§ 413.180Procedures for requesting exceptions to payment rates.
(a)Outpatient maintenance dialysis payments. All payments for outpatient maintenance dialysis furnished at or by facilities are made on the basis of prospective payment rates.
(b)Criteria for requesting an exception. If a pediatric ESRD facility projects on the basis of prior year costs and utilization trends that it has an allowable cost per treatment higher than its prospective rate set under § 413.174, and if these excess costs are attributable to one or more of the factors in § 413.182, the facility may request, in accordance with paragraph (e) of this section, that CMS approve an exception to that rate and set a higher prospective payment rate.
(c)Application of deductible and coinsurance. The higher payment rate is subject to the application of deductible and coinsurance in accordance with § 413.176.
(d)Payment rate exception request. Effective October 1, 2002, CMS may approve exceptions to a pediatric ESRD facility's updated prospective payment rate, if the pediatric ESRD facility did not have an approved exception rate as of October 1, 2002. A pediatric ESRD facility may request an exception to its payment rate at any time after it is in operation for at least 12 consecutive months.
(e)Documentation for a payment rate exception request. If the facility is requesting an exception to its payment rate, it must submit to CMS its most recently completed cost report as required under § 413.198 and whatever statistics, data, and budgetary projections as determined by CMS to be needed to adjudicate each type of exception. CMS may audit any cost report or other information submitted. The materials submitted to CMS must—
(1) Separately identify elements of cost contributing to costs per treatment in excess of the facility's payment rate;
(2) Show that the facility's costs, including those costs that are not directly attributable to the exception criteria, are allowable and reasonable under the reasonable cost principles set forth in this part;
(3) Show that the elements of excessive cost are specifically attributable to one or more conditions specified in § 413.182;
(4) Specify the amount of additional payment per treatment the facility believes is required for it to recover its justifiable excess costs; and
(5) Specify that the facility has compared its most recently completed cost report with cost reports from (at least 2) prior years. The facility must explain any material statistical data or cost changes, or both, and include an explanation with the documentation supporting the exception request.
(f)Completion of requirements and criteria. The facility must demonstrate to CMS's satisfaction that the requirements of this section and the criteria in § 413.182 are fully met. The burden of proof is on the facility to show that one or more of the criteria are met and that the excessive costs are justifiable under the reasonable cost principles set forth in this part.
(g)Approval of an exception request. An exception request is deemed approved unless it is disapproved within 60 working days after it is filed with its intermediary.
(h)Determination of an exception request. In determining the facility's payment rate under the exception process, CMS excludes all costs that are not reasonable or allowable under the reasonable cost principles set forth in this part.
(i)Period of approval: Payment exception request. A prospective exception payment rate approved by CMS applies for the period from the date the complete exception request was filed with its intermediary until 30 days after the intermediary's receipt of the facility's letter notifying the intermediary of the facility's request to give up its exception rate and be subject to the basic case-mix adjusted composite payment rate methodology. ESRD facilities electing to retain their nonpediatric or pediatric exception rates (including self-dialysis training) do not need to notify their intermediaries. Once a facility notifies its fiscal intermediary in writing that it cannot retain its current exception rate, that decision cannot be subsequently reversed.
(j)Denial of an exception request. CMS denies exception requests submitted without the documentation specified in § 413.182 and the applicable regulations cited there.
(k)Criteria for refiling a denied exception request. A pediatric ESRD facility that was denied an exception request may immediately file another exception request. Any subsequent exception request must address and document the issues cited in CMS' denial letter.
(l)Periods of exceptions.
(1) Prior to December 31, 2000, an ESRD facility may receive an exception to its composite payment rate for isolated essential facilities, self dialysis training costs, atypical service intensity (patient mix) and pediatric facilities.
(2) Effective December 31, 2000, an ESRD facility not subject to paragraph (l)(3), is no longer granted any new exception to the composite payment rate as defined in § 413.180(1).
(3) Effective April 1, 2004 through September 27, 2004, and on an annual basis, an ESRD facility with at least 50 percent pediatric patient mix as specified in § 413.184 of this part, that did not have an exception rate in effect as of October 1, 2002, may apply for an exception to its composite payment rate.
(4) For ESRD facilities that are paid a blended rate for renal dialysis services provided during the transition described in § 413.239 of this part, any existing exceptions for isolated essential facilities, self dialysis training costs, atypical service intensity (patient mix) and pediatric facilities are used as the payment amount in place of the composite rate, and will be terminated for ESRD services furnished on or after January 1, 2014.
(5) For ESRD facilities that, in accordance with § 413.239(b) of this part, elect to be paid for renal dialysis services provided during the transition based on 100 percent of the payment amount determined under § 413.220, any existing exceptions for isolated essential facilities, self dialysis training costs, atypical service intensity (patient mix) and pediatric facilities are terminated for ESRD services furnished on or after January 1, 2011.