40 CFR 82.158 - Standards for recycling and recovery equipment.

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There are 2 Updates appearing in the Federal Register for 40 CFR 82. View below or at eCFR (GPOAccess)
§ 82.158 Standards for recycling and recovery equipment.
(a) Effective September 22, 2003, all manufacturers and importers of recycling and recovery equipment intended for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of appliances except MVACs and MVAC-like appliances or during the disposal of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances, shall have had such equipment certified by an approved equipment testing organization to meet the applicable requirements in paragraph (b)(1), (b)(2), or (d) of this section. All manufacturers and importers of recycling and recovery equipment intended for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of MVAC-like appliances shall have had such equipment certified pursuant to § 82.36(a).
(b) Equipment manufactured or imported on or after November 15, 1993 and before September 22, 2003, for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances or during the disposal of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances must be certified by an approved equipment testing organization to meet the requirements of paragraph (b)(1) of this section and the following requirements below. Equipment manufactured or imported on or after September 22, 2003, for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances or during the disposal of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances must be certified by an approved equipment testing organization to meet the requirements of paragraph (b)(2) of this section and the following requirements.
(1) In order to be certified, the equipment must be capable of achieving the level of evacuation specified in Table 2 of this section under the conditions of appendix B1 of this subpart (based upon the ARI Standard 740-1993, Performance of Refrigerant Recovery, Recycling and/or Reclaim Equipment):
Table 2—Levels of Evacuation Which Must Be Achieved by Recovery or Recycling Equipment Intended for Use With Appliances 1
[Manufactured on or after November 15, 1993]
Type of appliance with which recovery or recycling machine is intended to be used Inches of Hg vacuum
1 Except for small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances.
2 mm Hg absolute.
HCFC-22 appliances, or isolated component of such appliances, normally containing less than 200 pounds of refrigerant 0
HCFC-22 appliances, or isolated component of such appliances, normally containing 200 pounds or more of refrigerant 10
Very high-pressure appliances 0
Other high-pressure appliances, or isolated component of such appliances, normally containing less than 200 pounds of refrigerant 10
Other high-pressure appliances, or isolated component of such appliances, normally containing 200 pounds or more of refrigerant 15
Low-pressure appliances 2 25
The vacuums specified in inches of Hg vacuum must be achieved relative to an atmospheric pressure of 29.9 inches of Hg absolute.
(2) In order to be certified, the equipment must be capable of achieving the level of evacuation specified in Table 2 of paragraph (b)(1) of this section under the conditions of appendix B2 of this subpart (based upon the ARI Standard 740-1995, Performance of Refrigerant Recovery, Recycling and/or Reclaim Equipment).
(3) Recovery or recycling equipment whose recovery efficiency cannot be tested according to the procedures in appendix B1 or B2 of this subpart as applicable may be certified if an approved third-party testing organization adopts and performs a test that demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Administrator, that the recovery efficiency of that equipment is equal to or better than that of equipment that:
(i) Is intended for use with the same type of appliance; and
(ii) Achieves the level of evacuation in Table 2. The manufacturer's instructions must specify how to achieve the required recovery efficiency, and the equipment must be tested when used according to these instructions.
(4) The equipment must meet the minimum requirements for certification under appendix B1 or B2 of this subpart as applicable.
(5) If the equipment is equipped with a noncondensables purge device, the equipment must not release more than three (3) percent of the quantity of refrigerant being recycled through noncondensables purging under the conditions of appendix B1 and B2 of this subpart as applicable.
(6) The equipment must be equipped with low-loss fittings on all hoses.
(7) The equipment must have its liquid recovery rate and its vapor recovery rate measured under the conditions of appendix B1 or B2 as applicable, unless the equipment has no inherent liquid or vapor recovery rate.
(c) Equipment manufactured or imported before November 15, 1993 for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances or during the disposal of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances will be considered certified if it is capable of achieving the level of evacuation specified in Table 3 of this section when tested using a properly calibrated pressure gauge:
Table 3—Levels of Evacuation Which Must Be Achieved by Recovery or Recycling Machines Intended for Use With Appliances 1
[Manufactured before November 15, 1993]
Type of air-conditioning or refrigeration equipment with which recovery or recycling machine is intended to be used Inches of vacuum (relative to standard atmospheric pressure of 29.9 inches Hg)
1 Except for small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances.
HCFC-22 equipment, or isolated component of such equipment, normally containing less than 200 pounds of refrigerant 0
HCFC-22 equipment, or isolated component of such equipment, normally containing 200 pounds or more of refrigerant 4
Very high-pressure equipment 0
Other high-pressure equipment, or isolated component of such equipment, normally containing less than 200 pounds of refrigerant 4
Other high-pressure equipment, or isolated component of such equipment, normally containing 200 pounds or more of refrigerant 4
Low-pressure equipment 25
(d) Equipment manufactured or imported on or after November 15, 1993 and before September 22, 2003, for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of small appliances must be certified by an approved equipment testing organization to be capable of achieving the requirements described in either paragraph (d)(1) or (d)(2) of this section. Equipment manufactured or imported on or after September 22, 2003, for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of small appliances must be certified by an approved equipment testing organization to be capable of either paragraph (d)(1) or (d)(3) of this section:
