(a) This section applies to Diesel engines only. Gasoline-fueled engines are covered in § 86.340.
(b) The temperature of the air supplied to the engine shall be between 68 °F and 86 °F. The fuel temperature at the pump inlet shall be 100 °F±10 °F. The observed barometric pressure shall be between 28.5 inches and 31 inches Hg. Higher air temperature or lower barometric pressure may be used, if desired, but no allowance shall be made for increased emissions because of such conditions unless correction factors are developed and approved in advance by the Administrator.
(c) The governor and fuel system shall have been adjusted to provide engine performance at the levels in the application for certification required under § 86.079-21. These adjustments are only permitted under the provisions of § 86.079-25.
(d) The following steps shall be taken for each test:
(1) Install instrumentation and sample probes as required;
(3) Read and record the general test data as specified in § 86.337(b);
(4) Start cooling system;
(5) Precondition the engine in the following manner:
(i) Operate the engine at idle for 2 to 3 minutes;
(ii) Operate the engine at approximately 50 percent power at the peak torque speed for 5 to 7 minutes;
(iii) Operate the engine at rated speed and maximum horsepower for 25 to 30 minutes;
(iv)Option. It is permitted to precondition the engine at rated speed and maximum horsepower until the oil and water temperatures are stabilized. The temperatures are defined as stabilized if they are maintained within 2 percent of point for 2 minutes. The engine must be operated a minimum of 10 minutes for this option. This optional procedure may be substituted for step (iii);
(v)Option. If the engine has been operating on service accumulation for a minimum of 40 minutes, the service accumulation may be substituted for steps (i) through (iii);
(vi) Longer preconditioning times may be used only if prior approval is obtained from the Administrator.
(6) Within a total elapsed time of 10 minutes or less, determine by experimentation the maximum torque at the rated and intermediate speeds;
(7) Calculate the torque corresponding to 2, 25, 50, 75, and 100 percent of the maximum observed torque for the rated and intermediate speeds;
(8) Read and record all pre-test data specified in § 86.337(c);
(9) Start the test cycle, § 86.336, within 10 minutes, after determining test load using the torque values determined in paragraph (d)(6) of this section;
(10) Read and record all modal data specified in § 86.337(d) during the last 2 minutes of each mode;
(11) Continuously record the analyzer's response to the exhaust gas during each test segment;
(12) Test segments may be repeated;
(13) If a delay of more than 20 minutes occurs between the end of one segment and the beginning of another segment the test is void. The test may be restarted at paragraph (d)(8) of this section. If the delay exceeds 4 hours, the test shall be restarted at paragraph (d)(2) of this section;
(14) The engine speed and load must be maintained within the requirements of § 86.336 during the last 2 minutes of each mode. If the requirement is not met for all modes during a test segment, that segment of the test is void. The test segment may be restarted beginning with paragraph (d)(8) of this section;
(15) If at any time during a test segment, the test equipment malfunctions or the specifications in paragraph (d)(14) of this section are not met, the test segment is void, and may be aborted. The test segment may be restarted beginning with paragraph (d)(8) of this section;
(16) Fuel flow and air flow during the idle or 2-percent load conditions may be determined just prior to or immediately following the dynamometer sequence, if longer times are required for accurate measurements.
(e)Exhaust gas measurements.
(1) Measure HC, CO, CO2, and NOX volume concentration in the exhaust sample. Should the analyzer response exceed 100 percent of full scale or respond less than 15 percent of full scale, the next higher or lower analyzer range shall be used per § 86.338. For exceptions to the lower limit see § 86.338. Should the fuel flow instrument read below 20 percent of full-scale value, a smaller flow measurement unit must be used unless the option in § 86.314 is desired.
(2) Each analyzer range that may be used during a test segment must have the zero and span responses recorded prior to the execution of that test segment. Only the range(s) used to measure the emissions during a test segment are required to have their zero and span recorded after the completion of the test segment.
(3) It is permitted to change filter elements between test segments.
(4) A leak check is permitted between test segments.
(5) A hang-up check is permitted between test segments.
(6) If, during the emission measurement portion of a test segment, the value of the gauges downstream of the NDIR analyzer(s) G3 or G4 differs by more than ±2 inches of water from the pretest value, the test segment is void.
[42 FR 45154, Sept. 8, 1977, as amended at 46 FR 50496, Oct. 13, 1981, and 47 FR 49807, Nov. 2, 1982]
Title 40 published on 2014-07-01
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