40 CFR 85.2122 - Emission-critical parameters.
(a) The following parts may be certified in accordance with § 85.2114(b):
(A) “Diaphragm Displacement” means the distance through which the center of the diaphragm moves when activated. In the case of a non-modulated stem, diaphragm displacement corresponds to stem displacement.
(B) “Timed Delay” means a delayed diaphragm displacement controlled to occur within a given time period.
(C) “Modulated Stem Displacement” means the distance through which the modulated stem may move when actuated independent of diaphragm displacement.
(D) “Modulated Stem Displacement Force” means the amount of force required at start and finish of a modulated stem displacement.
(F) “Vacuum Break” (“Choke Pull-off”) means a vacuum-operated device to open the carburetor choke plate a predetermined amount on cold start.
(G) “Modulated Stem” means a stem attached to the vacuum break diaphragm in such a manner as to allow stem displacement independent of diaphragm displacement.
(H) “Vacuum Purge System” means a vacuum system with a controlled air flow to purge the vacuum system of undesirable manifold vapors.
(A) “Choke” means a device to restrict air flow into a carburetor in order to enrich the air/fuel mixture delivered to the engine by the carburetor during cold-engine start and cold-engine operation.
(C) “Electrically-heated Choke” means a device which contains a means for applying heat to the thermostatic coil by electrical current.
(D) “Thermostatic Coil” means a spiral-wound coil of thermally-sensitive material which provides rotary force (torque) and/or displacement as a function of applied temperature.
(E) “Thermostatic Switch” means an element of thermally-sensitive material which acts to open or close an electrical circuit as a function of temperature.
(F) “Mechanical Torque Rate” means a term applied to a thermostatic coil, defined as the torque accumulation per angular degree of deflection of a thermostatic coil.
(G) “Thermal Deflection Rate” means the angular degrees of rotation per degree of temperature change of the thermostatic coil.
(H) “Index or Index Mark” means a mark on a choke thermostat housing, located in a fixed relationship to the thermostatic coil tang position to aid in assembly and service adjustment of the choke.
(I) “PTC Type Choke Heaters” means a positive termperature coefficient resistant ceramic disc capable of providing heat to the thermostatic coil when electrically energized.
(i) The emission-critical parameter for accelerator pumps (plungers or diaphragms) is the average volume of fuel delivered per stroke by the pump within prescribed time limits.
(ii) For the purpose of this paragraph an “Accelerator Pump (Plunger or Diaphragm)” means a device used to provide a supplemental supply of fuel during increasing throttle opening as required.
(i) The emission-critical parameter for a PCV valve is the volume of flow as a function of pressure differential across the valve.
(ii) For the purposes of this paragraph a “PCV Valve” means a device to control the flow of blow-by gasses and fresh air from the crankcase to the fuel induction system of the engine.
(A) “Breaker Point” means a mechanical switch operated by the distributor cam to establish and interrupt the primary ignition coil current.
(B) “Bounce” means unscheduled point contact opening(s) after initial closure and before scheduled reopening.
(C) “Dwell Angle” means the number of degrees of distributor mechanical rotation during which the breaker points are conducting current.
(D) “Contact Resistance” means the opposition to the flow of current between the mounting bracket and the insulated terminal.
(A) “Capacitance” means the property of a device which permits storage of electrically-separated charges when differences in electrical potential exist between the conductors and measured as the ratio of stored charge to the difference in electrical potential between conductors.
(B) “Series Resistance” means the sum of resistances from the condenser plates to the condenser's external connections.
(D) “Capacitor/Condenser” means a device for the storage of electrical energy consisting of two oppositely charged conducting plates separated by a dielectric and which resists the flow of direct current.
(A) “Flashover” means the discharge of ignition voltage across the surface of the distributor cap and/or rotor rather than at the spark plug gap.
(B) “Dielectric Strength” means the ability of the material of the cap and/or rotor to resist the flow of electric current.
(C) “Physical and Thermal Integrity” means the ability of the material of the cap and/or rotor to resist physical and thermal breakdown.
(A) “Spark Plug” means a device to suitably deliver high tension electrical ignition voltage to the spark gap in the engine combustion chamber.
(B) “Heat Rating” means that measurement of engine indicated mean effective pressure (IMEP) value obtained on the engine at a point when the supercharge pressure is 25.4mm (one inch) Hg below the preignition point of the spark plug, as rated according to SAE J549A Recommended Practice.
(C) “Gap Spacing” means the distance between the center electrode and the ground electrode where the high voltage ignition arc is discharged.
(E) “Dielectric Strength” means the ability of the spark plug's ceramic insulator material to resist electrical breakdown.
(F) “Flashover” means the discharge of ignition voltage at any point other than at the spark plug gap.
(C) “Dielectric Strength” means the ability of the material of the coil to resist electrical breakdown.
(D) “Rise Time” means the time required for the spark voltage to increase from 10% to 90% of its maximum value.
(ii) For the purpose of this paragraph, a “Primary Resistor” means a device used in the primary circuit of an inductive ignition system to limit the flow of current.
(1) Centrifugal Advance Characteristics.
(2) Vacuum Advance Characteristics.
(E) Capacity for compatibility with generally available original equipment and certified replacement parts listed in § 85.2112(a) (5), (6), (7), and (9).
(A) “Distributor” means a device for directing the secondary current from the induction coil to the spark plugs at the proper intervals and in the proper firing order.
(B) “Distributor Firing Angle” means the angular relationship of breaker point opening from one opening to the next in the firing sequence.
(C) “Dwell Angle” means the number of degrees of distributor mechanical rotation during which the breaker points are capable of conducting current.
(A) “Catalytic Converter” means a device installed in the exhaust system of an internal combustion engine that utilizes catalytic action to oxidize hydrocarbon (HC) and carbon monoxide (CO) emissions to carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O).
(B) “Conversion Efficiency” means the measure of the catalytic converter's ability to oxidize HC/CO to CO2/H2O under fully warmed-up conditions stated as a percentage calculated by the following formula:
(C) “Light-off Time” or “LOT” means the time required for a catalytic converter (at ambient temperature 68-86 °F) to warm-up sufficiently to convert 50% of the incoming HC and CO to CO2 and H2 O.
(D) “Peak Air Flow” means the maximum engine intake mass air flow rate measure during the 195 second to 202 second time interval of the Federal Test Procedure.
(F) “Aged Catalytic Converter” means a converter that has been installed on a vehicle or engine stand and operated thru a cycle specifically designed to chemically age, including exposure to representative lead concentrations, and mechanically stress the catalytic converter in a manner representative of in-use vehicle or engine conditions.
(G) “Mechanical and Thermal Intergrity” means the ability of a converter to continue to operate at its previously determined efficiency and light-off time and be free from exhaust leaks when subject to thermal and mechanical stresses representative of the intended application.
(A) “Air Cleaner Filter Element” means a device to remove particulates from the primary air that enters the air induction system of the engine.
(B) “Pressure Drop” means a measure, in kilopascals, of the difference in static pressure measured immediately upstream and downstream of the air filter element.
[45 FR 78462, Nov. 25, 1980, as amended at 54 FR 32593, Aug. 8, 1989]
Title 40 published on 2014-07-01
no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.