40 CFR 80.815 - What are the gasoline toxics performance requirements for refiners and importers?

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§ 80.815 What are the gasoline toxics performance requirements for refiners and importers?
(a)
(1) The gasoline toxics performance requirements of this subpart require that the annual average toxics value of a refinery or importer be compared to that refinery's or importer's compliance baseline, where compliance has been achieved if—
(i) For conventional gasoline, the annual average toxics value is less than or equal to the compliance baseline;
(ii) For reformulated gasoline and RBOB, combined, the annual average toxics value is greater than or equal to the compliance baseline.
(A) Refineries that only produce RBOB and importers that only import RBOB shall treat RBOB as reformulated gasoline for the purposes of determining compliance with the requirements of this subpart.
(B) Refineries that produce both RFG and RBOB and importers that import both RFG and RBOB must combine any RFG and RBOB qualities and volumes for the purposes of determining compliance with the requirements of this subpart.
(2) The requirements under this paragraph (a) shall be met by the importer for all imported gasoline, except gasoline imported as Certified Toxics-FRGAS under § 80.1030.
(b) The gasoline toxics requirements of this subpart apply separately for each of the following types of gasoline produced at a refinery or imported:
(1) Reformulated gasoline and RBOB, combined;
(2) Conventional gasoline.
(c) Compliance baseline.
(1) The compliance baseline of a refinery or importer is determined in accordance with § 80.915 or § 80.855, as applicable.
(2) Refiners who have chosen, under subpart E of this part, to comply with the requirements of subpart E of this part on an aggregate basis, shall comply with the requirements of this subpart on the same aggregate basis.
(d) Compliance determination.
(1)
(i) The gasoline toxics performance requirements of this subpart apply to gasoline produced at a refinery or imported by an importer during each calendar year starting January 1, 2002. The averaging period is January 1 through December 31 of each year.
(ii)
(A) Beginning January 1, 2011, or January 1, 2015 for small refiners approved under § 80.1340, the gasoline toxics performance requirements of this subpart shall apply only to gasoline that is not subject to the benzene standard of § 80.1230, pursuant to the provisions of § 80.1235.
(B) The gasoline toxics performance requirements of this subpart shall not apply to gasoline produced by a refinery approved under § 80.1334, pursuant to § 80.1334(c).
(2) The annual average toxics value is calculated in accordance with § 80.825.
(e) Deficit carryforward.
(1) A refinery or importer creates a toxics deficit, separately for reformulated gasoline and conventional gasoline, for a given averaging period, when—
(i) For conventional gasoline, its annual average toxics value is greater than the compliance baseline;
(ii) For reformulated gasoline and RBOB, combined, the annual average toxics value is less than the compliance baseline.
(2) In the calendar year following the year the toxics deficit is created, the refinery or importer shall:
(i) Achieve compliance with the refinery or importer toxics performance requirement specified in paragraph (a) of this section; and
(ii) Generate additional toxics credits sufficient to offset the toxics deficit of the previous year.
(f) Credit carryforward.
(1) A refinery or importer generates toxics credits, separately for reformulated gasoline and conventional gasoline, for a given averaging period, when—
(i) For conventional gasoline, its annual average toxics value is less than the compliance baseline;
(ii) For reformulated gasoline and RBOB, combined, the annual average toxics value is greater than the compliance baseline.
(2) Toxics credits may be used to offset a toxics deficit in the calendar year following the year the credits are generated, provided the following criteria are met:
(i) Reformulated gasoline toxics credits are only to be used to offset a reformulated gasoline toxics deficit; conventional gasoline credits are only to be used to offset a conventional gasoline toxics deficit.
(ii) A refiner only offsets a toxics deficit at a refinery with toxics credits generated by that refinery.
(iii) Credits generated on an aggregate basis may only be used to offset a deficit calculated on an aggregate basis.
(iv) Credits used to offset a deficit from the previous year may not also be carried forward to the following year. Credits in excess of those used to offset a deficit from the previous year may be used to offset a deficit in the following year.
(v) Only toxics credits generated under this subpart may be used to offset a toxics deficit created under this subpart.
[66 FR 17263, Mar. 29, 2001, as amended at 72 FR 8544, Feb. 26, 2007]

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

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  • 2014-08-08; vol. 79 # 153 - Friday, August 8, 2014
    1. 79 FR 46353 - Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Extension of Compliance and Attest Engagement Reporting Deadlines for 2013 Renewable Fuel Standards
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Direct final rule.
      This rule is effective on September 29, 2014 without further notice, unless the EPA receives adverse comment by September 15, 2014. If the EPA receives adverse comment, we will publish a timely withdrawal notice in the Federal Register informing the public that the rule will not take effect.
      40 CFR Part 80

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Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR 80 after this date.

  • 2014-08-28; vol. 79 # 167 - Thursday, August 28, 2014
    1. 79 FR 51288 - Regulation of Fuels and Fuel Additives: Extension of the Reformulated Gasoline Program to Maine's Southern Counties
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Proposed rule.
      Comments must be received on or before September 29, 2014 unless a public hearing is requested by September 12, 2014. If the EPA receives such a request, we will publish information related to the timing and location of the hearing and a new deadline for public comment.
      40 CFR Part 80