borne and waterborne raw inks and related coatings used is determined by the following equation:
where:
k is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used in direct mass quantities with different amounts of VOC content.
m is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used by volume with different amounts of VOC content or different densities.
n is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used by volume with different amounts of VOC content or different VOC solvent densities.
(2) The total mass of VOC used is determined by the following equation:
where “m” and “n” are the respective total numbers of VOC dilution and cleaning solvents measured as used by volume with different densities.
(3) The mass of water in the waterborne raw inks and related coatings used is determined by the following equation:
where:
k is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used in direct mass quantities with different amounts of water content.
m is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used by volume with different amounts of water content or different densities.
n is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used by volume with different amounts of water content or different water densities.
(4) The total mass of water used is determined by the following equation:
where “m” is the total number of water dilution additions measured as used by volume with different densities.
(5) The total mass of VOC solvent recovered is determined by the following equation:
where “k” if the total number of VOC solvents, miscellaneous solvent-borne waste inks, and waste VOC solvents measured as recovered by volume with different densities.
(6) The average VOC emission percentage for the affected facility is determined by the following equation:
(c) If an affected facility controlled by a solvent recovery system uses only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine compliance on a direct mass or a density-corrected liquid volume basis. Except as provided in paragraphs (d), (e), (f), and (g) of this section, compliance is determined as follows:
(1) On a direct mass basis, compliance is determined according to paragraph (b) of this section, except that the water term, Mv, does not apply.
(2) On a density-corrected liquid volume basis, compliance is determined by the following procedures:
(i) A base temperature corresponding to that for the largest individual amount of VOC solvent used or recovered from the affected facility, or other reference temperature, is chosen by the owner or operator.
(ii) The corrected liquid volume of VOC in the raw inks and related coatings used is determined by the following equation:
where:
k is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used in direct mass quantities with different amounts of VOC content.
m is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used by volume with different amounts of VOC content or different densities.
n is the total number of raw inks and related coatings measured as used by volume with different amounts of VOC content or different VOC solvent densities.
(iii) The total corrected liquid volume of VOC used is determined by the following equation:
where “m” and “n” are the respective total numbers of VOC dilution and cleaning solvents measured as used by volume with different densities.
(iv) The total corrected liquid volume of VOC solvent recovered is determined by the following equation:
where “k” is the total number of VOC solvents, miscellaneous solvent-borne waste inks, and waste VOC solvents measured as recovered by volume with different densities.
(v) The average VOC emission percentage for the affected facility is determined by the following equation:
(d) If two or more affected facilities are controlled by the same solvent recovery system, compliance is determined by the procedures specified in paragraph (b) or (c) of this section, whichever applies, except that (Lt)a and (Lr)a, (Mt)a, (Mr)a, and (Mv)a, are the collective amounts of VOC solvent and water corresponding to all the affected facilities controlled by that solvent recovery system. The average VOC emission percentage for each of the affected facilities controlled by that same solvent recovery system is assumed to be equal.
(e) Except as provided under paragraph (f) of this section, if an existing facility (or facilities) and an affected facility (or facilities) are controlled in common by the same solvent recovery system, the owner or operator shall determine compliance by conducting a separate emission test on the existing facility (or facilities) and then conducting a performance test on the combined facilities as follows:
(1) Before the initial startup of the affected facility (or facilities) and at any other time as requested by the Administrator, the owner or operator shall conduct emission test(s) on the existing facility (or facilities) controlled by the subject solvent recovery system. The solvent recovery system must handle VOC emissions from only the subject existing facility (or facilities), not from affected facilities, during the emission test.
(2) During the emission test, the affected facilities are subject to the standard stated in § 60.432.
(3) The emission test is conducted over a 30 consecutive calendar day averaging period according to the conditions stipulated in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(5) of this section, except that the conditions pertain to only existing facilities instead of affected facilities.
(4) The owner or operator of the existing facility (or facilities) shall provide the Administrator at least 30 days prior notice of the emission test to afford the Administrator the opportunity to have an observer present.
