40 CFR 98.404 - Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.

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§ 98.404 Monitoring and QA/QC requirements.
(a) Determination of quantity.
(1) NGL fractionators and LDCs shall determine the quantity of NGLs and natural gas using methods in common use in the industry for billing purposes as audited under existing Sarbanes Oxley regulationn.
(i) Where an appropriate standard method published by a consensus-based standards organization exists, such a method shall be used. Consensus-based standards organizations include, but are not limited to, the following: ASTM International, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the American Gas Association (AGA), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), the American Petroleum Institute (API), and the North American Energy Standards Board (NAESB).
(ii) Where no appropriate standard method developed by a consensus-based standards organization exists, industry standard practices shall be followed.
(2) NGL fractionators and LDCs shall base the minimum frequency of the product quantity measurements, to be summed to the annual quantity reported, on the reporter's standard practices for commercial operations.
(i) For NGL fractionators the minimum frequency of measurements shall be the measurements taken at custody transfers summed to the annual reportable volume.
(ii) For natural gas the minimum frequency of measurement shall be based on the LDC's standard measurement schedules used for billing purposes and summed to the annual reportable volume.
(3) NGL fractionators shall use measurement for NGLs at custody tranfer meters or at such meters that are used to determine the NGL product slate delivered from the fractionation facility.
(4) If a NGL fractionator supplies a product not listed in Table NN-1 of this subpart that is a mixture or blend of two or more products listed in Tables NN-1 and NN-2 of this subpart, the NGL fractionator shall report the quantities of the constituents of the mixtures or blends separately.
(5) For an LDC using Equation NN-1 or NN-2 of this subpart, the point(s) of measurement for the natural gas volume supplied shall be the LDC city gate meter(s).
(i) If the LDC makes its own quantity measurements according to established business practices, its own measurements shall be used.
(ii) If the LDC does not make its own quantity measurements according to established business practices, it shall use its delivering pipeline invoiced measurements for natural gas deliveries to the LDC city gate, used in determining daily system sendout.
(6) An LDC using Equation NN-3 of this subpart shall measure natural gas at the custody transfer meters.
(7) An LDC using Equation NN-4 of this subpart shall measure natural gas at the customer meters. The reporter shall consider the volume delivered through a single particluar meter at a single particular location as the volume delivered to an individual end-user.
(8) An LDC using Equation NN-5 of this subpart shall measure natural gas as follows:
(i) Fuel1 shall be measured at the on-system storage injection meters and/or at the meters measuring natural gas to be liquefied.
(ii) Fuel2 shall be measured at the meters used for measuring on-system storage withdrawals and/or LNG vaporization injection. If Fuel2 is from a source other than storage, the appropriate meter shall be used to measure the quantity.
(9) An LDC shall measure all natural gas under the following standard industry temperature and pressure conditions: Cubic foot of gas at a temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit and at an absolute pressure of fourteen and seventy-three hundredths (14.73) pounds per square inch.
(b) Determination of higher heating values (HHV).
(1) When a reporter uses the default HHV provided in this section to calculate Equation NN-1 of this subpart, the appropriate value shall be taken from Table NN-1 of this subpart.
(2) When a reporter uses a reporter-specific HHV to calculate Equation NN-1 of this subpart, an appropriate standard test published by a consensus-based standards organization shall be used. Consensus-based standards organizations include, but are not limited to, the following: AGA and GPA.
(i) If an LDC makes its own HHV measurements according to established business practices, then its own measurements shall be used.
(ii) If an LDC does not make its own measurements according to established business practices, it shall use its delivering pipeline measurements.
(c) Determination of emission factor (EF).
(1) When a reporter used the default EF provided in this section to calculate Equation NN-1 of this subpart, the appropriate value shall be taken from Table NN-1 of this subpart.
(2) When a reporter used the default EF provided in this section to calculate Equation NN-2, NN-3, NN-4, NN-5, or NN-7 of this subpart, the appropriate value shall be taken from Table NN-2 of this subpart.
(3) When a reporter uses a reporter-specific EF, the reporter shall use an appropriate standard method published by a consensus-based standards organization to conduct compositional analysis necessary to determine reporter-specific CO2 emission factors. Consensus-based standards organizations include, but are not limited to, the following: AGA and GPA.
(d) Equipment Calibration.
(1) Equipment used to measure quantities in Equations NN-1, NN-2, and NN-5 of this subpart shall be calibrated prior to its first use for reporting under this subpart, using a suitable standard method published by a consensus based standards organization or according to the equipment manufacturer's directions.
(2) Equipment used to measure quantities in Equations NN-1, NN-2, and NN-5 of this subpart shall be recalibrated at the frequency specified by the standard method used or by the manufacturer's directions.

Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

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  • 2014-05-06; vol. 79 # 87 - Tuesday, May 6, 2014
    1. 79 FR - Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program: Final Amendments and Confidentiality Determinations for Subpart I
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      40 CFR Part 98

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United States Code

Title 40 published on 2013-07-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR 98 after this date.

  • 2014-07-31; vol. 79 # 147 - Thursday, July 31, 2014
    1. 79 FR 44332 - Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program: Addition of Global Warming Potentials
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      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Proposed rule.
      Comments must be received on or before September 2, 2014, unless a hearing is requested. If a hearing is requested, comments must be received on or before September 15, 2014. Public Hearing. The EPA does not plan to conduct a public hearing unless requested. To request a hearing, please contact the person listed in the following FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section by August 7, 2014. Upon such request, the EPA will hold the hearing on August 15, 2014, in the Washington, DC area. The EPA will provide further information about the hearing on the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program Web site, http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghgrulemaking.html if a hearing is requested.
      40 CFR Part 98