(a) Gases present in the exhaust other than the one being analyzed can interfere with the reading in several ways. Positive interference occurs in NDIR and PMD instruments when the interfering gas gives the same effect as the gas being measured, but to a lesser degree. Negative interference occurs in NDIR instruments by the interfering gas broadening the absorption band of the measured gas, and in CLD instruments by the interfering gas quenching the radiation. The interference checks described in this section are to be made initially and after any major repairs that could affect analyzer performance.
(b)CO analyzer water and CO2interference checks. Bubble through water at room temperature a CO2 span gas having a concentration of between 80 percent and 100 percent inclusive of full scale of the maximum operating range used during testing and record the analyzer response. For dry measurements, this mixture may be introduced into the sample system prior to the water trap. The analyzer response must not be more than one percent of full scale for ranges equal to or above 300 ppm or more than three ppm for ranges below 300 ppm.
(c)NOXanalyzer quench check. The two gases of concern for CLD (and HCLD) analyzers are CO2 and water vapor. Quench responses to these two gases are proportional to their concentrations and, therefore, require test techniques to determine quench at the highest expected concentrations experienced during testing.
(1)NOXanalyzer CO2quench check. (i) Pass a CO2 span gas having a concentration of 80 percent to 100 percent of full scale of the maximum operating range used during testing through the CO2 NDIR analyzer and record the value “a.”
(ii) Dilute the CO2 span gas approximately 50 percent with NO span gas and pass through the CO2 NDIR and CLD (or HCLD). Record the CO2 and NO values as “b” and “c” respectively.
(iii) Shut off the CO2 and pass only the NO span gas through the CLD (or HCLD). Record the NO value as “d.”
(iv) Calculate the percent CO2 quench as follows, not to exceed three percent:
a = Undiluted CO2 concentration (percent)
b = Diluted CO2 concentration (percent)
c = Diluted NO concentration (ppm)
d = Undiluted NO concentration (ppm)
(2)NOXanalyzer water quench check. (i) This check applies to wet measurements only. An NO span gas having a concentration of 80 percent to 100 percent of full scale of a normal operating range is passed through the CLD (or HCLD) and the response recorded as “D”. The NO span gas is then bubbled through water at room temperature and passed through the CLD (or HCLD) and the analyzer's response recorded as AR. Determine and record the analyzer's absolute operating pressure and the bubbler water temperature. (It is important that the NO span gas contains minimal NO2 concentration for this check. No allowance for absorption of NO2 in water has been made in the following quench calculations.)
(ii) Calculations for water quench must consider dilution of the NO span gas with water vapor and scaling of the water vapor concentration of the mixture to that expected during testing. Determine the mixture's saturated vapor pressure (designated as Pwb) that corresponds to the bubbler water temperature. Calculate the water concentration (“Z1”, percent) in the mixture by the following equation:
where GP is the analyzer's standard operating pressure (pascals).
(iii) Calculate the expected dilute NO span gas and water vapor mixture concentration (designated as D1) by the following equation:
Title 40 published on 2012-07-01
no entries appear in the Federal Register after this date.
This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.