(5) The emission percentage for the existing facility (or facilities) during the emission test is determined by one of the following procedures:
(i) If the existing facility (or facilities) uses a combination of waterborne and solvent-borne ink systems, the average VOC emission percentage must be determined on a direct mass basis according to paragraph (b) or (d) of this section, whichever applies, with the following equation:
where the water and VOC solvent amounts pertain to only existing facilities.
(ii) If the existing facility (or facilities) uses only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine the emission percentage either on a direct mass basis or a density-corrected liquid volume basis according to paragraph (c) or (d) of this section, whichever applies. On a direct mass basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the equation presented in article (i) of this paragraph. On a density-corrected liquid volume basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the following equation:
where the VOC solvent amounts pertain to only existing facilities.
(6) The owner or operator of the existing facility (or facilities) shall furnish the Administrator a written report of the results of the emission test.
(7) After completion of the separate emission test on the existing facility (or facilities), the owner or operator shall conduct performance test(s) on the combined facilities with the solvent recovery system handling VOC emissions from both the existing and affected facilities.
(8) During performance test(s), the emission percentage for the existing facility (or facilities), Pe, is assumed to be equal to that determined in the latest emission test. The administrator may request additional emission tests if any physical or operational changes occur to any of the subject existing facilities.
(9) The emission percentage for the affected facility (or facilities) during performance test(s) with both existing and affected facilities connected to the solvent recovery system is determined by one of the following procedures:
(i) If any of the combined facilities uses both waterborne and solvent-borne ink systems, the average VOC emission percentage must be determined on a direct mass basis according to paragraph (b) or (d) of this section, whichever applies, with the following equation:
where (Mt)b and (Mr)b are the collective VOC solvent amounts pertaining to all the combined facilities.
(ii) If all of the combined facilities use only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine performance of the affected facility (or facilities) either on a direct mass basis or a density-corrected liquid volume basis according to paragraph (c) or (d) of this section, whichever applies. On a direct mass basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the equation presented in article (i) of this paragraph. On a density-corrected liquid volume basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the following equation:
where (Lt)b and (Lr)b are the collective VOC solvent amounts pertaining to all the combined facilities.
(f) The owner or operator may choose to show compliance of the combined performance of existing and affected facilities controlled in common by the same solvent recovery system. A separate emission test for existing facilities is not required for this option. The combined performance is determined by one of the following procedures:
(1) If any of the combined facilities uses both waterborne and solvent-borne ink systems, the combined average VOC emission percentage must be determined on a direct mass basis according to paragraph (b) or (d) of this section, whichever applies, with the following equation:
(2) If all of the combined facilities use only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine performance either on a direct mass basis or a density-corrected liquid volume basis according to paragraph (c) or (d) of this section, whichever applies. On a direct mass basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the equation presented in article (i) of this paragraph. On a density-corrected liquid volume basis, the average VOC emission percentage is determined by the following equation:
(g) If all existing and affected facilities located within the same plant boundary use waterborne ink systems or solvent-borne ink systems with solvent recovery systems, the owner or operator may choose to show compliance on a plantwide basis for all the existing and affected facilities together. No separate emission tests on existing facilities and no temporary segregated liquid measurement procedures for affected facilities are required for this option. The plantwide performance is determined by one of the following procedures:
(1) If any of the facilities use waterborne ink systems, the total plant average VOC emission percentage must be determined on a direct mass basis according to paragraph (b) of this section with the following equation:
Where (Mt)f and (Mv)f are the collective VOC solvent and water amounts used at all the subject plant facilities during the performance test.
(2) If all of the plant facilities use only solvent-borne ink systems, the owner or operator may choose to determine performance either on a direct mass basis or a density-corrected liquid volume basis according to paragraph (c) of this section. On a direct mass basis, the total plant average VOC emission percentage is determined by the equation presented in article (i) of this paragraph. On a density-corrected liquid volume basis, the total plant average VOC emission percentage is determined by the following equation:
Where (Lt)f is the collective VOC solvent amount used at all the subject plant facilities during the performance test.
[47 FR 50649, Nov. 8, 1982, as amended at 65 FR 61761, Oct. 17, 2000]

Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

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  • 2014-05-16; vol. 79 # 95 - Friday, May 16, 2014
    1. 79 FR 28439 - Quality Assurance Requirements for Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Final rule.
      This final rule is effective on November 12, 2014.
      40 CFR Part 60

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U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE

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Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

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  • 2014-07-17; vol. 79 # 137 - Thursday, July 17, 2014
    1. 79 FR 41752 - Oil and Natural Gas Sector: Reconsideration of Additional Provisions of New Source Performance Standards
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      Proposed rule; Notice of Public Hearing.
      Comments. Comments must be received on or before August 18, 2014, unless a public hearing is requested by July 22, 2014. If a hearing is requested on this proposed rule, written comments must be received by September 2, 2014. Public Hearing. If anyone contacts the EPA requesting a public hearing by July 22, 2014 we will hold a public hearing on August 1, 2014. If a public hearing is requested by July 22, 2014, it will be held on August 1, 2014 at the EPA's Research Triangle Park Campus, 109 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711. The hearing will convene at 10:00 a.m. (Eastern Standard Time) and end at 5:00 p.m. (Eastern Standard Time). A lunch break will be held from 12:00 p.m. (Eastern Standard Time) until 1:00 p.m. (Eastern Standard Time). Please contact Virginia Hunt at (919) 541-0832, or at hunt.virginia@epa.gov to request a hearing, to determine if a hearing will be held and to register to speak at the hearing, if one is held. If a hearing is requested, the last day to pre-register in advance to speak at the hearing will be July 30, 2014. Additionally, requests to speak will be taken the day of the hearing at the hearing registration desk, although preferences on speaking times may not be able to be fulfilled. If you require the service of a translator or special accommodations such as audio description, please let us know at the time of registration. If no one contacts the EPA requesting a public hearing to be held concerning this proposed rule by July 22, 2014, a public hearing will not take place. If a hearing is held, it will provide interested parties the opportunity to present data, views or arguments concerning the proposed action. The EPA will make every effort to accommodate all speakers who arrive and register. Because these hearings are being held at U.S. government facilities, individuals planning to attend the hearing should be prepared to show valid picture identification (e.g., driver's license or government-issued ID) to the security staff in order to gain access to the meeting room. Please note that the REAL ID Act, passed by Congress in 2005, established new requirements for entering federal facilities. These requirements will take effect July 21, 2014. If your driver's license is issued by Alaska, American Samoa, Arizona, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, New York, Oklahoma or Washington State, you must present an additional form of identification to enter the federal buildings where the public hearings will be held. Acceptable alternative forms of identification include: Federal employee badges, passports, enhanced driver's licenses and military identification cards. In addition, you will need to obtain a property pass for any personal belongings you bring with you. Upon leaving the building, you will be required to return this property pass to the security desk. No large signs will be allowed in the building, cameras may only be used outside of the building and demonstrations will not be allowed on federal property for security reasons. The EPA may ask clarifying questions during the oral presentations, but will not respond to the presentations at that time. Written statements and supporting information submitted during the comment period will be considered with the same weight as oral comments and supporting information presented at the public hearing. If a hearing is held on August 1, 2014, written comments on the proposed rule must be postmarked by September 2, 2014. Commenters should notify Ms. Hunt if they will need specific equipment, or if there are other special needs related to providing comments at the hearing. The EPA will provide equipment for commenters to show overhead slides or make computerized slide presentations if we receive special requests in advance. Oral testimony will be limited to 5 minutes for each commenter. Verbatim transcripts of the hearings and written statements will be included in the docket for the rulemaking. The EPA will make every effort to follow the schedule as closely as possible on the day of the hearing; however, please plan for the hearing to run either ahead of schedule or behind schedule. Information regarding the hearing (including information as to whether or not one will be held) will be available at: http://www.epa.gov/airquality/oilandgas/actions.html. Again, all requests for a public hearing to be held must be received by July 22, 2014.
      40 CFR Part 60