42 CFR 456.1 - Basis and purpose of part.

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§ 456.1 Basis and purpose of part.
(a) This part prescribes requirements concerning control of the utilization of Medicaid services including—
(1) A statewide program of control of the utilization of all Medicaid services; and
(2) Specific requirements for the control of the utilization of Medicaid services in institutions.
(3) Specific requirements for an outpatient drug use review program.
(b) The requirements in this part are based on the following sections of the Act. Table 1 shows the relationship between these sections of the Act and the requirements in this part.
(1) Methods and procedures to safeguard against unnecessary utilization of care and services. Section 1902(a)(30) requires that the State plan provide methods and procedures to safeguard against unnecessary utilization of care and services.
(2) Penalty for failure to have an effective program to control utilization of institutional services. Section 1903(g)(1) provides for a reduction in the amount of Federal Medicaid funds paid to a State for long-stay inpatient services if the State does not make a showing satisfactory to the Secretary that it has an effective program of control over utilization of those services. This penalty provision applies to inpatient services in hospitals, mental hospitals, and intermediate care facilities (ICF's). Specific requirements are:
(i) Under section 1903(g)(1)(A), a physician must certify at admission, and a physician (or physician assistant or nurse practitioner under the supervision of a physician) must periodically recertify, the individual's need for inpatient care.
(ii) Under section 1903(g)(1)(B), services must be furnished under a plan established and periodically evaluated by a physician.
(iii) Under section 1903(g)(1)(C), the State must have in effect a continuous program of review of utilization of care and services under section 1902(a)(30) whereby each admission is reviewed or screened in accordance with criteria established by medical and other professional personnel.
(iv) Under section 1903(g)(1)(D), the State must have an effective program under sections 1902(a) (26) and (31) of review of care in intermediate care facilities and mental hospitals. This must include evaluation at least annually of the professional management of each case.
(3) Medical review in mental hospitals. Section 1902(a)(26)(A) requires that the plan provide for a program of medical review that includes a medical evaluation of each individual's need for care in a mental hospital, a plan of care, and, where applicable, a plan of rehabilitation.
(4) Independent professional review in intermediate care facilities. Section 1902(a)(31)(A) requires that the plan provide for a program of independent professional review that includes a medical evaluation of each individual's need for intermediate care and a written plan of service.
(5) Inspection of care and services in institutions. Sections 1902(a)(26) (B) and (C) and 1902(a)(31) (B) and (C) require that the plan provide for periodic inspections and reports, by a team of professional persons, of the care being provided to each beneficiary in institutions for mental diseases (IMD's), and ICF's participating in Medicaid.
(6) Denial of FFP for failure to have specified utilization review procedures. Section 1903(i)(4) provides that FFP is not available in a State's expenditures for hospital or mental hospital services unless the institution has in effect a utilization review plan that meets Medicare requirements. However, the Secretary may waive this requirement if the Medicaid agency demonstrates to his satisfaction that it has utilization review procedures superior in effectiveness to the Medicare procedures.
(7) State health agency guidance on quality and appropriateness of care and services. Section 1902(a)(33)(A) requires that the plan provide that the State health or other appropriate medical agency establish a plan for review, by professional health personnel, of the appropriateness and quality of Medicaid services to provide guidance to the Medicaid agency and the State licensing agency in administering the Medicaid program.
(8) Drug use review program. Section 1927(g) of the Act provides that, for payment to be made under section 1903 of the Act for covered outpatient drugs, the State must have in operation, by not later than January 1, 1993, a drug use review (DUR) program. It also requires that each State provide, either directly or through a contract with a private organization, for the establishment of a DUR Board.
Table 1
[This table relates the regulations in this part to the sections of the Act on which they are based.]
Subpart A—General 1902(a)(30)
1902(a)(33)(A)
Subpart B—Utilization Control: All Medicaid Services 1902(a)(30)
Subpart C—Utilization Control: Hospitals
Certification of need for care 1903(g)(1)(A)
Plan of care 1903(g)(1)(B)
Utilization review plan (including admission review) 1902(a)(30)1903(g)(1)(C)
1903(i)(4)
Subpart D—Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals
Certification of need for care 1903(g)(1)(A)
Medical evaluation and admission review 1902(a)(26)(A)1903(g)(1)(C)
Plan of care 1902(a)(26)(A)
1903(g)(1)(B)
Admission and plan of care requirements for individuals under 21 1902(a)(26)(A)1903(g)(1) (B), (C)
Utilization review plan 1902(a)(30)
1903(g)(1)(C)
1903(i)(4)
Subpart F—Utilization Control: Intermediate Care Facilities
Certification of need for care 1903(g)(1)(A)
Medical evaluation and admission review 1902(a)(31)(A)1903(g)(1)(C)
Plan of care 1902(a)(31)(A)
1903(g)(1)(B)
Utilization review plan 1902(a)(30)
1903(g)(1)(C)
1903(i)(4)
Subpart G—Inpatient Psychiatric Services for Individuals Under Age 21: Admission and Plan of Care Requirements 1905 (a)(16) and (h)
Subpart H—Utilization Review Plans: FFP, Waivers, and Variances for Hospitals and Mental Hospitals
Subpart I—Inspections of Care in Intermediate Care Facilities and Institutions for Mental Diseases
Subpart J—Penalty for Failure To Make a Satisfactory Showing of An Effective Institutional Utilization Control Program 1903(g)
Subpart K—Drug Use Review (DUR) Program and Electronic Claims Management System for Outpatient Drug Claims 1927(g) and (h)
[43 FR 45266, Sept. 29, 1978, as amended at 46 FR 48561, Oct. 1, 1981; 57 FR 49408, Nov. 2, 1992; 61 FR 38398, July 24, 1996]

Title 42 published on 2014-10-01

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