42 CFR 414.210 - General payment rules.

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§ 414.210 General payment rules.
(a) General rule. For items furnished on or after January 1, 1989, except as provided in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section, Medicare pays for durable medical equipment, prosthetics and orthotics, including a separate payment for maintenance and servicing of the items as described in paragraph (e) of this section, on the basis of 80 percent of the lesser of—
(1) The actual charge for the item;
(2) The fee schedule amount for the item, as determined in accordance with the provisions of §§ 414.220 through 414.232.
(b) Payment classification.
(1) The carrier determines fee schedules for the following classes of equipment and devices:
(i) Inexpensive or routinely purchased items, as specified in § 414.220.
(ii) Items requiring frequent and substantial servicing, as specified in § 414.222.
(iii) Certain customized items, as specified in § 414.224.
(iv) Oxygen and oxygen equipment, as specified in § 414.226.
(v) Prosthetic and orthotic devices, as specified in § 414.228.
(vi) Other durable medical equipment (capped rental items), as specified in § 414.229.
(vii) Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulators (TENS), as specified in § 414.232.
(2) CMS designates the items in each class of equipment or device through its program instructions.
(c) Exception for certain HHAs. Public HHAs and HHAs that furnish services or items free-of-charge or at nominal prices to a significant number of low-income patients, as defined in § 413.13(a) of this chapter, are paid on the basis of 80 percent of the fee schedule amount determined in accordance with the provision of §§ 414.220 through 414.230.
(d) Prohibition on special limits. For items furnished on or after January 1, 1989 and before January 1, 1991, neither CMS nor a carrier may establish a special reasonable charge for items covered under this subpart on the basis of inherent reasonableness as described in § 405.502(g) of this chapter.
(e) Maintenance and servicing—
(1) General rule. Except as provided in paragraph (e)(3) of this section, the carrier pays the reasonable and necessary charges for maintenance and servicing of beneficiary-owned equipment. Reasonable and necessary charges are those made for parts and labor not otherwise covered under a manufacturer's or supplier's warranty. Payment is made for replacement parts in a lump sum based on the carrier's consideration of the item. The carrier establishes a reasonable fee for labor associated with repairing, maintaining, and servicing the item. Payment is not made for maintenance and servicing of a rented item other than the maintenance and servicing fee for oxygen equipment described in paragraph (e)(2) of this section or for other durable medical equipment as described in § 414.229(e).
(2) Maintenance and servicing payment for certain oxygen equipment furnished after the 36-month rental period from January 1, 2009 through June 30, 2010. The carrier makes a maintenance and servicing payment for oxygen equipment other than liquid and gaseous equipment (stationary and portable) as follows:
(i) For the first 6-month period following the date on which the 36-month rental period ends in accordance with § 414.226(a)(1) of this subpart, no payments are made.
(ii) For each succeeding 6-month period, payment may be made during the first month of that period for 30 minutes of labor for routine maintenance and servicing of the equipment in the beneficiary's home (including an institution used as the beneficiary's home).
(iii) The supplier must visit the beneficiary's home (including an institution used as the beneficiary's home) to inspect the equipment during the first month of the 6-month period.
(3) Exception to maintenance and servicing payments. For items purchased on or after June 1, 1989, no payment is made under the provisions of paragraph (e)(1) of this section for the maintenance and servicing of:
(i) Items requiring frequent and substantial servicing, as defined in § 414.222(a);
(ii) Capped rental items, as defined in § 414.229(a), that are not beneficiary-owned in accordance with § 414.229(d), § 414.229(f)(2), or § 414.229(h); and
(iii) Capped rental items, as defined in § 414.229(a), that are not beneficiary-owned in § 414.229(d), § 414.229(f)(2), or § 414.229(h); and
(iv) Oxygen equipment, as described in § 414.226.
(4) Supplier replacement of beneficiary-owned equipment based on accumulated repair costs. A supplier that transfers title to a capped rental item to a beneficiary in accordance with § 414.229(f)(2) is responsible for furnishing replacement equipment at no cost to the beneficiary or to the Medicare program if the carrier determines that the item furnished by the supplier will not last for the entire reasonable useful lifetime established for the equipment in accordance with § 414.210(f)(1). In making this determination, the carrier may consider whether the accumulated costs of repair exceed 60 percent of the cost to replace the item.
(5) Maintenance and servicing payment for certain oxygen equipment furnished after the 36-month rental period and on or after July 1, 2010. For oxygen equipment other than liquid and gaseous equipment (stationary and portable), the carrier makes payment as follows:
(i) For the first 6-month period following the date on which the 36-month rental period ends in accordance with § 414.226(a)(1) of this subpart, no payments are made.
(ii) For each succeeding 6-month period, payment may be made during the first month of that period for routine maintenance and servicing of the equipment in the beneficiary's home (including an institution used as the beneficiary's home).
(iii) Payment for maintenance and servicing is made based on a reasonable fee not to exceed 10 percent of the purchase price for a stationary oxygen concentrator. This payment includes payment for maintenance and servicing of all oxygen equipment other than liquid or gaseous equipment (stationary or portable).
(iv) The supplier must visit the beneficiary's home (including an institution used as the beneficiary's home) to inspect the equipment during the first month of the 6-month period.
(f) Payment for replacement of equipment. If an item of DME or a prosthetic or orthotic device paid for under this subpart has been in continuous use by the patient for the equipment's reasonable useful lifetime or if the carrier determines that the item is lost, stolen, or irreparably damaged, the patient may elect to obtain a new piece of equipment.
(1) The reasonable useful lifetime of DME or prosthetic and orthotic devices is determined through program instructions. In the absence of program instructions, carriers may determine the reasonable useful lifetime of equipment but in no case can it be less than 5 years. Computation is based on when the equipment is delivered to the beneficiary, not the age of the equipment.
(2) If the beneficiary elects to obtain replacement oxygen equipment, payment is made in accordance with § 414.226(a).
(3) If the beneficiary elects to obtain a replacement capped rental item, payment is made in accordance with § 414.229(a)(2) or (a)(3).
(4) For all other beneficiary-owned items, if the beneficiary elects to obtain replacement equipment, payment is made on a purchase basis.
[57 FR 57689, Dec. 7, 1992, as amended at 71 FR 65932, Nov. 9, 2006; 73 FR 69936, Nov. 19, 2008; 73 FR 80304, Dec. 31, 2008; 74 FR 62009, Nov. 25, 2009]