(1) Recovering 90% of the refrigerant in the test stand when the compressor of the test stand is operating and 80% of the refrigerant when the compressor of the test stand is not operating when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions under the conditions of appendix C, Method for Testing Recovery Devices for Use with Small Appliances; or
(2) Achieving a four-inch vacuum under the conditions of appendix B1 of this subpart, based upon ARI Standard 740-1993; or
(3) Achieving a four-inch vacuum under the conditions of appendix B2 of this subpart, based upon ARI Standard 740-1995.
(e) Equipment manufactured or imported before November 15, 1993 for use with small appliances will be considered certified if it is capable of either:
(1) Recovering 80% of the refrigerant in the system, whether or not the compressor of the test stand is operating, when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions under the conditions of appendix C, Method for Testing Recovery Devices for Use with Small Appliances; or
(2) Achieving a four-inch vacuum when tested using a properly calibrated pressure gauge.
(f) Equipment manufactured or imported on or after November 15, 1993 for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of MVAC-like appliances must be certified in accordance with § 82.36(a).
(g) Equipment manufactured or imported before November 15, 1993 for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of MVAC-like appliances must be capable of reducing the system pressure to 102 mm of mercury vacuum under the conditions of the SAE Standard, SAE J1990 (appendix A to 40 CFR part 82, subpart B).
(h) Manufacturers and importers of equipment certified under paragraphs (b) and (d) of this section must place a label on each piece of equipment stating the following:
THIS EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN CERTIFIED BY [APPROVED EQUIPMENT TESTING ORGANIZATION] TO MEET EPA's MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR RECYCLING OR RECOVERY EQUIPMENT INTENDED FOR USE WITH [APPROPRIATE CATEGORY OF APPLIANCE].
The label shall also show the date of manufacture and the serial number (if applicable) of the equipment. The label shall be affixed in a readily visible or accessible location, be made of a material expected to last the lifetime of the equipment, present required information in a manner so that it is likely to remain legible for the lifetime of the equipment, and be affixed in such a manner that it cannot be removed from the equipment without damage to the label.
(i) The Administrator will maintain a list of equipment certified pursuant to paragraphs (b), (d), and (f) of this section by manufacturer and model. Persons interested in obtaining a copy of the list should send written inquiries to the address in § 82.160(a).
(j) Manufacturers or importers of recycling or recovery equipment intended for use during the maintenance, service, or repair of appliances except MVACs or MVAC-like appliances or during the disposal of appliances except small appliances, MVACs, and MVAC-like appliances must periodically have approved equipment testing organizations conduct either:
(1) Retests of certified recycling or recovery equipment in accordance with paragraph (a) of this section or
(2) Inspections of recycling or recovery equipment at manufacturing facilities to ensure that each equipment model line that has been certified under this section continues to meet the certification criteria.
Such retests or inspections must be conducted at least once every three years after the equipment is first certified.
(k) An equipment model line that has been certified under this section may have its certification revoked if it is subsequently determined to fail to meet the certification criteria. In such cases, the Administrator or her or his designated representative shall give notice to the manufacturer or importer setting forth the basis for her or his determination.
(l) Equipment used to evacuate refrigerant from MVACs and MVAC-like appliances before they are disposed of must be certified in accordance with § 82.36(a).
(m) Equipment used to evacuate refrigerant from small appliances before they are disposed of must be capable of either:
(1) Removing 90% of the refrigerant when the compressor of the small appliance is operating and 80% of the refrigerant when the compressor of the small appliance is not operating, when used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions under the conditions of appendix C, Method for Testing Recovery Devices for Use With Small Appliances; or
(2) Evacuating the small appliance to four inches of vacuum when tested using a properly calibrated pressure gauge.
(n) Effective October 22, 2003, equipment that is advertised or marketed as “recycling equipment” must be capable of recycling the standard contaminated refrigerant sample of appendix B2 of this subpart (based upon ARI Standard 740-1995), section 5, to the levels in the following table when tested under the conditions of appendix B2 of this subpart:
Maximum Levels of Contaminants Permissible in Refrigerant Processed Through Equipment Advertised as “Recycling” Equipment
Contaminants Low-pressure (R-11, R-123, R-113) systems R-12 systems All other systems
Acid Content (by wt.) 1.0 PPM 1.0 PPM 1.0 PPM.
Moisture (by wt.) 20 PPM 10 PPM 20 PPM.
Noncondensable Gas (by vol.) N/A 2.0% 2.0%.
High Boiling Residues (by vol.) 1.0% 0.02% 0.02%.
Chlorides by Silver Nitrate Test No turbidity No turbidity No turbidity.
Particulates Visually clean Visually clean Visually clean.
[58 FR 28712, May 14, 1993, as amended at 59 FR 42957, Aug. 19, 1994; 68 FR 43807, July 24, 2003; 73 FR 34649, June 18, 2008]

Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

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  • 2014-03-26; vol. 79 # 58 - Wednesday, March 26, 2014
    1. 79 FR 16680 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Updates to HCFC Trade Language as Applied to Article 5 Countries; Ratification Status of Parties to the Montreal Protocol; and Harmonized Tariff Schedule Commodity Codes
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Direct final rule.
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Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

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  • 2014-03-26; vol. 79 # 58 - Wednesday, March 26, 2014
    1. 79 FR 16680 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Updates to HCFC Trade Language as Applied to Article 5 Countries; Ratification Status of Parties to the Montreal Protocol; and Harmonized Tariff Schedule Commodity Codes
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Direct final rule.
      This direct final rule is effective on June 24, 2014 without further notice, unless EPA receives adverse comment by April 25, 2014. If we receive adverse comment, we will publish a timely withdrawal in the Federal Register informing the public that this rule will not take effect.
      40 CFR Part 82