40 CFR 80.1101 - Definitions.

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§ 80.1101 Definitions.
The definitions of § 80.2 and the following additional definitions apply for the purposes of this subpart. For calendar year 2007 and beyond, the definitions in this section § 80.1101 supplant those in § 80.1100.
(a) Cellulosic biomass ethanol means either of the following:
(1) Ethanol derived from any lignocellulosic or hemicellulosic matter that is available on a renewable or recurring basis and includes any of the following:
(i) Dedicated energy crops and trees.
(ii) Wood and wood residues.
(iii) Plants.
(iv) Grasses.
(v) Agricultural residues.
(vi) Animal wastes and other waste materials, the latter of which may include waste materials that are residues (e.g., residual tops, branches, and limbs from a tree farm).
(vii) Municipal solid waste.
(2) Ethanol made at facilities at which animal wastes or other waste materials are digested or otherwise used onsite to displace 90 percent or more of the fossil fuel that is combusted to produce thermal energy integral to the process of making ethanol, by:
(i) The direct combustion of the waste materials or a byproduct resulting from digestion of such waste materials (e.g., methane from animal wastes) to make thermal energy; and/or
(ii) The use of waste heat captured from an off-site combustion process as a source of thermal energy.
(b) Waste derived ethanol means ethanol derived from either of the following:
(1) Animal wastes, including poultry fats and poultry wastes, and other waste materials.
(2) Municipal solid waste.
(c) Biogas means methane or other hydrocarbon gas produced from decaying organic material, including landfills, sewage waste treatment plants, and animal feedlots.
(d) Renewable fuel.
(1) Renewable fuel is any motor vehicle fuel that is used to replace or reduce the quantity of fossil fuel present in a fuel mixture used to fuel a motor vehicle, and is produced from any of the following:
(i) Grain.
(ii) Starch.
(iii) Oilseeds.
(iv) Vegetable, animal, or fish materials including fats, greases, and oils.
(v) Sugarcane.
(vi) Sugar beets.
(vii) Sugar components.
(viii) Tobacco.
(ix) Potatoes.
(x) Other biomass.
(xi) Natural gas produced from a biogas source, including a landfill, sewage waste treatment plant, feedlot, or other place where there is decaying organic material.
(2) The term “Renewable fuel” includes cellulosic biomass ethanol, waste derived ethanol, biodiesel (mono-alkyl ester), non-ester renewable diesel, and blending components derived from renewable fuel.
(3) Ethanol covered by this definition shall be denatured as required and defined in 27 CFR parts 20 and 21. Any volume of denaturant in ethanol in excess of 5 volume percent shall not be included in the volume of ethanol for purposes of determining compliance with the requirements under this subpart.
(4) Small volume additives (excluding denaturants) less than 1.0 percent of the total volume of a renewable fuel shall be counted as part of the total renewable fuel volume.
(5) A fuel produced by a renewable fuel producer that is used in boilers or heaters is not a motor vehicle fuel and therefore is not a renewable fuel.
(e) Blending component has the same meaning as “Gasoline blending stock, blendstock, or component” as defined at § 80.2(s), for which the portion that can be counted as renewable fuel is calculated as set forth in § 80.1115(a).
(f) Motor vehicle has the meaning given in Section 216(2) of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7550).
(g) Small refinery means a refinery for which the average aggregate daily crude oil throughput for the calendar year 2004 (as determined by dividing the aggregate throughput for the calendar year by the number of days in the calendar year) does not exceed 75,000 barrels.
(h) Biodiesel (mono-alkyl ester) means a motor vehicle fuel or fuel additive which is all the following:
(1) Registered as a motor vehicle fuel or fuel additive under 40 CFR part 79.
(2) A mono-alkyl ester.
(3) Meets ASTM D-6751-07, entitled “Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blendstock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels.” ASTM D-6751-07 is incorporated by reference. This incorporation by reference was approved by the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. A copy may be obtained from the American Society for Testing and Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. A copy may be inspected at the EPA Docket Center, Docket No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2005-0161, EPA/DC, EPA West, Room 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave., NW., Washington, DC, or at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/cfr/ibr-locations.html.
(4) Intended for use in engines that are designed to run on conventional diesel fuel.
(5) Derived from nonpetroleum renewable resources (as defined in paragraph (m) of this section).
(i) Non-ester renewable diesel means a motor vehicle fuel or fuel additive which is all the following:
(1) Registered as a motor vehicle fuel or fuel additive under 40 CFR part 79.
(2) Not a mono-alkyl ester.
(3) Intended for use in engines that are designed to run on conventional diesel fuel.
(4) Derived from nonpetroleum renewable resources (as defined in paragraph (m) of this section).
(j) Renewable crude means biologically derived liquid feedstocks including but not limited to poultry fats, poultry wastes, vegetable oil, and greases that are used as feedstocks to make gasoline or diesel fuels at production units as specified in paragraph (k) of this section.
(k) Renewable crude-based fuels are renewable fuels that are gasoline or diesel products resulting from the processing of renewable crudes in production units within refineries or at dedicated facilities within refineries, that process petroleum based feedstocks and which make gasoline and diesel fuel.
(l) Importers. For the purposes of this subpart only, an importer of gasoline or renewable fuel is:
(1) Any person who brings gasoline or renewable fuel into the 48 contiguous states of the United States from a foreign country or from an area that has not opted in to the program requirements of this subpart pursuant to § 80.1143; and
(2) Any person who brings gasoline or renewable fuel into an area that has opted in to the program requirements of this subpart pursuant to § 80.1143.
(m) Nonpetroleum renewable resources include, but are not limited to the following:
(1) Plant oils.
(2) Animal fats and animal wastes, including poultry fats and poultry wastes, and other waste materials.
(3) Municipal solid waste and sludges and oils derived from wastewater and the treatment of wastewater.
(n) Export of renewable fuel means:
(1) Transfer of a batch of renewable fuel to a location outside the United States; and
(2) Transfer of a batch of renewable fuel from a location in the contiguous 48 states to Alaska, Hawaii, or a United States territory, unless that state or territory has received an approval from the Administrator to opt-in to the renewable fuel program pursuant to § 80.1143.
(o) Renewable Identification Number (RIN), is a unique number generated to represent a volume of renewable fuel pursuant to §§ 80.1125 and 80.1126.
(1) Gallon-RIN is a RIN that represents an individual gallon of renewable fuel; and
(2) Batch-RIN is a RIN that represents multiple gallon-RINs.
(p) Neat renewable fuel is a renewable fuel to which only de minimus amounts of conventional gasoline or diesel have been added.
[72 FR 23992, May 1, 2007, as amended at 73 FR 57254, Oct. 2, 2008]

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

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  • 2014-08-08; vol. 79 # 153 - Friday, August 8, 2014
    1. 79 FR 46353 - Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Extension of Compliance and Attest Engagement Reporting Deadlines for 2013 Renewable Fuel Standards
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Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR 80 after this date.

  • 2014-08-28; vol. 79 # 167 - Thursday, August 28, 2014
    1. 79 FR 51288 - Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Extension of the Reformulated Gasoline Program to Maine's Southern Counties
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      Proposed rule.
      Comments must be received on or before September 29, 2014 unless a public hearing is requested by September 12, 2014. If the EPA receives such a request, we will publish information related to the timing and location of the hearing and a new deadline for public comment.
      40 CFR Part 80