Title 42 published on 2014-10-01

The following are only the Rules published in the Federal Register after the published date of Title 42.

For a complete list of all Rules, Proposed Rules, and Notices view the Rulemaking tab.

  • 2014-11-13; vol. 79 # 219 - Thursday, November 13, 2014
    1. 79 FR 67548 - Medicare Program; Revisions to Payment Policies Under the Physician Fee Schedule, Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule, Access to Identifiable Data for the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Models & Other Revisions to Part B for CY 2015
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
      Final rule with comment period.
      Effective date: The provisions of this final rule are effective on January 1, 2015, with the exception of amendments to parts 412, 413, and 495 which are effective October 31, 2014. Comment date: To be assured consideration, comments must be received at one of the addresses provided below, no later than 5 p.m. on December 30, 2014. Compliance date: The compliance date for new data collection requirements in § 403.904(c)(8) is January 1, 2016.
      42 CFR Parts 403, 405, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 425, 489, 495, and 498

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Title 42 published on 2014-10-01

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 42 CFR 414 after this date.

  • 2014-11-13; vol. 79 # 219 - Thursday, November 13, 2014
    1. 79 FR 67548 - Medicare Program; Revisions to Payment Policies Under the Physician Fee Schedule, Clinical Laboratory Fee Schedule, Access to Identifiable Data for the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation Models & Other Revisions to Part B for CY 2015
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
      Final rule with comment period.
      Effective date: The provisions of this final rule are effective on January 1, 2015, with the exception of amendments to parts 412, 413, and 495 which are effective October 31, 2014. Comment date: To be assured consideration, comments must be received at one of the addresses provided below, no later than 5 p.m. on December 30, 2014. Compliance date: The compliance date for new data collection requirements in § 403.904(c)(8) is January 1, 2016.
      42 CFR Parts 403, 405, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 425, 489, 495, and 498