(a) Measurement accuracy—Bag sampling.(1) Good engineering practice dictates that exhaust emission sample analyzer readings below 15 percent of full scale chart deflection should generally not be used.
(2) Some high resolution read-out systems such as computers, data loggers, etc., can provide sufficient accuracy and resolution below 15 percent of full scale. Such systems may be used provided that additional calibrations of at least 4 non-zero nominally equally spaced points, using good engineering judgement, below 15 percent of full scale are made to ensure the accuracy of the calibration curves.
(3) The following procedure shall be followed:
(i) Span the analyzer using a calibration gas that meets the accuracy requirements of § 86.1314-84(f)(2), is within the operating range of the analyzer and at least 90% of full scale.
(ii) Generate calibration data over the full concentration range at a minimum of 6, approximately equally spaced, points (e.g. 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 percent of the range of concentrations provided by the gas divider). If a gas divider or blender is being used to calibrate the analyzer and the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section are met, verify that a second calibration gas with a concentration between 10 and 20 percent of full scale can be named within 2 percent of its certified concentration. If more calibration points are needed to meet the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section, continue with paragraph (a)(3)(iii) of this section.
(iii) If a gas divider or blender is being used to calibrate the analyzer, input the value of a second calibration gas (a span gas may be used for calibrating a CO2 analyzer) having a named concentration between 10 and 20 percent of full scale. This gas shall be included on the calibration curve. Continue adding calibration points by dividing this gas until the requirements of paragraph (a)(2) of this section are met.
(iv) Fit a calibration curve per §§ 86.1321 through 86.1324 for the full scale range of the analyzer using the calibration data obtained with both calibration gases.
(b) Measurement accuracy—Continuous sampling.(1) Analyzers used for continuous analysis must be operated such that the measured concentration falls between 15 and 100 percent of full scale chart deflection. Exceptions to these limits are:
(i) Analyzer response less than 15 percent or more than 100 percent of full scale may be used if automatic range change circuitry is used and the limits for range changes are between 15 and 100 percent of full scale chart deflection;
(ii) Analyzer response less than 15 percent of full scale may be used if one of the following is true:
(A) Alternative (a)(2) of this section is used to ensure that the accuracy of the calibration curve is maintained below 15 percent; or
(B) The full scale value of the range is 155 ppm (C) or less.
(iii) Analyzer response over 100% of full scale may be used if it can be shown that readings in this range are accurate.
(iv) The HC and CO readings are allowed to “spike” above full scale of the analyzer's maximum operating range for a maximum accumulation of 5 seconds. These analyzer readings shall default to the maximum readable value during this time.
(c) If a gas divider is used, the gas divider shall conform to the accuracy requirements specified in § 86.1314-84(g), and shall be used according to the procedures contained in (a) and (b) of this section.
[62 FR 47133, Sept. 5, 1997]
Title 40 published on 2012-07-01
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