# 40 CFR 86.143-96 - Calculations; evaporative emissions.

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§ 86.143-96 Calculations; evaporative emissions.
(a) The following equations are used to calculate the evaporative emissions from gasoline- and methanol-fueled vehicles, and for gaseous-fueled vehicles.
(b) Use the measurements of initial and final concentrations to determine the mass of hydrocarbons and methanol emitted. For testing with pure gasoline, methanol emissions are assumed to be zero.
(1) For enclosure testing of diurnal, hot soak, and running loss emissions:
(i) Methanol emissions:
Where:
(A) MCH3OH = Methanol mass change, µg.
(B) Vn = Net enclosure volume, ft3, as determined by subtracting 50 ft3 (1.42 m3) (volume of vehicle with trunk and windows open) from the enclosure volume. A manufacturer may use the measured volume of the vehicle (instead of the nominal 50 ft3) with advance approval by the Administrator: Provided, the measured volume is determined and used for all vehicles tested by that manufacturer.
(C) [Reserved]
(D) VE=Volume of sample withdrawn, ft3. Sample volumes must be corrected for differences in temperature to be consistent with determination of Vn, prior to being used in the equation.
(E) [Reserved]
(F) CMS = GC concentration of sample, µg/ml.
(G) AV = Volume of absorbing reagent in impinger.
(H) PB = Barometric pressure at time of sampling, in. Hg.
(I) i = Initial sample.
(J) f = Final sample.
(K) 1 = First impinger.
(L) 2 = Second impinger.
(M) MCH3OH, out=mass of methanol exiting the enclosure, in the case of fixed-volume enclosures for diurnal emission testing, µg.
(N) MCH3OH, in=mass of methanol entering the enclosure, in the case of fixed-volume enclosures for diurnal emission testing, µg.
(ii) Hydrocarbon emissions:
Where,
(A) MHC=Hydrocarbon mass change, g.
(B) CHC = FID hydrocarbon concentration as ppm including FID response to methanol (or methane, as appropriate) in the sample.
(C) CCH3OH = Methanol concentration as ppm carbon.
(D) Vn=Net enclosure volume ft3 (m3) as determined by subtracting 50 ft3 (1.42 m3) (volume of vehicle with trunk and windows open) from the enclosure volume. A manufacturer may use the measured volume of the vehicle (instead of the nominal 50 ft3) with advance approval by the Administrator, provided the measured volume is determined and used for all vehicles tested by that manufacturer.
(E) r=FID response factor to methanol.
(F) PB=Barometric pressure, in Hg (Kpa).
(G) T=Enclosure temperature, °R(°K).
(J) 1=First impinger.
(K) 2=Second impinger.
(L) Assuming a hydrogen to carbon ratio of 2.3:
(1) k=2.97; and
(2) For SI units, k=17.16.
(M) MHC, out=mass of hydrocarbons exiting the enclosure, in the case of fixed-volume enclosures for diurnal emission testing, g.
(N) MHC, in=mass of hydrocarbons entering the enclosure, in the case of fixed-volume enclosures for diurnal emission testing, g.
(iii) For variable-volume enclosures, defined in § 86.107(a)(1)(i), the following simplified form of the hydrocarbon mass change equation may be used:
(2) For running loss testing by the point-source method, the mass emissions of each test phase are calculated below, then summed for a total mass emission for the running loss test. If emissions are continuously sampled, the following equations can be used in integral form.
(i) Methanol emissions:
MCH 3 OHCH 3 OH Vmix×
(CCH 3 OH, rl−CCH 3 OH, d)
Where,
(A) MCH 3 OH=methanol mass change, µg.
(B) ρCH 3,OH= 37.71 g/ft3, density of pure vapor at 68 °F.
(C) Vmix=total dilute sample volume, in ft3, calculated as appropriate for the collection technique used.
(D) CCH 3 OH, rl=methanol concentration of diluted running loss sample, in ppm carbon equivalent.
(E) CCH 3 OH, d=methanol concentration of dilution air, in ppm carbon equivalent.
(ii) Hydrocarbon emissions:
MHCHC Vmix10−6×(CHC, rl−CHC, d)
Where,
(A) MHC=hydrocarbon mass change, g.
(B) ρHC= 16.88 g/ft3, density of pure vapor at 68 °F (for hydrogen to carbon ratio of 2.3).
(C) Vmix=total dilute sample volume, in ft3, calculated as appropriate for the collection technique used.
(D) CHC, rl=hydrocarbon concentration of diluted running loss sample, in ppm carbon equivalent.
(E) CHC, d=hydrocarbon concentration of dilution air, in ppm carbon equivalent.
(c) Calculate the adjusted total mass emissions for each test segment.
where MDI=mass emissions from the diurnal emission test (see § 86.133), g.
where MHS=mass emissions from the hot soak test (see § 86.138), g.
where MRL=mass emissions from the running loss test (see § 86.134), g.
(d)
(1) For the full three-diurnal test sequence, there are two final results to report:
(i) The sum of the adjusted total mass emissions for the diurnal and hot soak tests (MDI MHS); and
(ii) The adjusted total mass emissions for the running loss test, on a grams per mile basis=MRL/DRL, where DRL=miles driven for the running loss test (see § 86.134-96(c)(6)).
(2) For the supplemental two-diurnal test sequence, there is one final result to report: the sum of the adjusted total mass emissions for the diurnal and hot soak tests (MDI MHS), described in §§ 86.133-96(p) and 86.138-96(k), respectively.
[58 FR 16043, Mar. 24, 1993, as amended at 59 FR 48510, Sept. 21, 1994; 60 FR 34348, June 30, 1995; 60 FR 43897, Aug. 23, 1995]

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 40.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

• 2014-08-08; vol. 79 # 153 - Friday, August 8, 2014
1. 79 FR 46356 - Emergency Vehicle Rule—SCR Maintenance and Regulatory Flexibility for Nonroad Equipment
GPO FDSys XML | Text
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Final rule.
This rule is effective on September 8, 2014.
40 CFR Parts 86 and 1039

Title 40 published on 2014-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR 86 after this date.

• 2014-08-08; vol. 79 # 153 - Friday, August 8, 2014
1. 79 FR 46356 - Emergency Vehicle Rule—SCR Maintenance and Regulatory Flexibility for Nonroad Equipment
GPO FDSys XML | Text
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
Final rule.
This rule is effective on September 8, 2014.
40 CFR Parts 86 and 1039